Pinhoe

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Pinhoe
St Michaels church, Pinhoe - geograph.org.uk - 137764.jpg
St Michael's Church
Devon UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Pinhoe
Location within Devon
Population6,454 
OS grid reference SX9594
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town EXETER
Postcode district EX1 and EX4
Dialling code 01392
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Devon
50°44′26″N3°28′02″W / 50.74069°N 3.46717°W / 50.74069; -3.46717 Coordinates: 50°44′26″N3°28′02″W / 50.74069°N 3.46717°W / 50.74069; -3.46717

Pinhoe is a former village, manor and ecclesiastical parish, now a suburb on the north eastern outskirts of the City of Exeter in the English county of Devon, which was incorporated into the city in 1966. The 2001 census recorded a population of 6,108 people resident within Pinhoe Ward, [1] one of 18 wards comprising the City of Exeter. The population increased to 6,454 at the 2011 Census. [2]

Contents

History

Historically Pinhoe formed part of Wonford Hundred. It falls within Aylesbeare Deanery for ecclesiastical purposes. A parish history file is held in Pinhoe Library.

Pinhoe is mentioned as 'Pinnoch' in the Great Domesday Book compiled in 1086. [3]

There have been several significant archaeological finds in the village over the past 100 years. These have included Roman coins and what is known as 'the Pinhoe hoard' of Bronze Age metalwork found in 1999.

In 1001, the Danes, having landed at Exmouth, marched to Exeter, which they besieged, but unable to take the settlement, they laid waste the surrounding country. At Pinhoe, they were confronted by Cola, the Saxon King Ethelred's commander-in-chief, with a hastily assembled force: the Danes were victorious. [4] The actual site of the battle is said to be in or near Mincimore copse. The day after the battle, the invading Vikings burnt Pinhoe, Broad Clyst, and other neighbouring villages. In 2001, the battle was commemorated in the village by a series of military re-enactments, a Viking-themed children's parade and summer fete.

The local community centre – America Hall [5] – is linked to a more recent conflict. It was built with funds donated by the families and friends of American Service persons who were stationed in and around Pinhoe during the Second World War in recognition of the community's hospitality. The National Blood Service used to run blood donor sessions at America Hall several times each year; these ended in Autumn 2013.

The population in 1801 stood at 351, and had increased to 952 by 1901.

Geography

Overlooking the village sits St. Michael and All Angels church [6] in its current form, largely dating from the 15th Century. It is set in a neat church yard with an attractive 17th Century, thatched lychgate and a good view of Exeter.

The village's other amenities include one pub, a primary/junior school rebuilt in 2006, popular pre-school – in a brand new building from September 2008 but still on the same site at Pinhoe School, doctor's surgery, several shops, an estate agency, sub Post Office, pharmacy, two Chinese takeaways, a cocktail bar, and two hairdressers. In November 2013, there was a proposal from a housing developer to destroy the village centre and create a large roundabout rather than the current joined mini-roundabouts. This proposal would have involved the loss of the Po Lee Chinese takeaway and the recently restored historic Poltimore Arms pub and caused a public outcry, however the pub was later demolished anyway to make way for a future retail unit. [7]

For several years, the annual Great West Run (half marathon) has extended out to Pinhoe. The toughest part of the course used to be the uphill section along Chancel Lane, the most easterly part of the course, which competitors had to tackle twice during the race. The change to the route in 2006 retained the 'Pinhoe loop' but only as part of the first lap. To the relief of most runners, the route went down Chancel Lane. In 2013, the Run transferred to new organisers, was rebranded as Exeter's Great West Run and became a single loop event beginning and ending in Exeter City Centre. The closest that the course comes to Pinhoe is a switch-back near Sainsbury's on Pinhoe Road.

Transport

Pinhoe station lies on the main rail route from Exeter St Davids station to London Waterloo. It is unstaffed. During the Autumn of 2007, much of the undergrowth behind platform 1 – Eastbound (Honiton/London) – was cleared to improve station security. In September 2008, a ticket machine was installed on platform 2. New shelters, security cameras and dot matrix departure boards have also been installed. Journey times to London are typically around 3 hours 20 minutes. The service is operated by South Western Railway.

A link road costing £3.9m opened in December 2006; this created a route to the Met Office, Sowton Industrial Estate, and onwards to junction 29 of the M5 motorway and Exeter Airport.

Recent development

The much delayed new household waste recycling centre off Exhibition Way (near Aldi) was opened by Devon County Council on 21 June 2011. This is known as the Pinbrook recycling centre and cost £3.8m to construct. It is intended to serve the east of Exeter, Pinhoe and communities further east. In 2012, the site was named as Recycling Centre of the Year in the Letsrecycle.com awards.

There are several significant housing development proposals for Pinhoe. These include the redevelopment of the clay pit off Harrington Lane and the former brick works off Chancel Lane. These follow the development of the former coldstore site off Chancel Lane; called 'Chancel Park', this site was developed by Taylor Wimpey Plc for high density housing.

Notable people

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References

  1. "Exeter City Council : Pinhoe". Exeter.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 28 September 2008.
  2. "Ward population 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  3. "Place name: Pinhoe, Devon Folio: 101r Great Domesday Book Domesday Placename..." The National Archives. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  4. "General history: Etymology and historical events | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  5. "Pinhoe Community Centre". America Hall. 31 May 1952. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  6. "St Michael and All Angels Church, Pinhoe, Exeter".
  7. https://www.noonroberts.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/0538-Development-Site-54-Main-Road-Pinhoe-Exeter-Devon-20092019-1.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]