Cheddleton

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Cheddleton
Cheddleton village.JPG
Hollow Lane, Cheddleton
Staffordshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Cheddleton
Location within Staffordshire
Population6,311 (2011) [1]
OS grid reference SJ972518
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Leek
Postcode district ST13
Dialling code 01538
Police Staffordshire
Fire Staffordshire
Ambulance West Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Staffordshire
53°03′50″N2°02′35″W / 53.064°N 2.043°W / 53.064; -2.043 Coordinates: 53°03′50″N2°02′35″W / 53.064°N 2.043°W / 53.064; -2.043

Cheddleton is an ancient parish and village in the Staffordshire Moorlands, near to the town of Leek, England.

Contents

St Edward's Church, Cheddleton St Edwards Church, Cheddleton (geograph 4087242).jpg
St Edward's Church, Cheddleton
Cheddleton Flint Mill Cheddleton Flint Mill - geograph.org.uk - 413182.jpg
Cheddleton Flint Mill

History

The village is divided into two distinct communities – the traditional village and the modern Redrow development located at St. Edward's Park, on the grounds of the old St. Edward's Psychiatric Hospital. This extensive site has been redeveloped and many of the old listed hospital buildings have been renovated, including the old hospital water tower, the highest building in the surrounding area, which now serves as an impressive private dwelling.

The traditional village is served by one shop,3 public houses, a veterinary surgery, an off licence and two churches: St Edward's (Anglican) and St Andrew's (Methodist). The modern development has limited amenities, although there is a Latin American cuisine restaurant situated on the canal side, nearby.

The village hit the headlines in March 2006 when a fire at a house on Hillside Road killed four people. The cause of the fire was quickly established as arson and eight months later a local man called Mark Goldstraw was found guilty on four counts of murder. He was sentenced to life imprisonment with a recommended minimum term of 35 years. [2]

The village is twinned with Mitterteich in Germany. The twinning association holds regular meetings and exchanges between the two villages.

Ashcombe Park in Cheadle Road is a Grade II* listed stately house built by James Trubshaw between 1807 and 1811. [3]

Population

The 2011 census [4] records a total population for Cheddleton of 5,444 persons and 2,267 households.

Historic Population Numbers

In 1563 there were 57 households in Cheddleton. By 1665 this had risen to 154 households. In 1676 the population was 326 people. Since 1801 the national census has recorded the population of the parish every 10 years. The population figures for each of the census returns is detailed below. Parish boundary changes rather than population decline probably account for the fall between 1971 and 2011.

1801: 1,174
1811: 1,392
1821: 1,525
1831: 1,664
1841: 1,824
1851: 1,877
1861: 2,050
1871: 2,098
1881: 2,056
1891: 1,973
1901: 2,766
1911: 3,443
1921: 3,643
1931: 4,431
1951: 4,946
1961: 5,414
1971: 6,912

St Edward's Church

Church of St Edward the Confessor, and the churchyard cross St Edward's Church 2, Cheddleton.JPG
Church of St Edward the Confessor, and the churchyard cross

The parish church of St Edward the Confessor is on Hollow Lane; it is a Grade II* listed building. It was built from the 13th to 15th century. [5]

In the churchyard are buried Sir Thomas Wardle (1831–1909) and his wife Elizabeth. Thomas Wardle owned a dyeworks in Leek which specialised in silk. He was a friend of the architect George Gilbert Scott, Jr. and of the artist William Morris: in the 1860s there were additions to the church by Scott, and stained-glass windows in the church were created by artists associated with William Morris. [5] [6] [7]

The cross in the churchyard is an ancient monument. The base is medieval; the upper part is by George Gilbert Scott Jr. and features Instruments of the Passion designed by William Morris. [8] [9]

Cheddleton Flint Mill

Cheddleton Flint Mill is a Grade II* listed building, situated along the Caldon Canal. It is a prime example of Staffordshire's industrial past – a flint grinding watermill previously used for supplying the pottery industry further along the canal in Stoke-on-Trent. It is open to the public free of charge, and has been preserved, with help from the Heritage Lottery Fund, by the Cheddleton Flint Mill Industrial Heritage Trust.

Cheddleton Carnival

Every year there is a carnival organised by the Cheddleton Carnival Committee on the second Saturday in August, held on the Ashcombe Park Cricket Club car park. The committee also organises other events in the village throughout the rest of the year, most notably the Bonfire Night fireworks display – held, again, in the car park, and the 'Duck Race', held annually at the Boat Inn and raced along the canal. The committee raises funds for Cancer Research UK and to date have raised over £750,000.

Schools

Cheddleton is served by St. Edward's CE (c) First School, close to St. Edward's Church and the local community centre. Children attend the school from the beginning of their education up to Key Stage 2 (Reception class to Year 4). The school has an additional nursery provision and before / after school clubs provided on-site by Early Stages Ltd who also run Teddy's Garden Day nursery from a converted hospital building on St Edwards Park.

The old schoolhouse has been turned into a well established tea room, just down the road from St. Edward's. On the St Edward's site, the former isolation hospital has been restored and converted into a children's day nursery.

Transport

The North Staffordshire Railway opened its Churnet Valley Railway on 1 September 1849, and opened a railway station at Cheddleton. Closed in 1963, today it is operated as part of a preserved railway.

Sports

Cheddleton is home to Leek RUFC, who play their home games at Post & Times Park on St. Edward's Park. Cheddleton is also home to Ashcombe Park Cricket Club, who play their home games at Ashcombe Park Cricket Ground at the south end of the village.

The John Pointon Sports And Recreation Facility was opened at Windy Arbour, Cheddleton on the ground of the old Berresford Bus site.

Cheddleton was also home to one of the best loved MotoX tracks in the UK, the steep, mostly natural sand track hosted numerous rounds of various local and national championships.

Over the years many riders who have moved on to race at an international level have competed at Cheddleton including the son of Ron Haslam, current World Superbike rider and former Moto GP rider Leon Haslam.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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Endon village in the United Kingdom

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River Churnet river in the United Kingdom

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Churnet Valley Railway

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Cheddleton railway station grade II listed train station in the United kingdom

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The St Edward's Hospital tramway was a tramway built for Staffordshire County Council for the construction of the St Edward's County Mental Asylum at Cheddleton, Staffordshire. Opened in 1899, the line ran until 1954 before being closed and scrapped.

St Edwards Hospital Hospital in Cheddleton, England

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Wetley Rocks village in the United Kingdom

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Sir Thomas Wardle was a British businessman, known for his innovations in silk dyeing and printing on silk. He collaborated with the designer William Morris, who visited his dyeworks in Leek, Staffordshire to learn how to use natural dyes. He was knighted by Queen Victoria for his services to the silk industry.

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St Edward the Confessors Church, Leek Church in Staffordshire, England

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Longsdon village and civil parish in Staffordshire, England

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Cheddleton is a civil parish in the district of Staffordshire Moorlands, Staffordshire, England. It contains 84 listed buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England. Of these, ten are at Grade II*, the middle of the three grades, and the others are at Grade II, the lowest grade. The parish contains the village of Cheddleton, smaller settlements, including the village of Wetley Rocks, and the surrounding area. The Caldon Canal joins its Leek Branch in the parish, and the listed buildings associated with these are bridges, locks, an aqueduct, and mileposts. Also in the parish is the Cheddleton Flint Mill, and its listed buildings consist of watermills, furnaces, sheds, and mill cottages. Most of the other listed buildings are houses, including two country houses, and associated structures, cottages, farmhouses and farm buildings. The remainder of the listed buildings include churches and items in churchyards, road bridges, a railway station, a school and library, a former hospital and associated buildings, and a series of road mileposts.

Ashcombe Park, Staffordshire

Ashcombe Park is a country house and estate near Cheddleton, in Staffordshire, England.

References

  1. "Civil Parish population 2011" . Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  2. BBC News Man jailed for four fire murders
  3. "Ashcombe Park" (PDF).
  4. Services, Good Stuff IT. "Cheddleton - UK Census Data 2011".
  5. 1 2 Church of St Edward the Confessor, Cheddleton British Listed Buildings, accessed 27 July 2014.
  6. St. Edward the Confessor, Hollow Lane, Cheddleton Archived 9 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine Staffordshire Past-track, accessed 27 July 2014.
  7. Sir Thomas Wardle Archived 10 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine Staffordshire Past-track, accessed 27 July 2014.
  8. Historic England. "Churchyard Cross, St Edward's Churchyard (1012663)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  9. Cross in Cheddleton Churchyard Archived 9 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine Staffordshire Past-track, accessed 27 July 2014.
  10. "BBC Staffordshire Features - Staffordshire's Midlands' Sports Awards Winners".