Patna University

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Patna University
Patna University.png
Latin: Universitas Patna
MottoThe Desire To Seek The Truth Should Be Your Defined Quest
Type State university
Established1 October 1917
(105 years ago)
Chancellor Governor of Bihar
Vice-Chancellor Girish Kumar Choudhary

25°36′28.77″N85°10′03.06″E / 25.6079917°N 85.1675167°E / 25.6079917; 85.1675167 Coordinates: 25°36′28.77″N85°10′03.06″E / 25.6079917°N 85.1675167°E / 25.6079917; 85.1675167
Red & White
Affiliations UGC

Patna University is a public state university in Patna, Bihar, India. It was established on 1 October 1917 during the British Raj. [1] It is the first university in Bihar and the seventh oldest university in the Indian subcontinent in the modern era. It offers different undergraduate and postgraduate degree level courses.



Patna University depicted on a 2017 stamp. Patna University centenary 2017 stamp of India.png
Patna University depicted on a 2017 stamp.

Patna University was established by an Act of the Imperial Legislative Council passed in September 1917. [2] It started the journey in October 1917 as an affiliating and examining body when JG Jennings took charge of this university as the first vice-chancellor. In the modern era of India, it is one of the oldest universities in this region. Later in 1919, the governing bodies of the university—the Senate and the Syndicate—were formed. The iconic Wheeler Senate House of the Patna University was built in 1926 for which Raja Devaki Nandan Prasad of Munger donated the money. [3] When the university was first established it had jurisdiction over all higher educational institutes of Bihar, Odisha, and the Kingdom of Nepal. It oversaw examinations for educational institutions ranging from school finals to the postgraduate levels. This situation continued almost for four decades, until the establishment of the Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, and the Utkal University, Bhubaneshwar. [4] On 2 January 1952, it was converted into a purely teaching-cum-residential university with territorial jurisdiction over only metropolitan Patna. The university buildings are mostly located on the bank of the River Ganges and in the Saidpur Campus. [5] [6] [7] [8]

Organisation and administration


Narendra Modi, Nitish Kumar, Upendra Kushwaha and others at centenary celebration of Patna University. The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi at the Centenary Celebrations of Patna University, in Patna, Bihar (2).jpg
Narendra Modi, Nitish Kumar, Upendra Kushwaha and others at centenary celebration of Patna University.

Chancellor of the Patna University is the governor of Bihar. The Vice-chancellor of the Patna University is the chief executive officer of the university. Girish Kumar Chaudhary is the current Vice-chancellor of the university.

Faculties and departments

Patna University has 30 departments organised into eight faculties: Science, Humanities, Commerce, Social Sciences, Education, Law, Fine Arts and Medicine. [9]

This faculty consists of the departments of Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Botany, Zoology, Statistics, and Geology.

This faculty consists of the departments of English, Hindi, Bangla, Sanskrit, Maithili, Persian, Philosophy, Arabic, and Urdu.

This faculty consists of the departments of History, Geography, Psychology, Ancient Indian History and Archaeology, Economics, Personnel Management & Industrial Relations, Sociology, Political Science, and Public Administration.

Each of these faculty comprises only one department, namely, Law, Education, Commerce, Fine Arts, and BDS.


The university is an affiliating institution and has jurisdiction over the Patna city. Eleven colleges are affiliated with this university. [10]


Traditional and distance education

The university and its affiliated colleges and institutions offer undergraduate and postgraduate courses in different fields like law, teacher training, science, arts, commerce, medicine, and engineering. Admission in these courses is mainly based on the result of common entrance test(CET) conducted by Patna University. The aspirants for research-level programs have to sit for a qualifying test (RET) followed by an interview. Since 1974, the university also has a Directorate of Distance Education for conducting postgraduate studies in distance education. [11]


Central Library of the Patna University was set up in 1919. Besides the central library, there are also departmental libraries in each department of the university. The university library has a collection of more than 4,00,000 volumes which include books, journals, manuscripts, patents, and other valuable collections. [12]

Ranking and accreditation

Patna University is recognized under Section 12B of the UGC Act. [13] In 2019, the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) awarded 'B+' grade to the Patna University in the first cycle of the university's accreditation. [14] [15]

Notable people

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  2. "Patna University Act 1917" (PDF). Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  3. "Patna University turns 100". Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  4. Mishra, B. K. (17 November 2008). "Other Side of the Coin". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 15 September 2017. Retrieved 28 March 2009.
  5. "History of the Patna University". Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  6. "Patna University celebrating 103 years". 7 October 2020. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  7. "Books on the History of Patna University" (PDF). Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  8. "In its 100th year, Patna University to set up archives cell". Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  9. "Faculty Council for Post-Graduate Studies". Courses offered. Patna University. Archived from the original on 6 August 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  10. "Affiliated Colleges of the Patna University". Retrieved 23 June 2021.
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  12. "Patna University Library". Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  13. "University Grants Commission, 12B list" (PDF).
  14. "NAAC accreditation of Patna University". Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  15. "Patna University VC 'unsatisfied' with NAAC grade". Retrieved 23 June 2021.