Blandford Cemetery

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Blandford Cemetery
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The Memorial Arch at Blandford Cemetery, constructed in 1913 by Burns and Campbell.
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Location319 S. Crater Rd., Petersburg, Virginia
Coordinates 37°13′33″N77°22′50″W / 37.22583°N 77.38056°W / 37.22583; -77.38056 Coordinates: 37°13′33″N77°22′50″W / 37.22583°N 77.38056°W / 37.22583; -77.38056
Area189 acres (76 ha)
Built1702
ArchitectDavidson, James; Bowie, McCleary & Wright
Architectural styleMid 19th Century Revival, Early Republic, Late Victorian
NRHP reference No. 92001371 [1]
VLR No.123-0110
Significant dates
Added to NRHPOctober 15, 1992
Designated VLRApril 22, 1992 [2]

Blandford Cemetery is a historic cemetery located in Petersburg, Virginia. The oldest stone, marking the grave of Richard Yarbrough, reads 1702. It is located adjacent to the People's Memorial Cemetery, a historic African-American cemetery.

Although veterans of every American war are buried there, [3] the largest is a mass grave of 30,000 Confederates killed in the Siege of Petersburg (1864–65) during the American Civil War. [4] Only 3,700 names of the interred are known. [5]

Over the entrance road is a stone arch labeled "Our Confederate Heroes" with the dates 1861–1865 and 1866–1913.

In 1866 Blandford Cemetery was the site of one of the earliest Decoration Day ceremonies.[ further explanation needed ] While visiting the cemetery, the wife of Union General John A. Logan was present and reportedly witnessed Miss Nora Fontaine Davidson, a schoolteacher, and her pupils putting flowers and tiny Confederate flags on the soldiers' graves. Shortly afterward General Logan issued a proclamation to the Grand Army of the Republic (a very large Union veterans association) calling for the observance of Memorial Day. Locals say that Decoration Day served as the inspiration for the federal Memorial Day.

In 2014 Bellware and Gardiner dismissed this claim in The Genesis of the Memorial Day Holiday in America, pointing out that General Logan was aware of the southern observances of Memorial Day prior to his wife's trip to Virginia in 1868 and had mentioned them in a speech in 1866. [6]

The cemetery grounds cover 189 acres (0.76 km2), making it the second largest cemetery in Virginia (Arlington National Cemetery being the largest). [7] The original burial grounds, referred to as the "old ground," span 4 acres (16,000 m2) and includes the historic Blandford Church.

Colonel Robert Bolling, Confederate Major General William Mahone, his wife Otelia, and many of their kinfolk, Confederate Brigadier General Cullen A. Battle and Confederate Brigadier General David A. Weisiger are interred there.

The cemetery is adjacent to Blandford Church which is a Confederate memorial that features a full set of windows designed by Tiffany studios.

The cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1992. [1]

Notable burials

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References

  1. 1 2 "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
  2. "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
  3. Sarah Steele, Wilson (1 August 2012). "Remembering the Cost". The Hopewell News . Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  4. Ashley M. Neville and Historic Blandford Cemetery Foundation (March 1992). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Blandford Cemetery" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-13. Retrieved 2013-11-23. and Accompanying photo Archived 2012-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
  5. City of Petersburg. "Blandford Cemetery" . Retrieved April 5, 2019.
  6. Bellware, Daniel and Richard Gardiner, PhD. (2014). The Genesis of the Memorial Day Holiday in America. Columbus State University. p. 144. ISBN   978-0-692-29225-9.
  7. "Blandford Cemetery". Encyclopedia of Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  8. "Frank Lyon, 88, Of Arlington, Dies in Capital". Richmond Times-Dispatch . 1955-12-02. Retrieved 2022-01-25 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  9. 1 2 "Blandford Cemetery, Petersburg, Virginia". interment.net. Retrieved November 11, 2021.
  10. "Mrs. M. W. McCandlish". The Progress-Index. August 26, 1954. p. 13. Retrieved November 11, 2021.