Xylariales

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Xylariales
Xylaria hypoxylon.jpg
Xylaria hypoxylon
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Sordariomycetes
Subclass: Xylariomycetidae
O.E.Erikss. & Winka (1997)
Order: Xylariales
Nannf. (1932)
Families

Genera incertae sedis:

The Xylariales are an order of fungi within the class Sordariomycetes (also known as Pyrenomycetes), subdivision Pezizomycotina, division Ascomycota. It is the only order of the subclass Xylariomycetidae. Xylariales was circumscribed in 1932 by Swedish mycologist John Axel Nannfeldt, [1] and Xylariomycetidae by Ove Erik Eriksson and Katarina Winka in 1997.

In biological classification, the order is

  1. a taxonomic rank used in the classification of organisms and recognized by the nomenclature codes. Other well-known ranks are life, domain, kingdom, phylum, class, family, genus, and species, with order fitting in between class and family. An immediately higher rank, superorder, may be added directly above order, while suborder would be a lower rank.
  2. a taxonomic unit, a taxon, in that rank. In that case the plural is orders.

In biological classification, class is a taxonomic rank, as well as a taxonomic unit, a taxon, in that rank. Other well-known ranks in descending order of size are life, domain, kingdom, phylum, order, family, genus, and species, with class fitting between phylum and order. As for the other well-known ranks, there is the option of an immediately lower rank, indicated by the prefix sub-: subclass. For example, dogs are in the class Mammalia.

Sordariomycetes class of fungi

Sordariomycetes is a class of fungi in the subdivision Pezizomycotina (Ascomycota), consisting of 28 orders, 90 families, 1344 genera. Sordariomycetes is from the Latin sordes (filth) because some species grow in animal feces, though growth habits vary widely across the class.

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Ostropales order of fungi

The Ostropales are an order of fungi in the class Lecanoromycetes. The order was circumscribed by Swedish botanist John Axel Nannfeldt in 1932.

The Hyponectriaceae are a family of fungi in the order Xylariales.

The Graphostromataceae are a family of fungi in the order Xylariales. This is a monotypic family, containing the single genus Graphostroma, which in turn contains the single species Graphostroma platystoma.

Diatrypaceae family of fungi

The Diatrypaceae are a family of fungi in the order Xylariales. According to a 2008 estimate, the family has 13 genera and 229 species.

The Clypeosphaeriaceae are a family of fungi in the order Xylariales.

Jobellisia is a genus of fungi within the family Jobiellaceae, class Sordariomycetes. The genus was circumscribed by Margaret Elizabeth Barr-Bigelow in 1993 with J. luteola as the type species. It contains species that grow on dead wood and bark in tropical and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere.

<i>Helvella cupuliformis</i> species of fungus

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Diamantinia is a genus of fungi in the Xylariales order of the Ascomycota. The relationship of this taxon to other taxa within the order is unknown, and it has not yet been placed with certainty into any family. This is a monotypic genus, containing the single species Diamantinia citrina.

Lasiobertia is a genus of fungi in the Xylariales order of the Ascomycota. The relationship of this taxon to other taxa within the order is unknown, and it has not yet been placed with certainty into any family.

Palmicola is a genus of fungi in the Xylariales order of the Ascomycota. The relationship of this taxon to other taxa within the order is unknown, and it has not yet been placed with certainty into any family.

Pulmosphaeria is a genus of fungi in the Xylariales order of the Ascomycota. The relationship of this taxon to other taxa within the order is unknown, and it has not yet been placed with certainty into any family. This is a monotypic genus, containing the single species Pulmosphaeria archontophoenicis.

Yuea is a genus of fungi in the Xylariales order of the Ascomycota. The relationship of this taxon to other taxa within the order is unknown, and it has not yet been placed with certainty into any family. Yuea is a monotypic, containing the single species Y. chusqueicola.

Ophiostomataceae family of fungi

The Ophiostomataceae are a family of fungi in the Ascomycota, class Sordariomycetes. The family was circumscribed by J.A. Nannfeldt in 1932. Species in the family have a widespread distribution, and are typically found in temperate regions, as pathogens of both coniferous and deciduous trees.

John Axel Nannfeldt Swedish botanist

John-Axel Nannfeldt, born 18 January 1904 in Trelleborg and deceased 4 November 1985 in Uppsala, was a Swedish botanist and mycologist.

Dacryonaema is a genus of fungi in the Dacrymycetales order. The genus is monotypic, containing the single species Dacryonaema rufum, found in Europe. Dacryonaema was circumscribed by Swedish botanist John Axel Nannfeldt in 1947.

The Cainiaceae are a family of two genera of fungi in the order Xylariales. The family was circumscribed by John C. Krug in 1979.

<i>Sarcodon glaucopus</i> species of fungus

Sarcodon glaucopus is a species of tooth fungus in the family Bankeraceae. Found in Europe, it was described as new to science in 1969 by mycologists Rudolph Arnold Maas Geesteranus and John Axel Nannfeldt. Fruit bodies contain cyathane diterpenes called glaucopins that have anti-inflammatory activity in laboratory tests. It is considered vulnerable in Switzerland.

Sarcodon lundellii is a species of tooth fungus in the family Bankeraceae. Found in Europe, it was described as new to science in 1969 by mycologists Rudolph Arnold Maas Geesteranus and John Axel Nannfeldt.

References

  1. Nannfeldt JA. (1932). "Studien über die morphologie und systematik der nichtlichenisierten inoperculaten Discomyceten". Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis. IV (in German). 8 (2): 1–368 (see p. 66).