Wawa, Pennsylvania

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Wawa, Pennsylvania
Wawa Dairy Farms.JPG
The Wawa dairy building
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Wawa
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
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Wawa
Wawa (the United States)
Coordinates: 39°54′06″N75°27′35″W / 39.90167°N 75.45972°W / 39.90167; -75.45972 Coordinates: 39°54′06″N75°27′35″W / 39.90167°N 75.45972°W / 39.90167; -75.45972
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Delaware
Borough Chester Heights (partial)
Township Middletown Township (partial)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
19063
Area code(s) 610 and 484

Wawa is an unincorporated community located in Delaware County, in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania in Greater Philadelphia, partially in Middletown Township and partially in Chester Heights Borough. [1]

Unincorporated area Region of land not governed by own local government

In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by a local municipal corporation; similarly an unincorporated community is a settlement that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country. Occasionally, municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, and services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are very rare; typically remote, outlying, sparsely populated or uninhabited areas.

Delaware County, Pennsylvania County in Pennsylvania, United States

Delaware County, colloquially referred to as Delco, is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. With a population of 562,960, it is the fifth most populous county in Pennsylvania, and the third smallest in area. The county was created on September 26, 1789, from part of Chester County, and named for the Delaware River.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.

Contents

History

In the 1700s people from Philadelphia and New Jersey settled Wawa due to the community's abundance of water. Various mills, including gristmills and paper mills, opened on area creeks. [2] Wawa was originally known as Pennellton [3] and Grubb's Bridge. When Edward Worth built an estate here, he named it "Wawa", [4] the Ojibwe word for "wild goose", [lower-alpha 1] because of the flocks of geese attracted to the still water behind Lenni milldam. The name had been transferred to the town by 1884. [3]

Philadelphia Largest city in Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, known colloquially as Philly, is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2018 census-estimated population of 1,584,138. Since 1854, the city has had the same geographic boundaries as Philadelphia County, the most populous county in Pennsylvania and the urban core of the eighth-largest U.S. metropolitan statistical area, with over 6 million residents as of 2017. Philadelphia is also the economic and cultural anchor of the greater Delaware Valley, located along the lower Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis. The Delaware Valley's population of 7.2 million ranks it as the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States.

New Jersey U.S. state in the United States

New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. It is a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York; on the east, southeast, and south by the Atlantic Ocean; on the west by the Delaware River and Pennsylvania; and on the southwest by the Delaware Bay and Delaware. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, making it the most densely populated of the 50 U.S. states with its biggest city being Newark. New Jersey lies completely within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U.S. state by median household income as of 2017.

Ojibwe Group of indigenous peoples in North America

The Ojibwe, Ojibwa, Chippewa, or Saulteaux are an Anishinaabe people of Canada and the United States. They are one of the most numerous indigenous peoples north of the Rio Grande. In Canada, they are the second-largest First Nations population, surpassed only by the Cree. In the United States, they have the fifth-largest population among Native American peoples, surpassed in number only by the Navajo, Cherokee, Choctaw and Sioux.

Forge Hill was added to the National Register of Historic Places on March 7, 1973. [5]

Forge Hill United States national historic site

Forge Hill is a historic home located at Wawa, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. It was built between 1798 and 1800, and is a ​2 12-story, fieldstone dwelling with a ​1 12-story ell added in 1936, during a complete restoration.

National Register of Historic Places Federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred in preserving the property.

Cynthia Mayer of the Philadelphia Inquirer said in 1989 that there was "the indignity of being from a town now associated with convenience store (Wawa Inc.). Unlike, say, Hershey, Pa. - or Wawa's cherished dairying past - outsiders now tend to associate Wawa with Chee-tos, emergency toilet paper errands and Super Squeezers." [6]

Eight weeks before June 15, 1989, Wawa Inc. announced that it planned to expand its Wawa dairy, which is located in Middletown Township. Walter Kirby, head of the Wawa Farms Association, alerted residents of the Wawa community, and they appeared in large numbers at a meeting. Kirby said that residents did not want the dairy to expand, but they preferred having a dairy to other types of development. [6]

Middletown Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania Home Rule Municipality in Pennsylvania, United States

Middletown Township is a township in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 15,807 at the 2010 census. The Pennsylvania State University has an undergraduate satellite campus called Penn State Brandywine located in the north-central portion of the township, while Neumann University, a private co-educational Franciscan university, is located in nearby Aston Township.

Geography

Wawa is located in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, partially in Middletown Township and partially in Chester Heights Borough. Cynthia Mayer of the Philadelphia Inquirer said that Wawa "doesn't bother to conveniently contain itself within either municipality" because the community predates that of the county and both municipalities. [1] As of 1989 Wawa has several open fields, various estates, the Wawa Inc. corporate headquarters, and what Mayer said was "what may be the last dairy farm in Delaware County." [2] Mayer said that the dairy "gives Wawa its flavor" and, in 1989, it "both preserves Wawa as a neighborhood and threatens it, according to some residents." [1]

Chester Heights, Pennsylvania Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Chester Heights is a borough in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 2,531 at the 2010 census. Most of the borough lies south of U.S. 1, about a mile southwest of Wawa.

Baltimore Pike splits Wawa into east and west sections. As of 1989, according to Cynthia Mayer of the Philadelphia Inquirer , "traffic clogs" Baltimore Pike. [6]

Cityscape

Cynthia Mayer of the Philadelphia Inquirer said that open land "characterizes" the community and that Wawa overall is "quite simply, beautiful." [2] She attributed the overall aesthetic to the Wawa Inc. dairy and the Wood family, which had a long history with the Wawa company. [1] The houses within Wawa are mostly stone houses erected in the 18th century. Some houses are 19th century wooden houses which have large porches. [1] Mayer said that the roads, such as Valley Road and Wawa Road "are narrow and winding and take you through dappled woods, only occasionally interrupted by a house." [1] Mayer said that many residents lived on acres formerly occupied by Wawa farmland. In 1989 Walter Kirby, the head of the Wawa Farms Association, recalled that the Wawa dairy began selling 5-acre (2.0 ha) lots of what was its farmland beginning in 1940. [1] In 1989 Kirby said, as paraphrased by Mayer, that "Wawa residents are both grateful to the dairy and wary of its success" because they "realize Wawa has remained a pocket of green space because the Wood family owns so much land." [6]

Boundaries

In 1989 Cynthia Mayer of the Philadelphia Inquirer said that "In fact, the most remarkable thing about Wawa [...] is that no one can agree on where it is, really. It is a place where a lot of people would like to live, and so a lot say they do. But ask them where the boundaries of Wawa are, and, well...." [2] W. Bruce Clark, the manager of Middletown Township, said that "No one's ever drawn a line on a map saying this is where Wawa begins and ends." [1] Fritz Schroeder, the vice president of Wawa Inc. and a resident of Wawa, said "Wawa is a state of mind. If you want to be in Wawa, you can be in Wawa." [1] In 1989 Mayer said that many residents, including Walter Kirby, the head of the Wawa Farms Association, said that because they lived on land formerly occupied by cows, they lived in Wawa. [1]

Demographics

According to Cynthia Mayer of the Philadelphia Inquirer , as of 1989, population estimates ranged from five families to 265 families. Mayer said that "one longtime resident on Wawa Road" estimated that it was five families, while 68-year-old Walter Kirby, the head of the Wawa Farms Association, estimated that it was 265 families. [1]

Transportation

The Wawa train station and junction served the Pennsylvania Railroad's (PRR) three branch lines:

  1. West Chester Branch, now the SEPTA Media/Elwyn Line, Currently inactive west of Elwyn, but plans are in place to restore service west to a new park-and-ride facility in Wawa.
  2. Chester Creek Branch. PRR's successor Penn Central ended train service in 1971, following damage to the line from severe storms in both 1971 and 1972. SEPTA currently owns the right-of-way, and the railroad bed is to be converted into a paved trail.
  3. Octoraro Branch. Penn Central ended service in 1971 between Wawa and Chadds Ford, following damage to the line from the same severe storms described above. SEPTA owns the right-of-way and leases the section south of Chadds Ford to short-line freight railroads.

The SEPTA rail service to Wawa ended in September 1986. Cynthia Mayer of the Philadelphia Inquirer said that resulted in "a meaningless station stop sign at the end of a flooded dirt road." [6]

Economy

"Red Roof" at Wawa headquarters in the portion of Wawa in Chester Heights, Pennsylvania Wawa Red Roof.JPG
"Red Roof" at Wawa headquarters in the portion of Wawa in Chester Heights, Pennsylvania

The headquarters of Wawa Food Markets is located in the portion of Wawa in Chester Heights. [2] [7] [8] [9] [10] As of 2011 about 300 employees work in the headquarters. The Borough of Chester Heights receives a majority of its local services tax from employees of Wawa Inc. [9]

The previous Franklin Mint site was in Middletown Township. [11] Cynthia Mayer of the Philadelphia Inquirer said in 1989 that "Some people also say [Wawa] is home to the Franklin Mint, but the mint has named its immediate environs Franklin Center - a slap in the face to Wawa, perhaps, but mint officials say it is really just a matter of convenience, considering the volume of mail they receive." [2] Since then the Franklin Mint had relocated.[ citation needed ]

Government and infrastructure

In 1989 Bruce Clark, the manager of Middletown Township, said that the township, as paraphrased by Cynthia Mayer of the Philadelphia Inquirer , "doesn't really recognize Wawa as anything more than a neighborhood." [6]

As of 1989 the Media, Pennsylvania United States Postal Service post office serves Wawa. According to Ron Lincoln, an employee of the Media Post Office as of 1989, the previous post office that served Wawa, Darling Post Office, closed in 1973 or 1974. [6] In 1989 Lincoln said that many residents write "Wawa, Pennsylvania" as their return addresses, and particularly older residents have this habit. Lincoln said in 1989 that sometimes the Media Post Office sometimes stamps letters asking for residents to "Please notify correspondent of your correct address" but that the tactic rarely is successful. [6] During the same year, Linda Del Piano, another Media Post Office employee, said "It's like a sore point with them. They don't want to change. There is no Wawa, Pa." [6]

Education

The borough of Chester Heights is in the Garnet Valley School District, [12] while Middletown Township is in the Rose Tree Media School District. [13]

Notes

  1. The word was popularized by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's The Song of Hiawatha , published in 1855.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Mayer, Cynthia. "Pay A Visit To Wawa, The Place." Philadelphia Inquirer . June 15, 1989. D4. p. 2. Retrieved on September 16, 2012. "Part of it is in Middletown, and part of it is in Chester Heights Borough. Because Wawa predates both municipalities - as a settlement, it even predates Delaware[...]"
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Mayer, Cynthia. "Pay A Visit To Wawa, The Place." Philadelphia Inquirer . June 15, 1989. D4. p. 1. Retrieved on September 16, 2012.
  3. 1 2 Thompson, Maria M.; Price, Donald H. (2004). Wawa. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 31–32.
  4. Ashmead, Henry Graham (1884). History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: L. H. Everts & Co. p. 298. Retrieved 2006-08-09.; Ashmead, published in 1884, does not provide a date, but John W. Jordan, A History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania, and Its People (NY 1914) page 726, says Edward Worth was born in 1843 - only 12 years before the publication of Longfellow's Hiawatha, and by 1887 was president of a prosperous feldspar mining company, and apparently still alive in 1914.
  5. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Mayer, Cynthia. "Pay A Visit To Wawa, The Place." Philadelphia Inquirer . June 15, 1989. D4. p. 4. Retrieved on September 16, 2012.
  7. "Wawa > WaWa Profile > Company Profile" . Retrieved 2006-08-09. "Headquarters Red Roof, Baltimore Pike Wawa, Pennsylvania 19063."
  8. "Chester Heights borough, Pennsylvania." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on February 18, 2011.
  9. 1 2 Stark, Kenn. "Chester Heights mulls options in light of proposed tax hike." Delaware County Daily Times . Monday December 5, 2011. Retrieved on September 16, 2012. "Currently, about 300 Wawa employees work at the Red Roof corporate headquarters in Chester Heights."
  10. "Borough of Chester Heights Zoning Map." (Archive) Borough of Chester Heights. Retrieved on September 16, 2012.
  11. Alburger, Bette. "Franklin Mint site draws continued concern in Middletown." Delco News Network. Journal Register Company. Thursday October 7, 2010. Retrieved on September 16, 2012.
  12. Hoffner, Gloria A. "Brothers Share Joy In Schools' Top Awards The Costellos Head 2 National Blue Ribbon Award Districts. If They Compete, It Is Over How Good Their Schools Can Become." Philadelphia Inquirer . June 4, 2000. Retrieved on September 16, 2012.
  13. "2012 Budget." Middletown Township (Delaware County). Retrieved on September 16, 2012.