Weldon, North Carolina

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Weldon, North Carolina
NCMap-doton-Weldon.PNG
Location of Weldon, North Carolina
Coordinates: 36°25′36″N77°36′6″W / 36.42667°N 77.60167°W / 36.42667; -77.60167 Coordinates: 36°25′36″N77°36′6″W / 36.42667°N 77.60167°W / 36.42667; -77.60167
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Halifax
Area
  Total2.9 sq mi (7.4 km2)
  Land2.9 sq mi (7.4 km2)
  Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
72 ft (22 m)
Population
  Total1,655
  Estimate 
(2016) [1]
1,575
  Density582/sq mi (224.7/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
27890
Area code(s) 252
FIPS code 37-71780 [2]
GNIS feature ID1023152 [3]
Website www.historicweldonnc.com

Weldon is a town in Halifax County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 1,655 at the 2010 census. [4] It is part of the Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Halifax County, North Carolina County in the United States

Halifax County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 54,691. Its county seat is Halifax.

North Carolina State of the United States of America

North Carolina is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It borders South Carolina and Georgia to the south, Tennessee to the west, Virginia to the north, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. North Carolina is the 28th-most extensive and the 9th-most populous of the U.S. states. The state is divided into 100 counties. The capital is Raleigh, which along with Durham and Chapel Hill is home to the largest research park in the United States. The most populous municipality is Charlotte, which is the second-largest banking center in the United States after New York City.

Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina City in North Carolina, United States

Roanoke Rapids is a city in Halifax County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 15,754 at the 2010 census. It is the principal city of the Roanoke Rapids Micropolitan Statistical Area, and is also a part of the Golden East metro area.

Contents

History

In 1752, Daniel Weldon purchased 1,273 acres of land on the Roanoke River. His plantation became known as Weldon's Landing. As it was just below the fall line, Weldon's Landing was the westernmost point of navigation along the Roanoke. [5]

Roanoke River river in Virginia and North Carolina, United States

The Roanoke River is a river in southern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina in the United States, 410 miles (660 km) long. A major river of the southeastern United States, it drains a largely rural area of the coastal plain from the eastern edge of the Appalachian Mountains southeast across the Piedmont to Albemarle Sound. An important river throughout the history of the United States, it was the site of early settlement in the Virginia Colony and the Carolina Colony. An 81-mile (130 km) section of its lower course in Virginia between the Leesville Lake and Kerr Lake is known as the Staunton River, pronounced, as is the Shenandoah Valley city of that name. It is impounded along much of its middle course to form a chain of reservoirs.

Atlantic Seaboard fall line escarpment in the Eastern United States

The Atlantic Seaboard Fall Line, or Fall Zone, is a 900-mile (1,400 km) escarpment where the Piedmont and Atlantic coastal plain meet in the eastern United States. Much of the Atlantic Seaboard fall line passes through areas where no evidence of faulting is present.

The Roanoke Canal was built in 1823 to bypass the rapids and open up trade to Virginia. The aqueduct across Chockoyotte creek was built near Weldon's Landing, bringing an economic boom to the area. The canal is now dry, and is a hiking trail open to the public.

Roanoke Canal

Roanoke Canal is a historic canal located near Roanoke Rapids, Halifax County, North Carolina. It was built as part of the Roanoke Navigation System and extends from Roanoke Rapids Lake southeast seven miles to the canal's return into the Roanoke River at Weldon, North Carolina. The Roanoke Navigation System was planned to connect the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. The earliest sections were built under the direction of civil engineer Hamilton Fulton. Extant structures include the middle or lift locks, the aqueduct (1821-1823), and the three-story brick mill (1892) and powerhouse.

Aqueduct (bridge) structure constructed to convey water

Bridges for conveying water, called aqueducts or water bridges, are constructed to convey watercourses across gaps such as valleys or ravines. The term aqueduct may also be used to refer to the entire watercourse, as well as the bridge. Large navigable aqueducts are used as transport links for boats or ships. Aqueducts must span a crossing at the same level as the watercourses on each end. The word is derived from the Latin aqua ("water") and ducere. A modern version of an aqueduct is a pipeline bridge.They may take the form of underground tunnels, networks of surface channels and canals, covered clay pipes or monumental bridges.

Weldon was the first railroad hub in the American South. The Seaboard and Roanoke Railroad terminated in Weldon. In 1841, the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad was completed, also terminating in Weldon. At the time, it was the longest railroad in the world. This led to the incorporation of the town in 1843.

Rail transport Conveyance of passengers and goods by way of wheeled vehicles running on rail tracks

Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks. It is also commonly referred to as train transport. In contrast to road transport, where vehicles run on a prepared flat surface, rail vehicles are directionally guided by the tracks on which they run. Tracks usually consist of steel rails, installed on ties (sleepers) and ballast, on which the rolling stock, usually fitted with metal wheels, moves. Other variations are also possible, such as slab track, where the rails are fastened to a concrete foundation resting on a prepared subsurface.

Southern United States Cultural region of the United States

The southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America. It is located between the Atlantic Ocean and the western United States, with the midwestern United States and northeastern United States to its north and the Gulf of Mexico and Mexico to its south.

The Seaboard and Roanoke Railroad was organized in 1833 to extend from the area of the rapids of the Roanoke River at its fall line near Weldon, North Carolina to Portsmouth, Virginia, across the Elizabeth River from Norfolk on the harbor of Hampton Roads.

The Petersburg and Roanoke Railroad in 1848 and the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad in 1853 both extended to terminate in Weldon. [6]

Petersburg Railroad

The Petersburg Railroad ran from Petersburg, Virginia, south to Garysburg, North Carolina, from which it ran to Weldon via trackage rights over the Seaboard and Roanoke Railroad.

Raleigh and Gaston Railroad

The Raleigh and Gaston Railroad was a Raleigh, North Carolina-based railroad opened in April 1840 between Raleigh and the town of Gaston, North Carolina, on the Roanoke River. It was North Carolina's second railroad. The length was 100 miles (160 km) and built with 4 ft 8 in gauge. The The Raleigh and Gaston's tracks remains in service today as part of CSX's S Line as the Norlina Subdivision of CSX's Florence Division.

During the Civil War, both railroad bridges over the Roanoke were burned. Only the Seaboard and Roanoke rebuilt their bridge.

American Civil War Civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865

The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The most studied and written about episode in U.S. history, the Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.

Grace Episcopal Church and the Weldon Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [7]

Geography

Weldon is located in northern Halifax County at 36°25′36″N77°36′6″W / 36.42667°N 77.60167°W / 36.42667; -77.60167 (36.426567, -77.601597). [8] It is bordered to the west by Roanoke Rapids, the county's largest community, and to the north by Northampton County, across the Roanoke River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.4 km2), all of it land. [4]

U.S. Route 301 passes through the town, leading south 38 miles (61 km) to Rocky Mount and north 19 miles (31 km) to Emporia, Virginia. U.S. Route 158 runs east-west through the town, connecting the downtown area with Interstate 95 at the town's western border. US 158 leads east 29 miles (47 km) to Murfreesboro and west 4 miles (6 km) into the southern part of Roanoke Rapids. Interstate 95 leads north to Emporia and south to Rocky Mount, providing a highway alternative to US 301.

Located on the Roanoke River, Weldon calls itself the "Rockfish Capital of the World" [9] due to abundant fishing during the May spawning season.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 208
1880 932348.1%
1890 1,28638.0%
1900 1,43311.4%
1910 1,99939.5%
1920 1,872−6.4%
1930 2,32324.1%
1940 2,3410.8%
1950 2,295−2.0%
1960 2,165−5.7%
1970 2,3046.4%
1980 1,844−20.0%
1990 1,392−24.5%
2000 1,374−1.3%
2010 1,65520.5%
Est. 20161,575 [1] −4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]

As of the census [2] of 2000, there were 1,374 people, 532 households, and 358 families residing in the town. The population density was 775.5 people per square mile (299.7/km²). There were 624 housing units at an average density of 352.2 per square mile (136.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 36.17% White, 62.74% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population.

There were 532 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.4% were married couples living together, 22.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the town, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 23.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,668, and the median income for a family was $35,750. Males had a median income of $26,154 versus $25,438 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,322. About 18.6% of families and 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.5% of those under age 18 and 16.1% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

Education

The local education agency in Weldon is Weldon City Schools. In addition to an elementary school, middle school and Weldon High School, the city is home to Roanoke Valley Early college. [13]

See also

Related Research Articles

Northampton County, North Carolina County in the United States

Northampton County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,099. Its county seat is Jackson.

Halifax, North Carolina Town in North Carolina, United States

Halifax is a town in Halifax County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 234 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Halifax County. It is also known as "The Birthplace of Freedom" for being the location for the adoption of the Halifax Resolves, which was the first official action by a colony calling for independence. Halifax is also home to the Halifax Historic District, a historic site operated by the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources.

Hobgood, North Carolina Town in North Carolina, United States

Hobgood is a town in Halifax County, North Carolina, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 348. It is part of the Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Littleton, North Carolina Town in North Carolina, United States

Littleton is a town in Halifax County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 674 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area.

South Rosemary, North Carolina Census-designated place in North Carolina, United States

South Rosemary is an unincorporated area and census-designated place (CDP) in Halifax County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 2,836 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area.

South Weldon, North Carolina Census-designated place in North Carolina, United States

South Weldon is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Halifax County, North Carolina, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the CDP population was 705. It is part of the Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Parmele, North Carolina Town in North Carolina, United States

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Conway, North Carolina Town in North Carolina, United States

Conway is a town in Northampton County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 836 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Gaston, North Carolina Town in North Carolina, United States

Gaston is a town in Northampton County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 1,152 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Jackson, North Carolina Town in North Carolina, United States

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Lasker, North Carolina Town in North Carolina, United States

Lasker is a town in Northampton County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 122 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Seaboard, North Carolina Town in North Carolina, United States

Seaboard is a township in Northampton County, North Carolina, United States, created as a company town by the Seaboard and Roanoke Railroad about 10 miles northeast of Weldon, North Carolina in the mid-1840s as a place for railroad employees to live.

Severn, North Carolina Town in North Carolina, United States

Severn is a town in Northampton County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 276 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Woodland, North Carolina Town in North Carolina, United States

Woodland is a town in Northampton County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 809 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Plymouth, North Carolina Town in North Carolina, United States

Plymouth is the largest town in Washington County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 3,878 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Washington County. Plymouth is located on the Roanoke River about seven miles (11 km) upriver from its mouth into the Albemarle Sound in North Carolina's Inner Banks region.

Drakes Branch, Virginia Town in Virginia, United States

Drakes Branch is a town in Charlotte County, Virginia, United States. The population was 530 at the 2010 census.

Locust, North Carolina City in North Carolina, United States

Locust is a small rural city in Stanly and Cabarrus counties in the U.S. state of North Carolina. The population was 2,930 at the 2010 census.

The Rocky Mount-Wilson-Roanoke Rapids Combined Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of seven counties in Northeastern North Carolina and Southern Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the CSA had a population of 340,195.

References

  1. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Weldon town, North Carolina". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  5. "Weldon NC". www.weldonnc.com. Retrieved 2018-04-11.
  6. "The First Railroad Hub of the South - Weldon NC - Weldon, NC - Town of Weldon NC Official Website". www.historicweldonnc.com. Retrieved 2018-04-11.
  7. National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service.
  8. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. "Town of Weldon NC – Welcome!". Town of Weldon, North Carolina. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  10. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. Pro Football Reference. (n.d.) Retrieved June 26, 2018, from https://www.pro-football-reference.com/schools/high_schools.cgi?id=93b8df5c
  12. Pro Football Reference. (n.d.) Retrieved June 26, 2018, from https://www.pro-football-reference.com/schools/high_schools.cgi?id=93b8df5c
  13. http://rvec.weldoncityschools.org/