Timeline of the surrender of Axis forces at the end of World War II

This is a timeline of the surrenders of the various armies of the Axis powers that marked the end of World War II. There are two lists: the first denotes surrenders in April–November 1945. The second one shows the surrenders of Japanese holdouts that only surrendered in the months, years, and even decades after the end of the war.

Table of surrenders

CountryForces it applies toNumber of troops surrendered (if applicable)Commanding OfficerDate surrender document signed (if applicable)Date surrender took effect (if applicable)Notes
Italy All forces of the Italian Social Republic 429,000 Maresciallo d'Italia Rodolfo Graziani April 29May 1[ citation needed ]
NetherlandsKampfgruppen "General Seyffardt" of the 23rd SS Volunteer Panzer Grenadier Division Nederland in Halbe, Germany500 Jürgen Wagner?May 1May 1Destroyed in the Halbe pocket
Germany Army Group C, in Italy and Western Austria nearly 1,000,000 Obergruppenführer Karl Wolff April 29May 2, at 12:00 PM
Belgium (Flemish) 27th SS Volunteer Division Langemarck, at Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 6,000? Thomas Müller May 2May 2
LatviaComponents of the 15th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS, south of Schwerin, Germanyc. 4,500Karl BurkMay 2May 2
Germany/France/OtherAll forces in Berlin 480,000 (470,970 Germans, 30 French and 9,000 other foreigners) General der Artillerie Helmuth Weidling May 2May 2, at 6:00 PM
Germany XXI Army and the Third Panzer Army at Hagenow, Germany300,000 General der Infanterie Kurt von Tippelskirch (XXI Army); General der Panzertruppe Hasso von Manteuffel (III Panzer Army)Night of May 2–3May 3
NetherlandsKampfgruppen "de Ruys" of the 23rd SS Volunteer Panzer Grenadier Division Nederland, west of Parchim, Germany500 Jürgen Wagner?May 3May 3
Germany 36th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS 700NoneMay 3May 3
Germany Army Group H, in Northwest Germany, Schleswig-Holstein, Heligoland, the Frisian Islands, Denmark and other islands near Northwest Germany880,000 Generaladmiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg and General der Infanterie Eberhard Kinzel May 4May 5, at 8:00 AM
Hungary 25th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS Hunyadi (1st Hungarian) and 26th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (2nd Hungarian), near Lake Attersee c. 29,606 (19,106 in the 25th, and 10,500 in the 26th)Józef GrassyMay 3–5May 5Part of Army Group H
Germany U-291, U-779, U-883, U-1103, U-1406, U-1407, U-2341 and U-2356 257-306? (44-60? on U-291, 48-56? on U-779, 55-64? on U-883, 44-52? on U-1103, 19? on U-1406, 19? on U-1407, 14-18? on U-2341 and 14-18? on U-2356)Hermann Neumeister (U-291), Johann Stegmann (U-779), Johanes Uebel (U-883), Wilhelm Eisele (U-1103), Werner Klug (U-1406), Horst Heitz (U-1407), Hermann Böhm (U-2341) and Friedrich Hartel (U-2356)May 5May 5Surrendered in Cuxhaven
Germany U-2351 14-18?Werner BrücknerMay 5May 5Surrendered in Flensburg
Germany U-143, U-145, U-149, U-150, U-368, U-720 and U-1230 236-268? (25? on U-143, 25? on U-145, 25? on U-149, 25? on U-150, 44-60? on U-368, 44-60? on U-720 and 48? on U-1230)Walter Kasparek (U-143),

Friedrich-Karl Görner (U-145), Helmut Plohr (U-149), Jürgen Kriegshammer (U-150), Götz Roth (U-368), Wolf-Harald Schüer (U-720) and Hans Hilbig (U-1230)

May 5May 5Surrendered in Heligoland
Germany U-155, U-680 and U-1233 144-168? (48-60? on U-155, 48-60? on U-680, and 48? on U-1233)Friedrich Altmeier (U-155), Max Ulber (U-680), and Heinrich Niemeyer (U-1233)May 5May 5Surrendered in Baring Bay off Fredericia
GermanyAll forces in the Netherlands 120,000 Johannes Blaskowitz May 4May 5, at 4:00 PMSeparate surrender from the surrender in Northwest Germany and Denmark
Germany U-806 48?Klaus HornbostelMay 6May 6Surrendered in Aarhus
Other 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division Götz von Berlichingen, at Rottach-Egern 8,811Georg BochmannMay 6May 6
Germany Army Group G, in Bavaria400,000 Hermann Foertsch May 4, at 2:30 PMMay 6, at 12:00 PM
GermanyAll forces in Breslau 45,000 Hermann Niehoff May 6May 6, at 6:00 PM
Germany/Soviet UnionTwelfth Army and remnants of the Ninth Army, at Tangermünde c. 200,000 (195,000 German, 5,000 troops from the Soviet Union) Walther Wenck (12 Army)May 7May 7No commander for the 9th Army
GermanyAll forces in La Rochelle c. 22,000? Ernst Schirlitz May 7May 7, at 11:45 PM
Germany/ItalyAll forces on theDodecanese Islands c. 5,600 (more than 5,000 Germans and 600 Italians) Otto Wagener May 8May 8, at 10:00 AM
GermanyU-119844-56?Gerhard PetersMay 8May 8Surrendered in Cuxhaven
Hungary (Germans) 18th SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division Horst Wessel, in Czechoslovakia4,000?Heinrich PetersenMay 8May 8
Germany 1st Naval Infantry Division, along the Oder2,000?Wilhelm BleckwennMay 8May 8
Germany 2nd Naval Infantry Division, in Schleswig-Holstein2,000?Werner-Graf von Bassewitz-LevetzowMay 8May 8
Germany 6th Parachute Division Unknown Hermann Plocher May 8May 8
Germany 7th Parachute Division, in Oldenburg Unknown Wolfgang Erdmann May 8May 8
Germany 1st Fallschirm-Panzer Division Hermann Göring, in Dresden5,000? Max Lemke May 8May 8
Germany 32nd SS Volunteer Grenadier Division 30 Januar, in Tangermünde 5,000? Hans Kempin May 8May 8
Germany 38th SS Division Nibelungen, in Alpen-Donau, Germany6,000?Martin StrangeMay 8May 8
Germany 4th SS Polizei Panzergrenadier Division, along the Elbe Riverc. 9,000? Walter Harzer May 8May 8
Germany 35th SS and Police Grenadier Division, along the ElbeUnknownNoneMay 8May 8Commanding officer killed on April 25
Germany 10th Parachute Division, in AustriaUnknownHans KreysingMay 8May 8
Russia (Cossacks) XV SS Cossack Cavalry Corps in Austria50,000Hermann von PannwitzMay 8May 8
Hungary (German) 31st SS Volunteer Grenadier Division, in Czechoslovakia10,000?Wilhelm TrabandtMay 8May 8
Germany 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS, in Klagenfurt, Austriac. 14,000? Otto Baum May 8May 8
Germany 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen, in Linz, Austriac. 6,000? Sylvester Stadler May 8May 8
Germany 6th SS Mountain Division Nord, in Austriac. 2,000Franz SchreiberMay 8May 8
Germany 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend, in Enns, Austriac. 10,000 Hugo Kraas May 8May 8Made up the bulk of the I SS Panzer Corps
India Indian Legion, near Lake Constance2,000unknownMay 8?May 8?
Germany 10th SS Panzer Division Frundsberg, in Teplice, Czechoslovakiac. 15,000?Franz RoestelMay 8May 8
GermanyAll forces in Norway c. 400,000 Franz Böhme May 8May 8, at 11:00 PM
Germany All German forces N/A Wilhelm Keitel May 7May 9, at 12:01 AM
NetherlandsMost of the 34th SS Volunteer Grenadier Division Landstorm Nederland, near Oosterbeek 5,956Martin KohlroserMay 9May 9
GermanyU-119448-56?Herbert ZeisslerMay 9May 9Surrendered in Cuxhaven
GermanyU-51048?Alfred EickMay 9May 9Surrendered in St. Nazaire
GermanyAll forces on Jersey 11,671Vice Admiral Friedrich Hüffmeier May 9May 9, at 10:00 AM
Hungary 37th SS Volunteer Cavalry Division Lützow, in Steyr180Karl GeseleMay 9May 9
Germany 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler, in Steyr, Austriac. 1,600SS-Brigadeführerund Generalmajor der Waffen-SS Otto Kumm May 9May 9Made up part of the I SS Panzer Corps
Various 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking, in Czechoslovakiac. 14,000? Karl Ullrich May 9May 9
Germany 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich, in Czechoslovakiac. 2,000?SS-Standartenführer Karl KreutzMay 9May 9
Germany 3rd SS Panzer Division Totenkopf, in Czechoslovakiac. 1,000 Hellmuth Becker May 9May 9
Yugoslav and Italian Germans 24th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Karstjäger, in Yugoslaviac. 3,000Adolf WagnerMay 9May 9
GermanyAll forces in the Heiligenbeil Pocket, the Danzig beachhead, the Hel Peninsula, and in the Vistula Deltac. 100,000 [1] Dietrich von Saucken May 9May 9, at 11:00 AM
GermanyAll forces in Dunkirk 20,000 Friedrich Frisius May 9May 9, at 4:00 PM
GermanyAll forces in Bornholm c. 12,000 Gerhard von Kamptz May 9May 9, at 4:30 PM
GermanyU-127244-52?Hans SchatteburgMay 10May 10Surrendered in Bergen
Germany/Latvia Army Group Courland, in the Courland Pocket c. 180,000 (165,000 Germans, 15,000 Latvians) [1] Carl Hilpert May 10May 10
GermanyAll forces in Lorient c. 2,000?General Wilhelm Fahrmbacher May 10May 10
Germany U-249 44-60?Uwe KockMay 10May 10Surrendered in Portland, United Kingdom
GermanyU-1009, U-1058, U-1105 and U-1305180-216?Dietrich Zehle (U-1009), Hermann Bruder (U-1058), Hans-Joachim Schwarz (U-1105) and Helmuth Christiansen (U-1305)May 10May 10Surrendered in Loch Eriboll
Germany U-1023 44-52?Heinrich-Andreas SchroetelerMay 10May 10Surrendered in Weymouth, Dorset
Germany16 crew members on U-877 off Bergen16N/AMay 10May 10the rest continued on to Argentina
GermanyAll forces on Sark 281Vice Admiral Friedrich Hüffmeier May 9May 10
Galicia (Ukrainians) 1st Ukrainian Division of the Ukrainian National Army, in Italy25,000?Pavlo ShandrukMay 10May 10
Croatia 373rd (Croatian) Infantry Division, west of Sisak 2,000?Hans GravensteinMay 10May 10
EstoniaMost of the 20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS, at Mělník, Czechoslovakia7,000?Berthold MaackMay 11May 11Part of the III Panzer Corps
EstoniaElements of the 20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Estonian), in Czechoslovakia3,000unknownMay 11May 11
GermanyAll forces in Saint-Nazaire 28,000Major General Werner Junck May 10May 11
Germany Army Group Centre c. 580,000 [1] Ferdinand Schörner May 11May 11Schörner himself surrendered days later.
GermanyU-293, U-802 and U-826140-164?Erich Steinbrink (U-293), Helmut Schmoeckel (U-802) and Olaf LübckeMay 11May 11Surrendered in Loch Eriboll
GermanyU-300857?Helmut ManseckMay 11May 11Surrendered in Kiel
Croatia 369th (Croatian) Infantry Division, near Bleiburg, Austriac. 2,000Fritz NeidholdtMay 11May 11
Germans from various areas 7th SS Volunteer Mountain Division Prinz Eugen, in Celje, Slovenia20,000?August SchmidthuberMay 11May 11
GermanyAll forces on Crete 10,000General Hans-Georg Benthack May 10May 12Unconfirmed sources put the date in June
Croatia 13th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Handschar (1st Croatian) 12,000?Desiderius HampelMay 12May 12
GermanyAll forces on Guernsey 11,755VIce Admiral Friedrich Hüffmeier May 9May 12, at 2:00 PM
GermanyAll forces under Carl Friedrich von Pückler-Burghauss c. 6,000 [1] Carl Friedrich von Pückler-Burghauss May 12May 12
GermanyU-110944-52?Friedrich von RiesenMay 12May 12Surrendered in Loch Eriboll
GermanyU-21844?Rupprecht StockMay 12May 12Surrendered in Bergen
GermanyU-485 and U-54192-108? (44-60? on U-485 and 48 on U-541)Friedrich Lutz (U-485) and Kurt Petersen (U-541)May 12May 12Surrendered in Gibraltar
GermanyU-532, U-825, U-956 and U-1231184-216?Ottoheinrich Junker (U-532), Gerhard Stoelker (U-825), Hans-Dieter Mohs (U-956) and Helmut Wicke (U-1231)May 13May 13Surrendered in Loch Eriboll
GermanyU-73944-60?Johannes NeyMay 13May 13Surrendered in Emden, Germany
GermanyU-110244-57?Erwin SellMay 13May 13Surrendered in Hohwacht Bay
GermanyU-88948?Friedrich BraeuckerMay 13May 13Surrendered in Shelbourne, Canada
Russia Russian Liberation Army (1st Division)c. 20,000 [1] Sergei Bunyachenko May 14May 14Ordered to disband.
GermanyU-244, U-516, U-764 and U-1010180-220?Hans-Peter Mackeprang (U-244), Friedrich Petran (U-516), Hanskurt von Bremen (U-764) and Günther Strauch (U-1010)May 14May 14Surrendered in Loch Eriboll
GermanyU-111044-52?Joachim-Walter BachMay 14May 14Surrendered in List auf Sylt
GermanyU-100544-52?Hermann LauthMay 14May 14Surrendered in Bergen
GermanyU-232614-18?Karl JobstMay 14May 14Surrendered in Dundee
GermanyU-19048?Hans-Erwin ReithMay 14May 14Surrendered in the Bay of Bulls
GermanyU-85848?Thilo BodeMay 14May 14Surrendered in Lewes, Delaware
Germany Army Group E c. 13,000 [1] Alexander Löhr May 14May 14See Battle of Slivice
GermanyU-80548?Richard BernardelliMay 15May 15Surrendered in Portsmouth, New Hampshire
GermanyU-90148-56?Hans SchrenkMay 15May 15Surrendered in Stavanger
Germany U-2336 14-18?Emil KlusmeierMay 15May 15Surrendered in Kiel
Germany/Croatia/Slovenia/MontenegroA large column in Poljana, Prevalje 29,650 (1,000? Germans, 15,250? Croatians, 11,400 Slovenes, and 2,000 Montenegrins)N/AMay 15May 15, at 4 PMSee Battle of Poljana
GermanyAll forces on Alderney 3,202Vice Admiral Friedrich Hüffmeier May 16May 16
GermanyU-77648-56?Lothar MartinMay 16May 16Surrendered in Portland, United Kingdom
Germany U-873 55-64?Friedrich SteinhoffMay 16May 16Surrendered in Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Germany U-255 44-60?Helmut HeinrichMay 17May 17Surrendered in Loch Eriboll
GermanyU-122848?Friedrich-Wilhelm MarienfeldMay 17May 17Surrendered in Portsmouth, New Hampshire
CroatiaRemnants of the 13th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Handschar (1st Croatian), in Austriasee previous section on this divisionN/AMay 18May 18
Germany U-234 12Johann-Heinrich FehlerMay 19May 19Surrendered in Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Georgia Georgian Legion on Texel 226 [1] None (their commander, Shalva Loladze, was killed on April 23)May 20May 20see Georgian uprising on Texel

for more details

GermanyAll German forces on Texel 4,000 [1] Klaus Breitner May 20May 20Fighting against the Georgian Legion
GermanyA small company of soldiers on Minquiers reef[ citation needed ]80?N/AMay 23May 23
CroatiaRemnants of Croatian forces, in Odžak c. 1,800?N/AMay 25May 25Some soldiers became guerrillas and fought until spring 1947. Everyone else was KIA. See Battle of Odžak for more details
Germany U-530 48?Otto WermuthJuly 10July 10Surrendered at Mar del Plata
Germany U-977 28-44?Heinz SchäfferAugust 17August 17Surrendered at Mar del Plata (16 left the ship)
JapanAll forces on Bougainville Island 21,335 [2] Hitoshi Imamura August 21August 21
JapanAll forces in Manchuria 1,950,479 [2] Otozō Yamada August 22August 22
JapanAll forces on Mili Atoll c. 2,282 [3] Navy Captain Masanori Shiga August 22August 22
JapanAir force personnel in central Bukidnon 4,000 [2] UnknownAugust 23August 23
JapanAll forces on Shumshu 8,244Tsutsumi FusakiAugust 23August 23
JapanAll forces on Sakhalin 394,551 [2] Lieutenant General Kiichiro Higuchi August 25August 25
JapanPersonnel in the Infanta area of Southern Luzonc, 1,500 [2] August 30August 30
JapanAll forces on Marcus Island c. 2,542UnknownAugust 31August 31
JapanAll forces on Bangka Island and Billiton Island UnknownUnknownSeptember 1September 1
JapanAll forces in BataanUnknownUnknownSeptember 1September 1
Japan All Japanese forces 2,354,946 Yoshijirō Umezu September 2September 2, at 12:00 AMFormal surrender of all Japanese forces
JapanAll forces on Rota Island 2,665Shigeo IwagawaSeptember 2September 2, at 1:00 AM
JapanAll forces on Pagan c. 2,494 [3] Colonel UmehachiSeptember 2September 2
JapanAll forces in Penang 26,000 [4] [ full citation needed ]Jisaku UozamiSeptember 2September 2
JapanAll forces in Thailand 114,351 [2] Lieutenant Colonel HamadaSeptember 2September 2
JapanForces in the southern Cagayan Valley, in the PhilippinesUnknownColonel MatsuiSeptember 2September 2
JapanAll forces on Truk Atoll 28,000Shunzaburo MugikuraSeptember 3September 3
JapanAll forces in the Palau Islands 44,000Lieutenant General Sadae Inoue September 3September 3
JapanAll forces in the Bonin Islands 23,379 [2] Lieutenant Yoshio Tachibana September 3September 3
JapanAll forces in the Philippines 151,102 [2] Tomoyuki Yamashita September 3, at 12:10 PMSeptember 3
JapanForces in Cebu 2,900 [2] UnknownSeptember 4?September 4?
JapanForces in the Negros Occidental 1,400 [2] UnknownSeptember 4?September 4?
JapanForces on Mindoro 7,000 [2] UnknownSeptember 4?September 4?
JapanAll forces on Wake Island c. 4,139 [3] Rear Admiral Shigematsu Sakaibara September 4September 4
JapanAll forces on Aguigan c. 200Second Lieutenant Kinichi YamadaSeptember 4September 4
GermanyGarrison on Bear Island 11Lieutenant Wilhelm DegeSeptember 4September 4see Operation Haudegen for more details
JapanAll forces on Yap Island c. 5,917 [3] Colonel Daihachi Itoh September 5September 5
JapanAll forces in the Kuril Islands 70,136 [2] Tsutsumi FusakiSeptember 5September 5
JapanAll forces on Jaluit Atoll c. 2,311 [3] Captain Nisuke MasudaSeptember 5September 5
JapanAll forces on Ulithi September 5September 5
JapanA small force in the Capisayan District of the PhilippinesMore than 2,300 [2] UnknownSeptember 2September 6
JapanAll forces in the Bismarck Islands, Christmas Island, Wewak, the Solomon Islands and other Australian territories in the South Pacific139,000 (41,384 in the Bismarck Islands (including 47,000 on New Britain), [2] 29.059 in the Solomon Islands, [2] 8,000 on Wewak [2] and 13,557 in other Islands) Hitoshi Imamura (Army), Admiral Jinichi Kusaka (Navy)September 6, at 11:27 AMSeptember 6Unknown number of soldiers in Christmas Island
JapanAll forces in the Ryukyu Islands 62,414 [2] Lieutenant General Nomi Toshiro September 7September 7
JapanAll forces on Kusaie c. 4,511 [3] Lieutenant General Yoshikazu HiradaSeptember 8September 8
JapanThe Japanese Northern FleetSeptember 8September 8
JapanAll forces on Morotai and Halmahera 126,000 Heitarō Kimura September 9September 9
JapanAll forces in China 1,541,973 [2] Yasuji Okamura Morning of September 9September 9
JapanAll forces in Korea south of the 38th parallel 420,796Lieutenant General Yoshio KozukiAfternoon of September 9September 9
All forces in Korea, north of the 38th parallel 595,418Yoshio KozukiSeptember 9September 9
JapanAll forces in Borneo and the Dutch East Indies east of Lombok 42,459 (in Borneo) [2] Lieutenant General Fusataro Teshima September 8September 9
JapanA Japanese force in China [5] c. 140,000N/ASeptemberSeptemberJoined the Chinese Red Army
JapanAll forces on Wotje Atoll and Maeolap Atollc. 2,162 (1,066 on Wotje, 1,096 on Maeolap) [3] September 10September 10
JapanAll forces in North Borneo10,300Lieutenant General Masao BabaSeptember 10September 10
JapanAll forces in Labuansee forces in Sarawaksee forces in SarawakSeptember 10September 10
JapanAll forces in New Guinea 37,658 [2] Hatazō Adachi September 11September 11
Japan Thirty-Seventh Army, in Sarawak c. 15,000Lieutenant General Masao Baba September 11September 11
JapanAll forces in Timor 3,235Colonel Kaida Tatsuichi September 11September 11
JapanAll forces on Ponape Island c. 7,984 [3] Lieutenant General Masao Watanabe September 11September 11
JapanAll forces in Singapore and the Dutch East Indiesc. 585,000 (76,700 on Singapore, 65,540 on Java, [2] 188,546 in the Malay Pennsula, and 254,214 on the other islands) Hisaichi Terauchi September 12September 12Formal ceremony for the forces in the Malay Peninsula took place on February 22, 1946.
JapanAll forces on Nauru 3,745Captain Hisayuki SoedaSeptember 13September 13
JapanAll forces in Burma 71,733 [2] Hisaichi TerauchiSeptember 13September 13
JapanAll forces in Hong Kong 19,222General Takashi Sakai September 16September 16
JapanAll forces on Lamotrek September 16September 16
JapanAll forces on Namoluk September 17September 17
JapanAll forces on Woleai 1,600September 19September 19
Japan 38th Army in Indochina 106,184 [2] Lieutenant General Yuitsu Tsuchihashi September 28September 28
JapanAll forces in Miyako Island and on Ishigaki Island 32,000 (in the Miyako Islands)September 29September 29
JapanAll forces on Ocean Islandc. 760Lieutenant Nahoomi Suzuki October 1October 1
JapanAll forces on Tobi, Sonsorol, and Merir 1,339 (439 on Tobi, 639 on Sonsoral and 269 on Merir)October 6October 6
JapanAll forces in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands c. 600?October 7October 7
Japan North China Area Army Hiroshi NemotoOctober 10October 10
JapanThird Air FleetNoneOctober 15October 15
JapanAll forces on Puluwat c. 1,253 [3] Tatsuo YasuiOctober 16October 16
JapanAll forces in Sumatra 68,764 [2] Moritake TanabeOctober 21October 21
JapanAll forces in the Nomoi Islands c. 1,010 [3] UnknownOctober 21October 21
JapanAll forces in Taiwan, the Paracel Islands, and the Spratly Islands 488,417 (in Taiwan) [2] Rikichi Andō September 9 (In Taiwan)October 25
JapanMilitary personnel on Lukunor [6] [ full citation needed ]NovemberNovember
Japan Twelfth Air Fleet NoneNovember 30November 30

Table of Japanese holdouts

This table displays a chronology of Japanese holdouts throughout the Pacific. The pink-colored rows show unconfirmed holdouts, while the gray-colored rows show those holdouts who were aware the war was over, but did not surrender.

CountryForces the surrender applies toCommanding officerNumber of troops surrendered (if applicable)Date of surrender (if applicable)Notes
JapanA company of soldiers on Saipan Captain Sakae Ōba 47December 1, 1945
JapanHoldout on Corregidor [5] 1December 1945
JapanArmy personnel in Corregidor 20January 1, 1946
JapanUnit south of Manila48January 25, 1946originally 120, but many were killed
JapanA group of holdouts on Lubang30February 22, 1946
JapanGroup of holdouts on Lubang41Early April 1946
JapanMajor Sei Igawa in Indochina11946Volunteered as a staff officer with the Viet Minh; killed in a firefight with French troops.
JapanNavy Lieutenant HIdeo Horiuchi in Indonesia1August 13, 1946Volunteered as a Lieutenant Colonel in the Indonesian Army; arrested by Dutch troops.
JapanSoldiers under Ei Yamaguchi in PelelieuLIeutenant Ei Yamaguchi34April 1947
JapanMortar team on Palawan7April 1947
JapanStragglers in Luzon15April 1947
JapanStraggler in Guadalcanal1October 27, 1947
JapanParty of soldiers on Mindanao [5] 200January 1948
JapanSoldiers in Guam2May 12, 1948
JapanHoldouts in the mountains in Manchuria [5] c. 20,000late 1948
JapanNaval machine gunners Yamakage Kufuku and Matsudo Linsoki on Iwo Jima2January 6, 1949
JapanHoldouts in New Guinea81949
JapanCommander Namataro Nagai on New Guinea [5] 1before 1950
JapanPrivate First Class Yūichi Akatsu in the Philippine village of Looc, Occidental Mindoro 1March 1950Was on Lubang Island with Hiroo Onoda until surrender.
JapanMajor Takuo Ishii in Indochina1May 20, 1950Served with the Viet Minh as an adviser until he was killed by French troops.
JapanA petty officer on Anatahan Island 1June 13, 1951Reported the 18 men on Anatahan.
JapanHoldouts on Anatahan Island18June 27, 1951
JapanCorporal Shōichi Shimada on Lubang Island1May 1954Shimada was with Hiroo Onoda until the former's death in a shootout with Philippine police.
JapanLieutenant Kikuo Tanimoto in Indochina11954Volunteered as a Viet Minh adviser and commander. He returned to Japan after Vietnam's independence.
JapanStragglers in Hollandia [5] 21late 1954
JapanSeaman Noburo Kinoshita in the Luzon jungle1November 1955Hanged himself after being captured.
JapanJapanese airmen Simada Kakuo, Simokubo Kumao, Odjima Mamoru and Jaegasi Sanzo in Hollandia 41955Survivors of a larger group.
JapanSoldiers on Morotai 91956
JapanLieutenant Sigheichi Yamamoto and corporals Unitaro Ishii, Masajii Izumida and Juhie Nakano on Mindoro Lieutenant Sigheichi Yamamoto4November 1956
JapanPrivate Bunzō Minagawa on Guam 1May 1960
JapanSergeant Masashi Itō on Guam1May 23, 1960Mingawa's superior.
JapanA Lieutenant in Okinawa [5] 11963
JapanHoldout on Vella Lavella [5] 11965
JapanHoldout on Okinawa [5] 1Late 1960s-Early 1970sYear unknown
JapanCorporal Shoichi Yokoi on Guam1January 1972Served under Itō
JapanPrivate 1st Class KInshichi Kozuka on Lubang1October 1972Was with Hiroo Onoda until Kozuka died in a shootout with Philippine police.
JapanLIeutenant Hiroo Onoda 1March 1974
Taiwan (Amiss people)Private Teruo Nakamura on Morotai1December 18, 1974
JapanStraggler on Vella Lavella [5] 11978unconfirmed
JapanCaptain Fumio Nakaharu in Mount Halcon in the Philippines1January 1980There were reports of him holding out, but a search party found no evidence aside from some huts.
JapanHoldouts on Vella Lavella 21981/1989No evidence for the holdouts' existence.
JapanShigeyuki Hashimoto and Kiyoaki Tanaka in Thailand2January 1990
JapanPossible holdouts on Kolombangara2 or 31997
JapanA soldier in MindoroSangrayban1January 1997
JapanUnconfirmed holdouts in Mt. Makarakomburi [5] 02001Unlikely

Number of troops surrendered

If one were to add up all of these numbers (including the minimum number of crew members on the U-boats), the number of troops surrendered would be as follows (in order of number of troops and organized by ethnicity/nation);

Country of originApproximate number of soldiers surrendered
Russians70,000 (including 50,000 Cossacks)
Foreign-born Germans (Volksdeutsche)37,000
Other foreigners in the SS31,811
Galician Ukrainians25,000
Various Soviet Union people5,000

(NOTE: this table does not account for combat deaths.)


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Jones, Michael (2015). After Hitler: The Last Ten Days of World War II in Europe.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 "Chapter 14: Japan's Surrender". Reports of General MacArthur. 1. 1994 [1966].
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Takizawa (1) Alsleben (2), Akira (1) Allan (2) (1999–2000). "Japanese garrisons on the by-passed Pacific Islands 1944-1945". The Dutch East Indies 1941-1942. Archived from the original on 2016-01-06.
  4. "The Real Japanese Surrender". The Sunday Times.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 "Japanese holdouts: Registry". wanpela.com.
  6. The Typhoon of War: Micronesian Experiences in the Pacific War.