Teslin, Yukon

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Teslin
Desleen
Village
Village of Teslin
Teslin, Yukon in 2005.jpg
Southeast Teslin
Location map Yukon 2.png
Red pog.svg
Teslin
Canada location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Teslin
Coordinates: 60°10′02″N132°43′18″W / 60.16722°N 132.72167°W / 60.16722; -132.72167 [1] Coordinates: 60°10′02″N132°43′18″W / 60.16722°N 132.72167°W / 60.16722; -132.72167 [1]
CountryCanada
Territory Yukon
Time zone UTC−07:00 (MST)
Website Official website

The community of Teslin (Tlingit: Desleen) includes the Village of Teslin in Yukon, Canada. Teslin is situated at historical Mile 804 on the Alaska Highway along Teslin Lake. [1] The Hudson's Bay Company established a small trading post at Teslin in 1903 (i.e. Teslin Post).

Contents

Teslin is home to the Teslin Inland Tlingit First Nations. The name Teslin came from a Tlingit word "Teslintoo." Teslin has one of the largest Native populations in Yukon. Much of the community's livelihood revolves around traditional hunting, trapping and fishing.

Demographics

Village of Teslin
Federal census population history of Teslin
YearPop.±%
1941171    
1951269+57.3%
1971264−1.9%
1976241−8.7%
1981310+28.6%
1986181−41.6%
1991 181+0.0%
1996 189+4.4%
2001 123−34.9%
2006 141+14.6%
2011 122−13.5%
2016 124+1.6%
2021 239+92.7%
Source: Statistics Canada
[2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Teslin had a population of 239 living in 126 of its 144 total private dwellings, a change of

Teslin Post 13

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Teslin Post 13 had a population of 19 living in 10 of its 11 total private dwellings, a change of

Arts and culture

Teslin is made up of two moieties; Wolf and Crow. Under the moiety of Wolf there are two clans; Eagle (Dakhl'awedi') and Wolf (Yanyedi). The Crow moiety have three clans; Raven's Children (Kukhhittan or Crow), Frog (Ishkitan) and Split tail Beaver (Deshitan). Under their matrilineal kinship system, children are considered born into the mother's clan, and descent is traced through her line. [13]

George Johnston (trapper) (1884–1972), trapper and photographer, founder of "Teslin Taxi." He captured the life of the inland Tlingit people of Teslin and Atlin in numerous photos taken between 1910 and 1940. [14] [15] Johnston also brought the first car to Teslin; it was a 1928 Chevrolet. He built a 3 to 5 mi (4.8 to 8.0 km) road for his "Teslin taxi" since the Alaska Highway had not been built yet. [16] In winter, he put chains on the car, painted it white, and drove it on frozen Teslin Lake. The '28 Chevy has been restored and is now on permanent display at the George Johnston Museum in Teslin. [17]

Government

In 1995 the Teslin Inland Tlingit negotiated and signed a land claims agreement with the federal government, under which they re-established their own government and became self-sustaining. [13] The Teslin Inland Tlingit now enact their own legal and political framework for government-to-government relations with Canada and the Yukon.

The Teslin Tlingit Council have the right to make their own laws and regulations. There are many different departments within Teslin Tlingit Council (TTC), for example: Finance, Lands and Resources, Health and Social. [13]

The people have developed the Teslin Tlingit Council Clan System Government, which combines traditional Tlingit Clan culture with contemporary organizational and management principles. The five clans (Eagle, Crow, Frog, Wolf, and Beaver) each appoint five members to the 25-member General Council, and have recognized Elders (persons 58 years and older) on the Elders Council. [18]

Geography

Climate

Teslin has a dry-summer subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfc). Summer days are mild along with cool nights. Winters are cold and snowy, with annual snowfall averaging 148.4 cm (58.4 in). Teslin is one of the warmest communities in the Yukon, with a yearly average of −0.6 °C (30.9 °F). [19]

Climate data for Teslin (Teslin Airport)
Climate ID: 2101100; coordinates 60°10′27″N132°44′09″W / 60.17417°N 132.73583°W / 60.17417; -132.73583 (Teslin Airport) ; elevation: 705 m (2,313 ft); 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1943–present
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high humidex 8.810.312.219.428.435.133.932.226.617.810.68.035.1
Record high °C (°F)7.8
(46.0)
11.0
(51.8)
13.0
(55.4)
22.0
(71.6)
29.0
(84.2)
33.3
(91.9)
31.1
(88.0)
32.5
(90.5)
26.1
(79.0)
18.3
(64.9)
10.0
(50.0)
9.0
(48.2)
33.3
(91.9)
Mean maximum °C (°F)2.3
(36.1)
4.1
(39.4)
6.9
(44.4)
14.8
(58.6)
20.7
(69.3)
26.4
(79.5)
27.1
(80.8)
26.4
(79.5)
18.9
(66.0)
12.9
(55.2)
4.7
(40.5)
3.3
(37.9)
28.9
(84.0)
Average high °C (°F)−12.6
(9.3)
−7.7
(18.1)
−0.2
(31.6)
7.0
(44.6)
13.6
(56.5)
18.8
(65.8)
20.2
(68.4)
18.6
(65.5)
12.6
(54.7)
4.3
(39.7)
−6.2
(20.8)
−8.9
(16.0)
5.0
(41.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)−17.1
(1.2)
−13.6
(7.5)
−6.5
(20.3)
0.7
(33.3)
6.9
(44.4)
11.9
(53.4)
14.1
(57.4)
12.2
(54.0)
7.3
(45.1)
0.4
(32.7)
−10.2
(13.6)
−13.4
(7.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
Average low °C (°F)−21.5
(−6.7)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−12.8
(9.0)
−5.6
(21.9)
0.1
(32.2)
4.9
(40.8)
7.9
(46.2)
5.8
(42.4)
1.9
(35.4)
−3.6
(25.5)
−14.2
(6.4)
−17.8
(0.0)
−6.2
(20.8)
Mean minimum °C (°F)−38.8
(−37.8)
−34.6
(−30.3)
−29.0
(−20.2)
−16.6
(2.1)
−6.2
(20.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
2.4
(36.3)
−0.6
(30.9)
−5.9
(21.4)
−14.6
(5.7)
−26.8
(−16.2)
−34.1
(−29.4)
−42.5
(−44.5)
Record low °C (°F)−52.8
(−63.0)
−50.6
(−59.1)
−41.1
(−42.0)
−27.8
(−18.0)
−23.9
(−11.0)
−4.0
(24.8)
−1.7
(28.9)
−4.0
(24.8)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−25.0
(−13.0)
−40.6
(−41.1)
−48.0
(−54.4)
−52.8
(−63.0)
Record low wind chill −60.4−53.4−49.3−31.2−13.4−4.2−2.0−5.0−13.0−33.2−51.1−59.3−60.4
Average precipitation mm (inches)26.5
(1.04)
16.1
(0.63)
14.2
(0.56)
9.4
(0.37)
24.0
(0.94)
30.7
(1.21)
44.2
(1.74)
41.4
(1.63)
48.7
(1.92)
38.5
(1.52)
27.4
(1.08)
25.2
(0.99)
346.3
(13.63)
Average rainfall mm (inches)0.2
(0.01)
0.1
(0.00)
0.2
(0.01)
3.8
(0.15)
22.6
(0.89)
30.7
(1.21)
44.2
(1.74)
41.4
(1.63)
46.9
(1.85)
17.9
(0.70)
1.2
(0.05)
0.2
(0.01)
209.5
(8.25)
Average snowfall cm (inches)29.2
(11.5)
18.3
(7.2)
14.9
(5.9)
5.9
(2.3)
1.4
(0.6)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.9
(0.7)
22.0
(8.7)
27.6
(10.9)
27.0
(10.6)
148.4
(58.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)10.87.97.45.210.312.214.814.815.815.013.912.2140.5
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)0.20.20.32.19.812.214.814.815.48.20.40.478.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)10.97.87.03.40.80.00.00.11.18.313.611.965.0
Average relative humidity (%)78.274.665.550.741.942.949.651.259.168.779.079.161.7
Source 1: Environment and Climate Change Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010, [19] wind chill [20]
Source 2: Météo Climat (mean maximum) [21] (mean minimum) [22]

Notable people

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Teslin (village)". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada.
  2. Ninth Census of Canada, 1951 (PDF). Vol. SP-7 (Population: Unincorporated villages and hamlets). Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 31 March 1954. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  3. "1976 Census of Canada: Population - Geographic Distributions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. June 1977. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  4. "1981 Census of Canada: Census subdivisions in decreasing population order" (PDF). Statistics Canada. May 1992. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  5. "1986 Census: Population - Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. September 1987. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  6. "91 Census: Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1992. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  7. "96 Census: A National Overview - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1997. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  8. "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Yukon Territory)". Statistics Canada. 15 August 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  9. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Yukon Territory)". Statistics Canada. 20 August 2021. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  10. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Yukon)". Statistics Canada. 25 July 2021. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  11. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Yukon)". Statistics Canada. 8 February 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  12. 1 2 3 "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Yukon". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  13. 1 2 3 Governance
  14. The Cultural Work of Photography in Canada, edited by Carol Payne, Andrea Kunard
  15. "George Johnston captured the history of Teslin on film", Whiteshorse Star
  16. Jim C. Robb, Teslin Taxi, Yukon News, 2014
  17. "George Johnston", George Johnston Museum
  18. 1 2 Marian C. Horne, "Yukon's Self Governing First Nations", Canadian Parliamentary Review, Vol 33 no 2, 2010, accessed 5 October 2014
  19. 1 2 "Teslin A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2101100. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
  20. "Refroidissement éolien (wind chill)". Données des stations pour le calcul des normales climatiques au Canada de 1981 à 2010 (in French). Environment and Climate Change Canada . Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  21. "Météo climat stats for Teslin". Météo Climat. Retrieved 23 February 2022.
  22. "Météo climat stats for Teslin". Météo Climat. Retrieved 23 February 2022.