Location within Adair County and the state of Oklahoma
|• Total||0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)|
|• Land||0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||981 ft (299 m)|
|• Density||810/sq mi (324/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1099434|
Watts is a town in northern Adair County, Oklahoma, United States. It was named for John Watts, also known as Young Tassel, a Chickamauga Cherokee chief, who died in 1802.The population was 324 at the 2010 census, an increase of 2.5 percent from 316 at the 2000 census.
Adair County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,286. Its county seat is Stilwell. Adair County was named after the Adair family of the Cherokee tribe. One source says that the county was specifically named for Watt Adair, one of the first Cherokees to settle in the area.
Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.
John Watts, also known as Young Tassel, was one of the leaders of the Chickamauga Cherokee during the Cherokee-American wars. Watts became particularly active in the fighting after the murder of his uncle, Old Tassel, by militant frontiersmen who attacked a band of delegates traveling to a peace conference in 1788.
Watts is near the site of Fort Wayne, which was founded in 1838. The Kansas City Southern Railway built a line through the area in 1895-96, and in 1912, relocated its division point from Stilwell, Oklahoma to Watts Switch, one mile north of a community called Ballard.Most of Ballard's merchants moved to the new community of Watts, along with gamblers, land speculators, construction workers and KCS employees.
The Kansas City Southern Railway Company, owned by Kansas City Southern (KCS) and founded in 1887, operates in 10 midwestern and southeastern U.S. states: Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas. KCSR hauls freights for seven major government and business sectors: agriculture and minerals; military; automotive; chemical and petroleum; energy; industrial and consumer products; and intermodal.
Stilwell is a city and county seat of Adair County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 3,949 at the 2010, an increase of 20.5 percent from 3,276 at the 2000 census. In 1949, the Oklahoma governor and legislature proclaimed Stilwell as the "Strawberry Capital of the World." Stilwell also serves as a gateway to Lake Tenkiller and the former Adair State Park. Residents of Stilwell have a life expectancy of just 56.3 years, the lowest in the United States.
Frank C. Adair and Frank Howard organized the Guarantee Bank. After statehood, Adair also became the first sheriff of Adair County, Oklahoma.Several other businesses sprang up in Watts. Hotels and rooming houses catered to the construction workers and railroad travelers. A lumberyard moved from Ballard, a hardware store and two livery stables were not far behind. At some point in these early days, three doctors opened practices in town. No doubt their patients supported the two drug stores in town. Prosperity had apparently come to Watts, because A. W. Willey opened a bakery and a man called "Cigar" Smith moved from Stilwell to manufacture cigars. The local newspaper, the Watts Watchman, began publication sometime in the 1910s. A post office was established inside a store March 30, 1912.
The town began to decline even before the Great Depression took hold. KCS, like many American railroads, fell on hard times between WWI and WWII. During this period KCS began dismantling its operations in Watts. It removed the roundhouse, coal chute, water pump station, icehouse, and water tower, as they were no longer needed. The depot, razed in the 1980s, was the last thing to go. Idled workers had to find work elsewhere.
No census data were reported at either the time of statehood or the 1910 U.S. Census. An unofficial estimate of 300 residents was made in 1913. The first official count was 396 at the 1920 census. This declined to 353 in 1930, then reached its bottom of 267 in 1950, before rising to 326 in 1970, and going back to 303 in 1990.
By 2000, Watts had only two feed mill businesses. Most of the employed residents commuted to work in other towns, especially Siloam Springs, Arkansas, which was only 6 miles (9.7 km) north.
Siloam Springs is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The city shares a border on the Arkansas-Oklahoma state line with the city of West Siloam Springs, Oklahoma, which is within the Cherokee Nation territory. The town was founded in 1882 and was characterized by the purported healing powers of the spring water feeding Sager Creek and trading with nearby Native American tribes. John Brown University (JBU) was founded in 1919 as a private, interdenominational, Christian liberal arts college in the city. Today, Siloam Springs is known for its efforts to preserve and revitalize the city's historic downtown and as a promoter of the arts via Sager Creek Arts Center and the JBU art gallery. The community is located on the western edge of the growing Northwest Arkansas metropolitan area and has had a population increase of 47% to 15,039 between the 2000 and 2010 censuses.
Watts is located at(36.107896, -94.571389).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all of it land.
Watts is located on U.S. Highway 59 9 miles (14 km) north of Westville.
Nearby Ballard Creek is a tributary of the Illinois River.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the censusof 2000, there are 316 people, 103 households, and 73 families residing in the town. The population density was 861.0 people per square mile (329.8/km²). There were 120 housing units at an average density of 326.9 per square mile (125.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 66.14% White, 0.32% African American, 24.68% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 1.58% from other races, and 6.65% from two or more races. 3.16% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 103 households out of which 36.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% are married couples living together, 9.7% have a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% are non-families. 27.2% of all households are made up of individuals and 14.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.76 and the average family size is 3.35.
In the town, the population was 27.2% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females, there are 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 94.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $26,417, and the median income for a family was $27,250. Males had a median income of $25,543 versus $18,393 for females. The per capita income for the town was $9,356. 19.7% of the population and 9.6% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 21.6% of those under the age of 18 and none of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
Eagle Lake is a town in Aroostook County, Maine, United States. The population was 864 at the 2010 census. The town was named by a body of troops heading from Bangor to the Aroostook War for the many eagles that they saw around the lake. 49.0% of the population speaks French, reflecting a trend in Northeastern Maine.
Fairfield is a census-designated place (CDP) in Adair County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 584 at the 2010 census.
Greasy is a census-designated place (CDP) in Adair County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 372 at the 2010 census.
Marietta is a census-designated place (CDP) in Adair County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 106 at the 2010 census. The community was listed as Maryetta at the 2000 census, at which time it had a population of 138.
Watts Community is a former census-designated place (CDP) in Adair County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 500 at the 2000 census. The community was not recorded as a CDP in 2010.
Westville is a town in Adair County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,639 at the 2010 census, an increase of 2.7 percent from 1,596 at the 2000 census.
Eldon is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Cherokee County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 368 at the 2010 census, a loss of 62.3 percent from 991 at the 2000 census, due largely to shrinkage of the CDP boundaries. It lies east of Tahlequah at the junction of U.S. Highway 62 and State Highway 51. The Eldon Post Office existed from March 20, 1911, until May 30, 1936. The community is said to have been named for Eldon, Illinois.
Tenkiller is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Cherokee County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 633 at the 2010 census.
Welling is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Cherokee County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 771 at the 2010 census, an increase of 15.25 percent from 669 at the 2000 census. It is home to The Salvation Army's Heart o' Hills camp and conference center.
Flint Creek is an unincorporated area and census-designated place (CDP) in Delaware County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 732 at the 2010 census, up from 580 at the 2000 census.
Kansas is a town in Delaware County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 802 at the 2010 census.
Leach is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in southwestern Delaware County, Oklahoma, United States, along U.S. Highway 412 Scenic. The population was 237 at the 2010 census.
Adair is a town in Mayes County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 790 at the 2010 census, compared to 704 at the 2000 census. Named for two prominent Cherokee brothers, the town was established in 1883. It opened a Cherokee school.
Byars is a town in McClain County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 255 at the 2010 census.
Fairfax is a town in Osage County, Oklahoma, United States. The Osage Nation reservation is co-terminus with the County. The population was 1,380 at the 2010 census, down 11.3 percent from 1,555 at the 2000 census. It is notable as the home of world-famous ballerinas Maria and Marjorie Tallchief.
North Miami is a town in Ottawa County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 374 at the 2010 Census. North Miami is part of the Joplin, Missouri metropolitan area. The town is primarily a bedroom community for several larger towns in the county.
McKinley is a town in Polk County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 328 at the 2000 census. The unincorporated community of McKinley is located in the town.
The Township of Ballard is a township located in Adair County, Oklahoma, approximately 1.5 miles south of the city limits of Watts, Oklahoma, and administered by the Watts city government. The community is locally referred to as Ballard Hill.