Hatteras, North Carolina

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Hatteras, North Carolina
Dare County North Carolina incorporated and unincorporated areas Hatteras highlighted.svg
Location in Dare County and the state of North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°13′10″N75°41′25″W / 35.21944°N 75.69028°W / 35.21944; -75.69028 Coordinates: 35°13′10″N75°41′25″W / 35.21944°N 75.69028°W / 35.21944; -75.69028
Country United States of America
State North Carolina
County Dare
Named for Hatteras Indians
Area
  Total1.68 sq mi (4.36 km2)
  Land1.58 sq mi (4.08 km2)
  Water0.11 sq mi (0.29 km2)
Elevation
3 ft (0.9 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total504
  Density320/sq mi (123.6/km2)
ZIP code
27943

Hatteras is an unincorporated village and census-designated place (CDP) in Dare County, North Carolina, United States, on the Outer Banks island of Hatteras, at its extreme southwestern tip. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 504. [1] Immediately to the west of the village of Hatteras is Hatteras Inlet which separates Hatteras Island from the neighboring Ocracoke Island. North Carolina Highway 12 passes through the community linking it to Frisco to the east and Ocracoke to the west (via a ferry across Hatteras Inlet).

Contents

The residents of Hatteras are governed by the Dare County Board of Commissioners. Hatteras is part of District 4, along with Avon, Buxton, Frisco, Rodanthe, Waves and Salvo.

Attractions and recreation

Hatteras is best known as a fishing and vacation destination.

Watersports are plentiful on both the ocean-side and the sound-side of the village. Proximity to the convergence of the Labrador Current and the Gulf Stream result in the largest surf available on the East Coast. On the protected Pamlico Sound side of the island watersports such as windsurfing, kayaking, kiteboarding, and swimming are all readily available and accessible.

Fishing is a major source of recreation as well as revenue in Hatteras.

Pamlico Sound, which separates Hatteras and Ocracoke Islands, is one of the largest estuarine systems in the world and offers a variety of fishing opportunities. [2]

Climate

Hatteras has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Hatteras experiences hot summers, somewhat moderated by the Atlantic Ocean, and some of the mildest winters in the entire state, with no month having an average low temperature below 40 °F (4.4 °C). Because of its location many miles off the coast of Mainland USA right in the direct path of the gulf stream, Hatteras experiences year round low temperatures similar to the northern gulf of Florida or Southern coastal Georgia despite being much farther North. [3]

Climate data for Hatteras, North Carolina (1981–2010 normals), [lower-alpha 1]
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)54.4
(12.4)
55.5
(13.1)
60.5
(15.8)
67.9
(19.9)
75.3
(24.1)
81.9
(27.7)
85.7
(29.8)
85.7
(29.8)
82
(28)
73.5
(23.1)
65.4
(18.6)
58
(14)
70.5
(21.4)
Average low °F (°C)40.6
(4.8)
42.8
(6.0)
47.4
(8.6)
55.4
(13.0)
63.5
(17.5)
71.1
(21.7)
75.1
(23.9)
74.8
(23.8)
71.2
(21.8)
62.5
(16.9)
53.5
(11.9)
45.9
(7.7)
58.7
(14.8)
Source: NOAA (North Carolina Observed Climate Normals) [4]

History

Hatteras was named after the Hatteras Indians. [5]

Hatteras Village was cut off from the rest of the island on September 18, 2003, [6] when Hurricane Isabel washed a 3,000-foot-wide (910 m) and 30-foot-deep (9.1 m) channel called Isabel Inlet at the north end of Hatteras village. The tear was subsequently repaired and restored by sand dredged by the Army Corps of Engineers. [7]

The Ellsworth and Lovie Ballance House and Hatteras Weather Bureau Station are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [8]

Transportation

Hatteras is served by Billy Mitchell Airport.

Education

Residents are zoned to Dare County Schools. Zoned schools are Cape Hatteras Elementary School and Cape Hatteras Secondary School. [9] The schools are located on NC 12 in Buxton. [10]

Dare County Library has a branch in Hatteras. [11]

Notes

  1. Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.

Related Research Articles

Ocracoke, North Carolina Census-designated place in North Carolina, United States

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Pamlico Sound The largest lagoon along the North American East Coast

Pamlico Sound in North Carolina in the US is the largest lagoon along the North American East Coast, extending 80 mi (130 km) long and 15 to 20 miles wide. It is part of a large, interconnected network of lagoon estuaries that includes Albemarle Sound, Currituck Sound, Croatan Sound, Pamlico Sound, Bogue Sound, Core Sound, and Roanoke Sound. Together, these sounds, known as the Albemarle-Pamlico sound system, comprise the second largest estuary in the United States, covering over 3,000 sq. mi. of open water. The Pamlico Sound is separated from the Atlantic Ocean by the Outer Banks, a row of low, sandy barrier islands that include Cape Hatteras National Seashore, Cape Lookout National Seashore, and Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge. The Albemarle-Pamlico Sound is one of nineteen great waters recognized by the America's Great Waters Coalition.

Cape Hatteras

Cape Hatteras is a bend in Hatteras Island, one of the barrier islands of North Carolina.

Avon, North Carolina Census-designated place in North Carolina, United States

Avon is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Dare County in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, it had a permanent population of 776.

Rodanthe, North Carolina Census-designated place in North Carolina, United States

Rodanthe is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located in Dare County, North Carolina, United States, on Hatteras Island, part of North Carolina's Outer Banks. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 261. Rodanthe, along with Waves and Salvo, are part of the settlement of Chicamacomico. Rodanthe includes the original Chicamacomico Life-Saving Station, decommissioned in 1954, but now a museum.

Waves, North Carolina Census-designated place in North Carolina, United States

Waves is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Dare County, North Carolina, United States. It is on Hatteras Island, part of North Carolina's Outer Banks. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 134. Waves, along with Rodanthe and Salvo, are part of the settlement of Chicamacomico.

Salvo, North Carolina Census-designated place in North Carolina, United States

Salvo is a census-designated place located in Dare County, North Carolina, United States, on Hatteras Island, part of North Carolina's Outer Banks. As of the 2010 census, Salvo had a population of 229. Originally part of the settlement of Chicamacomico, Salvo was originally known as "Clarks" or "Clarksville."

Hatteras Island

Hatteras Island is a barrier island located off the North Carolina coast. Dividing the Atlantic Ocean and the Pamlico Sound, it runs parallel to the coast, forming a bend at Cape Hatteras. It is part of North Carolina's Outer Banks and includes the communities of Rodanthe, Waves, Salvo, Avon, Buxton, Frisco, and Hatteras. It contains the largest part of the Cape Hatteras National Seashore. It is almost entirely in Dare County, North Carolina, though there is a small sliver of about 45 acres (0.18 km2) extending southwest into Hyde County. Settled by Croatoan indigenous peoples, the island was also home to one of the earliest settlements in the Americas by the English, the Roanoke Colony.

Portsmouth, North Carolina United States historic place

Portsmouth was a fishing and shipping village located on Portsmouth Island on the Outer Banks in North Carolina. Portsmouth Island is a tidal island connected, under most conditions, to north end of the North Core Banks, across Ocracoke Inlet from the village of Ocracoke. The town lies in Carteret County, was established in 1753 by the North Carolina Colonial Assembly, and abandoned in 1971. Its remains are now part of the Cape Lookout National Seashore.

Buxton, North Carolina Census-designated place in North Carolina, United States of America

Buxton is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) on Hatteras Island near Cape Hatteras. It is located in Dare County in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 1,273. Located at the widest part of Hatteras Island, it is the largest community on Hatteras Island both in terms of area and population, and is home to the island's schools and other major public buildings and offices.

Frisco, North Carolina Census-designated place in North Carolina, United States of America

Frisco is a small unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) on the barrier island of Hatteras Island, between the villages of Buxton and Hatteras. It is located in Dare County, North Carolina, United States, and was previously named "Trent", or "Trent Woods", but received a new name with the coming of the post office in 1898. Most of the land is taken by houses available for rental during the summer months, and as such the community's population varies seasonally. As of the 2010 census, the permanent population of the community was 200. North Carolina Highway 12 serves as the primary road in Frisco and connects the community to others on the island.

Cape Hatteras National Seashore

Cape Hatteras National Seashore is a United States national seashore which preserves the portion of the Outer Banks of North Carolina from Bodie Island to Ocracoke Island, stretching over 70 miles (110 km), and is managed by the National Park Service. Included within this section of barrier islands along N.C. 12, but outside the national seashore boundaries, are Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge and several communities, such as Rodanthe, Buxton, and Ocracoke. Cape Hatteras is a combination of natural and cultural resources, and provides a wide variety of recreational opportunities.

Outer Banks Barrier islands in North Carolina, U.S.

The Outer Banks are a 200-mile (320 km) string of barrier islands and spits off the coast of North Carolina and southeastern Virginia, on the east coast of the United States. They line most of the North Carolina coastline, separating Currituck Sound, Albemarle Sound, and Pamlico Sound from the Atlantic Ocean. A major tourist destination, the Outer Banks are known for their wide expanse of open beachfront and the Cape Hatteras National Seashore. The seashore and surrounding ecosystem are important biodiversity zones, including beach grasses and shrubland that help maintain the form of the land.

North Carolina Highway 12 (NC 12) is a 148.0-mile-long (238.2 km) primary state highway in the U.S. state of North Carolina, linking the peninsulas and islands of the northern Outer Banks. Most sections of NC 12 are two lanes wide, and there are also two North Carolina Ferry System routes which maintain continuity of the route as it traverses the Outer Banks region. NC 12 is part of the Outer Banks Scenic Byway, a National Scenic Byway. The first NC 12 appeared on the 1924 North Carolina Official Map and at its height ran from NC 30 in Pollocksville to NC 48 near Murfreesboro. Over time it was replaced by both U.S. Route 258 (US 258) and NC 58 and ceased to exist in 1958. The current NC 12 first appeared on the 1964 state highway map running from US 158 in Nags Head to Ocracoke. In 1976 NC 12 was extended to US 70 on the mainland and in 1987 was extended north to Corolla.

Oregon Inlet is an inlet along North Carolina's Outer Banks. It joins the Pamlico Sound with the Atlantic Ocean and separates Bodie Island from Pea Island, which are connected by the 2.8 mile Marc Basnight Bridge that spans the inlet. As one of the few access points to the ocean along this stretch of coast, Oregon Inlet is a major departure point for charter fishing trips, with a nearby harbor serving as the base for many large boats that travel miles out towards the Gulf Stream almost every day. The inlet is also the location of a U.S. Coast Guard station.

The North Carolina Department of Transportation Ferry Division is a branch of NCDOT that is responsible for the operation of over two dozen ferry services that transport passengers and vehicles to several islands along the Outer Banks of North Carolina.

Effects of Hurricane Isabel in North Carolina Impact and aftermath of 2003 Atlantic hurricane

The effects of Hurricane Isabel in North Carolina were widespread, with the heaviest damage in Dare County. The hurricane made landfall in the Outer Banks of North Carolina on September 18. There, storm surge flooding and strong winds damaged thousands of houses. The storm surge produced a 2,000 foot (600 m) wide inlet on Hatteras Island, isolating Hatteras by road for two months. Several locations along North Carolina Highway 12 were partially washed out or covered with debris. Hurricane Isabel produced hurricane-force wind gusts across eastern North Carolina, knocking down trees and power lines. About 700,000 residents lost power due to the storm, although most outages were restored within a few days. The hurricane killed three people in the state – two due to falling trees, and the other a utility worker attempting to restore electricity. Damage in the state totaled $450 million.

Hatteras Inlet

Hatteras Inlet is an estuary in North Carolina, located along the Outer Banks, separating Hatteras Island and Ocracoke Island. It connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Pamlico Sound. Hatteras Inlet is located entirely within Hyde County.

Cape Hatteras Secondary School is a public middle and high school in Buxton, on Cape Hatteras in Dare County, North Carolina. It is a part of Dare County Schools. It serves grades 6 through 12. Its attendance boundary includes areas in the county on islands south of the Oregon Inlet Bridge. This includes the census-designated places of Buxton, Avon, Frisco, Hatteras, Rodanthe, Salvo, and Waves.

Cape Hatteras Electric Cooperative

Cape Hatteras Electric Cooperative (CHEC) is a utility cooperative that distributes electricity to Hatteras and Ocracoke islands in the Outer Banks region of the state of North Carolina. The electric cooperative was founded in 1945 and is headquartered in Buxton.

References

  1. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hatteras CDP, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
  2. Bill Blue, ed. (Summer 2007). "Fishing: Hatteras and Ocracoke Style, Sunny Day Guide". Surfside East. pp. 34, 63–65.
  3. Team, National Weather Service Corporate Image Web. "National Weather Service Climate". w2.weather.gov. Retrieved 2020-07-02.
  4. "NOAA 1981-2010 Climate Normals". University of Washington . Retrieved 2016-12-21.
  5. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 152.
  6. "AFTER THE STORM: THE SCENE; Fickle Isabel Devastates Parts of Hatteras", in The New York Times, September 20, 2003. Retrieved May 8, 2008.
  7. Hatteras Village, "N.C., Breach Cut by Hurricane Isabel Is Filled with Sand," in The News & Observer, November 4, 2003. Retrieved May 8, 2008. Archived June 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  8. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  9. "Attendance Zone Information". Dare County Schools . Retrieved 2021-04-12. Cape Hatteras Elementary School -- All areas South of the Oregon Inlet Bridge[...]Cape Hatteras Secondary School -- All areas South of the Oregon Inlet Bridge
  10. Dare County Schools Website Archived 2007-06-30 at the Wayback Machine
  11. "Home". Dare County Library. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
Preceded by
Frisco
Beaches of The Outer BanksSucceeded by
Hatteras Inlet Peninsula