28th parallel north

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In Mexico the parallel defines the border between the states of Baja California and Baja California Sur. 28th parallel Mexico.svg
In Mexico the parallel defines the border between the states of Baja California and Baja California Sur.

The 28th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 28 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America and the Atlantic Ocean.

Circle of latitude Geographic notion

A circle of latitude on Earth is an abstract east–west circle connecting all locations around Earth at a given latitude.

Degree (angle) angle unit; π/180 radians

A degree, usually denoted by °, is a measurement of a plane angle, defined so that a full rotation is 360 degrees.

True north is the direction along Earth's surface towards the geographic North Pole or True North Pole.

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In Mexico the parallel defines the border between the states of Baja California and Baja California Sur.

Mexico country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Baja California Federal entity in Mexico

Baja California, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Baja California, is a state in Mexico. It is the northernmost and westernmost of the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. Before becoming a state in 1952, the area was known as the North Territory of Baja California. It has an area of 70,113 km2 (27,071 sq mi), or 3.57% of the land mass of Mexico and comprises the northern half of the Baja California Peninsula, north of the 28th parallel, plus oceanic Guadalupe Island. The mainland portion of the state is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, on the east by Sonora, the U.S. state of Arizona, and the Gulf of California, and on the south by Baja California Sur. Its northern limit is the U.S. state of California.

Baja California Sur State of Mexico

Baja California Sur, officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur, is the second-smallest Mexican state by population and the 31st admitted state of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.

This parallel also passes through Mount Everest, the tallest mountain on Earth, passing just north of its summit.

Mount Everest Earths highest mountain, part of the Himalaya between Nepal and China

Mount Everest, known in Nepali as Sagarmatha (सगरमाथा) and in Tibetan as Chomolungma (ཇོ་མོ་གླང་མ), is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. The international border between Nepal and China runs across its summit point.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 13 hours, 55 minutes during the summer solstice and 10 hours, 22 minutes during the winter solstice. [1]

Sun Star at the centre of the Solar System

The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System. It is a nearly perfect sphere of hot plasma, with internal convective motion that generates a magnetic field via a dynamo process. It is by far the most important source of energy for life on Earth. Its diameter is about 1.39 million kilometers, or 109 times that of Earth, and its mass is about 330,000 times that of Earth. It accounts for about 99.86% of the total mass of the Solar System. Roughly three quarters of the Sun's mass consists of hydrogen (~73%); the rest is mostly helium (~25%), with much smaller quantities of heavier elements, including oxygen, carbon, neon, and iron.

Summer solstice astronomical phenomenon

The summer solstice, also known as midsummer, occurs when one of the Earth's poles has its maximum tilt toward the Sun. It happens twice yearly, once in each hemisphere. For that hemisphere, the summer solstice is when the Sun reaches its highest position in the sky and is the day with the longest period of daylight. At the pole, there is continuous daylight around the summer solstice. On the summer solstice, Earth's maximum axial tilt toward the Sun is 23.44°. Likewise, the Sun's declination from the celestial equator is 23.44°.

Winter solstice astronomical phenomenon marking the day with the shortest period of daylight and the longest night of the year

The winter solstice, also known as midwinter, occurs when one of the Earth's poles has its maximum tilt away from the Sun. It happens twice yearly, once in each hemisphere. For that hemisphere, the winter solstice is the day with the shortest period of daylight and longest night of the year, when the Sun is at its lowest daily maximum elevation in the sky. At the pole, there is continuous darkness or twilight around the winter solstice. Its opposite is the summer solstice.

Around the world

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 28° north passes through:

Co-ordinatesCountry, territory or seaNotes
28°0′N0°0′E / 28.000°N 0.000°E / 28.000; 0.000 (Prime Meridian) Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria
28°0′N9°55′E / 28.000°N 9.917°E / 28.000; 9.917 (Libya) Flag of Libya.svg  Libya
28°0′N25°0′E / 28.000°N 25.000°E / 28.000; 25.000 (Egypt) Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt
28°0′N33°27′E / 28.000°N 33.450°E / 28.000; 33.450 (Red Sea) Red Sea Gulf of Suez
28°0′N33°48′E / 28.000°N 33.800°E / 28.000; 33.800 (Egypt) Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt Sinai Peninsula - passing just north of Sharm El Sheikh
28°0′N34°26′E / 28.000°N 34.433°E / 28.000; 34.433 (Red Sea) Red Sea Straits of Tiran
28°0′N34°30′E / 28.000°N 34.500°E / 28.000; 34.500 (Saudi Arabia) Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia Island of Tiran
28°0′N34°33′E / 28.000°N 34.550°E / 28.000; 34.550 (Red Sea) Red Sea
28°0′N35°10′E / 28.000°N 35.167°E / 28.000; 35.167 (Saudi Arabia) Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia
28°0′N48°46′E / 28.000°N 48.767°E / 28.000; 48.767 (Persian Gulf) Persian Gulf
28°0′N51°20′E / 28.000°N 51.333°E / 28.000; 51.333 (Iran) Flag of Iran.svg  Iran
28°0′N62°47′E / 28.000°N 62.783°E / 28.000; 62.783 (Pakistan) Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Balochistan
Sindh
Punjab
28°0′N70°21′E / 28.000°N 70.350°E / 28.000; 70.350 (India) Flag of India.svg  India Rajasthan
28°0′N70°35′E / 28.000°N 70.583°E / 28.000; 70.583 (Pakistan) Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Punjab
28°0′N71°54′E / 28.000°N 71.900°E / 28.000; 71.900 (India) Flag of India.svg  India Rajasthan
Haryana
Rajasthan
Haryana
Uttar Pradesh
28°0′N81°38′E / 28.000°N 81.633°E / 28.000; 81.633 (Nepal) Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal
28°0′N85°57′E / 28.000°N 85.950°E / 28.000; 85.950 (China) Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  People's Republic of China Tibet - for about 14 km
28°0′N86°5′E / 28.000°N 86.083°E / 28.000; 86.083 (Nepal) Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal For about 11 km
28°0′N86°12′E / 28.000°N 86.200°E / 28.000; 86.200 (China) Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  People's Republic of China Tibet - for about 30 km
28°0′N86°30′E / 28.000°N 86.500°E / 28.000; 86.500 (Nepal) Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal Mount Everest lies on the parallel as it crosses from Nepal to China
28°0′N86°53′E / 28.000°N 86.883°E / 28.000; 86.883 (China) Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  People's Republic of China Tibet
28°0′N88°25′E / 28.000°N 88.417°E / 28.000; 88.417 (India) Flag of India.svg  India Sikkim
28°0′N88°50′E / 28.000°N 88.833°E / 28.000; 88.833 (China) Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  People's Republic of China Tibet
28°0′N88°27′E / 28.000°N 88.450°E / 28.000; 88.450 (Bhutan) Flag of Bhutan.svg  Bhutan
28°0′N91°0′E / 28.000°N 91.000°E / 28.000; 91.000 (China) Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  People's Republic of China Tibet - for about 15 km
28°0′N91°9′E / 28.000°N 91.150°E / 28.000; 91.150 (Bhutan) Flag of Bhutan.svg  Bhutan
28°0′N91°27′E / 28.000°N 91.450°E / 28.000; 91.450 (China) Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  People's Republic of China Tibet
28°0′N92°43′E / 28.000°N 92.717°E / 28.000; 92.717 (India) Flag of India.svg  India Arunachal Pradesh - partly claimed by Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  People's Republic of China
28°0′N97°23′E / 28.000°N 97.383°E / 28.000; 97.383 (Myanmar) Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar (Burma)
28°0′N98°8′E / 28.000°N 98.133°E / 28.000; 98.133 (China) Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  People's Republic of China Yunnan
Sichuan
Yunnan
Sichuan
Yunnan
Sichuan
Guizhou
Hunan
Jiangxi
Fujian
Zhejiang - passing through Wenzhou
28°0′N120°57′E / 28.000°N 120.950°E / 28.000; 120.950 (East China Sea) East China Sea
28°0′N129°5′E / 28.000°N 129.083°E / 28.000; 129.083 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean Passing through the Amami Islands, Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
Passing just north of the Bonin Islands, Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
Passing just south of Midway Atoll, Flag of the United States.svg  United States Minor Outlying Islands
Passing just north of Pearl and Hermes Atoll, Hawaii, Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Passing just south of Cedros Island, Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
28°0′N114°12′W / 28.000°N 114.200°W / 28.000; -114.200 (Mexico) Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Baja California/Baja California Sur border
28°0′N112°46′W / 28.000°N 112.767°W / 28.000; -112.767 (Gulf of California) Gulf of California
28°0′N111°10′W / 28.000°N 111.167°W / 28.000; -111.167 (Mexico) Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
28°0′N100°0′W / 28.000°N 100.000°W / 28.000; -100.000 (United States) Flag of the United States.svg  United States Texas - mainland and San José Island
28°0′N96°54′W / 28.000°N 96.900°W / 28.000; -96.900 (Gulf of Mexico) Gulf of Mexico
28°0′N82°50′W / 28.000°N 82.833°W / 28.000; -82.833 (United States) Flag of the United States.svg  United States Florida - island of Clearwater Beach and the mainland
28°0′N80°31′W / 28.000°N 80.517°W / 28.000; -80.517 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean Passing just south of the island of La Gomera, Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
28°0′N16°42′W / 28.000°N 16.700°W / 28.000; -16.700 (Spain) Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Island of Tenerife
28°0′N16°38′W / 28.000°N 16.633°W / 28.000; -16.633 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean
28°0′N15°49′W / 28.000°N 15.817°W / 28.000; -15.817 (Spain) Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Island of Gran Canaria
28°0′N15°22′W / 28.000°N 15.367°W / 28.000; -15.367 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean Passing just south of the island of Fuerteventura, Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
28°0′N12°32′W / 28.000°N 12.533°W / 28.000; -12.533 (Morocco) Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
28°0′N8°40′W / 28.000°N 8.667°W / 28.000; -8.667 (Algeria) Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria
Vangelis Greek composer of electronic, progressive, ambient, jazz, pop rock, and orchestral music

Evángelos Odysséas Papathanassíou, known professionally as Vangelis, is a Greek musician and composer of electronic, progressive, ambient, jazz, and orchestral music. He is best known for his Academy Award-winning score to Chariots of Fire, also composing scores for the films Blade Runner, Missing, Antarctica, The Bounty, 1492: Conquest of Paradise, and Alexander, and the use of his music in the PBS documentary Cosmos: A Personal Voyage by Carl Sagan.

<i>1492: Conquest of Paradise</i> (album) 1992 soundtrack album by Vangelis

1492: Conquest of Paradise is a 1992 music score by Greek electronic composer and artist Vangelis. The film, a recount of the voyage to America in 1492 by Christopher Columbus, was directed by Ridley Scott, for whom Vangelis had previously composed the music score for Blade Runner, in 1982. The album and the single "Conquest of Paradise" enjoyed a revival in 1995 for various reasons and broke many sales records.

See also

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45th parallel south circle of latitude

The 45th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 45° south of the Earth's equator.

43rd parallel north

The 43rd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 43 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

44th parallel north circle of latitude

The 44th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 44 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

35th parallel north circle of latitude

The 35th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 35 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America and the Atlantic Ocean.

55th parallel north circle of latitude

The 55th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 55 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

10th parallel north circle of latitude

The 10th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 10 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean, Central America, South America and the Atlantic Ocean.

20th parallel north circle of latitude

The 20th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 20 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, North America, the Caribbean and the Atlantic Ocean.

50th parallel north circle of latitude

The 50th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 50 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

70th parallel north circle of latitude

The 70th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 70 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane, in the Arctic. It crosses the Atlantic Ocean, Europe, Asia and North America, and passes through some of the southern seas of the Arctic Ocean.

30th parallel south circle of latitude

The 30th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 30 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses the Atlantic Ocean, Africa, the Indian Ocean, Australasia, the Pacific Ocean and South America.

15th parallel north circle of latitude

The 15th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 15 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, Central America, the Caribbean and the Atlantic Ocean.

25th parallel north circle of latitude

The 25th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 25 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, North America and the Atlantic Ocean.

35th parallel south circle of latitude

The 35th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 35 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, Australasia, the Pacific Ocean and South America.

65th parallel north circle of latitude

The 65th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 65 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses the Atlantic Ocean, Europe, Asia and North America.

28th parallel south circle of latitude

The 28th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 28 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses the Atlantic Ocean, Africa, the Indian Ocean, Australasia, the Pacific Ocean and South America.

18th parallel north circle of latitude

The 18th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 18 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, Central America, the Caribbean and the Atlantic Ocean.

12th parallel north circle of latitude

The 12th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 12 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, the Indian Ocean, South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean, Central America, South America and the Atlantic Ocean.

29th parallel north circle of latitude

The 29th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 29 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America and the Atlantic Ocean.

27th parallel north circle of latitude

The 27th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 27 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America and the Atlantic Ocean.

References