Aldi

Last updated

Aldi
Type Private
Industry Retail
Founded10 July 1946 (1946-07-10) (split in two parts in 1960, renamed to Aldi Nord and Aldi Süd in 1962) [1]
Founders Karl and Theo Albrecht
Headquarters Essen, Germany (Aldi Nord)
Mülheim, Germany (Aldi Süd)
Number of locations
11,235
Products Supermarket, Hypermarket, Superstore, Convenience shop
RevenueIncrease2.svg US$91.9 billion (2018) [2]
Subsidiaries Trader Joe's (Aldi Nord)
Website aldi.com

Aldi (stylized as ALDI) is the common brand of two German family-owned discount supermarket chains with over 10,000 stores in 20 countries and an estimated combined turnover of more than €50 billion. [3] [4] The chain was founded by brothers Karl and Theo Albrecht in 1946 when they took over their mother's store in Essen. The business was split into two separate groups in 1960, that later became Aldi Nord, headquartered in Essen, and Aldi Süd, headquartered in Mülheim. [5] [6]

Contents

In 1962, they introduced the name Aldi (a syllabic abbreviation for Albrecht Diskont), [7] which is pronounced [ˈaldiː] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ). In Germany, Aldi Nord and Aldi Süd have been financially and legally separate since 1966, although both divisions' names may appear as if they were a single enterprise with certain store brands or when negotiating with contractor companies. The formal business name is Aldi Einkauf GmbH & Compagnie.

Aldi's German operations consist of Aldi Nord's 35 individual regional companies with about 2,500 stores in western, northern, and eastern Germany, and Aldi Süd's 32 regional companies with 1,900 stores in western and southern Germany. [8] Internationally, Aldi Nord operates in Denmark, France, the Benelux countries, Portugal, Spain and Poland, while Aldi Süd operates in Ireland, the United Kingdom, Hungary, Switzerland, Australia, China, Italy, Austria and Slovenia. Both Aldi Nord (as Trader Joe's) and Aldi Süd (as Aldi) also operate in the United States with 1,600 stores between them as of 2017, [9] and the U.S. is the only country to have both Aldi companies operating outside of Germany. In 2020, it was reported that Aldi Nord and Aldi Süd have been planning since 2018 to merge the two branches by 2022 in a bid to reduce redundancies and raise efficiency. [10]

History

Albrecht grocery store in Essen-Schonnebeck (1958) Albrecht Filiale 1958.png
Albrecht grocery store in Essen-Schonnebeck (1958)
Aldi's original store in Essen Aldi Essen-Schonnebeck.jpg
Aldi's original store in Essen

Karl and Theo Albrecht's mother opened a small store in a suburb of Essen in 1913. [9] Their father was employed as a miner and later as a baker's assistant. Karl Albrecht was born in 1920 and Theo Albrecht was born in 1922. Theo Albrecht completed an apprenticeship in his mother's store, while Karl Albrecht worked in a delicatessen.

Karl Albrecht took over a food shop formerly run by F. W. Judt and later served in the German Army during World War II. In 1945, the brothers took over their mother's business and soon opened another retail outlet nearby. [9] By 1950, the Albrecht brothers owned 13 stores in the Ruhr Valley. [11]

The brothers' idea was to subtract the legal maximum rebate of 3% before sale. The market leaders at the time, which often were co-operatives, required their customers to collect rebate stamps and to send them at regular intervals to reclaim their money. The Albrecht brothers also rigorously removed merchandise that did not sell from their shelves, cutting costs by neither advertising nor selling fresh produce and keeping the size of their retail outlets small. [9]

The brothers split the company in 1960 over a dispute about whether they should sell cigarettes. [12] Karl believed they would attract shoplifters while his brother did not. At the time, they jointly owned 300 shops with a cash flow of DM90 million yearly. In 1962, they introduced the name Aldi—short for Albrecht-Diskont. Aldi Nord and Aldi Süd have been financially and legally separate since 1966. [13]

The individual groups were originally owned and managed jointly by the brothers. [14] After the death of Theo's son Berthold, Aldi Nord continues to be controlled by the Albrecht family through its Markus, Lukas and Jakobus foundations, which hold a combined 80.5 per cent of the company's issued capital. [15]

Aldi started to expand internationally in 1967, when Aldi Süd acquired the grocery chain Hofer in Austria; [16] Aldi Nord opened its first stores abroad in the Netherlands in 1973, [17] and other countries followed. In 1976, Aldi Süd opened its first store in the United States in Iowa, [lower-alpha 1] and, in 1979, Aldi Nord acquired Trader Joe's. [9] After German reunification and the fall of the Iron Curtain, Aldi experienced a rapid expansion. The brothers retired as CEOs in 1993; control of the companies was placed in the hands of private family foundations, the Siepmann Foundation (Aldi Süd) and the Markus, Jakobus and Lukas Foundation (Aldi Nord, Trader Joe's). [4]

The Albrecht brothers were both known to be very reclusive, and had not taken part in public life for several years before their deaths in 2010 and 2014, respectively.

Business organization

Germany

Aldi in Germany Aldi equator.svg
Aldi in Germany

The Aldi Nord group currently consists of 35 independent regional branches with approximately 2,500 stores. Aldi Süd is made up of 31 companies with 1,900 stores. The border between their territories is commonly known as ″Aldi-Äquator″ (literally: Aldi equator) [19] [20] and runs from the Rhine via Mülheim an der Ruhr, Wermelskirchen, Marburg, Siegen, and Gießen east to just north of Fulda.

The former East Germany is served by Aldi Nord, except for one Aldi Süd in Sonneberg, Thuringia, whose regional office is in Bavaria. The regional branches are organised as limited partnerships with a regional manager for each branch who reports directly to the head office in Essen (Aldi Nord) or Mülheim an der Ruhr (Aldi Süd).

In December 2002, a survey conducted by the German market research institute Forsa found 95% of blue-collar workers, 88% of white-collar workers, 84% of public servants, and 80% of self-employed Germans shop at Aldi. [21] One of Aldi's direct competitors is Lidl. [22]

Internationally

Aldi stores worldwide: Aldi Nord in blue, Aldi Sud in orange. Note that in the United States, both Nord and Sud operate, although the "Trader Joe's" name is used for Nord stores there. Aldi world map.png
Aldi stores worldwide: Aldi Nord in blue, Aldi Süd in orange. Note that in the United States, both Nord and Süd operate, although the "Trader Joe's" name is used for Nord stores there.

The Aldi group operates over 10,000 stores worldwide. Aldi Nord is responsible for its stores in Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Poland, Spain, Denmark, and Portugal, and also operates the Trader Joe's markets in the United States. Aldi Süd's responsibilities are in the United States (operating under the Aldi name), Austria and Slovenia (as Hofer), Italy, Great Britain, Ireland, Australia, and Switzerland. Aldi Süd's first Switzerland store opened in 2005, while it has operated in Hungary since 2007. Aldi Süd had invested an estimated €800m ($1bn; £670m) in Greece from November 2008 until pulling out on 31 December 2010. [23]

While Aldi Nord has renamed its Dutch and Belgian subsidiaries Combi and Lansa to the Aldi Markt/Aldi Marché brand, Aldi Süd tries to maintain a regional appearance, branding its stores Aldi Süd in Germany, Aldi Suisse in Switzerland, and Hofer in Austria and Slovenia. [24]

Aldi UK Market Share from Kantar Worldpanel Aldi UK Market Share Kantar.svg
Aldi UK Market Share from Kantar Worldpanel
Aldi Sud in Wetherby, West Yorkshire, England. Opening day, Aldi, Deighton Road, Wetherby (13th July 2017) 001.jpg
Aldi Süd in Wetherby, West Yorkshire, England.

Aldi launched in Great Britain, on 5 April 1990, when it opened its first store there in Stechford, Birmingham, using the wholly owned English registered company of Aldi Stores Limited. In October 2013, Aldi opened the 300th store in Great Britain. [25] By 2017, Aldi had over 600 stores there and was opening them at a rate of more than one a week. [26] A report in February 2020 indicated that the company was operating approximately 874 outlets in the UK and planned to have 1,200 stores by 2025. [27]

ALDI Sud store in Macclesfield, UK ALDI Sud in Macclesfield, UK.jpg
ALDI Süd store in Macclesfield, UK

Aldi opened its first store in Sydney in 2001 and has grown rapidly since, maintaining a 12.6% market share as of early 2016. [28] [29] It has still yet to open any stores in Northern Australia in major cities such as Townsville, Cairns or Darwin, much to the frustration of the population. [30] Financial website Canstar rated Australia's supermarkets based on the feedback of 2897 consumers who had visited one in the past month with Aldi coming out on top. [31] By August 2019, there were 540 Aldi stores in Australia; Aldi had approximately 11 percent share of the grocery market in Australia in the previous year with sales of $9.2 billion. Aldi opened 26 new stores in 2018, but Aldi Australia CEO Tom Daunt predicted that "store growth would be slower in the future". [32] [33]

Aldi Limited (New Zealand) was incorporated in 2001. [34] The company did not expect to open stores in the near future as of 2019. A news report in January 2020 indicated that the country did not have enough consumers to warrant new supermarket chains; the report predicted that such stores would not arrive "any time soon". [35]

Aldi Süd expanded to the United States under the Aldi banner, having expanded throughout the Eastern and Midwestern U.S. [36] Aldi Süd revealed expansion plans in 2015 and expanded into the Southern California market, where Aldi Nord's Trader Joe's is based. [37] Reports in August 2019 stated that the company was in the process of using a $3.4 billion investment in order to expand to 2,500 stores in the country by year end 2022; it was also investing an extra $1.6 billion to renovate 1,300 of its US stores. [38] By February 2020, there were over 1,900 Aldi stores in 36 states. Groceries ordered on-line could be delivered to homes in the areas covered by 95 percent of stores in the U.S.; this service was provided in conjunction with Instacart. [39]

Aldi Süd opened its first 10 stores in Italy on 1 March 2018. [40] In the first year of operation, 51 outlets were opened. By October 2019, there were 66 stores in northern Italy. [41] At that time, the company was planning to open 80 new stores in the country as well as a distribution centre in Landriano. [42]

In mid-2019, Aldi Süd opened two small, upscale, stores in Shanghai. Two more were opened in late-2019. [43] [44] This is the first of a planned one hundred such locations in the city. The company stated that "the emphasis is on fresh produce and ready meals". [45]

In February 2021, Aldi said that it is planning to open 100 new stores in 2021 in the United States (Arizona, California, Florida and the Northeast region). [46]

In March 2021, Aldi announced plans to expand to Lithuania and open 15 stores within a year. [47]

New style of Aldi Sud in Simi Valley, CA, USA AldiSimiValley.jpg
New style of Aldi Süd in Simi Valley, CA, USA
Old style of Aldi Sud in Bethlehem, PA, USA Aldibethsunsetlighter.jpg
Old style of Aldi Süd in Bethlehem, PA, USA
Aldi Nord in Ruda Slaska, southern Poland. Ruda Slaska 1 Maja Aldi 05 08 2012 DSC 7019.jpg
Aldi Nord in Ruda Śląska, southern Poland.
ALDI in Tomaszow Mazowiecki, central Poland The ALDI discount store at Rondo Olympians from Tomaszow, in Tomaszow Mazowiecki with a population of 60,000. The Lodz Voivodeship.jpg
ALDI in Tomaszów Mazowiecki, central Poland
Aldi store in Amadora, Portugal Aldi amadora.jpg
Aldi store in Amadora, Portugal
An Aldi store in Jefferson City, Missouri, United States ALDI in Jefferson City Missouri.jpeg
An Aldi store in Jefferson City, Missouri, United States

Geographic distribution

CountryNameAldi groupSinceOutlets
GermanyAldi NordNord1961 [7] 2,206 [48]
Aldi SüdSüd1962 [49] 1,920 [49]
AustraliaAldiSüd2001565 [50]
AustriaHofer AustriaHofer KG1968520 [49]
BelgiumAldiNord1973447
ChinaAldi ChinaSüd201915
DenmarkAldi MarkedNord1977182 [51]
FranceAldi MarchéNord19881,407 after acquisition Leaderprice in 2021
HungaryAldi HungaryHofer KG2008 140 [52]
IrelandAldi IrelandSüd1999140 [52]
ItalyAldi ItalyHofer KG2018119 [53]
LuxembourgAldiNord199010
NetherlandsAldiNord1975492
PolandAldiNord2008150 [54]
PortugalAldiNord200680 [55]
SloveniaHofer SloveniaHofer KG200580
SpainAldiNord2002350 [48]
SwitzerlandAldi SuisseHofer KG2005210 [49]
United KingdomAldi UKSüd1990890 [52]
United StatesAldi USSüd19761,992 [52]
Trader Joe'sAldi Nord1979516 [56]
Total number of Aldi Nord owned stores5,241
Total number of Aldi Süd owned stores7,178
Combined total of Aldi owned stores12,419

Business practices

Until 2004, Aldi stores accepted only cash (since then, German stores have accepted domestic Girocard debit cards). Debit cards also are accepted in the United States, United Kingdom, Italy, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Ireland, Australia, Slovenia, and Hungary.

Stores in Ireland accept EMV (Chip and PIN) Visa and MasterCard debit and credit cards, as well as Apple Pay and Google Pay. Visa Electron, Delta (now named Visa Debit) and Maestro debit cards are also accepted. Card, phone and contactless payments are not subject to any surcharge and phone payments can be used for any amount, when authenticated with biometrics. AmEx is not accepted and non-chip & PIN cards (no longer used in Ireland) cannot be processed. [57]

All four major credit cards are accepted in the United States as of 1 March 2016 (MasterCard, Visa, American Express and Discover Card). Electronic Benefit Transfer cards are also accepted in the United States. [58] Outside of the United Kingdom, Ireland, Italy, the United States, the Netherlands and France, Aldi generally does not accept credit cards, though Aldi Australia accepts MasterCard and Visa for a 0.5% surcharge. From the beginning of Aldi's operations in France, all credit cards (referred to in French as Carte Bleue) (Visa, American Express or MasterCard) were accepted due to the French banking system, where debit cards don't exist. Aldi has accepted Visa/MasterCard without surcharge throughout Great Britain from October 2014, which had previously been accepted only in Scotland, [59] and throughout Germany from September 2015. [60] [61] [62]

Aldi Suisse became one of the first companies to accept the Apple Pay contactless payment system on 7 July 2016. [63] [64]

On 9 August 2018, Aldi announced plans to expand its product selection by offering more organic, fresh and easy-to-prepare meals. Aldi also aims to expand to about 2,500 stores in the United States by 2022. [65] [66]
On 18 September 2018, Aldi announced its intent to offer grocery delivery in the United States. Aldi began testing grocery delivery in 2017 in select cities such as Atlanta, Georgia, and Chicago, Illinois. [67]

On 4 March 2020, Aldi announced that all its suppliers must utilize recyclable, reusable, or compostable packaging by 2025. [68]

In-store layout

Aldi Nord interior 15-05-26-Aldi-Nord-Innenansicht-RalfR-DSCF5928.jpg
Aldi Nord interior
The inside of an Aldi Sud store in Hungary Aldi.jpg
The inside of an Aldi Süd store in Hungary

Aldi stores are noted as examples of so-called no-frills stores that often display a variety of items at discount prices, specializing in staple items, such as food, beverages, toilet paper, sanitary articles, and other inexpensive household items. Many of its products are own brands, with the number of other brands usually limited to a maximum of two for a given item.

Aldi mainly sells exclusively produced, custom-branded products (often very similar to and produced by major brands [69] ) with brand names including Grandessa, Happy Farms, Millville, Simply Nature, and Fit & Active.

Branded products carried include HARIBO in Germany, Knoppers in Belgium and France, Marmite and Branston Pickle in Great Britain; and Vegemite and Milo in Australia. Unlike most shops, Aldi does not accept manufacturers' coupons, although some US stores successfully experimented with store coupons (e.g. $10 off a $25 purchase).

In addition to its standard assortment, Aldi has weekly special offers, [70] some of them on more expensive products such as electronics, tools, appliances, or computers. Discount items can include clothing, toys, flowers and gifts. Special offers have limits on quantities, and are for one week. Aldi's early computer offers in Germany, such as a Commodore 64 in 1987, resulted in those products selling out in a few hours. [71]

Aldi is the largest wine retailer in Germany. [72] Some Australian stores now sell alcoholic beverages. Some US stores also sell alcoholic beverages, mainly beer and wine, where permitted by local and state laws.

The outside of an Aldi Local, in Balham, London Aldi Local Balham 20190322.jpg
The outside of an Aldi Local, in Balham, London

In March 2019, Aldi Süd launched a smaller format store in the UK called Aldi Local, with first store in Balham, southern London. The store has a slightly smaller number of products than a regular Aldi, with a preference for fresh products, has no trolleys instead having two sizes of baskets and without the notable "middle aisle" of weekly offers. [73] Aldi stores do not play music, except for some stores in Scotland that play Christmas music during December. Some of them have a PA system for announcements (not commercials) but most of them do not have any audio system. In The Netherlands and Belgium, Aldi also sells a-brands.

Advertising policy

Aldi has a policy in Germany of not advertising, apart from a weekly newsletter of special prices called "Aldi informs" that is distributed in stores and by direct mail and often printed in local newspapers. It claims this is a cost saving that can be passed on to consumers. In Germany, Aldi has never used an external advertising agency. [21]

In the United States, it advertises in newspapers and on television, as well as print ads distributed in stores, and via the Internet.

In the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland, print and television ads have appeared since May 2005. And since 2016, Aldi began producing a series of Christmas adverts to rival John Lewis' featuring a carrot named Kevin.

In Australia, television advertising is common and the current ads are listed on the Australian website. [74]

In Belgium, print, radio and television ads started appearing in late 2017. These ads were based on the positive results of taste-tests where the chain pitted its own products against common name-brand products.

Logos and branding

Variant of Aldi Sud Logo used internationally from 2006 until March 2017 AldiWorldwideLogo.svg
Variant of Aldi Süd Logo used internationally from 2006 until March 2017

The two stores Nord and Süd have distinct logos with Nord displaying the entire 'A' for ALDI while Süd unveiled a logo in 1982 which displays only half. In 2006, Aldi Süd modified the logo slightly and then in March 2017, unveiled a new logo which removed the blue box line around the artistic 'A' and revealed a more rounded, 3D look for the logo as well as a new font for the word 'ALDI', further differentiating it from the Aldi Nord logo which had shared the same font for the brand until then. [75] [76]

Reputation

In the United Kingdom, Aldi has won Supermarket of the Year two years in a row (2012/13), [77] and in 2013, Aldi won the Grocer of the Year Award. [78] In February 2015, Aldi narrowly lost to Waitrose for the title of Supermarket of the Year 2015. In April 2015, Aldi overtook Waitrose to become the United Kingdom's sixth-largest supermarket chain. [79]

In February 2017, Aldi overtook Co-op to become the United Kingdom's fifth largest supermarket chain. [80] In May 2017, Aldi lost out to Marks & Spencer for the title of Supermarket of the Year 2017 (published by the magazine Which?). [81] According to research firm Kantar Worldpanel, nearly two-thirds of households within the UK now visit an Aldi or Lidl branch at least once every 12 weeks. [82]

Between 2012 and 2019, Aldi's UK operations became "carbon neutral", with investments in solar, green energy, energy efficiency and offsets reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 53 per cent per square meter of sales floor. [83]

In the United States, due to the relatively low staffing of Aldi locations compared to other supermarket chains, Aldi has a reputation of starting employees out at significantly higher than minimum wage, unusual among American supermarkets. [84] [85]

In Ireland, Aldi has been accused of a "lack of corporate responsibility" to their farmer suppliers by the Irish Farmers' Association. [86]

Aldi was named 2018 "Retailer of the Year" by Supermarket News. [87]

Subsidiaries and joint ventures

Aldi Talk

Aldi has a mobile virtual network operator in Germany and the Netherlands, called Aldi Talk. Aldi also operates a similar network in Australia using Telstra's 4G network, called Aldimobile. [88] Aldimobile is also in Switzerland.

Its Austrian and Slovenian Hofer stores serve as distributor for HoT (Hofer Telekom).

Aldi Alcohol

Aldi sells low cost alcohol from its alcohol stores. Until March 2016, Aldi had an alcohol website serving the east coast of Australia. This has now been closed down, citing it wishes to focus on expanding the supermarket chain across Australia. In November 2019, Aldi announced same-day beer and wine delivery via a partnership with Instacart. [89]

Diskont

In Austria through its subsidiary Hofer, Aldi has a joint venture with the local petrol retailer Avanti GmbH, to create some no frills petrol stations called Diskont. [90] The 83 stations in Austria are on or near the stores, providing self-serve unleaded or diesel fuel by card-operated pumps. These have been in operation since 2009.

Notes

  1. Aldi purchased Iowa's Benner Tea chain and opened its first United States store at Burlington in 1976. [18]

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