South Tucson, Arizona

Last updated
South Tucson
"The Pueblo Within A City"
Pima County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas South Tucson Highlighted 0468850.svg
Location of South Tucson in Pima County, Arizona
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South Tucson
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°11′46″N110°58′8″W / 32.19611°N 110.96889°W / 32.19611; -110.96889 Coordinates: 32°11′46″N110°58′8″W / 32.19611°N 110.96889°W / 32.19611; -110.96889
Country United States
State Arizona
County Pima
  Type Council-manager
  BodySouth Tucson City Council
   Mayor Bob Teso [1]
   Vice Mayor Herman Lopez [1]
   Acting Mayor Paul Diaz [1]
   City Council
  Total 1.02 sq mi (2.65 km2)
  Land1.02 sq mi (2.65 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
2,425 ft (739 m)
(2016) [4]
  Density5,512.70/sq mi (2,128.65/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP code
Area code(s) 520
FIPS code 04-68850

South Tucson is a city in Pima County, Arizona, United States and an enclave of the much larger city of Tucson. South Tucson is known for being heavily influenced by Hispanic, and especially Mexican, culture; restaurants and shops which sell traditional Mexican foods and other goods can be found throughout the city. According to the 2010 census, the population of the city is 5,652. [3]

Pima County, Arizona County in the United States

Pima County is a county in the south central region of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, the population was 980,263, making it Arizona's second-most populous county. The county seat is Tucson, where nearly all of the population is centered. The county is named after the Pima Native Americans who are indigenous to this area.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.



South Tucson is located at 32°11′46″N110°58′8″W / 32.19611°N 110.96889°W / 32.19611; -110.96889 (32.196076, -110.968896). [5] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), all of it land. The city is an enclave entirely surrounded by the much larger city of Tucson.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Tucson, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Tucson is a city and the county seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, and home to the University of Arizona. The 2010 United States Census put the population at 520,116, while the 2015 estimated population of the entire Tucson metropolitan statistical area (MSA) was 980,263. The Tucson MSA forms part of the larger Tucson-Nogales combined statistical area (CSA), with a total population of 1,010,025 as of the 2010 Census. Tucson is the second-largest populated city in Arizona behind Phoenix, both of which anchor the Arizona Sun Corridor. The city is 108 miles (174 km) southeast of Phoenix and 60 mi (97 km) north of the U.S.–Mexico border. Tucson is the 33rd largest city and the 58th largest metropolitan area in the United States (2014).


Historical population
1940 1,066
1950 2,364121.8%
1960 7,004196.3%
1970 6,220−11.2%
1980 6,5545.4%
1990 5,171−21.1%
2000 5,4906.2%
2010 5,6523.0%
Est. 20165,645 [4] −0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,490 people, 1,810 households, and 1,125 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,446.6 people per square mile (2,098.7/km²). There were 2,059 housing units at an average density of 2,042.7 per square mile (787.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 43.46% White, 2.31% Black or African American, 9.14% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 41.24% from other races, and 3.39% from two or more races. 81.24% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 1,810 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.9% were married couples living together, 20.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.83.

Marriage social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding.

In the city, the population was spread out with 31.5% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 112.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $14,587, and the median income for a family was $17,614. Males had a median income of $20,504 versus $14,575 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,920. About 43.5% of families and 46.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 61.2% of those under age 18 and 36.0% of those age 65 or over.

Per capita income mean income of the people in an economic unit such as a country or city

Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.


In 1936, Tucson officials took steps to expand Tucson's boundaries by moving to annex the unincorporated area along south Sixth Avenue from 25th Street south to the Veterans Hospital, which was south of Tucson city limits. [7] Area auto court and other property owners on south Sixth Avenue objected, as they did not want to pay the higher business taxes imposed by Tucson or be subject to Tucson's building codes. [8] As a recourse to prevent the annexation, south Sixth Avenue property owners submitted a petition to the Pima County Board of Supervisors asking for an incorporation election. [9] On August 10, 1936, South Tucson residents voted 52 to 35 in favor of incorporation. [10] In response, Tucson continued to require Tucson Water customers in South Tucson to obtain building permits from Tucson, or their water would be shut off. [11] The South Tucson City Council responded by imposing a $500 annual franchise fee on Tucson Water, and the Tucson City Council retaliated by announcing that water service would be discontinued to South Tucson within 120 days. [12] On January 18, 1938, 258 petition signatures from South Tucson residents were turned in to the Pima County Board of Supervisors, which dissolved South Tucson. [13] Nonetheless, another incorporation drive was launched in South Tucson. [14] On March 27, 1939, a second incorporation election was held and by a vote of 70 to 63, South Tucson was reincorporated. [15]

In 1956, Tucson Mayor Hummel called for South Tucson to join Tucson. [16] After that invitation went unanswered, the Tucson City Council held a surprise meeting and annexed land all around South Tucson. [17] Later, in the 1990s, Tucson agreed to transfer to South Tucson a 25-acre slice of land between South Tucson and Interstate 10 as South Tucson reached its current city size. [18]


South Tucson has many Mexican restaurants, colorful buildings and outdoor murals. [19] The existing Mexican food restaurants on South Fourth Avenue have long been a draw. [20] Some of the long-established eateries dotting South Fourth Avenue in South Tucson have grabbed national headlines, perhaps none more famously than Mi Nidito, where President Bill Clinton had lunch in 1999 and where “the President’s Plate” is still on the menu. [21]

The 1.2-square-mile city is gaining favor with businesses and residents and is attracting bohemians, artists, and musicians. The city is trying to attract more business through a new economic development plan and an incentive program. [22] Local business owners and developers are eyeing properties in South Tucson as complementary projects to downtown Tucson with business parks, restaurants, retail shops, and multifamily investors moving into the city. [23]


South Tucson has also been fighting a long, uphill battle with crime rates. For larceny, theft and aggravated assault, South Tucson ranks at about 4 times the national average. [24]

However, there have been sizable advances in repressing criminal activity, due to use of "wolf pack" saturation tactics by the South Tucson Police Department in conjunction with the Arizona Department of Public Safety. [24] Vigorous enforcement of liquor license laws has reduced the number of alcohol-related crimes. [24] Neighborhood activism has considerably reduced the amount of open drug activity and a rising level of education of youth is making a slow impact on gang related activity. [24]


South Tucson residents attend Ochoa Community Magnet, Mission View Elementary, Holladay Magnet Elementary, Elizabeth Borton Magnet, Madge Utterback Magnet Middle, Safford K-8 Magnet Baccalaureate World, Tucson High Magnet, & Pueblo Magnet High Schools, all part of Tucson Unified School District.

Governmental representation

South Tucson is in Arizona's 3rd congressional district, represented by Representative Raúl Grijalva, a Democrat. The city is also in Arizona’s 2nd State Legislative District, represented by Representatives Daniel Hernández, Jr. and Rosanna Gabaldón and Senator Andrea d’Alessandro, all Democrats.

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  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Directory Listings". The City of South Tucson Arizona.
  2. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 18, 2017.
  3. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2014-07-10.
  4. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  7. Devine, David (June 12, 2015). Tucson: A History of the Old Pueblo from the 1854 Gadsden Purchase. McFarland. ISBN   978-0786497102.
  8. Devine, David (June 12, 2015). Tucson: A History of the Old Pueblo from the 1854 Gadsden Purchase. McFarland. ISBN   978-0786497102.
  9. Devine, David (June 12, 2015). Tucson: A History of the Old Pueblo from the 1854 Gadsden Purchase. McFarland. ISBN   978-0786497102.
  10. Devine, David (June 12, 2015). Tucson: A History of the Old Pueblo from the 1854 Gadsden Purchase. McFarland. ISBN   978-0786497102.
  11. Devine, David (June 12, 2015). Tucson: A History of the Old Pueblo from the 1854 Gadsden Purchase. McFarland. ISBN   978-0786497102.
  12. Devine, David (June 12, 2015). Tucson: A History of the Old Pueblo from the 1854 Gadsden Purchase. McFarland. ISBN   978-0786497102.
  13. Devine, David (June 12, 2015). Tucson: A History of the Old Pueblo from the 1854 Gadsden Purchase. McFarland. ISBN   978-0786497102.
  14. Devine, David (June 12, 2015). Tucson: A History of the Old Pueblo from the 1854 Gadsden Purchase. McFarland. ISBN   978-0786497102.
  15. Devine, David (June 12, 2015). Tucson: A History of the Old Pueblo from the 1854 Gadsden Purchase. McFarland. ISBN   978-0786497102.
  16. Devine, David (June 12, 2015). Tucson: A History of the Old Pueblo from the 1854 Gadsden Purchase. McFarland. ISBN   978-0786497102.
  17. Devine, David (June 12, 2015). Tucson: A History of the Old Pueblo from the 1854 Gadsden Purchase. McFarland. ISBN   978-0786497102.
  18. Devine, David (June 12, 2015). Tucson: A History of the Old Pueblo from the 1854 Gadsden Purchase. McFarland. ISBN   978-0786497102.
  19. , Huffington Post, 2014.
  20. , Arizona Daily Star, 2018.
  21. , Arizona Daily Star, 2018.
  22. , Arizona Daily Star, 2015.
  23. , Arizona Daily Star, 2018.
  24. 1 2 3 4 South Tucson, Arizona, Sangres, 2009.