Summerhaven, Arizona

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Summerhaven, Arizona
Shop in SummerhavenAZ.JPG
The Summerhaven general store
Pima County Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Summerhaven located.svg
Location of Summerhaven in Pima County and the state of Arizona
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Summerhaven
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°26′18″N110°45′33″W / 32.43833°N 110.75917°W / 32.43833; -110.75917 Coordinates: 32°26′18″N110°45′33″W / 32.43833°N 110.75917°W / 32.43833; -110.75917
CountryUnited States
State Arizona
County Pima
Area
[1]
  Total4.54 sq mi (11.75 km2)
  Land4.54 sq mi (11.75 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
7,700 ft (2,300 m)
Population
  Total2,310
  Estimate 
(2016) [2]
N/A
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
ZIP code
85619
Area code 520
GNIS feature ID0034939
FIPS code 04-70175

Summerhaven is a small unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) on Mount Lemmon in the Santa Catalina Mountains north of Tucson in Pima County, Arizona, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a permanent population of 40. [3] Summerhaven sits at an elevation of approximately 7,600 to 8,200 feet (2,300 to 2,500 m) above sea level. Summerhaven is accessed via the Catalina Highway from suburban northeast Tucson, and it is about 24.5 miles (39.4 km) from the base of the mountains to Summerhaven.

Unincorporated area Region of land not governed by own local government

In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by a local municipal corporation; similarly an unincorporated community is a settlement that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country. Occasionally, municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, and services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are very rare; typically remote, outlying, sparsely populated or uninhabited areas.

A census-designated place (CDP) is a concentration of population defined by the United States Census Bureau for statistical purposes only. CDPs have been used in each decennial census since 1980 as the counterparts of incorporated places, such as self-governing cities, towns, and villages, for the purposes of gathering and correlating statistical data. CDPs are populated areas that generally include one officially designated but currently unincorporated small community, for which the CDP is named, plus surrounding inhabited countryside of varying dimensions and, occasionally, other, smaller unincorporated communities as well. CDPs include small rural communities, colonias located along the U.S. border with Mexico, and unincorporated resort and retirement communities and their environs.

Mount Lemmon mountain

Mount Lemmon, with a summit elevation of 9,159 feet (2,792 m), is the highest point in the Santa Catalina Mountains. It is located in the Coronado National Forest north of Tucson, Arizona, United States. Mount Lemmon was named for botanist Sara Plummer Lemmon, who trekked to the top of the mountain with her husband and E. O. Stratton, a local rancher, by horse and foot in 1881. It is reported that Mount Lemmon Ski Valley, on the mountain's northeastern side, receives 200 inches (508 cm) of snow annually.

Contents

History

White Anglo-Americans originally used the area of Summerhaven when the U.S. Army at Fort Lowell in Tucson put a military camp there in its defense against the Apache in the 1870s and 1880s. As to white settlement of the vicinity, the Ransier School in Carter Canyon, run by Lydia Ransier and 'Auntie' Broadbent, had two cabins, the larger log one being built in 1912, "one of the oldest cabins on the mountain." [4]

The Apache are a group of culturally related Native American tribes in the Southwestern United States, which include the Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Salinero, Plains and Western Apache. Distant cousins of the Apache are the Navajo, with which they share the Southern Athabaskan languages. There are Apache communities in Oklahoma, Texas, and reservations in Arizona and New Mexico. Apache people have moved throughout the United States and elsewhere, including urban centers. The Apache Nations are politically autonomous, speak several different languages and have distinct cultures.

Geography

House in Summerhaven Summerhavenarizona.jpg
House in Summerhaven

Summerhaven is located in the Santa Catalina Mountains and is surrounded by pine trees. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Summerhaven CDP has a total area of 4.6 sq mi (11.8 km2), almost all of which is land. [3]

Climate

Due to its high elevation of 8,200 feet (2,500 m), Summerhaven experiences moderately warm summers and cool snowy winters. Yearly snowfall averages can be significant, on average reaching 65 inches (1,700 mm) a year. A windstorm hit Summerhaven in May 2010 and caused extensive damage to the forest around it. Some trails were severely damaged, although repair efforts were underway. The climate could be classified as a subtropical highland climate.

Climate data for Mount Lemmon, Arizona (1958-2009)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)65
(18)
65
(18)
68
(20)
74
(23)
82
(28)
91
(33)
89
(32)
82
(28)
81
(27)
76
(24)
71
(22)
65
(18)
91
(33)
Average high °F (°C)49.2
(9.6)
48.3
(9.1)
52.9
(11.6)
60.8
(16)
69.1
(20.6)
76.4
(24.7)
76.5
(24.7)
73.6
(23.1)
70.4
(21.3)
61.7
(16.5)
56.3
(13.5)
50.6
(10.3)
62.2
(16.8)
Average low °F (°C)22.8
(−5.1)
21.8
(−5.7)
25.7
(−3.5)
31.7
(−0.2)
36.6
(2.6)
44.4
(6.9)
49.8
(9.9)
49.8
(9.9)
45.1
(7.3)
36.4
(2.4)
29.7
(−1.3)
24.3
(−4.3)
34.8
(1.6)
Record low °F (°C)−4
(−20)
−7
(−22)
−1
(−18)
19
(−7)
27
(−3)
32
(0)
39
(4)
42
(6)
31
(−1)
20
(−7)
4
(−16)
4
(−16)
−7
(−22)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.15
(80)
1.69
(42.9)
1.17
(29.7)
0.50
(12.7)
0.25
(6.4)
0.62
(15.7)
4.41
(112)
6.99
(177.5)
3.39
(86.1)
3.05
(77.5)
1.75
(44.4)
2.60
(66)
29.56
(750.8)
Average snowfall inches (cm)16.5
(41.9)
20.4
(51.8)
6.8
(17.3)
2.0
(5.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2.0
(5.1)
6.2
(15.7)
11.0
(27.9)
64.9
(164.8)
Average precipitation days5553221011533559
Mean monthly sunshine hours 2412432993253743723273193153012602423,618
Source #1: [5]
Source #2: [6]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

In 2010, the population of the Summerhaven census-designated place was 40. [3] Note that this includes only people who were living in Summerhaven on the day of the census, thus excluding many part-time or seasonal residents. As of the 2010 census, the racial composition of Summerhaven was:

Native Americans in the United States Indigenous peoples of the United States (except Hawaii)

Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States, except Hawaii. There are over 500 federally recognized tribes within the US, about half of which are associated with Indian reservations. The term "American Indian" excludes Native Hawaiians and some Alaska Natives, while Native Americans are American Indians, plus Alaska Natives of all ethnicities. Native Hawaiians are not counted as Native Americans by the US Census, instead being included in the Census grouping of "Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander".

Tourism and recreation

Summerhaven is a popular tourist destination. Several small shops in Summerhaven attract visitors, including the Mount Lemmon General Store and The Cookie Cabin, which offers homemade cookies and pizzas. In the winter, residents from lower elevations travel to Summerhaven, when the Catalina Highway is open, to enjoy the snow. Also during the summer, the same residents will frequent the area to get away from the heat. Because of the elevation difference between the Tucson area (5–6000 feet), the temperature in Summerhaven will be anywhere from 15-30 degrees F cooler depending on weather patterns, which usually makes it a very comfortable place to be compared to the hot desert heat in the summer time.

October 2010 saw the inaugural running of the Mount Lemmon Marathon, in which nearly 800 participants finished the race from near the start of the Catalina Highway up to Summerhaven. [9]

Mount Lemmon Ski Valley

The Mount Lemmon Ski Valley located outside Summerhaven is the southernmost ski location in the continental United States.

Aspen Fire

Burnt pine trees, snow, and a cabin among the stark landscape after the Aspen Fire in 2003 MtLemmon Summerhaven Recovery From Aspen Fire.jpg
Burnt pine trees, snow, and a cabin among the stark landscape after the Aspen Fire in 2003

The Aspen wildfire struck Summerhaven in the summer of 2003, which resulted in the destruction of more than 250 of the 700 homes in the community. Arizona Governor Janet Napolitano assessed the damage, and both federal and county officials surveyed the extensive loss. In the months that followed, Tucson residents organized "Lemmon Aid" to help rebuild Summerhaven. Summerhaven continues to recover from the wildfire.

City services

There is a general store and several food venues, but no gasoline or automotive services. The Mount Lemmon Fire Department maintains a station near Summerhaven, providing fire and EMS services.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Summerhaven, Arizona at Wikimedia Commons

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Aspen Fire

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Mount Lemmon Marathon

The Mount Lemmon Marathon was formerly an annual marathon that takes place in the Santa Catalina Mountains near the city of Tucson, Arizona, United States. The race started near the desert floor and ended at the village of Summerhaven near the top of Mount Lemmon. It was noted for the entire course being uphill, and had an elevation gain of over 6,000 feet (1,800 m). Local television station KVOA described the race as "the only long-distance uphill race in the U.S". It had been described as the most difficult road marathon in the world. Runners ran on the General Hitchcock Scenic Byway and started the race surrounded by cacti near the floor of the Sonoran Desert, and as they climbed the mountain, runners transitioned into lush pine forests near the top of the mountain at over 8,000 feet (2,400 m) above sea level. The New York Times noted that there are other difficult marathons including the Antarctic Ice Marathon which is run on snow and ice south of the Antarctic Circle, the Everest Marathon which starts at the south Everest Base Camp at an altitude of 17,590 feet (5,360 m), and the Pikes Peak Marathon which climbs over 7,700 feet (2,300 m) to the top of Pikes Peak.

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References

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 18, 2017.
  2. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. 1 2 3 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Summerhaven CDP, Arizona". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  4. Mary Ellen Barnes, The Road to Mount Lemmon, Univ. Arizona Press, 2009, pp. 8-9"
  5. "Mount Lemmon, Arizona Climate Summary". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  6. "Mount Lemmon, Arizona Averages". Chinci World Atlas. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  8. "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1): Summerhaven CDP, Arizona". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  9. Marc Lacey (17 October 2010). "A Finish Line With a Real High: 8,000 Feet". New York Times. Retrieved 28 October 2010.