|Former Borough constituency |
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||one|
|Replaced by||Stoke-on-Trent North|
Burslem was a borough constituency in Stoke-on-Trent which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Elections were held using the first past the post voting system.
The County Borough of Stoke-on-Trent wards numbers one, two, three, four, five, six, seven and eight.
The constituency was created for the 1918 general election, and abolished for the 1950 general election. From 1885 to 1918 the Stoke-on-Trent area had been divided into two constituencies: Stoke and Hanley. In 1918, the area was divided into three constituencies: Stoke, Hanley and a new seat called Burslem. Burslem was thus made up from part of the former Stoke seat and part of Hanley.[ citation needed ]
Until 1918, both Stoke and Hanley had been represented by Liberal MPs. The Liberal Party in the area was heavily influenced by support for radical land reform policies such as Site Value Rating and the Single Tax policy. These policies were advocated by R.L. Outhwaite, the MP for Hanley and Josiah Wedgwood, the MP for neighbouring Newcastle-under-Lyme. After 1918, they both left the Liberal Party and joined the Labour Party. There they influenced Andrew MacLaren. who was for many years the standard-bearer for the Labour Party and an advocate of Site Value Rating. At the 1931 general election, the supporters of land reform were split when MacLaren was opposed by a candidate who advocated a Single Tax policy. He returned to Parliament in 1935, but left the Labour Party in 1943 and sought re-election as an Independent.
When Outhwaite and Wedgwood left the Liberal Party in 1919, those who remained made the Liberal Party less radical. For the next 20 years the Liberal Party and the Unionist Party experimented with different approaches to electoral politics, often coming together to support the same candidate, as in 1922, 1924, 1931 and 1935.
|1923||William Edward Robinson||Liberal|
|1931||William Allen||Liberal National|
|Labour win (new seat)|
|Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|National Liberal||Sydney Malkin||11,667||49.6||+31.2|
|Liberal||William Edward Robinson||12,543||50.1||+0.5|
|Liberal gain from Labour||Swing||+0.5|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Unionist||Alfred P. Harrison||7,440||21.6||New|
|Commonwealth Land||Arthur Rowland-Entwhistle||401||1.1||New|
|National gain from Labour||Swing|
|National Liberal||William Allen||15,227||45.8||-7.0|
|Labour gain from National||Swing||+7.7|
General Election 1939–40
Another General Election was scheduled to take place before the end of 1940. In 1939 the parties were preparing for an election, and by the end of that year, the following candidates had been selected:
|National Liberal||Frederic Bennett||9,877||29.8||-16.0|
|Independent Labour||Andrew MacLaren||3,223||9.7||-44.5|
Colonel Josiah Clement Wedgwood, 1st Baron Wedgwood,, sometimes referred to as Josiah Wedgwood IV, was a British Liberal and Labour politician who served in government under Ramsay MacDonald. He was a prominent single-tax activist following the political-economic reformer Henry George. He was the great-great-grandson of the famous potter Josiah Wedgwood.
The Commonwealth Land Party was a Stoke based political party in the United Kingdom. It was founded in 1919 by J. W. Graham Peace and R. L. Outhwaite as the Commonwealth League, and was initially associated with the Independent Labour Party. It campaigned for the redistribution of land and the abolition of all taxation other than land rent.
Samuel Finney was a Labour Party politician in the United Kingdom.
Horace Evelyn Crawfurd was a Liberal Party politician in the United Kingdom.
Hanley was a borough constituency in Staffordshire which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom between 1885 and 1950. Elections were held using the first past the post voting system.
Stoke was a borough constituency in Stoke-on-Trent which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the UK Parliament, a new name and form of a seat which had existed from the Reform Act 1832. Elections were held using the first past the post voting system.
Stoke-upon-Trent was a parliamentary borough in Staffordshire, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1832 until 1885, and then one member from 1885 until 1918, when the borough was enlarged, renamed Stoke-on-Trent, and split into three single-member constituencies.
William Allen was a politician in Britain who served as a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1892 to 1900, and — after a gap of more than thirty years — from 1931 to 1935.
Albert Edward Davies was a Labour Party politician in the United Kingdom.
William Edward Robinson was an English merchant and Liberal Party politician.
The 1912 Hanley by-election was a by-election held for the British House of Commons constituency of Hanley on 13 July 1912.
The 1945 Chelmsford by-election was a parliamentary by-election for the British House of Commons constituency of Chelmsford, Essex on 26 April 1945.
The 1927 Southwark North by-election was a parliamentary by-election for the British House of Commons constituency of Southwark North held on 28 March 1927.
The 1919 Manchester Rusholme by-election was a parliamentary by-election held in October 1919 for the British House of Commons constituency of Manchester Rusholme. The by-election was important for shaping the future Labour Party attitude to electoral relations with the Liberal Party.
Robert Leonard Outhwaite,, known as R. L. Outhwaite, was a radical British Liberal Party politician, Member of Parliament and leading advocate of land reform.
The 1939 Brecon and Radnorshire by-election, was a parliamentary by-election held on 1 August 1939 for the British House of Commons constituency of Brecon and Radnorshire, in South Wales.
The Shipley by-election was a parliamentary by-election for the British House of Commons constituency of Shipley on 6 November 1930.
The 1926 North Cumberland by-election was held on 17 September 1926. The by-election was held due to the succession to the peerage of the incumbent Conservative MP, Donald Howard. It was won by the Conservative candidate Fergus Graham.
Samuel Clowes was an English Labour Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1924 to 1928.