Frazer Nash

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Frazer Nash was a brand of British sports car manufactured from 1922 first by Frazer Nash Limited founded by engineer Archibald Frazer-Nash. On its financial collapse in 1927 a new company, AFN Limited, was incorporated. Control of AFN passed to Harold John Aldington in 1929.

Contents

Until the Second World War AFN continued to produce a small number of sports cars badged Frazer Nash incorporating a unique multi-chain transmission. It continued after the war making another 85 sports cars before ending manufacture in 1957. The post-war cars had conventional transmissions.

UK agents for BMW they arranged coachwork and made modifications including badging the cars Frazer Nash BMW.

Control of AFN Limited, UK agents for Porsche, passed from the Aldington family to Porsche in 1987.

Badge on a 1936 car FrazerNash badge.JPG
Badge on a 1936 car
Badge on a 1954 car 1954 FrazerNash badge.jpg
Badge on a 1954 car

History

Archie Nash

Frazer Nash Limited's business [note 1] was founded in 1922 by Archie Nash. Nash with friend Ron Godfrey had founded and run the GN cyclecar company in 1909 but their partnership split in 1922 and Nash began making his own cars by buying GN components and adding a new body. His new business's activities were centred on Kingston upon Thames, Surrey. The first true Frazer Nash was made in 1924. [1] However, Nash, a clever engineer and designer, seemed unable to run a business at a profit. Shareholders in this period even included author Evelyn Waugh. Eventually the faltering business was sold to a new company, AFN Limited, formed in 1927. Profitability did not improve and, with effect from 1 January 1929, H J Aldington was made managing director and Nash was given the post of 'technical adviser'. [2] Archie Nash managed to keep a small shareholding and as if to confirm the link in 1938 hyphenated his second name to his surname and became Archie Frazer-Nash.

Aldington brothers

During 1929 a majority of AFN's capital was acquired by Harold Joseph ("Aldy") Aldington (1902-1976) and AFN's operations moved to Isleworth, Middlesex. Thereafter, the business was run by the three Aldington brothers: Aldy, Don and Bill. The other two were Donald Arthur Aldington (1907-1997) and William Henry Aldington (1900-1980). They were all usually referred to by their initials. [2]

Frazer Nash and subsequently AFN produced around 350 of the famous chain drive models between 1924 and 1939. [2]

The last of the family owners/directors was Aldy's son, John Taylor ("JT") Aldington, who sold AFN Ltd to Porsche GB in 1987.

Frazer Nash BMW

Frazer Nash BMW 1937 Frazer Nash BMW 1937 vr.JPG
Frazer Nash BMW 1937
c. 1939 Emblem Frazer Nash BMW.JPG
c. 1939
AFN Ltd became importers and assemblers of BMW cars in 1934 and sold them branded Frazer Nash BMW. They were the official British BMW importer until the outbreak of war in 1939.

Bristol BMW

AFN Ltd produced about 85 more cars from 1948 to 1957. These cars were entirely unrelated to the chain-drive pre-war Frazer Nash but were largely a direct evolution of the sporting BMW 328 mentioned above.

A Bristol 400 engine c. 1948 Bristol 400 engine.jpg
A Bristol 400 engine c. 1948

AFN, as owners of the UK rights to the 328 engine, licensed Bristol to make it against an agreement for its supply to them. Models include the Le Mans Replica, the Mille Miglia, the Targa Florio, the Le Mans Coupé and the Sebring. Competition successes included a third place at Le Mans (1949) and wins in the Targa Florio in 1951 and the 12 Hours of Sebring in 1952. The post-war cars are very highly prized by collectors.

Formula 2 cars produced by the company contested various races including four Grand Prix events counting towards the 1952 World Championship of Drivers. The cars were driven by Tony Crook and Ken Wharton.[ citation needed ]

Porsche

In 1954 AFN Limited added Porsche cars becoming the official importer for Great Britain in 1956. This lasted until 1965 when Porsche Cars Great Britain was set up. Aldington family members remained on the board of this company until John Aldington sold out to Porsche in 1987. [3]

Products

Considering the small number of cars made, the model range is vast and the following is not entirely comprehensive. Cars were all built to order and virtually any combination was possible. Some were rebuilt at the factory as different versions.

Pre-war models

1926 Fast tourer Frazer Nash (18090961123).jpg
1926 Fast tourer
1929 Super Sports FrazerNashSuperSports-1929-NV9062.jpg
1929 Super Sports
1933 Colmore 1933 Frazer-Nash Colmore (4739060266) (cropped).jpg
1933 Colmore
1934 TT Replica 1934 Frazer Nash TT Replica Kop Hill Climb 2010 5029349568.jpg
1934 TT Replica
1936 Ulster 100 Frazer Nash Ulster 100 in Valley of Rocks (8684545147) (cropped).jpg
1936 Ulster 100
TypeEngineApprox ProductionYearNotes
Frazer Nash Fast Tourer/Super Sports1.5 L in line 4-cylinder165 in the 1920s1925–1930engines were Plus Power, but mainly Anzani. Super Sports (from 1928) had no running boards. 105-inch (2,667 mm) wheelbase chassis on Fast Tourer and Super Sports with short 99-inch (2,515 mm) option on Super Sport.
Frazer Nash Interceptor/Sportop/Falcon1.5 L in line 4-cylinder251930–1932Meadows engine. Sportop version was fabric bodied. Falcon had a better equipped body. Long and short chassis options.
Frazer Nash Boulogne I and II1.5 L in line 4-cylinder301926–1932Anzani or Meadows engine. Supercharger optional. Long and short chassis options
Frazer Nash Ulster1.5 L in line 4-cylinder51929–1931Competition version of the road cars. Long and short chassis options.
Frazer Nash Nūrburg1.5 L in line 4-cylinder31932–1933Competition model. Tuned Meadows engine. No doors. Short chassis only.
Frazer Nash Exeter1.5 L in line 4-cylinder51932Single carburettor Meadows engine. Short chassis only Corsica body.
Frazer Nash Colmore1.5 L in line 4-cylinder or 1660 cc in line 6-cylinder191932–1939Four-seater. 105-inch (2,667 mm) or 108-inch (2,743 mm) wheelbase chassis options. Four-cylinder cars used a Meadows engine, six-cylinder cars a twin OHC Blackburne. Three or Four speed transmission.
Frazer Nash TT Replica [4] 1.5 L in line 4-cylinder or 1660 cc in line 6-cylinder831932–1938Gough 4-cylinder engine used as well as the Meadows and Blackburne. 105-inch (2,667 mm) or 108-inch (2,743 mm) wheelbase chassis options
Frazer Nash Shelsley1.5 L in line 4-cylinder or 1660 cc in line 6-cylinder81934–1936Gough (supercharger optional) or Blackburne engines. 108-inch (2,743 mm) wheelbase.
Frazer Nash Ulster 1001.5 L in line 4-cylinder11936–1937Originally Anzani powered, later replaced by Gough engine and then a Meadows. Long rounded tail to body.
Frazer Nash Falcon1.9 L in line 6-cylinder11937BMW-engined. 102-inch (2,591 mm) wheelbase.

Post-war models

1951 Mille Miglia 1956 Frazer Nash Mille Miglia.jpg
1951 Mille Miglia
1953 Le Mans Replica Frazer Nash Le Mans Replica, Castle Combe.jpg
1953 Le Mans Replica
1954 Targa Florio Mk II Frazer Nash Targa Florio at Prescott Hillclimb.jpg
1954 Targa Florio Mk II
1955 DKW prototype 1955 Frazer Nash DKW prototype (6036089692).jpg
1955 DKW prototype
1957 Continental coupe Frazer Nash Continental at Prescott.jpg
1957 Continental coupé
1958 Le Mans Coupe Frazer-Nash 1958.jpg
1958 Le Mans Coupé
TypeEngineApprox ProductionYearNotes
Frazer Nash Le Mans Replica/ Le Mans Mk IIBristol engine (2 L in line 6-cylinder)341948–1953Originally named "High Speed" and "Competition". 96-inch (2,438 mm) wheelbase. Cycle wings. Conventional (Bristol) gearbox.
Frazer Nash Fast Tourer/Mille MigliaBristol engine (2 L in line 6-cylinder)121948–1953Full width body.
Frazer Nash FN48 [5] Bristol engine (2 L in line 6-cylinder)31952Narrow body on Le Mans Replica chassis built to Formula 2 regulations. Also competed in World Championship Grand Prix and Formula Libre races.
Frazer Nash Targa FlorioBristol engine (2 L in line 6-cylinder)151952–1954Turismo (100 hp (75 kW)) or Gran Sport (125 hp (93 kW)) Bristol engine options. One car fitted with Austin Atlantic engine. Last 5 cars were open versions of Le Mans Coupé.
Frazer Nash Le Mans CoupéBristol engine (2 L in line 6-cylinder)91953–1955100 hp (75 kW) or 140 hp (100 kW) engine.
Frazer Nash SebringBristol engine (2 L in line 6-cylinder)31954Full width body on Le Mans Replica Mk II chassis. 140 hp (100 kW) engine.
Frazer Nash DKW DKW 896 cc (water-cooled, three cylinder two-stroke)11955Essentially a sports version of the DKW Sonderklasse, which AFN also imported. As in that car, the engine is installed longitudinally and drives the front wheels. The car competed in the 1955 RAC Tourist Trophy without success, and was then laid up at the AFN works. It was brought back to life in 2008, and was featured in Classic & Sports Car, August 2011 issue.
Frazer Nash ContinentalBMW engine (2.6 & 3.2 L)21956–1957V8 BMW engine. Listed at £3751 at the London Motor Show.

Grand Prix

Frazer Nash cars participated in four Grands Prix races counting towards the World Championship of Drivers. Drivers of Frazer Nash cars scored 3 World Championship points.

(key)

YearChassisEngineTyresDriver12345678
1952 Frazer Nash FN48
Frazer Nash 421
Bristol Straight-6 D SUI 500 BEL FRA GBR GER NED ITA
Ken Wharton 4RetRet
Tony Crook 21

World Sportscar Championship

Frazer Nash placed equal 13th in the 1953 World Sportscar Championship [6] with a Le Mans model having finished sixth in the 1953 RAC Tourist Trophy. [7]

See also

Notes

  1. Nash cars by Nash Motors of Wisconsin were sold from their showroom at 199 Piccadilly and other dealers

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References

  1. John Gunnell, Standard Guide to British Sports Cars, Krause WI 2004. ISBN   0873497570
  2. 1 2 3 Jenkinson, Denis.From Chain-Drive to Turbocharger: The A.F.N. Story. London: Patrick Stephens Limited, 1984. ISBN   0-85059-631-9.
  3. John Aldington www.pressreader.com, accessed 3 November 2019
  4. Cheetham, Craig (2004). Vintage Cars - The Finest Prewar Automobiles. Rochester, United Kingdom: Grange Books. p. 92. ISBN   1840136359.
  5. The marque that failed to take the Cooper straight, 8w.forix.com Retrieved 29 November 2016
  6. World Championship - final positions and tables, www.classicscars.com Retrieved 29 November 2016
  7. World Championship 1953, www.classicscars.com Retrieved 29 November 2016

Bibliography