Jarrow (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 54°58′37″N1°27′00″W / 54.977°N 1.450°W / 54.977; -1.450

Contents

Jarrow
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Jarrow2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Jarrow in Tyne and Wear
EnglandTyneWear.svg
Location of Tyne and Wear within England
County Tyne and Wear
Electorate 83,260 (2011) [1]
Major settlements Jarrow and Boldon
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Kate Osborne (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created from South Durham

Jarrow is a constituency [n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Kate Osborne of the Labour Party. [n 2]

History

The seat was created in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. The last Liberal to serve the seat lost his seat at the 1922 general election and the last Conservative to serve the seat held it from 1931-1935, since which it has been served by MPs from the Labour Party.

Since 1935, just five people have served as MP for Jarrow; the first, Ellen Wilkinson, served as Labour's first Minister of Education during the first Attlee government. While the seat has been loyally Labour by comfortable margins since 1935, it has seen unusual swings a number of times; in the 1983 Conservative landslide, incumbent MP Don Dixon actually increased his majority; in the close 1992 election his majority fell somewhat despite the general swing to Labour; and in 2001 his successor Stephen Hepburn managed to increase his majority to 51.1% (incidentally the biggest any candidate has ever held in the seat).

Boundaries

Jarrow (UK Parliament constituency)
Map of present boundaries

1885–1918: The Boroughs of Jarrow and South Shields, the Sessional Division of South Shields, and part of the parish of Heworth.

1918–1950: The Borough of Jarrow, and the Urban Districts of Felling and Hebburn.

1950–1955: The Borough of Jarrow, and the Urban Districts of Boldon, Felling, and Hebburn.

1955–1983: The Borough of Jarrow, and the Urban Districts of Boldon and Hebburn.

1983–1997: The Metropolitan Borough of South Tyneside wards of Bede, Biddick Hall, Boldon Colliery, Cleadon and East Boldon, Fellgate and Hedworth, Hebburn Quay, Hebburn South, Monkton, Primrose, and Whitburn and Marsden.

1997–2010: The Metropolitan Borough of South Tyneside wards of Bede, Boldon Colliery, Cleadon and East Boldon, Fellgate and Hedworth, Hebburn Quay, Hebburn South, Monkton, Primrose, and Whitburn and Marsden, and the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead ward of Wrekendyke.

2010–present: The Metropolitan Borough of South Tyneside wards of Bede, Boldon Colliery, Cleadon and East Boldon, Fellgate and Hedworth, Hebburn North, Hebburn South, Monkton, and Primrose, and the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead wards of Pelaw and Heworth, and Wardley and Leam Lane.

Following boundary changes taking effect at the 2010 general election, the constituency consists of part of the metropolitan district of South Tyneside, including the settlements of Jarrow, Boldon, Cleadon and Hebburn, as well as two wards from the adjacent Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, covering Pelaw and Wardley. [2]

Constituency profile

In 2005 The Guardian described the constituency as:

'[A] former shipbuilding town south of Newcastle famous for its march against unemployment in the 1930s.'

Members of Parliament

ElectionMember [3] Party
1885 Charles Palmer Liberal
1907 by-election Pete Curran Labour
Jan 1910 Godfrey Mark Palmer Liberal
1922 Robert John Wilson Labour
1931 William Pearson Conservative
1935 Ellen Wilkinson Labour
1947 by-election Ernest Fernyhough Labour
1979 Don Dixon Labour
1997 Stephen Hepburn Labour
2019 Independent
2019 Kate Osborne Labour

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Jarrow [4]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Kate Osborne 18,363 45.1 –20.0
Conservative Nick Oliver11,24327.6+2.6
Brexit Party Richard Monaghan4,12210.1+10.1
Independent John Robertson2,9917.3+7.3
Liberal Democrats David Wilkinson2,3605.8+3.1
Green James Milne8312.0+0.3
Independent Shaun Sadler6141.5+1.5
SDP Mark Conway2120.5+0.5
Majority7,12017.5-22.6
Turnout 40,73662.6–3.8
Labour hold Swing –11.3
General election 2017: Jarrow [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Stephen Hepburn 28,020 65.1 +9.4
Conservative Robin Gwynn10,75725.0+7.9
UKIP James Askwith2,3385.4−14.3
Liberal Democrats Peter Maughan1,1632.7−0.5
Green David Herbert7451.7–1.7
Majority17,26340.1+4.1
Turnout 43,02366.4+6.0
Labour hold Swing +0.8
General election 2015: Jarrow [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Stephen Hepburn 21,464 55.7 +1.8
UKIP Steve Harrison [7] 7,58319.7New
Conservative Nick Mason6,58417.1–3.5
Green David Herbert [8] 1,3103.4New
Liberal Democrats Stan Collins [9] 1,2383.2–15.3
TUSC Norman Hall [10] 3851.0New
Majority13,88136.0+2.7
Turnout 38,56460.4+0.1
Labour hold Swing –9.0
General election 2010: Jarrow [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Stephen Hepburn 20,910 53.9 4.9
Conservative Jeff Milburn8,00220.6+7.8
Liberal Democrats Tom Appleby7,16318.54.0
BNP Andy Swaddle2,7097.0New
Majority12,90833.3
Turnout 38,78460.3+5.5
Labour hold Swing 6.4

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Jarrow [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Stephen Hepburn 20,554 60.5 5.6
Liberal Democrats Bill Schardt6,65019.6+4.6
Conservative Linkson A.S. Jack4,80714.10.6
UKIP Alan Badger1,5674.6+2.5
Safeguard the National Health ServiceRoger Nettleship4001.2New
Majority13,90440.9-10.2
Turnout 33,97855.00.1
Labour hold Swing 5.1
General election 2001: Jarrow [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Stephen Hepburn 22,777 66.1 +1.2
Liberal Democrats James Selby5,18215.0+3.9
Conservative Donald Wood5,05614.70.2
UKIP Alan Badger7162.1New
Independent Alan J. Le Blond3911.1New
Socialist (GB) John Bissett3571.00.0
Majority17,59551.1+1.1
Turnout 34,47955.113.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Jarrow [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Stephen Hepburn 28,497 64.9 +2.8
Conservative Mark C. Allatt6,56414.98.8
Liberal Democrats Tim N. Stone4,86511.13.1
Independent Labour Alan J. Le Blond2,5385.8New
Referendum Peter W. Mailer1,0342.4New
Socialist (GB) John Bissett4441.0New
Majority21,93350.0+11.6
Turnout 43,94268.7-5.7
Labour hold Swing
General election 1992: Jarrow [15] [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Don Dixon 28,956 62.1 1.3
Conservative Terence F. Ward11,04923.7+0.5
Liberal Democrats Keith Orrell6,60814.2+0.9
Majority17,90738.41.8
Turnout 46,61374.40.0
Labour hold Swing 0.9

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Jarrow [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Don Dixon 29,651 63.4 +7.9
Conservative Paul Yeoman10,85623.21.6
Liberal Peter Freitag6,23013.36.7
Majority18,79540.2+9.7
Turnout 46,73774.4+3.0
Labour hold Swing
General election 1983: Jarrow [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Don Dixon 25,151 55.3 -0.5
Conservative S. Copland11,27424.8-4.3
Liberal John A. Lennox9,09420.0+10.9
Majority13,87730.5+3.8
Turnout 45,51971.4-6.1
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Jarrow
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Don Dixon 24,057 55.8 7.0
Conservative D. Auld12,52929.1+6.8
Liberal A. McDonnell3,9079.15.8
Independent Labour H. Downey2,2475.2New
Independent N. Brown3740.9New
Majority11,52826.7-13.8
Turnout 43,11477.5+6.1
Labour hold Swing
General election October 1974: Jarrow
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 24,558 62.8 3.9
Conservative B. Bolam8,70722.310.0
Liberal L. Ormston5,81814.9New
Majority15,85140.5+7.1
Turnout 39,08371.4-15.4
Labour hold Swing
General election February 1974: Jarrow
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 27,740 66.7 +3.2
Conservative B. Bolam13,84833.3-3.2
Majority13,89233.4+6.4
Turnout 41,58886.8+12.4
Labour hold Swing
General election 1970: Jarrow [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 25,861 63.5 -4.1
Conservative Derrick Robson14,84736.5+4.1
Majority11,01427.0-8.2
Turnout 40,70874.4-2.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Jarrow [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 26,006 67.6 +3.4
Conservative Derrick Robson12,44932.4-3.4
Majority13,55735.2+6.8
Turnout 38,45576.7-3.3
Labour hold Swing
General election 1964: Jarrow [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 26,053 64.2 +1.5
Conservative Tommy T Hubble14,50335.8-1.6
Majority11,55028.4+3.1
Turnout 40,55680.0-0.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Jarrow [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 25,638 62.7 -0.6
Conservative Tommy T Hubble15,28637.4+1.0
Majority10,35225.3-1.6
Turnout 40,92480.3+1.2
Labour hold Swing
General election 1955: Jarrow [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 24,706 63.3 -2.9
Conservative Marjorie Dickinson14,30436.4+1.6
Majority10,40226.9-3.5
Turnout 39,01079.1-5.5
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951: Jarrow [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 35,963 66.2 +3.2
Conservative John Cox19,21734.8+3.3
Majority16,74630.4-1.1
Turnout 55,18084.6+1.8
Labour hold Swing
General election 1950: Jarrow
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 33,751 63.0 -3.0
Conservative John L. Cox16,89531.5-2.5
Liberal Edward Glover Stephen Chalkley2,9405.5New
Majority16,85631.5-0.6
Turnout 53,58682.8+0.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s

1947 Jarrow by-election [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 20,694 59.3 -6.7
Conservative William Scott13,07837.5+3.5
Ind. Labour Party W. Moody1,1143.2New
Majority7,61621.8-10.3
Turnout 34,886
Labour hold Swing N/A
General election 1945: Jarrow
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ellen Wilkinson 22,656 66.0 +12.9
Liberal National Stanley Holmes11,64934.0-12.9
Majority11,00732.1+25.9
Turnout 34,30582.4+1.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1935: Jarrow
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ellen Wilkinson 20,324 53.1 +7.2
Conservative William Pearson 17,97446.97.2
Majority2,3506.2N/A
Turnout 38,29880.8+0.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General election 1931: Jarrow
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative William Pearson 21,263 54.1 +16.6
Labour Robert Wilson 18,07145.9-16.6
Majority3,1928.2N/A
Turnout 39,33480.5+5.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1929: Jarrow
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Robert Wilson 22,751 62.5 +5.1
Unionist Longinus Vivian Rogers13,63837.55.1
Majority9,11325.0+10.2
Turnout 36,38975.35.6
Registered electors 48,313
Labour hold Swing +5.1
General election 1924: Jarrow
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Robert Wilson 18,203 57.4 6.5
Unionist Albert Baucher13,52742.6+6.5
Majority4,67614.813.0
Turnout 31,73080.9+13.7
Registered electors 39,237
Labour hold Swing 6.5
General election 1923: Jarrow [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Robert John Wilson 16,570 63.9 +10.0
Unionist John Lindsley 9,34836.1+4.2
Majority7,22227.8+5.8
Turnout 25,91867.215.0
Registered electors 38,548
Labour hold Swing +2.9
General election 1922: Jarrow [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Robert Wilson 17,208 53.9 +14.9
Unionist Charles Harrie Innes-Hopkins10,16631.9New
Liberal Ernest Young 4,52214.246.8
Majority7,04222.0N/A
Turnout 31,89682.2+27.2
Registered electors 38,808
Labour gain from Liberal Swing +30.9

Elections in the 1910s

General election 1918: Jarrow
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
C Liberal Godfrey Palmer 12,54461.0+27.0
Labour John Hill8,03439.0+5.7
Majority4,51022.0+21.3
Turnout 20,57855.026.9
Registered electors 37,389
Liberal hold Swing +10.7
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.
General election December 1910: Jarrow [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Godfrey Palmer 5,097 34.0 0.0
Conservative James Kirkley4,98633.3+0.8
Labour Alexander Gordon Cameron 4,89232.70.8
Majority1110.7+0.2
Turnout 14,97581.9+3.3
Registered electors 18,292
Liberal hold Swing +0.1
General election January 1910: Jarrow [28] [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Godfrey Palmer 4,885 34.0 27.2
Labour Peter Francis Curran4,81833.55.3
Conservative James Kirkley4,66832.5N/A
Majority670.521.9
Turnout 14,37178.6+1.4
Registered electors 18,292
Liberal hold Swing 11.0

Elections in the 1900s

1907 Jarrow by-election [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Pete Curran 4,698 33.1 5.7
Conservative Patrick Rose-Innes3,93027.6New
Liberal Spencer Leigh Hughes 3,47424.436.8
Irish Nationalist John O'Hanlon2,12214.9New
Majority7685.5N/A
Turnout 14,22482.7+5.5
Registered electors 17,195
Labour gain from Liberal Swing +15.6
Charles Palmer Charles Palmer.jpg
Charles Palmer
General election 1906: Jarrow [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Charles Palmer 8,047 61.2 N/A
Labour Repr. Cmte. Pete Curran 5,09338.8New
Majority2,95422.4N/A
Turnout 13,14077.2N/A
Registered electors 17,023
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1900: Jarrow [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Charles Palmer Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1895: Jarrow [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Charles Palmer Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1892: Jarrow [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Charles Palmer 7,343 75.2 N/A
Independent Labour Edward Dillon Lewis [29] [30] 2,41624.8New
Majority4,92750.4N/A
Turnout 9,75968.6N/A
Registered electors 14,231
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s

= N/A

General election 1886: Jarrow [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Charles Palmer Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1885: Jarrow [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Charles Palmer 5,702 76.6
Jarrow Radical and Labour Representation League James Johnston 1,73123.3
Majority3,97153.4
Turnout 7,43357.6
Registered electors 12,897
Liberal win (new seat)

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. "Parliament constituency population 2011" . Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  2. "Final Recommendations for Parliamentary Constituencies in Tyne and Wear". Boundary Commission for England. 2006-05-10. Archived from the original on 2009-11-02. Retrieved 2010-04-23.
  3. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "J"
  4. "Statement of Persons Nominated - Jarrow" (PDF). Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead. 2019-11-14. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-11-16. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  5. "Election Data 2017" . Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  6. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2015-04-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. "News". southtyneside.greenparty.org.uk.
  9. http://northeastlibdems.org.uk/en/article/2015/1021524/stan-s-the-man-for-jarrow/%5B%5D
  10. http://www.tusc.org.uk/txt/320.pdf
  11. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  12. "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  13. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  14. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  17. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1970.
  20. The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1966.
  21. The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1964.
  22. The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1959.
  23. The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1955.
  24. The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1951.
  25. The Liberal Magazine, vols.55-56, p.269
  26. 1 2 British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  27. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN   9781349022984.
  28. Times House of Commons, 1910; Politico’s Publishing, 2004 p62
  29. "Commercial Items". The Globe . 24 Jun 1892. p. 5. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  30. "The Jarrow Election". Shields Daily Gazette . 18 Apr 1893. p. 4. Retrieved 22 November 2017.

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