Summerhaven, Arizona

Last updated
Summerhaven, Arizona
Shop in SummerhavenAZ.JPG
The Summerhaven general store
Pima County Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Summerhaven located.svg
Location of Summerhaven in Pima County and the state of Arizona
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Summerhaven
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°26′18″N110°45′33″W / 32.43833°N 110.75917°W / 32.43833; -110.75917 Coordinates: 32°26′18″N110°45′33″W / 32.43833°N 110.75917°W / 32.43833; -110.75917
CountryUnited States
State Arizona
County Pima
Area
[1]
  Total4.54 sq mi (11.75 km2)
  Land4.54 sq mi (11.75 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
7,700 ft (2,300 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total2,310
  Estimate 
(2016) [2]
N/A
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
ZIP code
85619
Area code 520
GNIS feature ID0034939
FIPS code 04-70175

Summerhaven is a small unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) on Mount Lemmon in the Santa Catalina Mountains north of Tucson in Pima County, Arizona, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a permanent population of 40. [3] Summerhaven sits at an elevation of approximately 7,600 to 8,200 feet (2,300 to 2,500 m) above sea level. Summerhaven is accessed via the Catalina Highway from suburban northeast Tucson, and it is about 24.5 miles (39.4 km) from the base of the mountains to Summerhaven.

Contents

History

White Anglo-Americans originally used the area of Summerhaven when the U.S. Army at Fort Lowell in Tucson put a military camp there in its defense against the Apache in the 1870s and 1880s. As to white settlement of the vicinity, the Ransier School in Carter Canyon, run by Lydia Ransier and 'Auntie' Broadbent, had two cabins, the larger log one being built in 1912, "one of the oldest cabins on the mountain." [4]

Geography

House in Summerhaven Summerhavenarizona.jpg
House in Summerhaven

Summerhaven is located in the Santa Catalina Mountains and is surrounded by pine trees. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Summerhaven CDP has a total area of 4.6 sq mi (11.8 km2), almost all of which is land. [3]

Climate

Due to its high elevation of 8,200 feet (2,500 m), Summerhaven experiences moderately warm summers and cool snowy winters. Yearly snowfall averages can be significant, on average reaching 65 inches (1,700 mm) a year. A windstorm hit Summerhaven in May 2010 and caused extensive damage to the forest around it. Some trails were severely damaged, although repair efforts were underway. The climate could be classified as a subtropical highland climate.

Climate data for Mount Lemmon, Arizona (1958-2009)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)65
(18)
65
(18)
68
(20)
74
(23)
82
(28)
91
(33)
89
(32)
82
(28)
81
(27)
76
(24)
71
(22)
65
(18)
91
(33)
Average high °F (°C)49.2
(9.6)
48.3
(9.1)
52.9
(11.6)
60.8
(16.0)
69.1
(20.6)
76.4
(24.7)
76.5
(24.7)
73.6
(23.1)
70.4
(21.3)
61.7
(16.5)
56.3
(13.5)
50.6
(10.3)
62.2
(16.8)
Average low °F (°C)22.8
(−5.1)
21.8
(−5.7)
25.7
(−3.5)
31.7
(−0.2)
36.6
(2.6)
44.4
(6.9)
49.8
(9.9)
49.8
(9.9)
45.1
(7.3)
36.4
(2.4)
29.7
(−1.3)
24.3
(−4.3)
34.8
(1.6)
Record low °F (°C)−4
(−20)
−7
(−22)
−1
(−18)
19
(−7)
27
(−3)
32
(0)
39
(4)
42
(6)
31
(−1)
20
(−7)
4
(−16)
4
(−16)
−7
(−22)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.15
(80)
1.69
(43)
1.17
(30)
0.50
(13)
0.25
(6.4)
0.62
(16)
4.41
(112)
6.99
(178)
3.39
(86)
3.05
(77)
1.75
(44)
2.60
(66)
29.56
(751)
Average snowfall inches (cm)16.5
(42)
20.4
(52)
6.8
(17)
2.0
(5.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2.0
(5.1)
6.2
(16)
11.0
(28)
64.9
(165)
Average precipitation days5553221011533559
Mean monthly sunshine hours 2412432993253743723273193153012602423,618
Source #1: [5]
Source #2: [6]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

In 2010, the population of the Summerhaven census-designated place was 40. [3] Note that this includes only people who were living in Summerhaven on the day of the census, thus excluding many part-time or seasonal residents. As of the 2010 census, the racial composition of Summerhaven was:

Tourism and recreation

Summerhaven is a popular tourist destination. Several small shops in Summerhaven attract visitors, including the Mount Lemmon General Store and The Cookie Cabin, which offers homemade cookies and pizzas. In the winter, residents from lower elevations travel to Summerhaven, when the Catalina Highway is open, to enjoy the snow. Also during the summer, the same residents will frequent the area to get away from the heat. Because of the elevation difference between the Tucson area (5–6000 feet), the temperature in Summerhaven will be anywhere from 15-30 degrees F cooler depending on weather patterns, which usually makes it a very comfortable place to be compared to the hot desert heat in the summer time.

October 2010 saw the inaugural running of the Mount Lemmon Marathon, in which nearly 800 participants finished the race from near the start of the Catalina Highway up to Summerhaven. [9]

Mount Lemmon Ski Valley

The Mount Lemmon Ski Valley located outside Summerhaven is the southernmost ski location in the continental United States.

Aspen Fire

Burnt pine trees, snow, and a cabin among the stark landscape after the Aspen Fire in 2003 MtLemmon Summerhaven Recovery From Aspen Fire.jpg
Burnt pine trees, snow, and a cabin among the stark landscape after the Aspen Fire in 2003

The Aspen wildfire struck Summerhaven in the summer of 2003, which resulted in the destruction of more than 250 of the 700 homes in the community. Arizona Governor Janet Napolitano assessed the damage, and both federal and county officials surveyed the extensive loss. In the months that followed, Tucson residents organized "Lemmon Aid" to help rebuild Summerhaven. Summerhaven continues to recover from the wildfire.

City services

There is a general store and several food venues, but no gasoline or automotive services. The Mount Lemmon Fire Department maintains a station near Summerhaven, providing fire and EMS services.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Summerhaven, Arizona at Wikimedia Commons

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References

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 18, 2017.
  2. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. 1 2 3 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Summerhaven CDP, Arizona". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  4. Mary Ellen Barnes, The Road to Mount Lemmon, Univ. Arizona Press, 2009, pp. 8-9"
  5. "Mount Lemmon, Arizona Climate Summary". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  6. "Mount Lemmon, Arizona Averages". Chinci World Atlas. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  8. "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1): Summerhaven CDP, Arizona". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  9. Marc Lacey (17 October 2010). "A Finish Line With a Real High: 8,000 Feet". New York Times. Retrieved 28 October 2010.