|Ships of the Royal Navy|
This is a list of gunboatand gunvessel classes of the Royal Navy.
For gun-brigs see List of gun-brigs of the Royal Navy.
|HMS Toronto||United States||1834||Ex-merchantman Sir Charles Adam, built in 1834 in the United States and purchased by the Royal Navy on 7 July 1838. Sold in 1843|
|HMS Experiment||Niagara Dock Company||1838||An ex-sailing ship, purchased on 21 July 1838 and converted to a paddle vessel. Sold in 1847 or 1848|
|HMS Traveller||Niagara Dock Company||1838||Ex-merchant ship, purchased at Niagara on 30 April 1839 and sold in 1844|
|HMS Montreal||Canada||1836||A two-masted schooner (may not have had an engine) purchased for use on Lake Erie on 18 October 1839. Sold 1848|
|HMS Minos||Chippawa, Ontario||June 1840||Sold to Mr Weston in March 1852|
|HMS Sydenham||Montreal||1841||Purchased while building at Montreal in 1841. Served in the Mediterranean as a packet. Refitted and reboilered at Woolwich in 1843–44. Sold at Malta on 11 July 1846|
|HMS Cherokee||Kingston Navy Yard, Ontario||22 September 1842||Sold to Messrs. Campbell, Forsyth, Yarwood & Gaskin on 30 October 1851|
|Magnet||Hamilton, Canada||1846||The British Government made a part payment while during build, retaining the right to assume possession of the vessel on payment of the remaining portion. The right was relinquished in 1864|
|HMS Canada||Purchased||Unknown||Purchased in 1847|
|HMS Mowhawk||William Fairbairn & Company, Millwall||21 February 1843||Delivered in pieces to the Kingston Yard, Lake Ontario. Served on Lake Ontario and later on Lake Huron. Lengthened by 25 ft (7.6 m) in 1846. Sold to J F Parke on 21 June 1852|
|HMS Bann||J Scott Russell, Millwall||5 July 1856||Sold for breaking on 18 February 1873|
|HMS Brune||J Scott Russell, Millwall||30 August 1856||Sold at Lagos on 19 May 1863|
The gunboats designed from 1870 onwards were of composite construction, i.e. they had an iron keel, stem and stern posts, and iron framing, with wooden planking retained over the iron frames.
|HMS Pheasant||Devonport Dockyard||10 April 1888||Sold to Cox for breaking at Falmouth on 15 May 1906|
|HMS Partridge||Devonport Dockyard||10 May 1888||Sold in 1909 at Simonstown to Ward of Preston; arrived Preston for breaking on 6 May 1913|
|HMS Peacock||Pembroke Dockyard||22 June 1888||Sold to Ellis, Chepstow for breaking on 15 May 1906|
|HMS Pigmy||Sheerness Dockyard||27 July 1888||Sold to Cox for breaking at Falmouth on 4 April 1905|
|HMS Pigeon||Pembroke Dockyard||5 September 1888||Sold to V Grech for commercial use on 15 May 1906|
|HMS Plover||Pembroke Dockyard||18 October 1888||Boom defence vessel in 1904. Sold at Gibraltar on 27 April 1927|
The only ironclads of gunboat size were three largely experimental (and unsuccessful) vessels ordered in 1864. The first two were towed to Bermuda (being considered unsatisfactory to sail under their own power) where they served as harbour vessels. Vixen was the first twin-screw vessel built for the Royal Navy, and Waterwitch employed a form of water pump propulsion.
|HMS Staunch||Charles Mitchell & Co, Walker||17 June 1867||Sold for use as a fuel barge in 1904|
|HMS Plucky||Portsmouth Dockyard||13 July 1870||Renamed Banterer in June 1915, sold for commercial use in 1928 and finally broken up at Inverkeithing in 1969|
|HMS Bouncer||Pembroke Dockyard||15 March 1881||Ordered to be converted to a tank vessel in October 1904, but instead sold at Sheerness on 4 April 1905|
|HMS Insolent||Pembroke Dockyard||15 March 1881||Gate vessel in January 1918. Foundered in Portsmouth Harbour on 1 July 1922; the wreck was sold to J H Pounds, Portsmouth, on 18 June 1925|
|HMS Handy||Charles Mitchell and Company, Walker||30 December 1882||Renamed Excellent in May 1891 as a training ship, then Calcutta on 1 November 1916, and finally Snapper in August 1917. Sold on 27 April 1924. She was sold again to Pounds shipbreakers in the 1970s but not broken up. She was finally scrapped in 2008.|
|HMS Drudge||Armstrong Whitworth||15 June 1887||Built for the Ordnance Department and transferred to the Royal Navy in 1901. Renamed Excellent on 21 November 1916 and Dryad on 26 January 1919. Renamed back to Drudge later in 1919 and sold on 27 March 1920|
|HMS Dwarf||London & Glasgow, Govan||15 November 1898||Sold to Ward, Pembroke on 13 July 1926|
|HMS Bramble||Potter, Liverpool||26 November 1898||Sold at Bombay on 26 January 1920|
|HMS Britomart||Potter, Liverpool||28 March 1899||Sold at Bombay on 10 June 1920 and renamed Sakuntala|
|HMS Thistle||London & Glasgow, Govan||22 June 1899||Sold to Ward, Pembroke on 13 July 1926|
Insectclass (1915) The Insect-class gunboats were a class of small, but well-armed Royal Navy ships designed for use in shallow rivers or inshore. Several of them took also part in World War II.
|HMS Pluto||Woolwich Dockyard||28 April 1831||Breaking completed at Sheerness on 26 March 1861|
|HMS Firebrand||Curling, Young & Company, Limehouse||11 July 1831||Re-engined in 1833 and renamed Black Eagle on 5 February 1842, lengthened in 1843 and re-rated as a paddle yacht, completing service as Admiralty yacht until 1857. Broken up at Portsmouth in March 1876|
|HMS Flamer||Fletcher & Fearnall, Limehouse||11 August 1831||Refitted for the Holyhead Station in 1848–49. Lost on the coast of West Africa off Monrovia on 22 November 1850|
|HMS Firefly||Woolwich Dockyard||29 September 1832||Re-engined in 1844 and became a survey ship. Broken up at Malta in 1866|
|HMS Spitfire||Woolwich Dockyard||26 March 1834||Wrecked whilst working as a troop ship on Half Moon Cay lighthouse reef, Belize in 1842|
|HMS Tartarus||Pembroke Dockyard||23 June 1834||Re-engined in 1837–38. Breaking completed at Malta on 6 November 1860|
|HMS Blazer||Chatham Dockyard||5.1834||Became a survey ship in January 1843. Breaking up completed at Portsmouth in August 1853|
|HMS Lizard||Woolwich Dockyard||7 January 1840||Initially fitted for surveying. Lost in collision with the French armed steamer Veloce between Gibraltar and Cadiz on 26 July 1843|
|HMS Locust||Woolwich Dockyard||18 April 1840||Became a tug in 1869. Sold at Sheerness in 1895|
|HMS Porcupine||Deptford Dockyard||17 June 1844||Became a survey ship in 1862. Sold in 1883|
|HMS Spitfire||Deptford Dockyard||26 March 1845||Became a survey ship in 1851 and a tug in 1861. Broken up at Bermuda in 1888|
|Torch||Ditchburn & Mare, Leamouth||25 February 1845||Sold at Sydney on 15 May 1856|
|Harpy||Ditchburn & Mare, Leamouth||4 March 1845||Transferred to the War Office as a target on 26 October 1892 and sold as a wreck in 1909|
|Myrmidon||Ditchburn & Mare, Leamouth||February 1845||Sold at Fernando Po on 1 December 1858|
|Grappler||William Fairbairn & Company, Millwall||30 December 1845||Sold to W P Beach for breaking on 2 February 1850|
|Recruit||J Scott Russell & Robinson, Millwall||1850||Ex-Prussian Salamander, commissioned into the Royal Navy on 22 December 1854. Sold to E Bates on 23 September 1869|
|Weser||J Scott Russell & Robinson, Millwall||1850||Ex-Prussian Nix, commissioned into the Royal Navy on 22 December 1854. Harbour service in 1866. Sold at Malta on 29 October 1873|
NB. A third vessel of the class was retained by Prussia.
This section includes two early iron-hulled screw gunvessels ordered in May 1845, which in other respects were half-sisters to two wooden-hulled gunvessels ordered at the same time. The four vessels comprised the first-class gunvessels Rifleman (wooden hulled) and Sharpshooter (iron hulled), and the second-class gunvessels Teazer (wooden hulled) and Minx (iron hulled). Further vessels ordered later to the same design were either cancelled or built to very different concepts. Rifleman and Sharpshooter were re-classed as sloops in 1854.
The gunvessels designed from 1867 onwards were of composite construction, i.e. they had an iron keel, stem and stern posts, and iron framing, with wooden planking retained over the iron frames.
|HMS Swift||Thames Ironworks & Shipbuilding Company, Leamouth, London||29 November 1879||Sold at Hong Kong in 1920 for mercantile use, renamed Hoi Ching|
|HMS Linnet||Thames Ironworks & Shipbuilding Company, Leamouth, London||30 January 1880||Sold as a salvage vessel on 27 April 1904|
|HMS Dolphin||William Raylton Dixon, Middlesbrough||9 December 1882||Sailing training ship in 1899. Hulked as accommodation for submarines in 1907. Submarine depot ship in 1912. Sold on 13 March 1925, but foundered under tow on 19 April 1925, then raised and beached; and used as an accommodation school ship until broken up in 1977 at Bo'ness|
|HMS Wanderer||William Raylton Dixon, Middlesbrough||8 February 1883||Sailing training ship (brig-rigged) in 1894. Sold to Ward, Preston for breaking in February 1907|
Like the preceding Arab to Dolphin classes, these were designed by Nathaniel Barnaby; they were re-classed as screw sloops on 26 November 1884.
|HMS Mariner||Devonport Dockyard||23 June 1884||Boom defence 1903; salvage vessel 1917,laid up 1922, then sold to Hughes Bolckow, Blyth on 19 February 1929 for breaking up.|
|HMS Reindeer||Devonport Dockyard||14 November 1883||Boom defence 1904; salvage vessel 1917, renamed Reindeer I. Sold as salvage ship 12 July 1924; abandoned at sea March 1932.|
|HMS Racer||Devonport Dockyard||6 August 1884||Tender to Britannia at Dartmouth 1896; to Portsmouth February 1903. Salvage vessel June 1917. Sold to Hughes Bolckow, Blyth on 6 November 1928 for breaking up.|
|HMS Icarus||Devonport Dockyard||27 July 1885||Sold 12 April 1904.|
|HMS Acorn||Milford Haven Shipbuilding Company||6 September 1884||Sold 15 December 1899 for breaking, which took place at Milford Haven in 1904.|
|HMS Melita||Malta Dockyard||20 March 1888||Boom defence May 1905; salvage vessel December 1915, renamed Ringdove; sold to Falmouth Docks Board on 9 July 1920.|
|HMS Curlew||Devonport Dockyard||23 October 1885||Sold for breaking on 10 July 1906|
|HMS Landrail||Devonport Dockyard||19 January 1886||Sunk as target in Lyme Bay on 4 October 1906|
HMS Beagle was a wooden-hulled Arrow-class gunvessel second-class screw gunvessel launched in 1854 and sold in 1863. She was the third vessel of the Royal Navy to use the name.
The Arrow class comprised six second-class screw-driven vessels built as despatch vessels for the Royal Navy in 1854, mounting 6 guns. In 1856 they were redesignated as second-class gunvessels.
The Philomel-class gunvessel was a class of wooden-hulled screw-driven second-class gunvessels built for the Royal Navy between 1859 and 1867, of which 26 were ordered but only 20 completed. They had a mixed history, with some serving for as little as 5 years, and others surviving into the 1880s. Two of the class were sold and used as Arctic exploration vessels, both eventually being lost in the ice.
John Payne Ltd was a shipbuilder in Bristol, England, who built coastal colliers and cargo ships, and small craft such as tugs, during the 19th and 20th centuries.
The California Steam Navigation Company was formed in 1854 to consolidate competing steamship companies in the San Francisco Bay Area and on the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers. It was successful in this effort and established a profitable near-monopoly which it maintained by buying out or bankrupting new competitors. In response to the Fraser Canyon gold rush and economic growth in the Pacific Northwest, the company expanded to ocean routes from San Francisco north to British Columbia. Similarly, as California's economy grew, the company offered service from San Francisco south to San Pedro and San Diego. It exited these markets in 1867 when competition drove prices to unprofitable levels. While the California Steam Navigation Company was successful throughout its life in suppressing steamboat competition on its core Bay Area and river routes, it could not control the rise of railroads. These new competitors reduced the company's revenue and profit. Finally, in 1871, the company's assets were purchased by the California Pacific Railroad, and the corporation was dissolved.
James Matthews was a prominent 19th-century architect in northern Scotland who also served as Lord Provost of Aberdeen from 1883 to 1886 during which time he enacted an important city improvement plan. His work as an architect is largely in the Scots baronial style.
Messager des sciences historiques, published in Ghent from 1839 to 1896, was the most important Belgian history journal of the 19th century. Most of the contents related to the history of the medieval Low Countries. The initial editorial team was made up of Jules de Saint-Genois, Constant-Philippe Serrure, Philip Blommaert, Auguste Voisin and Auguste Van Lokeren, with some involvement from Frédéric de Reiffenberg and Antoine Schayes.