Tomb of Jesus

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The tomb of Jesus refers to any place where it is believed that Jesus was entombed [1] or interred. [2]

Contents

Proposed tombs

Places that have been proposed as the location of such a tomb include:

Church of the Holy Sepulchre

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is a church in the Christian Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. [3] It contains, according to traditions dating back to the fourth century, the two holiest sites in Christianity: the site where Jesus was crucified, [4] at a place known as Calvary or Golgotha, and Jesus's empty tomb, where he is believed by Christians to have been buried and resurrected. [5]

The marble covering protecting the original limestone slab upon which Jesus was thought to have been laid by Joseph of Arimathea had been temporarily removed for restoration and cleaning on October 26th 2016, as a result revealing the original slab for the first time since 1555. [6]

The Garden Tomb

The Garden Tomb is a rock-cut tomb in Jerusalem, which was unearthed in 1867 and is considered by some Protestants to be the tomb of Jesus. [7] The tomb has been dated by Israeli archaeologist Gabriel Barkay to the 8th–7th centuries BC. [8]

Talpiot Tomb

The Talpiot Tomb (or Talpiyot Tomb) is a rock-cut tomb discovered in 1980 in the East Talpiot neighborhood, five kilometers (three miles) south of the Old City in East Jerusalem. It contained ten ossuaries, six inscribed with epigraphs, including one interpreted as "Yeshua bar Yehosef" ("Jeshua, son of Joseph"), though the inscription is partially illegible, and its translation and interpretation is widely disputed. [9]

Roza Bal

The Roza Bal is a shrine located in the Khanyar quarter in downtown area of Srinagar in Kashmir, India. The word roza means tomb, the word bal mean place. [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] Locals believe a sage is buried here, Yuzasaf or Yuz Asaf (or Youza Asouph), alongside another Muslim holy man, Mir Sayyid Naseeruddin.

The shrine was relatively unknown until the founder of the Ahmadiyya movement, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, claimed in 1899 that it is actually the tomb of Jesus. [15] This view is maintained by Ahmadis today, though it is rejected by the local Sunni caretakers of the shrine, one of whom said "the theory that Jesus is buried anywhere on the face of the earth is blasphemous to Islam." [16]

Kirisuto no haka

Alleged tomb of Jesus in Shingo Village Tomb of Jesus Christ and his brother in Shingo Village.jpg
Alleged tomb of Jesus in Shingo Village

Shingō village is the location of what is purported to be the last resting place of Jesus, located in the Tomb of Jesus ( Kirisuto no haka ), and the residence of Jesus' last descendants, the family of Sajiro Sawaguchi. [17] According to the Sawaguchi family's claims, Jesus Christ did not die on the cross at Golgotha. Instead his brother, Isukiri, [18] took his place on the cross, while Jesus fled across Siberia to Mutsu Province, in northern Japan. Once in Japan, he changed his name to Torai Tora Daitenku, became a rice farmer, married a twenty-year old Japanese woman named Miyuko, and raised three daughters near what is now Shingō. While in Japan, it is asserted that he traveled, learned, and eventually died at the age of 106. His body was exposed on a hilltop for four years. According to the customs of the time, Jesus' bones were collected, bundled, and buried in the mound purported to be the grave of Jesus Christ. [19] [20]

See also

Related Research Articles

Church of the Holy Sepulchre Church in Jerusalem, Israel, containing the two holiest sites in Christianity

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is a church in the Christian Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. It contains, according to traditions dating back to the fourth century, the two holiest sites in Christianity: the site where Jesus was crucified, at a place known as Calvary or Golgotha, and Jesus's empty tomb, where he is believed by Christians to have been buried and resurrected. The tomb is enclosed by a 19th-century shrine called the Aedicula. The Status Quo, an understanding between religious communities dating to 1757, applies to the site.

Srinagar City in Jammu and Kashmir, India

Srinagar, is the largest city and the summer capital of the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It lies in the Kashmir Valley on the banks of the Jhelum River, a tributary of the Indus, and Dal and Anchar lakes. The city is known for its natural environment, gardens, waterfronts and houseboats. It is also known for traditional Kashmiri handicrafts like Kashmir shawls and also dried fruits. It is the northernmost city of India with over one million people.

Calvary Location outside Jerusalem

Calvary, or Golgotha, was, according to the canonical Gospels, a site immediately outside Jerusalem's walls where Jesus was crucified.

Shingō, Aomori Village in Tōhoku, Japan

Shingō is a village located in Aomori Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 March 2020, the village has an estimated population of 2,408 in 922 households and a population density of 16 persons per km². The total area of the village is 150.77 square kilometres (58.21 sq mi).

Jesus in Ahmadiyya Islam Jesus in Ahmadiyya Islam

The Ahmadiyya movement portrays Jesus as a human mortal man and a prophet of God, born to the virgin Mary. Jesus is understood to have survived the crucifixion based on the account of the gospels, hadith, and the Quran. Having delivered his message to the Israelites in Judea, Jesus is understood to have emigrated eastward to escape persecution from Judea and to have further spread his message to the Lost Tribes of Israel.

Tomb of the Virgin Mary

Church of the Sepulchre of Saint Mary, also Tomb of the Virgin Mary, is a Christian tomb in the Kidron Valley – at the foot of Mount of Olives, in Jerusalem – believed by Eastern Christians to be the burial place of Mary, the mother of Jesus. The Status Quo, a 250-year old understanding between religious communities, applies to the site.

Hazratbal Shrine Muslim shrine in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

The Hazratbal Shrine or Dargah Sharif is a Muslim shrine located in Hazratbal, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. It contains a relic, the Moi-e-Muqqadas, which is widely believed to be the hair of the main Islamic prophet, Muhammad. The name of the shrine is a combination of the Persian word Hazrat and the Kashmiri word bal.

Roza Bal Shrine located in the Khanyar quarter in downtown area of Srinagar in Kashmir

The Roza Bal or Rouza Bal or Rozabal is a shrine located in the Khanyar quarter in downtown area of Srinagar in Kashmir, India. The word roza means tomb, the word bal mean place. Locals believe a sage is buried here, Yuzasaf or Yuz Asaf, alongside another Muslim holy man, Mir Sayyid Naseeruddin.

The Garden Tomb

The Garden Tomb is a rock-cut tomb in Jerusalem, which was unearthed in 1867 and is considered by some Protestants to be the site of the burial and resurrection of Jesus. The tomb has been dated by Israeli archaeologist Gabriel Barkay to the 8th–7th centuries BC. The re-use of old tombs was not an uncommon practice in ancient times, but this would contradict the biblical text that speaks of a new, not reused, tomb made for himself by Joseph of Arimathea. Also, the trough in front of the tomb and the nearby cistern, described by proponents of the Garden Tomb as part of the tomb's sealing system and as the surrounding garden's source of water, respectively, have both been archaeologically dated to the Crusader period. The organisation maintaining the Garden Tomb refrains from claiming that this is the authentic tomb of Jesus, while pointing out the similarities with the site described in the Bible, and the fact that the Garden Tomb better preserves its ancient outlook than the more traditional, but architecturally altered and time-damaged tomb from the mostly crowded Church of the Holy Sepulchre; for all of these reasons, they suggest that the Garden Tomb is more evocative of the events described in the Gospels.

Jerusalem in Christianity

Jerusalem's role in first-century Christianity, during the ministry of Jesus and the Apostolic Age, as recorded in the New Testament, gives it great importance.

Brotherhood of the Holy Sepulchre Eastern Orthodox monastic fraternity

The Brotherhood of the Holy Sepulchre, or the Holy Community of the All-Holy Sepulchre, is an Eastern Orthodox monastic fraternity guarding the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and other Christian holy places in the Holy Land, founded in its present form during the British Mandate in Palestine (1920-1948). Headed by the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem, the brotherhood also administers the Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem, such as metropolitans, archbishops, bishops, archimandrites, hieromonks, hierodeacons, and monks.

The theory of Kashmiri descent from the lost tribes of Israel posits that the Kashmiri people of India and Pakistan originally descended from the Ten Lost Tribes.

Yuz Asaf

Youza Asaf, Youza Asaph, Youza Asouph, Yuz Asaf, Yuzu Asaf, Yuzu Asif, or Yuzasaf, are Arabic and Urdu variations of the name Josaphat, and are primarily connected with Christianized and Islamized versions of the life of the Buddha found in the legend of Barlaam and Josaphat.

<i>Jesus in India</i> (book)

Jesus in India is a treatise written by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement in 1889. The treatise, which was then published as a book, puts forward the view that Jesus survived crucifixion, left Judea and migrated eastward in order to continue his mission to the 'Lost Tribes of Israel', traveling through Persia and Afghanistan and eventually dying a natural and honourable death in Kashmir at an old age. Ghulam Ahmad applied textual analysis of both the Gospels and Islamic sources – the Quran and hadith – and also drew upon medical and historical material, including what he claimed were ancient Buddhist records, to argue his case. Modern scholars such as Norbert Klatt (1988) have rejected Ghulam Ahmad's use of these latter sources as misreadings of material unrelated to Jesus.

Khwaja Nazir Ahmad was an Ahmadiyya writer. After experiments with Hinduism and Christianity he converted back to Islam in 1919 and in 1923, aged 25, became imam of Woking's mosque. He returned to become a Senior Advocate of the Federal Court of Pakistan and an Advocate of His Majesty's High Court of Judicature at Lahore.

Paul Constantine Pappas is an American writer. He is professor of history at West Virginia Institute of Technology.

Khanyar Place in Jammu and Kashmir, India

Khanyar is a locality in downtown Srinagar in Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It lies about 4 kilometers north from Lal Chowk. This localty is known for the shrines of Dastgeer Sahib which holds the relic of Abdul Qadir Gilani and Roza Bal, tomb of Yuz Asaf.

Mai Mari da Ashtan

In recent Ahmadi Muslim belief, the Mai Mari da Ashtan is the burial place of Mary, mother of Jesus, at one extremity of Muree in Pakistan.

References

  1. Romey, Kristin (November 28, 2017). "Exclusive: Age of Jesus Christ's Purported Tomb Revealed". National Geographic .
  2. Lidz, Franz. "The Little-Known Legend of Jesus in Japan". Smithsonian. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  3. "Complete compendium of Church of the Holy Sepulchre". Madain Project. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  4. McMahon, Arthur L. (1913). "Holy Sepulchre". In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia . New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  5. "Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem". Jerusalem: Sacred-destinations.com. 21 February 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  6. Romey, Kristin (October 31, 2016). "Unsealing of Christ's Reputed Tomb Turns Up New Revelations". National Geographic. Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem's Old City. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  7. "Garden Tomb - the real place where Jesus was buried and resurrected?". Kaitholil.com. 2019-01-14. Retrieved 2019-01-16.
  8. Gabriel Barkay, The Garden Tomb, published in Biblical Archaeology Review March/April 1986
  9. Heiser, Michael. "Evidence Real and Imagined: Thinking Clearly About the "Jesus Family Tomb"" (PDF). pp. 9–13. Retrieved 2007-06-08.
  10. Ghulām Muhyi'd Dīn Sūfī Kashīr, being a history of Kashmir from the earliest times to our own 1974 – Volume 2 – Page 520 "Bal, in Kashmiri, means a place and is applied to a bank, or a landing place."
  11. B. N. Mullik – My years with Nehru: Kashmir – Volume 2 1971 – Page 117 "Due to the presence of the Moe-e-Muqaddas on its bank the lake gradually acquired the name Hazratbal (Bal in Kashmiri means lake) and the mosque came to be known as the Hazratbal Mosque. Gradually the present Hazratbal village grew ..."
  12. Nigel B. Hankin Hanklyn-janklin: a stranger's rumble-tumble guide to some words 1997 Page 125 (Although bal means hair in Urdu, in this instance the word is Kashmiri for a place – Hazratbal – the revered place.) HAZRI n Urdu Lit. presence, attendance. In British days the word acquired the meaning to Europeans and those associated with ..."
  13. Andrew Wilson The Abode of Snow: Observations on a Journey from Chinese Tibet to ... 1875 reprint 1993– Page 343 Bal means a place, and Ash is the satyr of Kashmir traditions."
  14. Parvéz Dewân Parvéz Dewân's Jammû, Kashmîr, and Ladâkh: Kashmîr – 2004 Page 175 "Manas means 'mountain' and 'bal' means 'lake' (or even 'place'). Thus, the ..."
  15. J. Gordon Melton The Encyclopedia of Religious Phenomena 2007 "Ahmad specifically repudiated Notovitch on Jesus' early travels to India, but claimed that Jesus did go there late in His life. The structure identified by Ahmad as Jesus' resting place is known locally as the Roza Bal (or Rauza Bal)."
  16. Times of India Tomb Raider: Jesus buried in Srinagar? 8 May 2010 "One of the caretakers of the tomb, Mohammad Amin, alleged that they were forced to padlock the shrine ... He believed that the theory that Jesus is buried anywhere on the face of the earth is blasphemous to Islam."
  17. "From Japanese text of the sign included in this article".
  18. "Japan Travel: Jesus in Japan". Metropolis. Archived from the original on 2006-08-25. Retrieved 2006-12-13.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  19. "The Japanese Jesus Trail". BBC. September 9, 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-13.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  20. "Land of the Rising Son". Fortean Times. May 1998. Archived from the original on 2007-03-10. Retrieved 2006-12-13.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)