Mayo, Yukon

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Mayo
Village of Mayo
Mayo mit Stewart River.jpg
Mayo upon Stewart River, circa 2000
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Mayo
Location of Mayo
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Mayo
Mayo (Canada)
Coordinates: 63°35′33″N135°53′52″W / 63.59250°N 135.89778°W / 63.59250; -135.89778 [1] Coordinates: 63°35′33″N135°53′52″W / 63.59250°N 135.89778°W / 63.59250; -135.89778 [2]
CountryCanada
Territory Yukon
Established1903
Government
  Village MayorScott Bolton
  Governing bodyVillage of Mayo Council
   MPs Larry Bagnell
   MLAs Don Hutton
Area
[3]
  Land1.06 km2 (0.41 sq mi)
Population
 (2016) [3]
  Total200
  Density188.679/km2 (488.68/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−07:00 (MST)
Forward sortation area
Y0B 1M0
Area code 867
Website Official website

Mayo is a village in Yukon, Canada, along the Silver Trail and the Stewart River. It had a population of 200 in 2016. The Yukon Bureau of Statistics estimated a population of 496 in 2019. [4] It is also the home of the First Nation of Na-Cho Nyäk Dun, whose primary language is Northern Tutchone. Na-Cho Nyäk Dun translates into "big river people."

Contents

The community, formerly called Mayo Landing, is serviced by Mayo Airport. The village was named after former circus acrobat turned settler and explorer Alfred Mayo. [5]

Its only school is J. V. Clark School, which is named after James Vincent Clark (1924–1994). The school had about 70 students in 2012. As of the 2020/2021 school year, the acting principal is Nicholas Vienneau. [6]

History

Before Europeans came there were in the area two communities of the Na-cho Nyäk Dun people, who lived by hunting and trapping. The river now known as the Stewart River was known as the "Náhcho Nyäk" ('Great River'). The people lived across the Stewart River from the main focus of today's Mayo, in a district today called "Old Mayo village". The old settlement was reinstated on the initiative of a missionary, but in 1934 the river burst its banks and flattened much of the old village, destroying the church and many cultural treasures.

The first gold discoveries in the area were made in the 1880s: silver was also discovered some time later. Till the mid-twentieth century Mayo was connected with the outside world by the river and received any supplies by boat. In the 1950s the construction of the Klondike Highway and the Silver Trail provided Mayo with a road link to Stewart Crossing.

Between 1973 and 1984 negotiation took place between the government and the northern Tutchone leaders over land rights and self-government. A breakthrough came only in 1993 with a treaty [7] between the residents and the lawmakers concerning an area of 4,700 km2 (1,830 sq mi) and a payment, over fifteen years, totalling C$14.5 million.

Together with the Tr'ondek Hwech’in First Nation an agreement has been made with Yukon Energy to supply electricity to Dawson City using the Mayo-Dawson Power Line.

May 2008 saw a preliminary agreement with Alexco Resource Corp concerning silver extraction in the Keno Hill Silver area near the far end of Mayo lake where the corporation operates approximately 40 silver mines. [8]

Geography

Climate

Mayo has a subarctic climate (Koppen: Dfc), with generally warm summers and severely cold winters lasting half the year. Spring and autumn are very short transitional seasons between summer and winter, with average temperatures rising and falling very fast during these times.

The temperature difference between the record low in February (−62.2 °C (−80.0 °F)) and the record high in June (36.1 °C (97.0 °F)) is (−98.3 °C (−176.9 °F)), one of the largest temperature differentials ever recorded.[ citation needed ] It has some of the warmest summers in the Yukon with a mean average summer temperature of 14.5 °C (58.1 °F).

Climate data for Mayo (Mayo Airport)
WMO ID: 71965; coordinates 63°37′N135°52′W / 63.617°N 135.867°W / 63.617; -135.867 (Montréal–Trudeau International Airport) ; elevation: 503.8 m (1,653 ft); 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1924–present
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high humidex 9.612.210.722.532.238.537.534.629.222.513.311.438.5
Record high °C (°F)10.1
(50.2)
12.2
(54.0)
14.6
(58.3)
22.8
(73.0)
33.5
(92.3)
36.1
(97.0)
35.6
(96.1)
32.6
(90.7)
26.7
(80.1)
22.6
(72.7)
13.9
(57.0)
11.8
(53.2)
36.1
(97.0)
Mean maximum °C (°F)−0.2
(31.6)
2.9
(37.2)
7.1
(44.8)
15.7
(60.3)
23.4
(74.1)
28.3
(82.9)
29.2
(84.6)
27.3
(81.1)
19.3
(66.7)
11.8
(53.2)
2.4
(36.3)
1.8
(35.2)
30.4
(86.7)
Average high °C (°F)−18.0
(−0.4)
−11.7
(10.9)
−2.9
(26.8)
7.2
(45.0)
15.2
(59.4)
21.4
(70.5)
22.8
(73.0)
19.5
(67.1)
12.0
(53.6)
1.2
(34.2)
−10.9
(12.4)
−14.7
(5.5)
3.4
(38.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)−23.1
(−9.6)
−17.9
(−0.2)
−9.6
(14.7)
1.0
(33.8)
8.8
(47.8)
14.5
(58.1)
16.1
(61.0)
13.1
(55.6)
6.4
(43.5)
−2.7
(27.1)
−15.3
(4.5)
−19.9
(−3.8)
−2.4
(27.7)
Average low °C (°F)−28.2
(−18.8)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−16.3
(2.7)
−5.2
(22.6)
2.2
(36.0)
7.5
(45.5)
9.4
(48.9)
6.7
(44.1)
0.9
(33.6)
−6.5
(20.3)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−25.1
(−13.2)
−8.2
(17.2)
Mean minimum °C (°F)−46.0
(−50.8)
−41.4
(−42.5)
−33.5
(−28.3)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−4.1
(24.6)
0.7
(33.3)
4.0
(39.2)
−1.5
(29.3)
−7.2
(19.0)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−34.9
(−30.8)
−42.4
(−44.3)
−49.3
(−56.7)
Record low °C (°F)−58.3
(−72.9)
−62.2
(−80.0)
−48.9
(−56.0)
−41.1
(−42.0)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−3.9
(25.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
−10.6
(12.9)
−15.6
(3.9)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−50.6
(−59.1)
−57.8
(−72.0)
−62.2
(−80.0)
Record low wind chill −66−60−59−37−19−40−9−23−38−55−64−66
Average precipitation mm (inches)18.3
(0.72)
13.0
(0.51)
9.9
(0.39)
8.8
(0.35)
23.2
(0.91)
39.0
(1.54)
50.2
(1.98)
44.6
(1.76)
38.7
(1.52)
27.0
(1.06)
21.1
(0.83)
19.8
(0.78)
313.5
(12.34)
Average rainfall mm (inches)0.3
(0.01)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.00)
2.9
(0.11)
22.2
(0.87)
38.9
(1.53)
50.2
(1.98)
44.5
(1.75)
34.8
(1.37)
9.4
(0.37)
0.3
(0.01)
0.3
(0.01)
203.8
(8.02)
Average snowfall cm (inches)28.3
(11.1)
20.2
(8.0)
14.5
(5.7)
7.8
(3.1)
1.0
(0.4)
0.1
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.1)
3.9
(1.5)
23.0
(9.1)
31.8
(12.5)
29.8
(11.7)
160.6
(63.2)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)11.18.36.45.29.912.815.113.912.812.611.911.2131.2
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)0.20.10.21.99.712.815.113.911.64.60.30.270.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)12.29.16.93.90.50.00.00.11.59.313.012.368.7
Average relative humidity (%)81.175.161.945.438.439.646.450.756.371.380.181.560.6
Source 1: Environment Canada [9] [10]
Source 2: Météo Climat [11] [12]

Demographics

Federal census population history of Mayo
YearPop.±%
1951 241    
1956249+3.3%
1961342+37.3%
1966479+40.1%
1971381−20.5%
1976448+17.6%
1981398−11.2%
1986317−20.4%
1991 243−23.3%
1996 324+33.3%
2001 366+13.0%
2006 248−32.2%
2011 226−8.9%
2016 200−11.5%
2021 188−6.0%
Source: Statistics Canada
[13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [3] [23]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Mayo had a population of 188 living in 108 of its 149 total private dwellings, a change of

See also

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References

  1. "Mayo". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada.
  2. "Mayo". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada.
  3. 1 2 3 "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Yukon)". Statistics Canada. 8 February 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  4. http://www.eco.gov.yk.ca/stats/pdf/populationQ1_2019.pdf Population Report Q1, 2019
  5. "YukonWeb: The Village of Mayo". Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2005.
  6. School staff
  7. A summary of the treaty appears at First Nation of Na-cho Nyäk Dun Self-Government Agreement Archived 21 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  8. 'No cloud' over mining plans after Alexco, Yukon First Nation sign deal, in: CBC News, 26 May 2008
  9. "Mayo A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2100700. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  10. "Daily Data Report for March 2016". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2100701. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  11. "Météo climat stats for Mayo". Météo Climat. Retrieved 23 February 2022.
  12. "Météo climat stats for Mayo". Météo Climat. Retrieved 23 February 2022.
  13. "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1901–1961". 1961 Census of Canada (PDF). Series 1.1: Historical, 1901–1961. Vol. I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 8 March 1963. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  14. "Table 2: Population of Census Subdivisions, 1921–1971". 1971 Census of Canada (PDF). Population. Vol. Census Subdivisions (Historical). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. July 1973. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  15. "1976 Census of Canada: Population - Geographic Distributions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. June 1977. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  16. "1981 Census of Canada: Census subdivisions in decreasing population order" (PDF). Statistics Canada. May 1992. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  17. "1986 Census: Population - Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. September 1987. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  18. "91 Census: Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1992. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  19. "96 Census: A National Overview - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1997. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  20. "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Yukon Territory)". Statistics Canada. 15 August 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  21. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Yukon Territory)". Statistics Canada. 20 August 2021. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  22. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Yukon)". Statistics Canada. 25 July 2021. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  23. 1 2 "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Yukon". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 18 February 2022.