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Millennium: 1st millennium
903 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 903
Ab urbe condita 1656
Armenian calendar 352
Assyrian calendar 5653
Balinese saka calendar 824–825
Bengali calendar 310
Berber calendar 1853
Buddhist calendar 1447
Burmese calendar 265
Byzantine calendar 6411–6412
Chinese calendar 壬戌(Water  Dog)
3599 or 3539
癸亥年 (Water  Pig)
3600 or 3540
Coptic calendar 619–620
Discordian calendar 2069
Ethiopian calendar 895–896
Hebrew calendar 4663–4664
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 959–960
 - Shaka Samvat 824–825
 - Kali Yuga 4003–4004
Holocene calendar 10903
Iranian calendar 281–282
Islamic calendar 290–291
Japanese calendar Engi 3
Javanese calendar 801–803
Julian calendar 903
Korean calendar 3236
Minguo calendar 1009 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −565
Seleucid era 1214/1215 AG
Thai solar calendar 1445–1446
Tibetan calendar 阳水狗年
(male Water-Dog)
1029 or 648 or −124
(female Water-Pig)
1030 or 649 or −123
King Berengar I and the monks of Casauria Berengar I of Italy.jpg
King Berengar I and the monks of Casauria

Year 903 ( CMIII ) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Saturday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is B. The most recent year of such kind was 2011 and the next one will be 2022 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2017 and 2023 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in May. Leap years starting on Friday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.



By place


Berengar I of Italy Holy Roman Emperor

Berengar I was the king of Italy from 887. He was Roman Emperor between 915 and his death in 924. He is usually known as Berengar of Friuli, since he ruled the March of Friuli from 874 until at least 890, but he had lost control of the region by 896.

Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire) Medieval kingdom on the Apennine Peninsula between 962 and 1024

The Kingdom of Italy was one of the constituent kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire, along with the kingdoms of Germany, Bohemia, and Burgundy. It comprised northern and central Italy, but excluded the Republic of Venice and the Papal States. Its original capital was Pavia until the 11th century.

Nobility privileged social class

Nobility is a social class normally ranked immediately under royalty and found in some societies that have a formal aristocracy. Nobility possesses more acknowledged privileges and higher social status than most other classes in society. The privileges associated with nobility may constitute substantial advantages over or relative to non-nobles, or may be largely honorary, and vary by country and era. As referred to in the Medieval chivalric motto "noblesse oblige", nobles can also carry a lifelong duty to uphold various social responsibilities, such as honorable behavior, customary service, or leadership positions. Membership in the nobility, including rights and responsibilities, is typically hereditary.


Denmark constitutional monarchy in Europe

Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and is bordered to the south by Germany. The Kingdom of Denmark also comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, Jutland, and an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand, Funen and the North Jutlandic Island. The islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2 (16,573 sq mi), land area of 42,394 km2 (16,368 sq mi), and the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2 (853,509 sq mi), and a population of 5.8 million.

Vikings Norse explorers, warriors, merchants, and pirates

Vikings were Norse seafarers, mainly speaking the Old Norse language, who during the late 8th to late 11th centuries, raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of Europe, and explored westwards to Iceland, Greenland, and Vinland. The term is also commonly extended in modern English and other vernaculars to the inhabitants of Norse home communities during what has become known as the Viking Age. This period of Nordic military, mercantile and demographic expansion constitutes an important element in the early medieval history of Scandinavia, Estonia, the British Isles, France, Kievan Rus' and Sicily.

Anglesey Island

Anglesey is an island off the north coast of Wales with an area of 276 square miles (715 km2). Anglesey is by far the largest island in Wales and the seventh largest in the British Isles. Anglesey is also the largest island in the Irish Sea by area, and the second most populous island. The ferry port of Holyhead handles more than 2 million passengers each year. The Menai Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford in 1826, and the Britannia Bridge span the Menai Strait to connect Anglesey with the mainland.

Arabian Empire

November 29 is the 333rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 32 days remain until the end of the year.

The Battle of Hama was fought some 24 km (15 mi) from the city of Hama in Syria on 29 November 903 between the forces of the Abbasid Caliphate and the Qarmatians. The Abbasids were victorious, resulting in the capture and execution of the Qarmatian leadership. This weakened the Qarmatian presence in northern Syria, which was finally eradicated after the suppression of another revolt in 906. More importantly, it paved the way for the Abbasid attack on the autonomous Tulunid dynasty and the reincorporation of the Tulunid domains in southern Syria and Egypt into the Abbasid Caliphate.

Muhammad ibn Sulayman, surnamed al-Katib, was a senior official and commander of the Abbasid Caliphate, most notable for his victories against the Qarmatians and for his reconquest of Syria and Egypt from the autonomous Tulunid dynasty.

By topic


Pope Benedict IV pope

Pope Benedict IV was Pope from 1 February 900 to his death in 903. The tenth-century historian Flodoard, who nicknamed him "the Great", commended his noble birth and public generosity. He succeeded Pope John IX (898–900) and was followed by Pope Leo V (903).

Pope Leo V pope

Pope Leo V was Pope from July 903 to his death in 904. He was pope during the period known as the Saeculum obscurum. He was thrown into prison in September 903 by the Antipope Christopher, and was probably killed at the start of the pontificate of Pope Sergius III. If his deposition is not considered valid, then his papacy may be considered to have ended with his death in 904.

Catholic Church Christian church led by the Bishop of Rome

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of 2017. As the world's "oldest continuously functioning international institution", it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation. The church is headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the pope. Its central administration, the Holy See, is in the Vatican City, an enclave within the city of Rome in Italy.


December 7 is the 341st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 24 days remain until the end of the year.

'Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi (Persian: عبدالرحمن صوفی‎ was a Persian astronomer also known as 'Abd ar-Rahman as-Sufi, 'Abd al-Rahman Abu al-Husayn, 'Abdul Rahman Sufi, or 'Abdurrahman Sufi and, historically, in the West as Azophi and Azophi Arabus. The lunar crater Azophi and the minor planet 12621 Alsufi are named after him. Al-Sufi published his famous Book of Fixed Stars in 964, describing much of his work, both in textual descriptions and pictures. Al-Biruni reports that his work on the ecliptic was carried out in Shiraz. He lived at the Buyid court in Isfahan.

Astronomer Scientist who studies celestial bodies

An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who focuses their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth. They observe astronomical objects such as stars, planets, moons, comets, and galaxies – in either observational or theoretical astronomy. Examples of topics or fields astronomers study include planetary science, solar astronomy, the origin or evolution of stars, or the formation of galaxies. Related but distinct subjects like physical cosmology, which studies the Universe as a whole.


Related Research Articles

824 Year

Year 824 (DCCCXXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

The 900s decade ran from January 1, 900, to December 31, 909.

The 910s decade ran from January 1, 910, to December 31, 919.

844 Year

Year 844 (DCCCXLIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

847 Year

Year 847 (DCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

855 Year

Year 855 (DCCCLV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

862 Year

Year 862 (DCCCLXII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

891 Year

Year 891 (DCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

858 Year

Year 858 (DCCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

946 Year

Year 946 (CMXLVI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

884 Year

Year 884 (DCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

965 Year

Year 965 (CMLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

929 Year

Year 929 (CMXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

904 Year

Year 904 (CMIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

902 Year

Year 902 (CMII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

906 Year

Year 906 (CMVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

910 Year

Year 910 (CMX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

911 Year

Year 911 (CMXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

892 Year

Year 892 (DCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

882 Year

Year 882 (DCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.


  1. "Benedict IV | pope". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved May 7, 2019.