El Clásico

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El Clásico
Team kits – Real Madrid in white, Barcelona in blue and red
Teams Barcelona
Real Madrid
First meetingFC Barcelona 3–1 Madrid FC
Copa de la Coronación
(13 May 1902)
Latest meetingReal Madrid 0–1 Barcelona
La Liga
(2 March 2019)
Stadiums Camp Nou (Barcelona)
Santiago Bernabéu (Real Madrid)
Meetings totalCompetitive matches: 242
Exhibition matches: 33
Total matches: 275
Most winsCompetitive matches: Barcelona (96)
Exhibition matches: Barcelona (19)
Total matches: Barcelona (115)
Most player appearances Manuel Sanchís
Francisco Gento
Sergio Ramos
(all 42)
Top scorer Lionel Messi (26) [note 1]
Largest victoryReal Madrid 11–1 Barcelona
Copa del Rey
(19 June 1943)

El Clásico (Spanish pronunciation:  [el ˈklasiko] ; Catalan : El Clàssic, [1] pronounced  [əl ˈklasik] ; "The Classic") is the name given in football to any match between fierce rivals Real Madrid and FC Barcelona. Originally it referred only to those competitions held in the Spanish championship, but nowadays the term has been generalized, and tends to include every single match between the two clubs: UEFA Champions League, Copa del Rey, etc. Other than the UEFA Champions League Final, it is considered one of the biggest club football games in the world, and is among the most viewed annual sporting events. [2] [3] [4] A fixture known for its intensity, it has featured memorable goal celebrations from both teams, often involving mocking the opposition. [5] [6]

Catalan language Romance language

Catalan is a Western Romance language derived from Vulgar Latin and named after the medieval Principality of Catalonia, in northeastern modern Spain. It is the only official language of Andorra, and a co-official language of the Spanish autonomous communities of Catalonia, the Balearic Islands and Valencia. It also has semi-official status in the Italian commune of Alghero. It is also spoken in the eastern strip of Aragon, in some villages of Region of Murcia called Carche and in the Pyrénées-Orientales department of France. These territories are often called Països Catalans or "Catalan Countries".

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

FC Barcelona association football club in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

Futbol Club Barcelona, commonly referred to as Barcelona and colloquially known as Barça, is a Spanish professional football club based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.


The rivalry comes about as Madrid and Barcelona are the two largest cities in Spain, and they are sometimes identified with opposing political positions, with Real Madrid viewed as representing Spanish nationalism and Barcelona viewed as representing Catalan nationalism. [7] [8] The rivalry is regarded as one of the biggest in world sport. [9] [10] [11] The two clubs are among the richest and most successful football clubs in the world; in 2014 Forbes ranked Barcelona and Real Madrid the world's two most valuable sports teams. [3] Both clubs have a global fanbase; they are the world's two most followed sports teams on social media. [12] [13]

Madrid Capital of Spain

Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole. The city has almost 3.3 million inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of approximately 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union (EU), smaller than only London and Berlin, and its monocentric metropolitan area is the third-largest in the EU, smaller only than those of London and Paris. The municipality covers 604.3 km2 (233.3 sq mi).

Barcelona City and municipality in Catalonia, Spain

Barcelona is a city in Spain. It is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Catalonia, as well as the second most populous municipality of Spain. With a population of 1.6 million within city limits, its urban area extends to numerous neighbouring municipalities within the Province of Barcelona and is home to around 4.8 million people, making it the sixth most populous urban area in the European Union after Paris, London, Madrid, the Ruhr area and Milan. It is one of the largest metropolises on the Mediterranean Sea, located on the coast between the mouths of the rivers Llobregat and Besòs, and bounded to the west by the Serra de Collserola mountain range, the tallest peak of which is 512 metres high.

Party identification refers to the political party with which an individual identifies. Party identification is affiliation with a political party. Party identification is typically determined by the political party that an individual most commonly supports.

Barcelona leads the head-to-head results in competitive matches with 96 wins to Real Madrid's 95; Barcelona also leads in total matches with 115 wins to Real Madrid's 99 as of match played on 2 March 2019. Along with Athletic Bilbao, they are the only clubs in La Liga to have never been relegated.

Athletic Bilbao professional football club from Bilbao, Basque Country, Spain

Athletic Club, also commonly known as Athletic Bilbao, is a professional football club, based in Bilbao, in the Basque Country (Spain).



Santiago Bernabeu. The home fans are displaying the white of Real Madrid before El Clasico. Spanish flags are also a common sight at Real Madrid games. Real Madrid - Barca (3495454182).jpg
Santiago Bernabéu. The home fans are displaying the white of Real Madrid before El Clásico. Spanish flags are also a common sight at Real Madrid games.
Camp Nou. The home fans of FC Barcelona are creating a mosaic of the Catalan flag before El Clasico. The top right corner of the club's crest also features a Catalan flag. Camp Nou during El Clasico October 2012.jpg
Camp Nou. The home fans of FC Barcelona are creating a mosaic of the Catalan flag before El Clasico. The top right corner of the club’s crest also features a Catalan flag.

The conflict between Real Madrid and Barcelona has long surpassed the sporting dimension, [14] [15] so that elections to the clubs' presidencies are strongly politicized. [16] Phil Ball, the author of Morbo: The Story of Spanish Football, says about the match; "they hate each other with an intensity that can truly shock the outsider". [17]

Phil Ball is a British writer based in Spain. He has lived in Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain, for over twenty years. Born in Canada to English parents, Ball grew up in Grimsby on the north east coast of England, having moved there as a child in 1957. As a youngster he supported Grimsby Town, saying "I was brought up on lower league football". After finishing University, Ball took up an English teaching post in a state comprehensive school in Hull. He subsequently taught in Peru and later Oman, eventually moving to San Sebastián after the first Gulf War.

As early as the 1930s, Barcelona "had developed a reputation as a symbol of Catalan identity, opposed to the centralising tendencies of Madrid". [18] [19] In 1936, when Francisco Franco started the Coup d'état against the democratic Second Spanish Republic, the president of Barcelona, Josep Sunyol, member of the Republican Left of Catalonia and Deputy to The Cortes, was arrested and executed without trial by Franco's troops [16] (Sunyol was exercising his political activities, visiting Republican troops north of Madrid). [18]

Francisco Franco Spanish general and dictator

Francisco Franco Bahamonde was a Spanish general and politician who ruled over Spain as a dictator under the title Caudillo from 1939, after the nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975. This period in Spanish history is commonly known as Francoist Spain.

Coup détat Sudden deposition of a government

A coup d'état, also known as a putsch, a golpe, or simply as a coup, means the overthrow of an existing government; typically, this refers to an illegal, unconstitutional seizure of power by a dictator, the military, or a political faction.

Second Spanish Republic the regime that existed in Spain, 1931 to 1939

The Spanish Republic, commonly known as the Second Spanish Republic, was the democratic government that existed in Spain from 1931 to 1939. The Republic was proclaimed on 14 April 1931, after the deposition of Alfonso XIII, and it lost the Spanish Civil War on 1 April 1939 to the rebel faction, that would establish a military dictatorship under the rule of Francisco Franco.

Barcelona was on top of the list of organizations to be purged by the National faction, just after communists, anarchists, and independentists. [16] [20] During the Franco dictatorship, most citizens of Barcelona were in strong opposition to the fascist-like régime. During the dictatorships of Miguel Primo de Rivera and of Francisco Franco, all regional languages and identities in Spain were frowned upon and restrained. In this period, Barcelona gained their motto Més que un club (English: More than a club) because of its alleged connection to Catalan nationalist as well as to progressive beliefs. [21] During Franco's regime, however, Barcelona was granted profit due to its good relationship with the dictator at management level, even giving two awards to him. [22] The links between senior Real Madrid representatives and the Francoist regime were undeniable; [16] for most of the Catalans, Real Madrid was regarded as "the establishment club", despite the fact that presidents of both clubs like Josep Sunyol and Rafael Sánchez Guerra, suffered at the hands of Franco's supporters in the Spanish Civil War. [18] [23] [24]

Miguel Primo de Rivera Spanish politician; dictator, aristocrat, and military officer who served as Prime Minister of Spain from 1923 to 1930

Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja, 2nd Marquess of Estella, 22nd Count of Sobremonte was a dictator, aristocrat, and military officer who served as Prime Minister of Spain from 1923 to 1930 during Spain's Restoration era. He deeply believed that it was the politicians who had ruined Spain and that governing without them he could restore the nation. His slogan was "Country, Religion, Monarchy." Historians depict him as an inept dictator who lacked clear ideas and political acumen, and who alienated his potential supporters such as the army. He did not create a base of support among the voters, and depended instead on elite elements. His actions discredited the king and ruined the monarchy, while heightening social tensions that led in 1936 to a full-scale Spanish Civil War.

Catalan nationalism

Catalan nationalism is the ideology asserting that the Catalans are a nation.

Progressivism is the support for or advocacy of social reform. As a philosophy, it is based on the idea of progress, which asserts that advancements in science, technology, economic development and social organization are vital to the improvement of the human condition.

The image for both clubs was further affected by the creation of Ultras groups, some of which became hooligans. In 1980, Ultras Sur was founded as a far-right-leaning Real Madrid ultras group, followed in 1981 by the foundation of the initially left-leaning and later on far-right, Barcelona ultras group Boixos Nois. Both groups became known for their violent acts, [16] [25] [26] and one of the most conflictive factions of Barcelona supporters, the Casuals, became a full-fledged criminal organisation. [27]

For many people, Barcelona is still considered as "the rebellious club", or the alternative pole to "Real Madrid's conservatism". [28] [29] According to polls released by CIS (Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas), Real Madrid is the favorite team of most of the Spanish residents, while Barcelona stands in the second position. In Catalonia, forces of all the political spectrum are overwhelmingly in favour of Barcelona. Nevertheless, the support of the blaugrana club goes far beyond from that region, earning its best results among young people, sustainers of a federal structure of Spain and citizens with left-wing ideology, in contrast with Real Madrid fans which politically tend to adopt right-wing views. [30] [31]

1943 Copa del Generalísimo semi-finals

On 13 June 1943, Real Madrid beat Barcelona 11–1 at home in the second leg of a semi-final of the Copa del Generalísimo, the Copa del Rey having been renamed in honour of General Franco. [32] The first leg, played at Barcelona's Les Corts stadium in Catalonia, had ended with Barcelona winning 3–0. Madrid complained about all the three goals that referee Fombona Fernández had allowed for Barcelona, [33] with the home supporters also whistling Madrid throughout, whom they accused of employing roughhouse tactics, and Fombona for allowing them to. A campaign began in Madrid. Barcelona player Josep Valle recalled: "The press officer at the DND and ABC newspaper wrote all sorts of scurrilous lies, really terrible things, winding up the Madrid fans like never before". Former Real Madrid goalkeeper Eduardo Teus, who admitted that Madrid had "above all played hard", wrote in a newspaper: "the ground itself made Madrid concede two of the three goals, goals that were totally unfair". [34]

Barcelona fans were banned from traveling to Madrid. Real Madrid released a statement after the match which former club president (1985–1995) Ramón Mendoza explained, "The message got through that those fans who wanted to could go to El Club bar on Calle de la Victoria where Madrid's social center was. There, they were given a whistle. Others had whistles handed to them with their tickets." The day of the second leg, the Barcelona team were insulted and stones were thrown at their bus as soon as they left their hotel. Barcelona's striker Mariano Gonzalvo said of the incident, "Five minutes before the game had started, our penalty area was already full of coins." Barcelona goalkeeper Lluis Miró rarely approached his line—when he did, he was armed with stones. As Francisco Calvet told the story, "They were shouting: Reds! Separatists!... a bottle just missed Sospedra that would have killed him if it had hit him. It was all set up." [35]

Real Madrid went 2–0 up within half an hour. The third goal brought with it a sending off for Barcelona's Benito García after he made what Calvet claimed was a "completely normal tackle". Madrid's José Llopis Corona recalled, "At which point, they got a bit demoralized," while Mur countered, "at which point, we thought: 'go on then, score as many as you want'." Madrid scored in minutes 31', 33', 35', 39', 43' and 44', as well as two goals ruled out for offside, made it 8–0. Basilo de la Morena had been caught out by the speed of the goals. In that atmosphere and with a referee who wanted to avoid any complications, it was humanly impossible to play... If the azulgranas had played badly, really badly, the scoreboard would still not have reached that astronomical figure. The point is that they did not play at all." Both clubs were fined 2,500 pesetas by the Royal Spanish Football Federation and, although Barcelona appealed, it made no difference. Piñeyro resigned in protest, complaining of "a campaign that the press has run against Barcelona for a week and which culminated in the shameful day at Chamartín". [36] [37]

The match report in the newspaper La Prensa described Barcelona's only goal as a "reminder that there was a team there who knew how to play football and that if they did not do so that afternoon, it was not exactly their fault". [38] Another newspaper called the scoreline "as absurd as it was abnormal". [33] According to football writer Sid Lowe, "There have been relatively few mentions of the game [since] and it is not a result that has been particularly celebrated in Madrid. Indeed, the 11–1 occupies a far more prominent place in Barcelona's history. This was the game that first formed the identification of Madrid as the team of the dictatorship and Barcelona as its victims." [33] Fernando Argila, Barcelona's reserve goalkeeper from the game, said, "There was no rivalry. Not, at least, until that game." [39]

Di Stéfano transfer

Alfredo Di Stefano's controversial 1953 transfer to Real Madrid instead of Barcelona intensified the rivalry. Di stefano real madrid cf (cropped).png
Alfredo Di Stéfano's controversial 1953 transfer to Real Madrid instead of Barcelona intensified the rivalry.

The rivalry was intensified during the 1950s when the clubs disputed the signing of Alfredo Di Stéfano. Di Stéfano had impressed both Barcelona and Real Madrid while playing for Los Millionarios in Bogotá, Colombia, during a players' strike in his native Argentina. [40] Both Real Madrid and Barcelona attempted to sign him and, due to confusion that emerged from Di Stéfano moving to Millonarios from River Plate following the strike, both clubs claimed to own his registration. [40] After intervention from FIFA representative Muñoz Calero, it was decided that both Barcelona and Real Madrid had to share the player in alternate seasons. Barcelona's humiliated president was forced to resign by the Barcelona board, with the interim board cancelling Di Stéfano's contract. [40] This ended the long struggle for Di Stéfano, as he moved definitively to Real Madrid. [40]

Di Stéfano became integral in the subsequent success achieved by Real Madrid, scoring twice in his first game against Barcelona. With him, Madrid won the initial five European Champions Cup competitions. [41] The 1960s saw the rivalry reach the European stage when they met twice at the European Cup, Real Madrid winning in 1960 and Barcelona winning in 1961.

Luís Figo transfer

Luis Figo's transfer from Barcelona to Real Madrid in 2000 resulted in a hate campaign by some of his former club's fans. Luis Figo-2009 cropped.jpg
Luís Figo's transfer from Barcelona to Real Madrid in 2000 resulted in a hate campaign by some of his former club's fans.

In 2000, Real Madrid's then-presidential candidate, Florentino Pérez, offered Barcelona's vice-captain Luís Figo $2.4 million to sign an agreement binding him to Madrid if he won the elections. If the player broke the deal, he would have to pay Pérez $30 million in compensation. When his agent confirmed the deal, Figo denied everything, insisting, "I'll stay at Barcelona whether Pérez wins or loses." He accused the presidential candidate of "lying" and "fantasizing". He told Barcelona teammates Luis Enrique and Pep Guardiola he was not leaving and they conveyed the message to the Barcelona squad. [42]

On 9 July, Sport ran an interview in which he said, "I want to send a message of calm to Barcelona's fans, for whom I always have and always will feel great affection. I want to assure them that Luís Figo will, with absolute certainty, be at the Camp Nou on the 24th to start the new season... I’ve not signed a pre-contract with a presidential candidate at Real Madrid. No. I'm not so mad as to do a thing like that." [42]

The only way Barcelona could prevent Figo's transfer to Real Madrid was to pay the penalty clause, $30 million. That would have effectively meant paying the fifth highest transfer fee in history to sign their own player. Barcelona's new president, Joan Gaspart, called the media and told them, "Today, Figo gave me the impression that he wanted to do two things: get richer and stay at Barça." Only one of them happened. The following day, 24 July, Figo was presented in Madrid and handed his new shirt by Alfredo Di Stéfano. His buyout clause was set at $180 million. Gaspart later admitted, "Figo's move destroyed us." [43]

On his return to Barcelona in a Real Madrid shirt, banners with "Judas", "Scum" and "Mercenary" were hung around the stadium. Thousands of fake 10,000 peseta notes had been printed and emblazoned with his image, were among the missiles of oranges, bottles, cigarette lighters, even a couple of mobile phones were thrown at him. [44] In his third season with Real Madrid, the 2002 Clásico at Camp Nou produced one of the defining images of the rivalry. Figo was mercilessly taunted throughout; missiles of coins, a knife, a whisky bottle, were raining down from the stands, mostly from areas populated by the Boixos Nois where he had been taking a corner. Among the debris was a pig's head. [45] [46]

Recent issues

In 2005, Ronaldinho became the second Barcelona player, after Diego Maradona in 1983, to receive a standing ovation from Real Madrid fans at the Santiago Bernabeu. Ronaldinho 11feb2007.jpg
In 2005, Ronaldinho became the second Barcelona player, after Diego Maradona in 1983, to receive a standing ovation from Real Madrid fans at the Santiago Bernabéu.

During the last three decades, the rivalry has been augmented by the modern Spanish tradition of the Pasillo, where one team is given the guard of honor by the other team, once the former clinches the La Liga trophy before El Clásico takes place. This has happened in three occasions. First, during El Clásico that took place on 30 April 1988, where Real Madrid won the championship on the previous round. Then, three years later, when Barcelona won the championship two rounds before El Clásico on 8 June 1991. [47] The last pasillo, and most recent, took place on 7 May 2008, and this time Real Madrid had won the championship. [48] In May 2018, Real Madrid refused to perform Pasillo to Barcelona even though the latter had already wrapped up the championship a round prior to their meeting. [49]

The two teams met again in the UEFA Champions League semi-final in 2002, with Real Madrid winning 2–0 in Barcelona and a 1–1 draw in Madrid, resulting in a 3–1 aggregate win for Madrid. The match was dubbed by Spanish media as the "Match of the Century". [50]

While El Clásico is regarded as one of the fiercest rivalries in world football, there have been rare moments when fans have shown praise for a player on the opposing team. In 1980, Laurie Cunningham was the first Real Madrid player to receive applause from Barcelona fans at Camp Nou; after excelling during the match, and with Madrid winning 2–0, Cunningham left the field to a standing ovation from the locals. [51] [52] On 26 June 1983, during the second leg of the Copa de la Liga final at the Santiago Bernabéu in Madrid, having dribbled past the Real Madrid goalkeeper, Barcelona star Diego Maradona ran towards an empty goal before stopping just as the Madrid defender came sliding in an attempt to block the shot and crashed into the post, before Maradona slotted the ball into the net. [51] The manner of Maradona's goal led to many Madrid fans inside the stadium start applauding. [51] [53] In November 2005, Ronaldinho became the second Barcelona player to receive a standing ovation from Madrid fans at the Santiago Bernabéu. [51] After dribbling through the Madrid defence twice to score two goals in a 3–0 win, Madrid fans paid homage to his performance with applause. [54] [55] On 21 November 2015, Andrés Iniesta became the third Barcelona player to receive applause from Real Madrid fans while he was substituted during a 4–0 away win, with Iniesta scoring Barça's third – it should be noted however that Iniesta was already a popular figure throughout Spain for scoring the nation’s World Cup winning goal in 2010. [56]

Barcelona's Lionel Messi and Real Madrid midfielder Lassana Diarra in a 2011 Clasico Lass Messi.jpg
Barcelona's Lionel Messi and Real Madrid midfielder Lassana Diarra in a 2011 Clásico

A 2007 survey by the Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas showed that 32% of the Spanish population supported Real Madrid, while 25% supported Barcelona. In third place came Valencia, with 5%. [57] According to an Ikerfel poll in 2011, Barcelona is the most popular team in Spain with 44% of preferences, while Real Madrid is second with 37%. Atlético Madrid, Valencia and Athletic Bilbao complete the top five. [58]

Both clubs have a global fanbase: they are the world's two most followed sports teams on social media—on Facebook, as of July 2018, Real Madrid has 107 million fans, Barcelona has 103 million fans, on Instagram, Real Madrid has 60 million followers, Barcelona has 57 million followers. [12] [59]

The rivalry intensified in 2011 where, due to the final of the Copa Del Rey and the meeting of the two in the UEFA Champions League, Barcelona and Real Madrid were scheduled to meet each other four times in 18 days. Several accusations of unsportsmanlike behaviour from both teams and a war of words erupted throughout the fixtures which included four red cards. Spain national team coach Vicente del Bosque stated that he was "concerned" that due to the rising hatred between the two clubs, that this could cause friction in the Spain team. [60]

In recent years, the rivalry has been "encapsulated" by the rivalry between Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi. [61] Following the star signings of Neymar and Luis Suárez to Barcelona, and Gareth Bale and Karim Benzema to Madrid, the rivalry was expanded to a battle of the clubs' attacking trios, BBC (Bale, Benzema, Cristiano) against MSN (Messi, Suárez, Neymar). [62] Ronaldo left Real Madrid for Juventus in 2018, and in the week prior to the first meeting of the teams in the 2018–19 La Liga, Messi sustained an arm injury ruling him out of the match. It would be the first time since 2007 that the Clásico had featured neither player, with some in the media describing it as the 'end of an era’. [63] [64] [65] Iniesta's long spell at Barcelona had also ended after playing in 38 clashes from November 2004 to May 2018. [66] Barcelona won the match 5–1. [67]

A fixture known for its intensity and indiscipline, it has also featured memorable goal celebrations from both teams, often involving mocking the opposition. [5] In October 1999, Real Madrid forward Raúl silenced 100,000 Barcelona fans at the Camp Nou when he scored before he celebrated by putting a finger to his lips as if telling the crowd to be quiet. [5] [68] In 2009 Barcelona captain Carles Puyol kissed his Catalan armband in front of Madrid fans at the Bernabéu. [5] Cristiano Ronaldo twice gestured to the hostile crowd to “calm down” after scoring against Barcelona at the Nou Camp in 2012 and 2016. [5] In April 2017, Messi celebrated his 93rd minute winner for Barcelona against Real Madrid at the Bernabéu by taking off his Barcelona shirt and holding it up to incensed Real Madrid fans – with his name and number facing them. [5]


On 2 March 2019, Barcelona overtook Real Madrid in El Clásico victories in competitive matches after winning an away game 1–0. [69] [70]

As of 2 March 2019
La Liga 178727234
Copa del Rey 3512158
Copa de la Liga 6024
Supercopa de España 14842
Copa de la Coronación [lower-alpha 1] 1010
UEFA Champions League 8323
All competitions242959651
Exhibition game 3341910
All matches2759911561
  1. Although not recognized by the current Royal Spanish Football Federation as an official match, it is still considered a competitive match between Barcelona and Real Madrid by statistics sources [71] and the media. [72]


Biggest wins (5+ goals)

10Real Madrid 11–1 Barcelona19 June 1943 Copa del Rey
6Real Madrid 8–2 Barcelona3 February 1935 La Liga
5Barcelona 7–2 Real Madrid24 September 1950
Barcelona 6–1 Real Madrid19 May 1957Copa del Rey
Real Madrid 6–1 Barcelona18 September 1949La Liga
Barcelona 5–0 Real Madrid21 April 1935
Barcelona 5–0 Real Madrid25 March 1945
Real Madrid 5–0 Barcelona5 October 1953
Real Madrid 0–5 Barcelona17 February 1974
Barcelona 5–0 Real Madrid8 January 1994
Real Madrid 5–0 Barcelona7 January 1995
Barcelona 5–0 Real Madrid29 November 2010

Longest runs

Most consecutive wins

6Barcelona25 January 1948 – 15 January 1949
6Real Madrid30 September 1962 – 28 February 1965
5Real Madrid5 March 1933 – 3 February 1935
5Barcelona13 December 2008 – 29 November 2010

Most consecutive draws

311 September 1991 – 7 March 1992
31 May 2002 – 20 April 2003

Most consecutive matches without a draw

1825 January 1948 – 21 November 1954
1723 November 1960 – 19 March 1967
144 December 1977 – 4 June 1983
1219 May 1957 – 27 April 1960
105 March 1933 – 28 January 1940

Longest undefeated runs

14Real Madrid31 January 1931 – 3 February 1935
13Barcelona1 November 1917 – 3 June 1928

Longest undefeated runs in the league

7 (5 Wins)Real Madrid31 January 1932 – 3 February 1935
7 (5 Wins)Barcelona13 December 2008 – 10 December 2011
6 (6 Wins)Real Madrid30 September 1962 – 28 February 1965
6 (4 Wins)Barcelona11 May 1997 – 13 October 1999
6 (3 Wins)Barcelona28 November 1971 – 17 February 1974
5 (4 Wins)Barcelona30 March 1947 – 15 January 1949
5 (3 Wins)Barcelona11 May 1975 – 30 January 1977
6 (4 Wins)Barcelona3 December 2016 – ongoing

Most consecutive matches without conceding a goal

5Barcelona3 April 1972 – 17 February 1974
3Barcelona10 January 1914 – 7 March 1916
3Real Madrid29 June 1974 – 11 May 1975
3Barcelona29 November 2009 – 29 November 2010

Most consecutive games scoring

23Barcelona27 April 2011 – 13 August 2017
18Real Madrid3 May 2011 – 22 March 2015
17Barcelona27 November 1982 – 31 January 1987
14Real Madrid15 February 1959 – 21 January 1962
14Real Madrid5 December 1990 – 16 December 1993
13Real Madrid1 December 1946 – 23 November 1952
13Real Madrid22 April 1962 – 9 April 1968
12Barcelona26 March 1916 – 26 April 1926
11Barcelona11 September 1991 – 7 May 1994
10Barcelona30 January 1997 – 13 October 1999


Top goalscorers

  • Players in bold are still active for Real or Barcelona.
PlayerClub La Liga Copa Super Cup League Cup Europe Total
Flag of Argentina.svg Lionel Messi Barcelona186226 [note 1]
Flag of Argentina.svg Flag of Spain.svg Alfredo Di Stéfano Real Madrid142218
Flag of Portugal.svg Cristiano Ronaldo Real Madrid95418
Flag of Spain.svg Raúl Real Madrid113115
Flag of Spain.svg César Barcelona12214
Flag of Spain.svg Francisco Gento Real Madrid102214
Flag of Hungary.svg Flag of Spain.svg Ferenc Puskás Real Madrid92314
Flag of Spain.svg Santillana Real Madrid92112
Flag of Uruguay.svg Luis Suárez Barcelona9211
Flag of Mexico.svg Hugo Sánchez Real Madrid8210
Flag of Spain.svg Juanito Real Madrid8210
Flag of Spain.svg Josep Samitier Barça / Real4610
Flag of France.svg Karim Benzema Real Madrid6129
Flag of Spain.svg Estanislao Basora Barcelona819
Flag of Spain.svg Jaime Lazcano Real Madrid88
Flag of Chile.svg Iván Zamorano Real Madrid4228
Flag of Paraguay.svg Eulogio Martínez Barcelona2518
Flag of Spain.svg Luis Suárez Barcelona2428
Flag of Spain.svg Santiago Bernabéu Real Madrid88

Consecutive goalscoring

PlayerClubConsecutive matchesTotal goals in the runStartEnd
Flag of Portugal.svg Cristiano Ronaldo Real Madrid 67 2011–12 Copa del Rey (1st leg) 2012–13 La Liga (7th round)
Flag of Chile.svg Iván Zamorano Real Madrid 55 1992–93 La Liga (20th Round) 1993 Supercopa de España (2nd leg)
Flag of Spain.svg Simón Lecue Real Madrid 45 1935–36 La Liga (7th Round) 1939–40 La Liga (9th Round)
Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldinho Barcelona 45 2004–05 La Liga (12th Round) 2005–06 La Liga (31st Round)
Flag of Brazil.svg Giovanni Barcelona 44 1997 Supercopa de España (1st leg) 1997–98 La Liga (28th Round)
Lionel Messi is the all-time top scorer in El Clasico history with 26 goals. 2015 UEFA Super Cup 64 crop.jpg
Lionel Messi is the all-time top scorer in El Clásico history with 26 goals.

Most hat-tricks

Most assists

Most appearances

42 Manuel Sanchís Real Madrid
Francisco Gento Real Madrid
Xavi Barcelona
Sergio Ramos Real Madrid
41 Lionel Messi Barcelona
39 Andrés Iniesta Barcelona
37 Fernando Hierro Real Madrid
Raúl Real Madrid
Iker Casillas Real Madrid
36 Sergio Busquets Barcelona
35 Santillana Real Madrid

Players who played for both clubs

Javier Saviola was the most recent player to transfer between the two rivals, in 2007. Javier Saviola 15abr2007.jpg
Javier Saviola was the most recent player to transfer between the two rivals, in 2007.
Barcelona then Madrid
Madrid then Barcelona
From Barcelona to Madrid16
From Barcelona to another club before Madrid5
From Madrid to Barcelona3
From Madrid to another club before Barcelona10
Total Switches34


The rivalry reflected in El Clásico matches comes about as Real Madrid and Barcelona are the most successful football clubs in Spain. As seen below, Barcelona leads Real Madrid 96–92 in terms of official overall trophies. [77] While the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup is recognised as the predecessor to the UEFA Cup, it was not organised by UEFA. Consequently, UEFA does not consider clubs' records in the Fairs Cup to be part of their European record. [78] However, FIFA does view the competition as a major honour. [79]

Real Madrid Competition Barcelona
33 La Liga 26
19 Copa del Rey 30
10 Supercopa de España 13
1 Copa Eva Duarte (defunct)3
1 Copa de la Liga (defunct)2
European and Worldwide
13 UEFA Champions League 5
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup (defunct)4
2 UEFA Europa League
4 UEFA Super Cup 5
2 Latin Cup (defunct)2
Inter-Cities Fairs Cup (defunct)3
3 Intercontinental Cup (defunct)
4 FIFA Club World Cup 3
92Total Aggregate96

Note: FIFA recognized the winner of the Intercontinental Cup as a World Champion.

Note: The Inter-Cities Fairs Cup is not recognized in the UEFA records and statistics, but FIFA does view the competition as a major honour.

See also


  1. 1 2 Does not include a goal scored in the 2017 International Champions Cup.

Related Research Articles

Real Madrid CF association football club

Real Madrid Club de Fútbol, commonly referred to as Real Madrid, is a Spanish professional football club based in Madrid.

Cristiano Ronaldo Portuguese footballer

Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos AveiroGOIH ComM is a Portuguese professional footballer who plays as a forward for Italian club Juventus and captains the Portugal national team. Often considered the best player in the world and widely regarded as one of the greatest players of all time, Ronaldo has a record-tying five Ballon d'Or awards, the most for a European player, and is the first player to win four European Golden Shoes. He has won 28 trophies in his career, including six league titles, five UEFA Champions League titles and one UEFA European Championship. A prolific goalscorer, Ronaldo holds the records for most official goals scored in the UEFA Champions League (126), the UEFA European Championship (9), as well as those for most assists in the UEFA Champions League (34) and the UEFA European Championship (6). He has scored over 700 senior career goals for club and country.

Lionel Messi Argentine footballer

Lionel Andrés Messi Cuccittini is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a forward and captains both FC Barcelona and the Argentina national team.

Andrés Iniesta Spanish footballer

Andrés Iniesta Luján is a Spanish professional footballer who plays as a central midfielder for Japanese club Vissel Kobe. He spent most of his career at Barcelona, where he served as the captain for three seasons.

History of Real Madrid CF aspect of history

Real Madrid C.F. are a professional football club based in Madrid, Spain. In addition to their domestic success, Real Madrid's reputation as a major club was established by their outstanding record in the European Cup. To date, they have been crowned champions of Europe a record thirteen times. Alfredo Di Stéfano, Ferenc Puskás and other famous players helped the club win the European Cup five times in a row between 1956 and 1960, which included the memorable 7–3 Hampden Park final against German side Eintracht Frankfurt in 1960. The club won for a sixth time in 1966 with the team known as the Ye-Ye defeated Yugoslavian club Partizan 2–1 in the final with a team composed entirely of Spanish-born players, a first in the competition. They were also runners-up in 1962, 1964 and 1981. Winning the competition five consecutive times saw Real permanently awarded the original cup and earning the right to wear the UEFA badge of honour. They have also won the UEFA Cup twice and were twice runners-up in the European Cup Winners Cup.

Madrid Derby Club football rivalry in Madrid, Spain

El Derbi Madrileño is the name given to football matches between Atlético Madrid and Real Madrid, both from Madrid, Spain. Originally it referred only to those competitions held in the Spanish championship, but nowadays the term has been generalized, and tends to include every single match between the two clubs: UEFA Champions League and Copa del Rey, etc. The two clubs met in Lisbon for the 2014 UEFA Champions League Final, making it the first time two clubs from the same city played in the final. They also met for the 2018 UEFA Super Cup, making it also the first time two clubs from the same city played this final.

This page details football records in Spain. Unless otherwise stated, records are taken from Primera División or La Liga. This page also include records from the Spanish domestic cup competition or Copa del Rey.

History of FC Barcelona

The history of Futbol Club Barcelona goes from the football club's founding in 1899 and up to current time. FC Barcelona, also known simply as Barcelona and familiarly as Barça, is based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. The team was founded in 1899 by a group of Swiss, English and Spanish footballers led by Joan Gamper. The club played amateur football until 1910 in various regional competitions. In 1910, the club participated in their first of many European competitions, and has since amassed fourteen UEFA trophies and a sextuple. In 1928, Barcelona co-founded La Liga, the top-tier in Spanish football, along with a string of other clubs. As of 2017, Barcelona has never been relegated from La Liga, a record they share with Athletic Bilbao and arch-rival Real Madrid.

The 2010–11 season was Futbol Club Barcelona's 111th in existence and the club's 80th consecutive season in the top flight of Spanish football. Barcelona started the season with a new president after Joan Laporta reached his term limit on 30 June, leaving behind a very successful club tenure.

The 2013–14 season was the 110th season in Real Madrid Club de Fútbol's history and their 83rd consecutive season in La Liga, the top division of Spanish football. It covered a period from 1 July 2013 to 30 June 2014.

The 2014–15 season was Futbol Club Barcelona's 115th in existence and the club's 84th consecutive season in the top flight of Spanish football. It was one of the most successful seasons in the club's history as they clinched the Treble by winning La Liga, Copa del Rey and the UEFA Champions League. By doing so, the Catalans became the first European team to twice win the domestic double as well as the highest continental tournament, after winning their first treble in the 2008–09 season. Barcelona's success was due to a large extent to their formidable forward trio composed of Lionel Messi, Neymar and summer signing Luis Suárez, who scored an unprecedented total of 122 goals in all competitions to become the trio with most goals in Spanish football history.

Ronaldo–Messi rivalry Tokollo Lebese

The Ronaldo–Messi rivalry is a football rivalry between fans of Portuguese forward Cristiano Ronaldo and Argentinian forward Lionel Messi and supposedly between the athletes themselves. Having won a combined ten Ballon d'Or/FIFA Ballon d'Or awards, both are widely regarded not only as the two best players of their generation, but also regarded by many in the sport, including players, writers and fans, as the greatest of all time. They're two of the most decorated football players ever having won a combined 61 trophies during their careers thus far, and have regularly broken the 50 goal barrier in a single season. They're amongst the 28 players in the history of the sport to score over 500 career goals, currently ranked at 6th (Ronaldo) and 7th (Messi) respectively, with both having scored over 690 goals each in their careers for club and country. Sports journalists and pundits regularly argue the individual merits of both players in an attempt to establish who they believe is the best player in modern football. It has been compared to past global sports rivalries such as the Muhammad Ali–Joe Frazier rivalry in boxing, the Federer–Nadal rivalry, Björn Borg–John McEnroe rivalry in tennis and the Ayrton Senna–Alain Prost rivalry in Formula One motor racing.

Luís Figo Portuguese football player

Luís Filipe Madeira Caeiro FigoOIH is a retired Portuguese professional footballer who played as a midfielder for Sporting CP, Barcelona, Real Madrid and Inter Milan before retiring on 31 May 2009. He won 127 caps for the Portugal national team, a record at the time but later broken by Cristiano Ronaldo.

The 2017 Supercopa de España was the 34th edition of the Supercopa de España, an annual two-legged football tie contested by the winners of the previous season's La Liga and Copa del Rey competitions.

El Viejo Clásico also known as El Otro Clásico is the name given to any football match between Athletic Bilbao and Real Madrid. Until 10 December 2011, this fixture was the most played in the history of Spanish football, when it was surpassed by El Clásico. However, it remains the most played game in the Copa del Rey.

The Athletic–Barcelona clásico refers to football matches between Athletic Bilbao and FC Barcelona, two clubs competing in Spanish football competitions.


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