Wilton (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Wilton
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Wiltshire
Major settlements Wilton
18851918
Number of membersOne
Replaced by Salisbury and Westbury
Created from South Wiltshire
1295–1885
Number of members1295–1832: Two
1832–1885: One
Type of constituency Borough constituency

Wilton was the name of a parliamentary borough in Wiltshire. It was represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of England from 1295 to 1707, then in the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and finally in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. It had two Members of Parliament (MPs) until 1832, but from 1832 to 1885 only one member, as a result of the Reform Act 1832. In 1885 the borough was abolished, but the name of the constituency was then transferred to a new county constituency electing one Member from 1885 until 1918.

Contents

Boundaries

1885–1918: The Borough of Salisbury, the Sessional Divisions of Amesbury, Hindon, and Salisbury, and the civil parishes of Figheldean, Fisherton-de-la-Mere, Milston, and Wily.

Stonehenge was within the constituency from 1885 until the seat disappeared in 1918, since when it has been in the Salisbury seat.

Members of Parliament

Wilton borough

MPs 1295–1640

ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
1386 Thomas Cuttyng Thomas Moleyns [1]
1388 (Feb) Thomas Cuttyng William Chitterne [1]
1388 (Sep) Thomas Cuttyng John Hulle [1]
1390 (Jan) Thomas Cuttyng William Chitterne [1]
1390 (Nov)
1391
1393 John Cole Henry Bont [1]
1394 Thomas Cuttyng John Cole [1]
1395 Thomas Cuttyng John Hardy [1]
1397 (Jan) John Hardy William Chitterne [1]
1397 (Sep) John Hardy Thomas Cuttyng [1]
1399 Thomas Cuttyng William Chitterne [1]
1401
1402 John Bottenham William Chitterne [1]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 Robert Frye John Hardy [1]
1407 Robert Frye Robert Lardiner [1]
1410 Robert Frye John Harleston [1]
1411 Robert Frye John Harleston [1]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Robert Frye John Lambarde [1]
1414 (Apr) John Valeys John Harleston [1]
1414 (Nov) John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1415 John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct)
1417 John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1419 John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1420 John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1421 (May) John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1421 (Dec) John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1510-1523No names known [2]
1529 Geoffrey Pole Edmund Knightley [2]
1536?
1539?
1542Sir Edward Bayntun [3] William Herbert [2]
1545 Sir Thomas Lee Christopher Willoughby [2]
1547 Robert Watson Robert Warner [2]
1553 (Mar) William Damsell [4] William Wightman [2]
1553 (Oct) Nicholas Chowne Henry Creed [2]
1554 (Apr) William Clerke Matthew Colthurst [2]
1554 (Nov) William Clerke Henry Creed [2]
1555 Henry Creed William Clerke [2]
1558 William Clerke Henry Creed [2]
1559 Henry Bodenham Thomas Highgate [5]
1562/3 William Wightman Thomas Highgate [5]
1571 William Wightman Thomas Highgate [5]
1572 William Clerke Francis Vaughan [5]
1584 John Penruddock Roger Earthe [5]
1586 Edward Penruddock Henry Martyn [5]
1588 Thomas Cavendish Robert Penruddock [5]
1593 Sir Thomas Morgan Robert Penruddock [5]
1597 Thomas Muffet [6] Robert Penruddock [5]
1601 Sir Edmund Morgan Hugh Sanford [5]
1604-1611 Sir Thomas Edmonds Hugh Sandford
1614 Sir Robert Sidney Thomas Morgan
1621 Henry Nevill, 9th Baron Bergavenny ennobled 1622
replaced by
Thomas Morgan
Sir Thomas Tracy
1624 Sir Thomas Morgan Sir Percy Hobart
1625 Sir Thomas Morgan Sir William Harrington
1626 Sir Thomas Morgan Sir John Evelyn
1628 John Pooley Sir Thomas Morgan
1629–1640No Parliaments summoned

MPs 1640–1832

YearFirst memberFirst partySecond memberSecond party
April 1640 Sir Henry Vane (the elder) Parliamentarian Sir Benjamin Rudyerd Parliamentarian
November 1640
December 1648Rudyerd excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant
1653Wilton was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Richard Grobham Howe Hon. John Herbert
May 1659 Wilton was not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Richard Grobham Howe Francis Swanton
April 1661 John Nicholas [7] Thomas Mompesson
June 1661 John Berkenhead
February 1679 Hon. Thomas Herbert Thomas Penruddocke
August 1679 Sir John Nicholas
1685 Oliver Nicholas
1689 Thomas Penruddocke Thomas Wyndham
1690 Sir Richard Grobham Howe
1695 John Hawles John Gauntlett
1698 Sir Henry Ashurst
January 1701 Thomas Phipps
November 1701 Sir Henry Ashurst
July 1702 Sir John Hawles George Boddington
November 1702 John Gauntlett
1705 William Nicholas
1708 Sir Lambert Blackwell Charles Mompesson
1710 John London [8]
1711 Peter Bathurst
1713 John London Thomas Pitt [9]
1722 Hon. Robert Sawyer Herbert
1727 Thomas Martin
1734 Colonel the Hon. William Herbert
1757 Hon. Nicholas Herbert
1768 Henry Herbert
1775 Captain Charles Herbert
1780 Lord Herbert William Gerard Hamilton
1785 Lieutenant-Colonel Philip Goldsworthy
1788 Lord Herbert
1790 The Viscount FitzWilliam
1794 Major General Philip Goldsworthy
1801 John Spencer
1804 Ralph Sheldon
1806 Captain the Hon. Charles Herbert
1807 Captain Charles Herbert
1816 Viscount FitzHarris
1821 John Penruddocke Tory
1823 Edward Baker
1830 Henry Bulwer
1831 James Dawkins
1832 Representation reduced to one member

MPs 1832–1885

ElectionMemberParty
1832 John Penruddocke Tory [10]
1834 Conservative [10]
1837 Edward Baker Conservative [10]
1841 James Harris Conservative [10]
1841 by-election James Agar Conservative [10]
1847 Peelite [11] [12]
1852 Charles A'Court Peelite [13] [14]
1855 by-election (Sir) Edmund Antrobus [15] Peelite [16]
1859 Liberal
1877 by-election Hon. Sidney Herbert Conservative
1885 Borough abolished - name transferred to county division

Wiltshire, Southern or Wilton Division

MPs 1885–1918

YearMemberParty
1885 Sir Thomas Grove Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie Conservative
1900 James Morrison Conservative
1906 Levi Lapper Morse Liberal
1910 Sir Charles Bathurst Conservative
1918 Hugh Morrison Unionist
1918 Constituency abolished

Election results

Decades:

Elections in the 1840s

General election 1841: Wilton [17] [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Harris Unopposed
Registered electors 194
Conservative hold

Harris succeeded to the peerage, becoming 3rd Earl of Malmesbury, causing a by-election.

By-election, 6 October 1841: Wilton [17] [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Agar Unopposed
Registered electors 205
Conservative hold
General election 1847: Wilton [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Peelite James Agar Unopposed
Registered electors 216
Peelite gain from Conservative

Elections in the 1850s

General election 1852: Wilton [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Peelite Charles A'Court 12582.8N/A
Conservative Jeremiah Greene Jones Greene [19] 2617.2N/A
Majority9965.6N/A
Turnout 15170.3N/A
Registered electors 219
Peelite hold Swing N/A

A'Court resigned after being appointed a Special Commissioner of Property and Income Tax in Ireland, causing a by-election.

By-election, 28 March 1855: Wilton [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Peelite Edmund Antrobus Unopposed
Peelite hold
General election 1857: Wilton [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Peelite Edmund Antrobus Unopposed
Registered electors 251
Peelite hold
General election 1859: Wilton [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Edmund Antrobus Unopposed
Registered electors 258
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860s

General election 1865: Wilton [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Edmund Antrobus Unopposed
Registered electors 265
Liberal hold
General election 1868: Wilton [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Edmund Antrobus Unopposed
Registered electors 931
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870s

General election 1874: Wilton [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Edmund Antrobus Unopposed
Registered electors 1,040
Liberal hold

Antrobus resigned, causing a by-election.

1877 Wilton by-election [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Sidney Herbert 75180.1N/A
Liberal John Freeman Norris [20] 18719.9N/A
Majority56460.1N/A
Turnout 93886.3N/A
Registered electors 1,087
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1880: Wilton [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Sidney Herbert 81967.4N/A
Lib-Lab Joseph Arch [21] 39732.6N/A
Majority42234.7N/A
Turnout 1,21686.8N/A
Registered electors 1,401
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A

Herbert was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, requiring a by-election.

1885 Wilton by-electionWilton [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Sidney Herbert Unopposed
Conservative hold
Herbert Ranji 1897 page 367 Lord Pembroke.jpg
Herbert
General election 1885: Wilton [22] [23] [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Thomas Grove 4,15155.5+22.9
Conservative Sidney Herbert 3,32944.522.9
Majority82211.0N/A
Turnout 7,48086.20.6
Registered electors 8,675
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +22.9
General election 1886: Wilton [22] [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Grove Unopposed
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal

Elections in the 1890s

Folkestone Viscount Folkestone.jpg
Folkestone
General election 1892: Wilton [22] [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie 3,74352.9N/A
Liberal Thomas Grove 3,33647.1N/A
Majority4075.8N/A
Turnout 7,07979.1N/A
Registered electors 8,951
Conservative hold
General election 1895: Wilton [22] [23] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie 3,82851.8-1.1
Liberal Lionel Edward Pyke 3,56548.2+1.1
Majority2633.6-2.2
Turnout 7,39386.9+7.8
Registered electors 8,511
Conservative hold Swing -1.1

Elections in the 1900s

1900 Wilton by-election [22] [23] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Morrison Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1900: Wilton [22] [23] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Morrison 3,73356.3+4.5
Liberal Martin White 2,89243.74.5
Majority84112.6= +9.0
Turnout 6,62680.76.2
Registered electors 8,205
Conservative hold
Morse Levi Lapper Morse.jpg
Morse
General election 1906: Wilton [22] [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Levi Lapper Morse 4,27254.6+10.9
Conservative James Morrison 3,54845.410.9
Majority7249.2N/A
Turnout 7,82090.6+9.9
Registered electors 8,632
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +10.9

Elections in the 1910s

Verney 1920 Sir Harry Verney.jpg
Verney
General election January 1910: Wilton [22] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Charles Bathurst 4,54153.8+8.4
Liberal Harry Verney 3,89446.2-8.4
Majority6477.616.8
Turnout 93.0+2.4
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +8.4
General election December 1910: Wilton [22] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Charles Bathurst 4,35653.6-0.2
Liberal Francis Rogers 3,76946.4+0.2
Majority5877.2-0.4
Turnout 89.6-3.4
Conservative hold Swing -0.2

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

1918 Wilton by-election [22] [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Hugh Morrison Unopposed
Unionist hold

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  7. Nicholas was also elected for West Looe and Ripon. He chose to represent Ripon, and did not sit for Wilton in this parliament
  8. On petition, London was found not to have been duly elected
  9. Created The Lord Londonderry 1719 and The Viscount Londonderry 1726, both titles being in the Peerage of Ireland
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  15. Succeeded to a baronetcy, May 1870
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  20. "Wilton" . Swindon Advertiser and North Wilts Chronicle. 17 February 1877. p. 5. Retrieved 23 January 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
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  23. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  24. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  25. 1 2 3 4 5 Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  26. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1918