322 BC

Last updated

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
322 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 322 BC
CCCXXI BC
Ab urbe condita 432
Ancient Egypt era XXXIII dynasty, 2
- Pharaoh Ptolemy I Soter, 2
Ancient Greek era 114th Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar 4429
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −914
Berber calendar 629
Buddhist calendar 223
Burmese calendar −959
Byzantine calendar 5187–5188
Chinese calendar 戊戌(Earth  Dog)
2375 or 2315
     to 
己亥年 (Earth  Pig)
2376 or 2316
Coptic calendar −605 – −604
Discordian calendar 845
Ethiopian calendar −329 – −328
Hebrew calendar 3439–3440
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −265 – −264
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2779–2780
Holocene calendar 9679
Iranian calendar 943 BP – 942 BP
Islamic calendar 972 BH – 971 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2012
Minguo calendar 2233 before ROC
民前2233年
Nanakshahi calendar −1789
Thai solar calendar 221–222
Tibetan calendar 阳土狗年
(male Earth-Dog)
−195 or −576 or −1348
     to 
阴土猪年
(female Earth-Pig)
−194 or −575 or −1347

The denomination 322 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Contents

In the pre-Julian Roman calendar, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Rullianus and Curvus.

Events

By place

Greece

  • Spring/summer The Macedonian admiral Cleitus the White defeats the Athenian navy at the Battle of the Echinades and the Battle of Amorgos, ending Athenian thalassocracy in the Aegean.
  • The Athenians and their allies' siege of the Macedonian ruler, Antipater, in Lamia is relieved by Leonnatus with an army of 20,000 infantry and 1,500 cavalry. Leonnatus is killed in the action.
  • September 5 Craterus arrives to defeat the Athenians in the Battle of Crannon. This battle marks a complete victory for Antipater in the Lamian War.
  • The Athenian orator and diplomat, Demades, regains his citizenship so that he and Phocion can negotiate a peace with Antipater, thus concluding the Lamian War. Before setting out he persuades the citizens of Athens to pass the death sentence upon Demosthenes and his followers (including Hypereides, leader of the Athenian patriotic party). Demades' embassy results in a peace disadvantageous to the Athenians, with the Athenians forced to accept the occupation of Athens' port, Piraeus, by the Macedonians.
  • Demosthenes flees from the Macedonians who demand his surrender. Upon being arrested, he takes poison and dies.
  • Hypereides flees to Aegina only to be captured by the Macedonians at the temple of Poseidon and put to death.
  • The League of Corinth is dissolved. [1]

Egypt

  • By custom, kings in Macedonia assert their right to the throne by burying their predecessor. To pre-empt Perdiccas, the imperial regent, Ptolemy has Alexander the Great's body brought to Memphis, Egypt and buried there in a gold sarcophagus. Ptolemy then marries Alexander's mistress, Thaïs and commences to reign as king of Egypt and the adjacent Libyan and Arabian regions.
  • Ptolemy, taking advantage of internal disturbances, acquires the African Hellenic towns of Cyrenaica without the authority of Perdiccas.
  • Ptolemy executes his deputy, Cleomenes of Naucratis, on the suspicion that Cleomenes favours Perdiccas. This action removes the chief check on his authority, and allows Ptolemy to obtain the sizable funds that Cleomenes has accumulated.

India

  • Chandragupta Maurya captures Magadha: Chandragupta, with the help of Chanakya (Kautilya), who is also known as the Indian Machiavelli, destroys the Nanda rulers of Magadha and establishes the Maurya Empire. It is said that Chanakya met Chandragupta in the Vindhya forest, after being insulted by the Nanda king.

Births

Deaths

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Seleucus I Nicator was a Greek general and one of the Diadochi, the rival generals, relatives, and friends of Alexander the Great who fought for control over his empire after his death. Having previously served as an infantry general under Alexander the Great, he eventually assumed the title of basileus (king) and established the Seleucid Empire, one of the major powers of the Hellenistic world, which controlled most of Asia Minor, Syria, Mesopotamia, and the Iranian Plateau until overcome by the Roman Republic and Parthian Empire in the late second and early first centuries BC.

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Perdiccas became a general in Alexander the Great's army and participated in Alexander's campaign against Achaemenid Persia. Following Alexander's death, he rose to become supreme commander of the imperial army and regent for Alexander's half brother and intellectually disabled successor, Philip Arridaeus.

Hypereides

Hypereides or Hyperides was an Athenian logographer. He was one of the ten Attic orators included in the "Alexandrian canon" compiled by Aristophanes of Byzantium and Aristarchus of Samothrace in the third century BC.

Antipater Macedonian general

Antipater was a Macedonian general and statesman under kings Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great, and father of King Cassander. In 320 BC, he became regent of all of Alexander the Great's Empire but died the next year; he had named an officer named Polyperchon as his successor instead of his son Cassander, and a two-year-long power struggle ensued.

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The Wars of the Diadochi, or Wars of Alexander's Successors, were a series of conflicts fought between Alexander the Great's generals over the rule of his vast empire after his death. They occurred between 322 and 281 BC.

Lamian War

The Lamian War, or the Hellenic War was fought by a coalition of cities including Athens and the Aetolian League against Macedon and its ally Boeotia. The war broke out after the death of the King of Macedon, Alexander the Great, and was part of a series of attempts to challenge Macedonian hegemony over mainland Greece.

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References

  1. Pomeroy, Sarah B.; et al. (1999). Ancient Greece: a political, social, and cultural history . Oxford University Press. p.  434. ISBN   0-19-509742-4.