Kaduna

Last updated
Kaduna
Kaduna River, Kaduna (Nigeria), 2007.JPG
Kaduna River
Nigeria location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 10°31′23″N7°26′25″E / 10.52306°N 7.44028°E / 10.52306; 7.44028
Country Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria
State Kaduna State
Government
   Governor Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai
Area
  Total131 km2 (51 sq mi)
Elevation
250 m (820 ft)
Population
 (2006 census) [1]
  Total760,084
  Rank 8th
  Density5,800/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
  Ethnicities
Gbagyi, Adara, Hausa, Atyap-Bajju, Ham, Yoruba, Fulani, Kanuri, Marghi, Nupe, and Igbo,
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (CEST)
Climate Aw
Website www.kdsg.gov.ng

Kaduna is the state capital of Kaduna State in north-western Nigeria, on the Kaduna River. It is a trade centre and a major transportation hub for the surrounding agricultural areas, with its rail and road junction. The population of Kaduna was at 760,084 as of the 2006 Nigerian census.

Kaduna State State in Nigeria

Kaduna, usually referred to as Kaduna State to distinguish it from the city of Kaduna, is a state in Northwest Nigeria. Its capital is Kaduna.

Nigeria Federal republic in West Africa

Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. The constitution defines Nigeria as a democratic secular state.

Kaduna River river in Nigeria

The Kaduna River is a tributary of the Niger River which flows for 550 kilometres (340 mi) through Nigeria. It got its name from the crocodiles that lived in the river and surrounding area. Kaduna in the native dialect, Hausa, was the word for "crocodiles". It starts in Plateau State on the Jos Plateau 29 kilometres (18 mi) southwest of Jos town, flows through its namesake Kaduna State and through its capital Kaduna, and meets the Niger River in Niger State. Most of its course passes through open savanna woodland, but its lower section has cut several gorges above its entrance into the extensive Niger floodplains.

Contents

Rapid urbanisation since 2005 has created an increasingly large population, now estimated to be around 1.3 million. Kaduna's name derives from the Hausa word kada, for crocodile (kaduna being the plural form). [2]

kadunaState have 23 local government

Birnin Gwari Chikun Giwa Igabi Ikara Jaba Jema’a Kachia Kaduna North Kaduna South Kagarko Kajuru Kaura Kauru Kubau Kudan Lere Makarfi Sabon Gari Sanga Soba Zangon Kataf Zaria [3]

Birnin Gwari LGA and town in Kaduna State, Nigeria

Birnin Gwari is a Local Government Area in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Its headquarters are in the town of Birnin Gwari.

Chikun is a Local Government Area in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Its headquarters are in the town of Kujama.

Giwa Local Government area was created on 15 September 1991, by the then president and the Grand Commander of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida GCFR, out of Igabi Local Government Area of Kaduna State.

Etymology

The etymology of the word Kaduna is said to be a corruption of the Hausa word for “crocodiles” Kadduna in Hausa language. [4] And another version of the name was link to a narrative of the Gbagyi word/name 'Odna' for a river. [5]

History

Kaduna was founded by British colonists in 1900. [6] It became the capital of Nigeria's former Northern Region in 1917. [7] It retained this status until 1967. The first British governor of Northern Nigeria, Sir Frederick Lugard, chose the present site for development due to its proximity to the Lagos-Kano Railway. [8]

British Empire States and dominions ruled by the United Kingdom

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. It originated with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. At its height, it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power. By 1913, the British Empire held sway over 412 million people, 23% of the world population at the time, and by 1920, it covered 35,500,000 km2 (13,700,000 sq mi), 24% of the Earth's total land area. As a result, its political, legal, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread. At the peak of its power, the phrase "the empire on which the sun never sets" was often used to describe the British Empire, because its expanse around the globe meant that the sun was always shining on at least one of its territories.

Northern Region, Nigeria former autonomous division within Nigeria

Northern Nigeria was an autonomous division within Nigeria, distinctly different from the southern part of the country, with independent customs, foreign relations and security structures. In 1962 it acquired the territory of the British Northern Cameroons, which voted to become a province within Northern Nigeria.

Climate

Climate data for Kaduna
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)37.8
(100.0)
37.8
(100.0)
38.3
(100.9)
38.3
(100.9)
37.8
(100.0)
34.4
(93.9)
32.2
(90.0)
31.7
(89.1)
32.2
(90.0)
34.4
(93.9)
35.6
(96.1)
35.6
(96.1)
38.3
(100.9)
Average high °C (°F)31.7
(89.1)
33.4
(92.1)
35.0
(95.0)
34.2
(93.6)
31.7
(89.1)
29.5
(85.1)
27.5
(81.5)
27.0
(80.6)
29.0
(84.2)
31.1
(88.0)
32.7
(90.9)
31.8
(89.2)
31.2
(88.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)23.4
(74.1)
25.0
(77.0)
27.7
(81.9)
27.9
(82.2)
26.3
(79.3)
24.6
(76.3)
23.4
(74.1)
23.2
(73.8)
24.0
(75.2)
24.9
(76.8)
24.2
(75.6)
23.0
(73.4)
24.8
(76.6)
Average low °C (°F)15.1
(59.2)
16.7
(62.1)
20.4
(68.7)
21.6
(70.9)
20.9
(69.6)
19.8
(67.6)
19.4
(66.9)
19.3
(66.7)
19.1
(66.4)
18.7
(65.7)
15.6
(60.1)
14.3
(57.7)
18.4
(65.1)
Record low °C (°F)9.4
(48.9)
8.9
(48.0)
15.0
(59.0)
14.7
(58.5)
16.7
(62.1)
15.6
(60.1)
16.7
(62.1)
16.7
(62.1)
15.6
(60.1)
13.3
(55.9)
10.0
(50.0)
9.4
(48.9)
8.9
(48.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)0.5
(0.02)
2
(0.1)
13
(0.5)
66
(2.6)
157
(6.2)
178
(7.0)
206
(8.1)
290
(11.4)
277
(10.9)
86
(3.4)
5
(0.2)
0
(0)
1,280
(50.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.3 mm)00251316182221800105
Average relative humidity (%)26243757738286888574483159
Mean monthly sunshine hours 279.0262.7266.6243.0241.8216.0155.0120.9171.0248.0285.0294.52,783.5
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.09.38.68.17.87.25.03.95.78.09.59.57.6
Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst [9]

Education

Tertiary Institutions in Kaduna city include

Kaduna State University is in Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria. It was established in 2004. It has seven faculties with over 39 departments and a library that contains over 17,000 volumes of books. It has two campuses: Kafanchan and Kaduna.

The Nigerian Defence Academy (NDA) Kaduna, is the first of two Military universities in Nigeria. Nigerian Army University established in 2018 in Biu, Borno State is the other military university though it does not offer military training. The duration of training at the Nigerian Defence Academy is 5 years for Army cadets(4 years Academic + 1 year Military) and 4 years for Navy and Air force cadets after which they proceed to Nigerian Naval College, Onne, Port-hacourt and 301 Flying Training School(301FTS), Kaduna respectively for 1-year training at their respective services.

Greenfield University is a private university in Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria. It was established in January 2019, and is set to start academic activities for the 2019/2020 sessions in May 2019. According to the pro chancellor Simon Nwakacha, "the university has completed arrangement to start with two faculties, namely; the faculty of social and management science and the faculty of applied and pure sciences."

Places of worship

Among the places of worship, they are predominantly Muslims mosques. [10] There are also Christian churches and temples : Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion), Presbyterian Church of Nigeria (World Communion of Reformed Churches), Nigerian Baptist Convention (Baptist World Alliance), Living Faith Church Worldwide, Redeemed Christian Church of God, Assemblies of God, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kaduna (Catholic Church).

Transports

Airport

The city has an airport, the Kaduna International Airport.

Railways

Kaduna is an important junction on Nigeria's Cape gauge railway network. At Kaduna, a branch line connects the Lagos–Nguru Railway to the Port Harcourt–Maidugur Railway.

Kaduna is also on the route of the planned Lagos–Kano Standard Gauge Railway, which has been completed between the national capital of Abuja and Kaduna. Trains for Abuja depart from the Rigasa Railway Station in Kaduna. [11]

Sports

There is a large racecourse named Murtala Mohammed Square, approximately 1.6 kilometres (1 mi) round, inside which the Kaduna Polo Club .Kaduna Golf Club is also located within the Kaduna CBD. Other Sports facilities include the Ahmadu Bello Stadium and Ranchers Bees Stadium

Media

Television

Television stations within the city include

a couple of companies also offer Digital satellite TV services e.g DSTV and FreeTV

Radio

Radio stations within the city include

AM
FM

Economy

River Kaduna and Old Railway Bridge. River Kaduna and Old Railway Bridge, Another View.jpg
River Kaduna and Old Railway Bridge.

Kaduna is an industrial centre of Northern Nigeria and the Middle Belt, manufacturing products like textiles, machinery, steel, aluminium, petroleum products and bearings. However, the textile industry has been declining because of factory closings due to neglect during military rule and competition with Chinese imports. Other light manufactures include: plastics, pharmaceuticals, leather goods, furniture, and televisions. [8] Some of the main agricultural exports include: cotton, peanuts, sorghum, and ginger. [12]

Automobile manufacturing also remains an important part of Kaduna's economy. [2] Peugeot Automobiles Nigeria has an assembly plant in Kaduna. [13]

Pottery is highly prized from Kaduna, especially from the Nok culture.

Kaduna Refining and Petrochemical Company (KRPC), one of Nigeria's four main oil refineries is located in Kaduna. It is supplied by a pipeline from the Niger Delta oil fields. [8] [14]

A 2009 World Bank survey states that Kaduna is one of the top six cities with the highest unemployment. 20% of the population is estimated to be unemployed. [2]

Kaduna has a large market, recently rebuilt after an extensive fire in the mid-1990s.

Kaduna also has a branch of the Nigerian Stock Exchange. [8]

kaduna has an inland dry port [15]

Notable residents

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. Summing the 2 LGAs Kaduna North/South as per Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette (15 May 2007). "Legal Notice on Publication of the Details of the Breakdown of the National and State Provisional Totals 2006 Census" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 2007-05-19.
  2. 1 2 3 "Kaduna". The Forum for Cities in Transition. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  3. http://localgov.kdsg.gov.ng/?page_id=29
  4. "Kaduna | Location, History, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-07-28.
  5. Shekwo, Joseph Amali (1979). Fundamentals of the Gbagyi Language. Zaria: Centre for Adult Education and Extension Services, Ahmadu Bello University.
  6. Toyin Falola, Ann Genova, Matthew M. Heaton, Historical Dictionary of Nigeria, Rowman & Littlefield, USA, 2018, p. 217
  7. Fletcher, Banister; Dan Cruickshank (1996). "Africa". Sir Banister Fletcher's a History of Architecture. Architectural Press. p. 1466. ISBN   0-7506-2267-9.
  8. 1 2 3 4 "Kaduna". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  9. "Klimatafel von Kaduna / Nigeria" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  10. J. Gordon Melton, Martin Baumann, ‘‘Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices’’, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2010, p. 2107
  11. Muhammad, Hamisu (23 July 2016). "A memorable trip on the Abuja-Kaduna train". Daily Trust.
  12. "Kaduna" . Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia (6th ed.). ISBN   9780787650155 . Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  13. "Peugeot Nigeria | Motion & Emotion". www.peugeotnigeria.com. Retrieved 2019-08-01.
  14. "Kaduna Refining and Petrochemical Company (KRPC)". www.nnpcgroup.com. Retrieved 2019-08-01.
  15. "Kaduna Inland Dry Port (KIDP)". Kaduna Inland Dry Port. Retrieved 2019-07-28.
  16. Nossiter, Adam (2010-01-17). "Lonely Trek to Radicalism for Terror Suspect". The New York Times.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Kaduna at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 10°31′N7°26′E / 10.517°N 7.433°E / 10.517; 7.433