Thousand Pillar Temple

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Thousand Pillar Temple
1000pillar temple warangal.jpg
Thousand Pillar temple
Religion
Affiliation Hinduism
Deity Shiva, Vishnu, Surya
Location
Location Hanamakonda, Warangal, India
State Telangana
Country India
India Telangana location map.svg
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Location in Telangana State
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Thousand Pillar Temple (India)
Geographic coordinates 18°00′13.4″N79°34′29.1″E / 18.003722°N 79.574750°E / 18.003722; 79.574750 Coordinates: 18°00′13.4″N79°34′29.1″E / 18.003722°N 79.574750°E / 18.003722; 79.574750
Architecture
Type Kakatiya, Chalukya, Kadamba architecture/Vesara
CreatorRudra Deva
Completed1163 CE

The Thousand Pillar Temple or Rudreswara Swamy Temple [1] is a historic Hindu temple located in the town of Hanamakonda, Telangana State, India. [2] It is dedicated to Lord Shiva, Vishnu and Surya. Thousand Pillar Temple, along with Warangal Fort, Kakatiya Kala Thoranam and Ramappa Temple were added to the tentative list of World Heritage sites recognised by UNESCO. [3] In July 2021, Ramappa Temple was inscribed into the list of UNESCO's World Heritage Site. [4]

Contents

History

Many Hindu temples were developed under the patronage of Ganapati Deva, Rudrama Devi and Prataparudra who were of Kakatiya dynasty. The Thousand Pillar Temple was believed to be constructed during the period between 1175–1244 CE by order of the king, Rudra Deva. It stands out to be a masterpiece and achieved major heights in terms of architectural skills by the ancient Kakatiya Vishwakarma Sthapathis (Architect). The Executive officer of the subject temple is P.Venugopal. [5]

It was desecrated by the Tughlaq dynasty during their invasion of the Deccan. Only the Shiva shrine is worshipped in this temple as the Vishnu and Surya shrines were devoid of the idols which are missing.

Sculpture of Nandi at Thousand Pillar Temple Nandi Thousand Pillar Temple.jpg
Sculpture of Nandi at Thousand Pillar Temple

Architecture

The Thousand Pillar Temple with its ruins lies near the Hanamkonda-Warangal Highway in Telangana State, about 150 kilometres (93 mi) from the city of Hyderabad.

Rudreswara Temple locally known as Veyisthambala Gudi (Thousand pillars temple) is one of the fine and earliest available examples of Kakatiya art, architecture and sculpture. It was built by Rudra Deva and named after him as Sri Rudreswara Swamy temple with the presiding deity as Rudreswara, in 1163 AD in the style of later Chalukyan and early Kakatiyan Architecture, star-shaped and triple shrined (Trikutalaya). The temple is a fine specimen of architecture and sculpture with One thousand pillars. There are richly carved pillars, perforated screens, exquisite icons, rock cut elephants and the monolithic dolerite Nandi as components of the temple. Strengthening of foundations like sandbox technique, the skill of Kakatiya sculptors is manifest in adroit craftsmanship and flawless ivory carving technique in their art. The ingenuity of Kakatiya sculptors is visible in likes of lathe turned, and shiny polish in dolerite and granite stone sculpture and craftwork of Nava Rangamandapa.

The temple was renovated in 2004 by the Government of India. Archaeological Survey of India and modern engineers have been working for the temple's further renovation.


Transport

The nearest railway station is Warangal railway station, which is 6 kilometres (3.7 miles) away from the temple. Rajiv Gandhi International Airport is the nearest airport to this temple.

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Thousand Pillar Temple History" . Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  2. 1,000-pillar temple to get facelift - Times Of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2003-07-20). Retrieved on 2013-08-25.
  3. Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "The Glorious Kakatiya Temples and Gateways - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  4. "Cultural sites in China, India, Iran and Spain inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List". whc.unesco.org. 25 July 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
  5. "Thousand Pillar temple". September 2016.