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|1952 Formula One season|
|Drivers' Champion: Alberto Ascari|
The 1952 Formula One season was the sixth season of FIA Formula One motor racing. In comparison to previous seasons, the 1952 season consisted of a relatively small number of Formula One races, following the decision to run all the Grand Prix events counting towards the World Championship of Drivers to Formula Two regulations rather than Formula One. The Indianapolis 500, which also counted towards the World Championship, was still run to AAA regulations as in previous seasons.
The 3rd FIA World Championship of Drivers, which began on 18 May and ended on 7 September after eight races, was won by Alberto Ascari, driving for Scuderia Ferrari.
In addition to the Formula One races and the World Championship Formula Two races, numerous other Formula Two races, which did not count towards the Championship, were held during the year.
Alfa Romeo, unable to fund a new car, withdrew from racing, while BRM had been preparing two V16-powered cars for the season but withdrew them before an April race at Valentino Park, Turin, whilst attempting to enlist Juan Manuel Fangio as teammate to Stirling Moss, leaving Ferrari as the only serious Formula One contender. This led World Championship organizers to run their races for Formula Two,utilising 2-litre naturally aspirated engines, which meant larger fields and a greater variety of cars, even if the victories all went to Ferrari. Ascari won the six Grands Prix he entered, missing the Swiss race because he was at Indianapolis qualifying for the Indianapolis 500 – the first European to do so in the World Championship era. Maserati and Gordini offered little challenge, but Mike Hawthorn's drives in his Cooper would earn him a works Ferrari drive in 1953. Reigning champion Fangio, badly injured in an early season crash at Monza, took no part in the championship, but was to go on to drive for BRM.
For the second successive season, the opening round of the Championship was the Swiss Grand Prix, held at the Bremgarten Circuit in Bern. Ferrari's lead driver Alberto Ascari was absent due to his participation in the Indianapolis 500 so it was left to his teammates Nino Farina and Piero Taruffi to secure the first two places on the grid. Farina led from the start until he retired with Magneto failure, leaving Taruffi to win his only championship Grand Prix and also to take the extra point for fastest lap. Farina took over the car of his other teammate, Andre Simon, and was battling debutant Jean Behra for second place before both hit mechanical trouble, Farina again unable to continue. It was therefore privateer Rudi Fischer who completed a Ferrari 1-2, with Jean Behra in third for Gordini. Ken Wharton finished fourth driving a Frazer-Nash, the manufacturer's only ever points finish.
As usual, the Indianapolis 500 had little bearing on the result of the Championship, although regular Ferrari driver Albero Ascari did compete, retiring after 40 laps. The race was dominated by Bill Vukovich, who led 150 laps before retiring. It was left to Troy Ruttman to win the race from Jim Rathmann and Sam Hanks.
Ascari returned to Ferrari for Round 3 of the Championship at Spa-Francorchamps, with Maserati still absent as they developed their A6GCM. The Ferrari cars dominated the whole weekend, with Ascari taking pole, the race win and fastest lap while leading every lap bar one. He was followed home by teammate Nino Farina and Robert Manzon finished in third for Gordini. Jean Behra again impressed as he led the opening lap before falling behind the Ferrari juggernaut and eventually retiring after a incident with the third Ferrari of Piero Taruffi.
Scuderia Ferrari dominated once again at Rouen, taking all three podium places. Ascari led all the way from pole position to assume the Championship lead and achieve his fourth career victory, drawing him level to his teammate Nino Farina who finished second. Piero Taruffi finished third after falling behind the Gordinis of Robert Manzon and Jean Behra at the start. It was Manzon who was the highest Non-Ferrari finisher ahead of his teammate Maurice Trintignant who was driving an older model.
Although Ascari again dominated, it wasn't plain sailing for his teammates as Ferrari eventually dominated as they had done throughout the year. It was the Italian's third consecutive victory that further strengthened his eventually successful championship challenge as his main competitor, Nino Farina failed to score despite taking pole position. The third Ferrari of Piero Taruffi dropped down to ninth at the start but eventually recovered to take second place while a pitstop for new spark plugs meant Farina finished in sixth position. It was a triumphant day for British cars and drivers, with Mike Hawthorn taking his first podium driving a Cooper-Bristol, while British cars and drivers occupied the other points paying positions.
The belated arrival of the Maserati factory team failed to stop the dominance of Ferrari, with Alberto Ascari clinching his first World Title and eclipsing the injured Juan Manuel Fangio's win record. It was his fourth consecutive victory of the season, again leading every race lap from pole position. He did briefly lose the race lead to Farina after pitting for oil, but this is not reflected in the lap charts as he caught and passed his teammate before they crossed the line at the end of the lap. Farina finished second and privateer Ferrari driver Rudi Fischer finished third ahead of the works car of Taruffi to ensure a Ferrari 1-2-3-4. Jean Behra scored the final points for Gordini just ahead of another Ferrari car, this time driven by Roger Laurent.
The 1952 World Championship of Drivers was contested over an eight race series.
|Rnd||Race||Circuit||Date||Pole position||Fastest lap||Winning driver||Constructor||Tyre||Report|
|1||Swiss Grand Prix||Bremgarten||18 May||Giuseppe Farina||Piero Taruffi||Piero Taruffi||Ferrari||P||Report|
|2||Indianapolis 500||Indianapolis||30 May||Fred Agabashian||Bill Vukovich||Troy Ruttman||Kuzma-Offenhauser||Report|
|3||Belgian Grand Prix||Spa-Francorchamps||22 June||Alberto Ascari||Alberto Ascari||Alberto Ascari||Ferrari||P||Report|
|4||French Grand Prix||Rouen-Les-Essarts||6 July||Alberto Ascari||Alberto Ascari||Alberto Ascari||Ferrari||P||Report|
|5||British Grand Prix||Silverstone||19 July||Giuseppe Farina||Alberto Ascari||Alberto Ascari||Ferrari||P||Report|
|6||German Grand Prix||Nürburgring||3 August||Alberto Ascari||Alberto Ascari||Alberto Ascari||Ferrari||P||Report|
|7||Dutch Grand Prix||Zandvoort||17 August||Alberto Ascari||Alberto Ascari||Alberto Ascari||Ferrari||P||Report|
|8||Italian Grand Prix||Monza||7 September||Alberto Ascari|| Alberto Ascari |
José Froilán González
All 1952 World Championship Grand Prix events were restricted to Formula Two cars and the Indianapolis 500-Mile Race, which also counted towards the 1952 AAA Championship, was contested by AAA National Championship cars. The Spanish Grand Prix was scheduled to be held on 26 October at the Pedralbes Circuit in Barcelona, but was cancelled.
The following teams and drivers competed in the 1952 FIA World Championship of Drivers. The list does not include those that contested only the Indianapolis 500 event.
|AFM||AFM-Küchen||AFM||Küchen 2.0 V8||E||Hans Stuck||1|
|Toni Ulmen||Veritas||Meteor||Veritas 2.0 L6||D||Toni Ulmen||1, 6|
|Equipe Gordini||Gordini|| 16 |
| Gordini 20 2.0 L6 |
Gordini 1500 1.5 L4
|E||Jean Behra||1, 3–4, 6–8|
|Robert Manzon||1, 3–8|
|Birabongse Bhanudej||1, 3–5|
|Ecurie Rosier||Ferrari|| 500 |
| Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 |
Ferrari 166 2.0 V12
| D |
|Louis Rosier||1, 3–4, 8|
|HW Motors||HWM-Alta|| 52 |
|Alta F2 2.0 L4||D||George Abecassis||1|
|Peter Collins||1, 3–6, 8|
|Lance Macklin||1, 3–5, 7–8|
|Paul Frère||3, 6|
|Duncan Hamilton||5, 7|
|Dries van der Lof||7|
|Scuderia Franera||Frazer-Nash-Bristol||FN48||Bristol BS1 2.0 L6||D||Ken Wharton||1, 3, 7–8|
|Ecurie Richmond||Cooper-Bristol||T20||Bristol BS1 2.0 L6||D||Eric Brandon||1, 3, 5, 8|
|Alan Brown||1, 3, 5, 8|
|Scuderia Ferrari||Ferrari|| 500 |
| Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 |
Ferrari 375 4.5 V12*
|P||Giuseppe Farina||1, 3–8|
|Piero Taruffi||1, 3–6, 8|
|Andre Simon||1, 8|
|Enrico Platé||Maserati-Platé||4CLT/48||Platé 2.0 L4||P||Toulo de Graffenried||1, 4–5, 8|
|Harry Schell||1, 4–5|
|Ecurie Espadon||Ferrari|| 500 |
| Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 |
Ferrari 166 2.0 V12
|P||Rudi Fischer||1, 4–6, 8|
|Peter Hirt||1, 4–5|
|Alfred Dattner||Simca-Gordini||11||Gordini 1500 1.5 L4||E||Max de Terra||1|
|Leslie D. Hawthorn||Cooper-Bristol||T20||Bristol BS1 2.0 L6||D||Mike Hawthorn||3, 5, 7–8|
|English Racing Automobiles Ltd||ERA-Bristol||G||Bristol BS1 2.0 L6||D||Stirling Moss||3, 5, 7|
|Ecurie Francorchamps||Ferrari||500||Ferrari 500 2.0 L4||E||Charles de Tornaco||3, 7–8|
|Arthur Legat||Veritas||Meteor||Veritas 2.0 L6||E||Arthur Legat||3|
|Robin Montgomerie-Charrington||Aston-Butterworth||NB42||Butterworth 2.0 F4||D||Robin Montgomerie-Charrington||3|
|Tony Gaze||HWM-Alta||52||Alta F2 2.0 L4||D||Tony Gaze||3, 5–6, 8|
|Robert O' Brien||Simca-Gordini||15||Gordini 1500 1.5 L4||E||Robert O' Brien||3|
|Peter Whitehead|| Alta |
| F2 |
| Alta F2 2.0 L4 |
Ferrari 166 2.0 V12
|D||Peter Whitehead||4–5, 8|
|Escuderia Bandeirantes||Maserati||A6GCM||Maserati A6 2.0 L6||P||Philippe Étancelin||4|
|Eitel Cantoni||5–6, 8|
|Ecurie Belge||Simca-Gordini||15||Gordini 1500 1.5 L4||E||Johnny Claes||4–5|
|Scuderia Marzotto||Ferrari||166/F2||Ferrari 166 2.0 V12||P||Franco Comotti||4|
|Piero Carini||4, 6|
| Archie Bryde|
|Cooper-Bristol||T20||Bristol BS1 2.0 L6||D||Mike Hawthorn||4|
|W.S. Aston||Aston-Butterworth||NB41||Butterworth 2.0 F4||D||Bill Aston||5–6, 8|
|Connaught Engineering||Connaught-Lea Francis||A||Lea Francis 2.0 L4||D||Kenneth McAlpine||5, 8|
|Dennis Poore||5, 8|
|Ecurie Ecosse||Cooper-Bristol||T20||Bristol BS1 2.0 L6||D||David Murray||5|
|G. Caprara||Ferrari||500||Ferrari 500 2.0 L4||D||Roy Salvadori||5|
|Tony Crook||Frazer-Nash-BMW||421||BMW 328 2.0 L6||D||Tony Crook||5|
|Marcel Balsa||Balsa-BMW||Spécial||BMW 328 2.0 L6||E||Marcel Balsa||6|
|Fritz Riess||Veritas||RS||Veritas 2.0 L6||?||Fritz Riess||6|
|Theo Helfrich||Veritas||RS||Veritas 2.0 L6||?||Theo Helfrich||6|
|Willi Heeks||AFM-BMW||8||BMW 328 2.0 L6||?||Willi Heeks||6|
|Helmut Niedermayr||AFM-BMW||6||BMW 328 2.0 L6||?||Helmut Niedermayr||6|
|Adolf Brudes||Veritas||RS||Veritas 2.0 L6||?||Adolf Brudes||6|
|Motor Presse Verlag||Veritas||Meteor||Veritas 2.0 L6||?||Paul Pietsch||6|
|Hans Klenk||Veritas||Meteor||Veritas 2.0 L6||?||Hans Klenk||6|
|Josef Peters||Veritas||RS||Veritas 2.0 L6||?||Josef Peters||6|
|Bernhard Nacke||Nacke-BMW||Eigenbau||BMW 328 2.0 L6||?||Günther Bechem||6|
|Ludwig Fischer||AFM-BMW||8||BMW 328 2.0 L6||?||Ludwig Fischer||6|
|Willi Krakau||AFM-BMW||6||BMW 328 2.0 L6||?||Willi Krakau||6|
|Ernst Klodwig||Heck-BMW||Eigenbau||BMW 328 2.0 L6||?||Ernst Klodwig||6|
|Rudolf Krause||Reif-BMW||Eigenbau||BMW 328 2.0 L6||?||Rudolf Krause||6|
|Ken Downing||Connaught-Lea Francis||A||Lea Francis 2.0 L4||D||Ken Downing||7|
|Officine Alfieri Maserati||Maserati||A6GCM||Maserati A6 2.0 L6||P||Felice Bonetto||6, 8|
|José Froilán González||8|
|Élie Bayol||OSCA||20||OSCA 2000 2.0 L6||P||Élie Bayol||8|
|Piero Dusio||Cisitalia-BPM||D46||BPM 2.0 L4||P||Piero Dusio||8|
|Vicomtesse de Walckiers||Simca-Gordini||15||Gordini 1500 1.5 L4||E||Johnny Claes||8|
* Car entered only in the Indianapolis 500 race
Points were awarded to top five finishers in each race on an 8–6–4–3–2 basis. One point was awarded for fastest lap. Points for shared drives were divided equally between the drivers, regardless of who had driven more laps. Only the best four of eight scores counted towards the World Championship.
Other Formula One/Formula Two races, which did not count towards the World Championship of Drivers, were also held in 1952.
|Race name||Circuit||Date||Formula||Winning driver||Constructor||Report|
|XI Grande Prêmio Cidade do Rio de Janeiro||Gávea||20 January||Formula Libre||José Froilán González||Ferrari||Report|
|II Gran Premio di Siracusa||Syracuse||16 March||Formula Two||Alberto Ascari||Ferrari||Report|
|VI Gran Premio del Valentino||Valentino Park||6 April||Formula One||Luigi Villoresi||Ferrari||Report|
|IV Richmond Trophy||Goodwood||14 April||Formula One||José Froilán González||Ferrari||Report|
|IV Lavant Cup||Goodwood||14 April||Formula Two||Mike Hawthorn||Cooper-Bristol||Report|
|XIII Pau Grand Prix||Pau||14 April||Formula Two||Alberto Ascari||Ferrari||Report|
|I Ibsley Grand Prix||Ringwood||19 April||Formula Two||Mike Hawthorn||Cooper-Bristol||Report|
|X Grand Prix de Marseille||Marseille||27 April||Formula Two||Alberto Ascari||Ferrari||Report|
|I Aston Martin Owners Club Grand Prix||Snetterton||3 May||Formula Two||Dickie Stoop||Frazer Nash-Bristol||Report|
|IV BRDC International Trophy||Silverstone||10 May||Formula Two||Lance Macklin||HWM-Alta||Report|
|XIV Eläintarhanajot||Eläintarharata||11 May||Formula One||Roger Laurent||Talbot-Lago||Report|
|V Gran Premio di Napoli||Posillipo||11 May||Formula Two||Giuseppe Farina||Ferrari||Report|
|XVI Internationales ADAC Eifelrennen||Nürburgring||25 May||Formula Two||Rudi Fischer||Ferrari||Report|
|VI Grand Prix de Paris||Montlhéry||25 May||Formula Two||Piero Taruffi||Ferrari||Report|
|XIV Grand Prix de l'Albigeois||Albi||1 June||Formula One||Louis Rosier||Ferrari||Report|
|XXII Grand Prix des Frontières||Chimay||1 June||Formula Two||Paul Frère||HWM-Alta||Report|
|VI Ulster Trophy||Dundrod||7 June||Formula One||Piero Taruffi||Ferrari||Report|
|V Gran Premio dell'Autodromo di Monza||Monza||8 June||Formula Two||Giuseppe Farina||Ferrari||Report|
|IV Aix les Bains Circuit du Lac||Aix-les-Bains||8 June||Formula Two||Jean Behra||Gordini||Report|
|I West Essex CC Race||Boreham||21 June||Formula Two||Reg Parnell||Cooper-Bristol||Report|
|XVI Grand Prix de la Marne||Reims||29 June||Formula Two||Jean Behra||Gordini||Report|
|II Grand Prix de Sables d'Olonne||Sables||13 July||Formula Two||Luigi Villoresi||Ferrari||Report|
|I Grand Prix de Caen||Caen||27 July||Formula Two||Maurice Trintignant||Gordini||Report|
|II Daily Mail Trophy||Boreham||2 August||Formula Two||Luigi Villoresi||Ferrari||Report|
|XVI Grand Prix de Comminges||Comminges||10 August||Formula Two|| André Simon |
|I National Trophy||Turnberry||23 August||Formula Two||Mike Hawthorn||Connaught||Report|
|XI Grand Prix de la Baule||La Baule||24 August||Formula Two||Alberto Ascari||Ferrari||Report|
|III Gran Premio di Modena||Modena||14 September||Formula Two||Luigi Villoresi||Ferrari||Report|
|IV Circuit de Cadours||Cadours||14 September||Formula Two||Louis Rosier||Ferrari||Report|
|II Skarpnäcksloppet||Skarpnäck||14 September||Formula One||Gunnar Carlsson||Mercury||Report|
|V Madgwick Cup||Goodwood||27 September||Formula Two||Ken Downing||Connaught||Report|
|VIII Internationales Avusrennen||AVUS||28 September||Formula Two||Rudi Fischer||Ferrari||Report|
|I Joe Fry Memorial Trophy||Castle Combe||4 October||Formula Two||Roy Salvadori||Ferrari||Report|
|I Newcastle Journal Trophy||Charterhall||11 October||Formula Two||Dennis Poore||Connaught||Report|
|XII Grande Prêmio Cidade do Rio de Janeiro||Gávea||14 December||Formula Libre||Henrique Casini||Ferrari||Report|
|Race name||Circuit||Date||Winning driver||Constructor||Report|
|I Rostock Osthafenkurs||Rostock||20 April||Paul Greifzu||BMW-Eigenbau||Report|
|I Bernau Autobahnschleife||Bernau||4 May||Rudolf Krause||BMW-Reif||Report|
|I Dessau Autobahnspinne||Dessau||11 May||Fritz Riess||Veritas-Meteor||Report|
|III Leipzig Stadtparkrennen||Leipzig||2 June||Edgar Barth||IFA-Kollektiv||Report|
|III Strassen-Rennen Halle-Saale-Schleife||Halle-Saale-Schleife||8 June||Edgar Barth||IFA-Kollektiv||Report|
|I Strassen-rennen Leipzig||Leipzig||17 August||Hans Stuck||AFM-BMW||Report|
|V DMV Grenzlandringrennen||Grenzlandring||31 August||Toni Ulmen||Veritas||Report|
|IV Sachsenringrennen||Sachsenring||7 September||Edgar Barth||EMW-BMW||Report|
The 1950 Italian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on 3 September 1950 at Autodromo Nazionale di Monza. It was race 7 of 7 in the 1950 World Championship of Drivers. In this race, Nino Farina became the first World Drivers' Champion, and the only driver to win the title in his home country.
The 1951 Swiss Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on 27 May 1951 in Bern. The race was contested over 42 laps of the Bremgarten Circuit with it also being the opening race of the 1951 World Championship of Drivers. The race was the eleventh time that the Swiss Grand Prix was held with all of the races being held at Bremgarten.
The 1951 Italian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on 16 September 1951 at Monza. It was race 7 of 8 in the 1951 World Championship of Drivers.
The 1952 Swiss Grand Prix was a Formula Two race held on 18 May 1952 at Bremgarten Circuit. It was the first round of the 1952 World Championship of Drivers, in which each Grand Prix was run to Formula Two rules rather than the Formula One regulations normally used.
The 1952 Belgian Grand Prix was a Formula Two race held on 22 June 1952 at Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps. It was race 3 of 8 in the 1952 World Championship of Drivers, in which each Grand Prix was run to Formula Two rules rather than the Formula One regulations normally used.
The 1952 French Grand Prix was a Formula Two race held on 6 July 1952 at Rouen-Les-Essarts. It was race 4 of 8 in the 1952 World Championship of Drivers, in which each Grand Prix was run to Formula Two rules rather than the Formula One regulations normally used. Unusually this race was run over a duration of 3 hours, rather than a fixed distance.
The 1952 British Grand Prix was a Formula Two race held on 19 July 1952 at Silverstone Circuit. It was race 5 of 8 in the 1952 World Championship of Drivers, in which each Grand Prix was run to Formula Two rules rather than the Formula One regulations normally used.
The 1952 German Grand Prix was a Formula Two race held on 3 August 1952 at the Nürburgring Nordschleife. It was race 6 of 8 in the 1952 World Championship of Drivers, in which each Grand Prix was run to Formula Two rules rather than the Formula One regulations normally used. The 18-lap race was won by Ferrari driver Alberto Ascari after he started from pole position. His teammates Giuseppe Farina and Rudi Fischer finished in second and third places.
The 1952 Dutch Grand Prix was a Formula Two race held on 17 August 1952 at the Circuit Zandvoort. It was race 7 of 8 in the 1952 World Championship of Drivers, in which each Grand Prix was run to Formula Two rules rather than the Formula One regulations normally used. The 90-lap race was won by Ferrari driver Alberto Ascari after he started from pole position. His teammates Giuseppe Farina and Luigi Villoresi finished in second and third places. Ascari overtook Fangio's record for the most race wins, scoring his seventh at this race.
The 1952 Italian Grand Prix was a Formula Two race held on 7 September 1952 at Monza. It was the eighth and final round of the 1952 World Championship of Drivers, in which each Grand Prix was run to Formula Two rules rather than the Formula One regulations normally used. The 80-lap race was won by Ferrari driver Alberto Ascari after he started from pole position. José Froilán González finished second for the Maserati team and Ascari's teammate Luigi Villoresi came in third.
The 1953 Argentine Grand Prix was race 1 of 9 in the 1953 World Championship of Drivers, which was run to Formula Two regulations in 1952 and 1953. The race was held in Buenos Aires on 18 January 1953, at the Autódromo Galvez as the first official Formula One race in South America and outside of Europe. Previously, the Indianapolis 500 was the only Formula One championship race held outside Europe but run to AAA regulations.
The 1953 Dutch Grand Prix was a Formula Two race held on 7 June 1953 at the Circuit Zandvoort. It was race 3 of 9 in the 1953 World Championship of Drivers, which was run to Formula Two rules in 1952 and 1953, rather than the Formula One regulations normally used. The 90-lap race was won by Ferrari driver Alberto Ascari after he started from pole position. His teammate Nino Farina finished second and Maserati drivers José Froilán González and Felice Bonetto came in third
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The 1953 French Grand Prix was a Formula Two race held on 5 July 1953 at Reims. It was race 5 of 9 in the 1953 World Championship of Drivers, which was run to Formula Two rules in 1952 and 1953, rather than the Formula One regulations normally used.
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The 1956 Italian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on 2 September 1956 at Monza. It was the eighth and final race of the 1956 World Championship of Drivers.
The 1953 Formula One season was the seventh season of the FIA's Formula One racing. It consisted only of a number of non-championship motor races. As in 1952, all races counting towards the World Championship of Drivers, apart from the Indianapolis 500, were held for cars complying with Formula Two regulations rather than with Formula One, with the Indianapolis 500 held to AAA regulations.
The 1951 Formula One season was the fifth season of FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 1951 World Championship of Drivers, which commenced on 27 May 1951 and ended on 28 October after eight races. The season also included 14 races that were open to Formula One cars but did not count towards the championship standings.
The 1950 Formula One season was the fourth season of the FIA's Formula One motor racing. It featured the inaugural FIA World Championship of Drivers which commenced on 13 May and ended on 3 September, as well as a number of non-championship races. The championship consisted of six Grand Prix races, each held in Europe and open to Formula One cars, plus the Indianapolis 500, which was run to AAA National Championship regulations. Giuseppe Farina won the championship from Juan Manuel Fangio and Luigi Fagioli.
Alex von Falkenhausen Motorenbau (AFM) was a German racing car constructor. The team was started by Alexander von Falkenhausen, who was in the 1930s an important engineer in the development of BMW's model 328, along with Alfred Boning, Ernst Loof and Fritz Fiedler. The 328 was a dominant sports car in late 1930s Europe and winner of the 1940 Mille Miglia race in Brescia, Italy.