Truth in Numbers?

Last updated

Truth in Numbers? Everything, According to Wikipedia
Truth in Numbers film poster.jpg
Film poster
Directed by Scott Glosserman
Nic Hill
Produced byMichael Ferris Gibson
Scott Glosserman
Nic Hill
CinematographyEric Koretz
John Murillo
Edited byMadeleine Gavin
Nic Hill
John Murillo
Music byJeff MacDonald
Production
company
Distributed by GlenEcho Entertainment
Release date
  • July 2010 (2010-07)
Running time
85 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$55,134

Truth in Numbers? Everything, According to Wikipedia is a 2010 American documentary film that explores the history and cultural implications of the online, editable encyclopedia Wikipedia. The film considers the question of whether all individuals or just experts should be tasked with editing an encyclopedia.

Contents

The site's history and background is given, along with commentary from Wikipedia founders Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger. Commentators that appear in the film include author Howard Zinn, Len Downie of The Washington Post , Bob Schieffer of CBS News, former Encyclopædia Britannica chief Robert McHenry and former Central Intelligence Agency director James Woolsey. The documentary discusses incidents that shed a negative light on Wikipedia, including the Essjay controversy and the Wikipedia biography controversy.

The long-delayed film premiered at Wikimania 2010 in Gdańsk in July 2010, and was screened at the Paley Center for Media in New York City in October 2010. It was shown as part of the Savannah Film Festival on November 3, 2010, at Savannah College of Art and Design's Trustees Theater. Truth in Numbers? received a mixed reception, with favorable commentary from author Ted Leonsis, in the AOL publication Urlesque, and coverage at the Savannah Film Festival by Carlos Serrano of District.

Contents

Truth in Numbers? Everything, According to Wikipedia, an American documentary film, [1] explores the history and cultural implications of Wikipedia. [2] The film presents Wikipedia as a new form of communication and cultural dialog. [3] The directors attempt to answer the question of whether ordinary individuals should be tasked with collecting knowledge for presentation online, or this should be relegated solely to academic scholars in specific fields. [4] The film gives an overview of the history of the enterprise, as well as biographical information on founder Jimmy Wales. [5] Wales is shown discussing Wikipedia with an Indian reader, who points out an inaccuracy in an article. [6] Wales proceeds to show the reader how to click the "edit" tab on the website. [6] Wikipedia founder Larry Sanger is featured in the documentary and speaks critically about the website's embracing of editors from the general public as opposed to soliciting expert contributors. [7]

Journalism and media commentators who appear and are interviewed in the film include author Howard Zinn; Len Downie, (executive editor of The Washington Post); Bob Schieffer (CBS News); Robert McHenry (former chief of Encyclopædia Britannica); R. James Woolsey Jr. (former director of the Central Intelligence Agency); Chris Wilson (reporter for Slate Magazine); [5] Cade Metz (reporter for The Register who has written critically about Wikipedia); Richard Branson [4] and Noam Chomsky. [8] The film documents an initiative in India and Africa called "Wikipedia Academies". [9] Controversies discussed in the film include the Essjay controversy, where a member of Wikipedia made false assertions about his academic background; [10] and the Wikipedia biography controversy, where false statements were inserted into the Wikipedia entry for journalist John Seigenthaler. [11] Musician KRS-One comments about the site after reading his biography on Wikipedia: "I can say to you, these are the facts but they are not true." [7]

Production

Conception

Documentary production team in Indonesia (February 2007) TeamAmericaandteamIndonesia(22-2-2007).jpg
Documentary production team in Indonesia (February 2007)

The idea for the film originated from a suggestion by Michael Ferris Gibson, who had made the 2005 documentary 24 Hours on Craigslist. [12] Gibson, a producer on the film, met with co-director Nic Hill. [2] Gibson financed Hill's travels while making the film. [2] The working title for the film was Truth in Numbers: The Wikipedia Story. [1] Gibson chose to finance the film through a request for funding from Internet visitors; the initial request drew in US$20,000 in initial investment. [1] The production team made their initial work on the project known to Internet viewers via the website www.wikidocumentary.org. [1] Another collaborative website focused on the documentary was formed at Wikia, [13] located at wikidocumentary.wikia.com. [14] [15] Regarding his financing strategy, Gibson commented to the San Francisco Chronicle , that smaller incremental donations from multiple individuals showed genuine interest in his initiative. [1]

Filming

Filming started in August 2006 at the Wikimania 2006 conference, and by April 2007 the team had aggregated 100 hours of footage. [12] Co-director Hill accompanied Wales during 2007, filming him as he journeyed around the globe. [16] Hill took a two-person film crew and traveled to China, Indonesia, India, South Africa, Australia and Europe, interviewing editors and contributors. [1] Hill is himself an editor of Wikipedia, starting an article about a graffiti artist. [16] Gibson and Hill required expertise in the creative and funding aspects of film-making and invited Scott Glosserman to join the venture. [2] Glosserman's involvement with the film began during the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike. [17] After Glosserman signed on, the breadth of the endeavor became larger. [2] The film ended up taking an additional three years to finish after Glosserman joined the production. [2]

Eric Koretz served as director of photography; he joined the team during a shift in focus in January 2008. [5] Koretz used a Panasonic AG-HPX500 P2 HD camcorder. [5] He commented to industry publication Videography about the choice of technique, that due to the intensity of the production team's travel schedule tape format would not have been an option. [5] He stated he preferred using P2 cards over the HDD-based format due to its superior reliability. [5] During the editing process, Glen Echo Entertainment utilized eight Apple Macintosh computers with Intel processors, equipped with Apple's Final Cut Pro editing software. [5]

Re-focus

Nic Hill editing the movie Nic editing truth in numbers.jpg
Nic Hill editing the movie

Glosserman and the rest of the production team met together to put together a focus for the film; they centered their efforts on answering the question: "How does Wikipedia get at the truth?" [2] They also wanted to provide information for everyday individuals wanting to know about Wikipedia's background and functioning. [2] Experts were sought out, including the author of The Age of American Unreason Susan Jacoby, to discuss Wikipedia's approach to scholars knowledgeable about specific subject matter. [2] Glosserman commented in an interview with IndieWire , "We tried to get people offering compelling arguments for either side of any particular topic because our intention was to be objective and to let the viewer make up his or her own mind." [2] The narrative structure of the film What the Bleep Do We Know!? served as an inspiration for Glosserman during the production process. [2] As a non-profit project, the film had received more than $55,000 in donations by March 2009. [18]

Release

(left to right) The directors Nic Hill and Scott Glosserman with Jimmy Wales in Gdansk, July 10, 2010 Panel with directors and Jimmy Wales after Truth in Numbers premier at Wikimania 2010.jpg
(left to right) The directors Nic Hill and Scott Glosserman with Jimmy Wales in Gdańsk, July 10, 2010
Interview with Nic Hill about the documentary in Gdańsk (July 2010)

The release for the film was originally planned for 2007, then 2008 and 2009, before its 2010 release. [19] Clips of the film were shown at Wikimania 2007 in Taipei prior to its completion. [16] Editors in the audience had mixed views on the film. [16] In 2008, footage from the film was used in an official fundraising video by the Wikimedia Foundation. [20] The film had its premiere at Wikimania 2010 in Gdańsk in July 2010, [21] before an audience of approximately 300 people. [6] [22] A trailer for the movie was released in October 2010. [23]

The film was screened at the Paley Center for Media in New York City on October 20, 2010. [10] [24] It was shown in conjunction with the Robert M. Batscha University Seminar Series. [10] The Paley Center screening included an online streaming broadcast—the first simultaneous film screening and panel question-and-answer for online and local audiences. [25] [26] The panel discussion was moderated by The New York Times journalist Noam Cohen, and featured both co-directors, in addition to Wikimedia Foundation representative Samuel Klein and Wikipedian in Residence at the British Museum Liam Wyatt. [25] After the event, SnagFilms subsequently made the film available for free for six days to viewers in the United States. [25] [27]

The film was screened at the Savannah Film Festival on November 3, 2010, [28] at Savannah College of Art and Design's Trustees Theater. [29] [30] It was scheduled for a limited theatrical release in the United States on November 30, 2010. [31]

Reception

Wales wrote favorably about the film in 2007 during its production, and noted, "Director Nic Hill is making what looks to be a fabulous film about Wikipedia and Wikipedians worldwide." [13] However, Wales commented negatively about the delayed release, in a statement to PRNewser. [32] He said the movie was dated due to its delay. [32] He commented that the documentary was lopsided towards reliance on expert commentary and did not feature enough weight towards depicting community involvement in the online project. [32] Wales posted to a Wikimedia Foundation mailing list, "the film was poorly received in Poland, and it is seriously out of date." [33] Larry Sanger commented he thought the film was, "Not too bad, from what I saw." [34] Wikimedia Foundation board member Samuel Klein commented, "In general, I like the film a lot more after seeing it for the second time, in a very different audience (and seeing their live reactions)." [35] Sage Ross, an attendee of Wikimania 2010, commented that the film appears to take a mainly negative point of view towards Wikipedia, "The film gives a lot of focus to some shallow or misleading lines of criticism, and on an intellectual level, it comes off as largely anti-Wikipedia, contrasting the reasonable-sounding arguments of mature critics with the naive optimism of youthful Wikipedians." [4] Author Ted Leonsis commented favorably about the documentary, at his blog, Ted's Take, [36] characterizing it as, "A great film about the Wikipedia movement." [36] He concluded, "This is a must see film, a premiere[ sic ] film. You gotta watch it to remain socially relevant!" [36]

Daniel D'Addario reviewed the documentary for the AOL Inc. publication, Urlesque. [37] D'Addario commented, "the film raises interesting questions about authority, only somewhat intentionally." He noted the dated bits observing, "Truth in Numbers? may well be coming too late." D'Addario concluded his assessment by noting that at the time of his review, the Wikipedia article for the film was under threat of being deleted: "According to the site, the entry for Truth in Numbers? is being considered for deletion – it links to few other articles on the site, and is an 'orphan.' Given the tenor of Truth in Numbers?, which combines avid interest in Wikipedia with wide-eyed dismay at much of its particulars, this is either very surprising or not surprising at all." [37]

In his review for the Savannah Film Festival, Carlos Serrano of District wrote that though the subject matter covered a lot of ground, it utilized an efficient presentation: "Sounds like a lot to put in to one movie, but the film manages to make good use of its 85 minute running time." [38] Serrano commented on the presentation of Jimmy Wales during the film, "In the end, I came out of the theater thinking of him as a three-dimensional figure, very much a man with passion but neither completely good or evil. To be honest, this is very important in a film like this and is a definite plus for the movie." Serrano recommended the documentary, and concluded, "This is definitely a solid film. ... This film is definitely worth a viewing. It’s interesting, well made, and presents varied perspectives on Wikipedia that help the narrative stay interesting." [38]

See also

Related Research Articles

History of Wikipedia Historical development of Wikipedia

Wikipedia began with its first edit on 15 January 2001, two days after the domain was registered by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger. Its technological and conceptual underpinnings predate this; the earliest known proposal for an online encyclopedia was made by Rick Gates in 1993, and the concept of a free-as-in-freedom online encyclopedia was proposed by Richard Stallman in 1998.

German Wikipedia German language edition of Wikipedia

The German Wikipedia is the German-language edition of Wikipedia, a free and publicly editable online encyclopedia.

Jimmy Wales Wikipedia co-founder (born 1966)

Jimmy Donal Wales, also known on Wikipedia by the pseudonym Jimbo, is an American-British Internet entrepreneur, webmaster, and former financial trader. He is a co-founder of the online non-profit encyclopedia Wikipedia and the for-profit web hosting company Wikia, later renamed Fandom. Wales has worked on other online projects, including Bomis, Nupedia, WikiTribune, and WT Social.

Essjay controversy Controversy over a Wikipedia user and Wikia employees identity

The Essjay controversy centered on Ryan Jordan, a Wikipedia editor who went by the username Essjay. On Wikipedia, he falsely presented himself as a university professor of religion. He was active from 2005 to 2008, and was elected to top positions of trust by the community, including the rank of administrator and arbitration committee member. In July 2006, The New Yorker published an article about "Essjay", and mentioned that he was a university professor of religion. The New Yorker later acknowledged that they did not know his real name. The controversy came to involve Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales who, after initially defending Jordan, eventually asked for his resignation in March 2007.

Asturian Wikipedia

The Asturian Wikipedia is the Asturian language edition of Wikipedia started in July 2004. As of 26 April 2022, the Asturian Wikipedia has 129,580 articles, making it the 63rd-largest Wikipedia. It also has 103,639 registered users, most of them global accounts created automatically, since the monthly active users amount to 117 of which 11 are administrators. It has 3,632,560 edits. The Asturian Wikipedia ranks 16th among Wikipedias by articles per speaker population.

Kazakh Wikipedia

The Kazakh Wikipedia is the Kazakh language edition of the free online encyclopedia Wikipedia, founded on 2 June 2002.

Wikimedia Foundation American charitable organization

Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization headquartered in San Francisco, California, registered as a foundation under US law. It owns and operates the Wikimedia projects.

Wikimania Official annual conference hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation

Wikimania is the Wikimedia movement's annual conference, organized by volunteers and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. Topics of presentations and discussions include Wikimedia projects such as Wikipedia, other wikis, open-source software, free knowledge and free content, and social and technical aspects related to these topics.

Bomis Dot-com company

Bomis was a dot-com company best known for supporting the creations of free-content online-encyclopedia projects Nupedia and Wikipedia. It was co-founded in 1996 by Jimmy Wales, Tim Shell, and Michael Davis. By 2007, the company was inactive, with its Wikipedia-related resources transferred to the Wikimedia Foundation.

<i>The Truth According to Wikipedia</i> 2008 Dutch film

The Truth According to Wikipedia, also referred to as Wiki's Truth, is a Dutch documentary about Wikipedia directed by IJsbrand van Veelen. It was screened at The Next Web conference in Amsterdam on 4 April 2008 and broadcast by the Dutch documentary series Backlight on Nederland 2 on 7 April 2008. It was subsequently made available through American Public Television.

Nic Hill American film director (born 1981)

Nic Hill is an American film director. He has directed films including Truth in Numbers?, Tokyo to Osaka, and Piece by Piece.

Wikipedia community Community of contributors to Wikipedia

The Wikipedia community is the community that creates and maintains the online encyclopedia Wikipedia. Editors may be known as Wikipedians, a word which was added to the Oxford Dictionary in August 2012.

Wiki Conference India is a national Wikipedia conference organised in India. The first Wiki Conference India conference was held in November 2011, in Mumbai, the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It was organised by the Mumbai Wikipedia community in partnership with Wikimedia India Chapter with the support of the Wikimedia Foundation. The conference is positioned as the annual national flagship event for Wikimedia in India and is open to participation from citizens of all nations. The focus is on matters concerning India on Wikipedia projects and other sister projects in English and other Indian folk languages.

Rémi Mathis French historian and librarian

Rémi Mathis is a French historian and curator.

Ihor Kostenko Ukrainian journalist and activist

Ihor Ihorovych Kostenko was a Ukrainian journalist, student activist and Wikipedian killed during the Euromaidan events.

Wikimedian of the Year Annual award established by Jimmy Wales

The Wikimedian of the Year is an annual award that honors Wikipedia editors and other contributors to Wikimedia projects to highlight major achievements within the Wikimedia movement, established in August 2011 by Wikipedia's co-founder Jimmy Wales. Wales selects the recipients and honors them at Wikimania, an annual conference of the Wikimedia Foundation—except in 2020, when the recipient was announced at an online meeting as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic. From 2011 to 2017, the award was named Wikipedian of the Year.

Women in Red WikiProject to address the systemic gender bias in Wikipedia

Women in Red is a WikiProject addressing the current gender bias in Wikipedia content. The project focuses on creating content regarding women's biographies, women's works, and women's issues.

Sandister Tei Ghanaian journalist and Wikimedian

Sandister Tei is a Ghanaian media professional who was named the Wikimedian of the Year in October 2020 by Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales. She is the co-founder and an active volunteer of Wikimedia Ghana User Group.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Hart, Hugh (March 11, 2007). "Industry Buzz". San Francisco Chronicle . www.sfgate.com. Retrieved September 19, 2010.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 "Midterm Madness. Wikipedia Exposed: Scott Glosserman on his Provocative Documentary". IndieWire . www.indiewire.com. October 21, 2010. Retrieved October 27, 2010.
  3. "Wikipedia, le film". Premiere.fr (in French). www.premiere.fr. February 5, 2009. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
  4. 1 2 3 Haines, Lester (July 16, 2010). "Reg hack gives forth in Wikipedia doco". The Register . www.theregister.co.uk. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Staff (September 25, 2008). "Wikipedia Documentary "Truth in Numbers?" Shot with Panasonic P2". Videography. www.videography.com. Archived from the original on July 28, 2011. Retrieved November 10, 2010. alternate link Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
  6. 1 2 3 Hamann, Mathias (July 12, 2010). "Woodstock im Schatten der Zensur". Süddeutsche Zeitung (in German). Munich, Germany: Südwestdeutsche Medienholding.
  7. 1 2 "Wiki movie stirs geeky trouser worms". The Inquirer. www.theinquirer.net. August 6, 2007. Archived from the original on June 9, 2011. Retrieved November 10, 2010.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  8. Underdog Pictures (2007). "Synopsis". Website: Truth in Numbers – The Wikipedia Story. Archived from the original on March 24, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
  9. McIntosh, Ewan (December 4, 2007). "The truth in numbers: creating communities". Ewan McIntosh's edu.blogs.com. edu.blogs.com. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
  10. 1 2 3 "Truth in Numbers? Everything, According to Wikipedia". The Paley Center for Media. www.paleycenter.org. 2010.
  11. Foglia, Marc (March 11, 2009). "Scott Glosserman fait tout un cinéma sur Wikipédia". Rue89 (in French). www.rue89.com. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
  12. 1 2 "LunchMeet: Truth In Numbers, the Wikipedia Story". Podtech.net. www.podtech.net; Interview with Nic Hill. April 5, 2007. p. Time index: at 6:40, 10:10, 11:00. Archived from the original on December 1, 2007.
  13. 1 2 Wales, Jimmy (February 16, 2007). "Truth in Numbers". Jimmy Wales: Free knowledge for free minds. jimmywales.com. Retrieved November 16, 2010.
  14. Okoli, Chitu (2008). "A Brief Review of Studies on Open Source Software in Developing Countries in Peer-Reviewed Journals". Sprouts: Working Papers on Information Systems. Sprouts Alliance. 8 (45). ISSN   1535-6078. Archived from the original on July 16, 2012. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
  15. Okoli, Chitu (2009). "Beyond Open Source Software: An Introduction to Researching Open Content and Wikipedia". Sprouts: Working Papers on Information Systems. Sprouts Alliance. 9 (64). ISSN   1535-6078. Archived from the original on July 19, 2012. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
  16. 1 2 3 4 Cohen, Noam (August 4, 2007). "Cheers and Boos as Wikipedians See Themselves on Film". The New York Times . Retrieved October 26, 2010.
  17. Brown, Todd (February 4, 2009). "News: Scott Glosserman adds to the Wiki..." Twitch. twitchfilm.com. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
  18. Devillard, Arnaud (March 12, 2009). "Wikipedia, le film". 01.net.com (in French). www.01net.com.
  19. "Chérie, je t'emmène voir Wikipedia au ciné !". Les news cinéma de fluctuat.net (in French). cinema.fluctuat.net. February 5, 2009. Archived from the original on July 23, 2011. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
  20. Wikimedia Foundation (October 2008). "Free Access To All Human Knowledge, A Video Appeal From Wikipedia Founder Jimmy Wales". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved November 28, 2010.
  21. Jopkiewicz, Izabela (July 8, 2010). "Gdańsk. Rusza światowy zjazd Wikipedystów". Gazeta Wyborcza (in Polish). trojmiasto.gazeta.pl/. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
  22. "Truth in Numbers?". Wikimania 2010. wikimania2010.wikimedia.org. Retrieved October 27, 2010.
  23. "Truth in numbers trailer". Trailerdownload.net. www.trailerdownload.net. 2010. Archived from the original on November 1, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2010.
  24. "Release info". Internet Movie Database . www.imdb.com. 2010.
  25. 1 2 3 Spiers, Katherine (October 19, 2010). "American Premiere of 'Wikipedia' Movie Will Also Stream Online". The Wrap. www.thewrap.com. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
  26. Thompson, Anne (October 20, 2010). "Paley Center and SnagFilms Stream Live Doc Debut". Digital Future. IndieWire. Archived from the original on November 25, 2010. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
  27. Merin, Jennifer (October 20, 2010). "Snag Truth By Numbers on October 21". Documentaries Guide. The New York Times Company . Retrieved November 11, 2010.
  28. "Schedule" (PDF). Savannah Film Festival. www.scad.edu. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 21, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  29. "What to watch...". Savannah Morning News . Savannah, Georgia. October 28, 2010. p. 12E.
  30. "Savannah Film Festival 2010". Savannah Morning News . Savannah, Georgia. November 3, 2010. p. 1E.
  31. "Truth in Numbers? (2010)". Moviefone. www.moviefone.com. 2010. Archived from the original on November 1, 2010. Retrieved October 27, 2010.
  32. 1 2 3 Lazarus, Nancy (October 15, 2010). "Jimmy Wales: 'Wikipedia Assumes Good Faith'". PRNewser. www.mediabistro.com. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
  33. Wales, Jimmy (October 21, 2010). "Truth in numbers". WikiX-l. lists.wikimedia.org. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
  34. Sanger, Larry (November 2, 2010). "Truth in Numbers". Twitter . twitter.com. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
  35. Klein, Samuel (October 21, 2010). "Truth in numbers". WikiX-l. lists.wikimedia.org. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
  36. 1 2 3 Leonsis, Ted (October 22, 2010). "Truth in Numbers?". Ted's Take. www.tedstake.com. Archived from the original on January 5, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
  37. 1 2 D'Addario, Daniel (November 2, 2010). "'Truth in Numbers? Everything, According to Wikipedia' – The Documentary Reviewed". Urlesque. AOL Inc. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
  38. 1 2 Serrano, Carlos (November 3, 2010). ""Truth in Numbers" raises insightful questions". District. www.scaddistrict.com; Savannah Film Festival Coverage; Savannah College of Art and Design. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010. Retrieved November 10, 2010.

Further reading