Sancia di Castiglia

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Sancia di Castiglia is an Italian opera seria in two acts by Gaetano Donizetti to a libretto by Pietro Salatino. It was first performed at the Teatro San Carlo in Naples, on 4 November 1832 conducted by Nicola Festa.

<i>Opera seria</i> opera genre

Opera seria is an Italian musical term which refers to the noble and "serious" style of Italian opera that predominated in Europe from the 1710s to about 1770. The term itself was rarely used at the time and only attained common usage once opera seria was becoming unfashionable and beginning to be viewed as a historical genre. The popular rival to opera seria was opera buffa, the 'comic' opera that took its cue from the improvisatory commedia dell'arte.

Gaetano Donizetti 19th-century Italian opera composer

Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti was an Italian composer. Along with Gioachino Rossini and Vincenzo Bellini, Donizetti was a leading composer of the bel canto opera style during the first half of the nineteenth century. Donizetti's close association with the bel canto style was undoubtedly an influence on other composers such as Giuseppe Verdi.

Naples Comune in Campania, Italy

Naples is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan. In 2017, around 967,069 people lived within the city's administrative limits while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,115,320 residents. Its continuously built-up metropolitan area is the second or third largest metropolitan area in Italy and one of the most densely populated cities in Europe.

Contents

Roles

RoleVoice typePremiere Cast, 4 November 1832
(Conductor: Nicola Festa)
Sancia soprano Giuseppina Ronzi de Begnis
Garzia, her son mezzo-soprano Diomilla Santolini
Ircano bass Luigi Lablache
Rodrigo tenor Giovanni Basadonna
Elvirasoprano Edvige Ricci

Synopsis

Place: Castile, Spain
Time: the middle ages

Sancia, Queen of Castile, whose husband has been killed in battle, also believes that her son, Garcia, has been killed. She plans to marry the Saracen prince, Ircano, against the advice of her minister, Rodrigo. When Garcia, having survived an assassination attempt instigated by Ircano, reappears to claim the throne, Ircano tells Sancia that he will marry her only if she poisons her son. Garcia is about to drink from the poisoned goblet when a suddenly repentant Sancia snatches it and drinks it herself. She dies pleading for her son's forgiveness.

Recordings

YearCast
(Sancia, Ircano, Rodrigo)
Conductor,
Opera House and Orchestra
Label [1]
1992 Montserrat Caballé,
Boris Martinovich,
José Sempere
José M. Collado,
Coro del Teatro Lírico Nacional. Orquesta Sinfónica de Madrid
(Recording of a concert performance in the Teatro de la Zarzuela, Madrid, 9 February)
Audio CD: House of Opera
Cat: CD 192

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References

Notes

  1. Source for recording information: operadis-opera-discography.org.uk

Sources

William Ashbrook was an American musicologist, writer, journalist, and academic. He was perhaps best noted as a historian, researcher and popularizer of the works of Italian opera composer Gaetano Donizetti.

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

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International Music Score Library Project project for the creation of a virtual library of public domain music scores

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