Manifesto

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An Early Manifesto on Education Democracy and Education title page.jpg
An Early Manifesto on Education

A manifesto is a published declaration of the intentions, motives, or views of the issuer, be it an individual, group, political party or government. [1] [2] [3] [4] A manifesto usually accepts a previously published opinion or public consensus or promotes a new idea with prescriptive notions for carrying out changes the author believes should be made. It often is political or artistic in nature, but may present an individual's life stance. Manifestos relating to religious belief are generally referred to as creeds.

Contents

Etymology

It is derived from the Italian word manifesto, itself derived from the Latin manifestum, meaning clear or conspicuous. Its first recorded use in English is from 1620, in Nathaniel Brent's translation of Paolo Sarpi's History of the Council of Trent: "To this citation he made answer by a Manifesto" (p. 102). Similarly, "They were so farre surprised with his Manifesto, that they would never suffer it to be published" (p. 103). [5]

Notable manifestos

Political

Examples of notable manifestos:

Artistic

1 MANIFESTE DE LA REVUE D'ART "LE STYLE" [sic], published in 1918 Premiere manifeste de la Revue de stijl.JPG
1 MANIFESTE DE LA REVUE D'ART "LE STYLE" [ sic ], published in 1918

Scientific and educational

Professional

Technology

See also

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References

  1. Merriam-Webster online dictionary definition of Manifesto Archived August 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine .
  2. "Archived copy" (in German). Archived from the original on September 12, 2013. Retrieved September 14, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), article on "Wahlprogramm", literally "election programme".
  3. Dictionary.com definition of Manifesto Archived August 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine .
  4. David Robertson, The Routledge Dictionary of Politics, Edition 3, Psychology Press, 1890 p. 295 Archived April 25, 2016, at the Wayback Machine , ISBN   0415323770, 9780415323772
  5. Oxford English Dictionary
  6. Oi Ki Ling (1999). The Changing Role of the British Protestant Missionaries in China, 1945-1952. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 149. ISBN   978-0-8386-3776-0.
  7. Malevich, Kazimir. "Suprematist Manifesto Unovis". Scrib.com. Archived from the original on October 19, 2017. Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  8. MacKenzie, Scott (2014). Film Manifestos and Global Cinema Cultures: A Critical Anthology. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. p. 506. ISBN   9780520957411 via ProQuest ebrary.
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