Distant view of the eastern side
|Location||3115 Briery Rd., Keysville, Virginia|
|Area||15.1 acres (6.1 ha)|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|NRHP reference #||04000549|
|Added to NRHP||May 27, 2004|
|Designated VLR||March 17, 2004|
Watkins House, also known as Shoo-Crymes Place, Crymes Place, and Bonis Est Farm, is a historic farmhouse located near Keysville, Charlotte County, Virginia. It was built c1830, and is a two-story, three bay, frame I-house in a transitional Federal / Greek Revival style. It has a rear wing and features a pair of tall hexagonal brick chimney stacks. Also on the property are a contributing a tobacco barn, a wagon shed / granary, an equipment or storage building, a hay barn / stable, and a chicken coop.
Keysville is a town in Charlotte County, Virginia, United States. The population was 832 at the 2010 census. One of two branches of Southside Virginia Community College is in Keysville. The surrounding area has tobacco and mixed farming.
Charlotte County is a United States county located in the south central part of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Its county seat is the town of Charlotte Court House. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 12,586. Charlotte County is predominately rural with a population density of only 26.5 persons per square mile.
The I-house is a vernacular house type, popular in the United States from the colonial period onward. The I-house was so named in the 1930s by Fred Kniffen, a cultural geographer at Louisiana State University who was a specialist in folk architecture. He identified and analyzed the type in his 1936 study of Louisiana house types. He chose the name "I-house" because of its common occurrence in the rural farm areas of Indiana, Illinois and Iowa, all states beginning with the letter "I". He did not use the term to imply that this house type originated in, or was restricted to, those three states. It is also referred to as Plantation Plain style.
It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.
John Munford Gregory was a US political figure and Acting Governor of Virginia from 1842 to 1843.
Benjamin Watkins Leigh was an American lawyer and politician from Richmond, Virginia. He served in the Virginia House of Delegates and represented Virginia in the United States Senate.
The Stephen Harnsberger House, also known as the Harnsberger Octagonal House, is an historic octagon house located on Holly Avenue in Grottoes, Virginia.
Advance Mills, also known as Fray's Mill, is an unincorporated community in Albemarle County, Virginia.
Ionia is a frame house near Trevilians, Virginia, that was the centerpiece of a large plantation in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Built around 1775, Ionia was the home of the Watson family. It was built as Clover Plains by Major James Watson, the son of a Scottish immigrant, in a fertile area of Louisa County, Virginia that is now a National Historic Landmark District, the Green Springs National Historic Landmark District. The plantation was the third largest in Louisa County in the late 18th century, leading to the nickname "Wheat Stacks" for Watson as a result of his prosperity. After Major Watson's death in 1845 the house passed to his son, Dr. George Watson, who renamed the house "Ionia" and, since he lived in Richmond, used it as a summer residence. George Watson died in 1854, leaving Ionia to his widow, who lived there until the 1870s. Following her death in 1879 the property was subdivided. The Watson family went on to build a number of houses in the Green Springs area.
The Harnsberger Octagonal Barn, also known the Mt. Meridian Octagonal Barn, is located near Grottoes, Virginia. Built about 1867, the barn is possibly the only example of such a barn in Virginia, as the building style was more popular in the expanding midwestern United States in the immediate post-American Civil War era than in economically-depressed Virginia. The octagonal style was popularized in 1853 by A Home For All, or the Gravel Wall and Octagon Mode of Building by Orson Squire Fowler.
Fairfield Farms is a historic estate house located near Berryville, Clarke County, Virginia. It was built in 1768, and designed by architect John Ariss and built for Warner Washington, first cousin to George Washington. During his surveying for Lord Fairfax, George Washington helped survey and layout the property for John Aris. It is a five-part complex with a 2 1⁄2-story hipped-roof central block having walls of irregular native limestone ashlar throughout. It is in the Georgian style. Located on the property are a contributing large brick, frame and stone barn and an overseer's house.
Forest Hill is a historic home located near Amherst, Amherst County, Virginia. The original section was built about 1803, with two-story wings added later in the 19th century. It is a two-story, frame I-house with interior Federal style detailing. Also on the property are the contributing tobacco barn, smokehouse, tenant house, corncrib, crib barn, and tool shed.
Henry Mish Barn, also known as Mish Barn and Heritage Hill Barn, is a historic Pennsylvania bank barn located near Middlebrook, Augusta County, Virginia. It was built about 1849, and measures 50 feet by 100 feet. The ends of the barn feature decorative brick lattice vents in lozenge patterns. Associated with the brick barn are the contributing Mish House and two related outbuildings. The barn was built for Henry Mish, a native of York County, Pennsylvania who settled in southwestern Augusta County in 1839,
Westview, also known as the Elam Homestead and Terrell Place, is a historic plantation house and farm located in Charlotte County, Virginia; the nearest community is Brookneal, which is in Campbell County. It was built in 1832, and is a two-story, three bay, single pile, brick dwelling in the Federal style. It has two later frame additions. Also on the property are three contributing log slave cabins, a frame milk house, log smokehouse, log schoolhouse, log shed, two barns, a stable / hay barn, ice pit, a family cemetery, and a slave cemetery.
Woodfork is a historic plantation house located near Charlotte Court House, Charlotte County, Virginia. It was built in 1829, and is a two-story, five bay brick dwelling with a gable roof in the Federal style. The front and rear facades feature one bay porches with hipped roofs supported by Tuscan order columns. Also on the property is a contributing a barn and four historic sites: two graveyards, the remains of a brick kiln, and the remains of a barn.
Smithfield Farm is a historic plantation house and farm located near Berryville, Clarke County, Virginia, United States. The manor house was completed in 1824, and is a two-story, five-bay, brick dwelling in the Federal style. It has a low-hipped roof and front and rear porticos. Also on the property are a schoolteacher's residence and a combination farm office and a summer kitchen, each with stepped parapet faҫades. Also on the property are the contributing large brick bank barn (1822), a brick equipment shed, a slave quarters, and a stone stable, all built around 1820, and a wooden barn.
Cherry Walk, also known as Cherry Row, is a historic home and farm complex located near Dunbrooke, Essex County, Virginia. The house is dated to the late-18th century, and is a 1 1/2-story, five bay, brick dwelling with a gambrel roof. Also on the property are the contributing two dairies, a smokehouse, a kitchen, a privy, a large wooden barn encasing an older barn, a plank construction storage shed, a ruinous blacksmith shop, and the sites of other old outbuildings.
The Cove is a historic plantation house located at Harrisburg, Halifax County, Virginia. The main house was built about 1773, and is a 1 1/2-story, vernacular frame dwelling with a gable roof and flanking stone chimneys. Also on the property are the contributing two secondary dwellings, a hay barn, and two log tobacco barns ; and sites including the ruins of four log barns, three chimneys, an ice house, a frame barn, a frame shed, a log house, and what are believed to be at least two slave quarters and an archeological site.
Grassdale Farm is a historic home located at Spencer, Henry County, Virginia. It was built about 1860, and is a two-story, center-passage-plan frame dwelling with Greek Revival and Greek Revival style influences. Two-story ells have been added to the rear of the main section, creating an overall "U" form. Also on the property are a variety of contributing buildings and outbuildings including a kitchen, smokehouse, cook's house, log dwelling, and office / caretaker's house dated to the 19th century; and a garage, playhouse, poultry house, two barns, greenhouse, Mack Watkin's House, granary and corn crib, and Spencer Store and Post Office dated to the 1940s-1950s. Grassdale Farm was once owned by Thomas Jefferson Penn, who built Chinqua-Penn Plantation outside Reidsville, North Carolina, where the Penn tobacco-manufacturing interests were located.
Rocklands is a historic home and farm complex located near Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia. The house was built about 1905, and underwent a major renovation under the direction of William Lawrence Bottomley in 1933-1935. It is a 2 1/2-story, five-bay, Georgian Revival style brick dwelling with a hipped roof. The front facade features a monumental Ionic order hexastyle portico. Also on the property are the contributing guest house ; a small service court designed by Bottomley and consisting of a garage, servant's house, woodshed, and tunnel; a 19th-century coach barn of wood-frame construction; the mid-19th century farm manager's house; Spencer Neale, Jr., Residence ; bank barn ; and a brick house (1822).
Rockwood is a historic home and cattle / dairy farm located near Dublin, Pulaski County, Virginia. It was built in 1874-1875, and is a large two-story, Greek Revival style brick dwelling. It has a metal-sheathed hipped roof with a deck, interior brick chimneys, two-story semi-octagonal bay windows, ornamental metal lintels, and a Classical Revival wraparound porch added in the 1910s. The center section of the porch rises a full two stories on monumental Ionic order columns. Also on the property are the contributing smokehouse (1870s), garage, ice house site, two chicken houses, pump house, gate pillars, lamb barn, spring house, dairy barn, calf barn, mill house, two pump houses, bull barn, and a corn crib and wagon shed. Many of the contributing outbuildings date to the 1950s.
Smithfield is a historic home and farm and national historic district located near Rosedale in Russell County, Virginia, United States. The district encompasses 13 contributing buildings and 5 contributing sites. The main house dates to the 1850s, and is a two-story, five-bay, central passage plan, brick Greek Revival style dwelling. Among the other buildings in the district are a brick spring house, a brick acetylene house, frame meat house, a former school house, frame horse barn, frame sheep barn, cow barn, a milking parlor, and a shop. The contributing sites include an earlier house seat, three cemeteries, and the site of a slave house.
Maiden Spring is a historic home and farm complex and national historic district located at Pounding Mill, Tazewell County, Virginia. The district encompasses eight contributing buildings, two contributing sites, and one contributing structure. The main house consists of a large two-story, five-bay, frame, central-passage-plan dwelling with an earlier frame dwelling, incorporated as an ell. Also on the property are the contributing meat house, slave house, summer kitchen, horse barn, the stock barn, the hen house, the granary / corn crib, the source of Maiden Spring, the cemetery, and the schoolhouse. It was the home of 19th-century congressman, magistrate and judge Rees Bowen (1809–1879) and his son, Henry (1841-1915), also a congressman. During the American Civil War, Confederate Army troops camped on the Maiden Spring Farm.
Mount Pleasant is a historic home located at Hague, Westmoreland County, Virginia. It was built in the 19th century (1887), and is a three-story, Queen Anne style frame dwelling. It features a wraparound porch with turned posts and sawn brackets, four brick chimneys, and a central projecting tower with a pyramidal roof. Also on the property are a contributing smokehouse, a carriage barn, and a well house.
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