Andong Province

Last updated
former province of the Republic of China
安東省
Antung Province

(1945-1949)
ROC Div Andong.svg
Capital Tunghwa
former province of the People's Republic of China
辽东省
Liaodong Province

(1949-1954)
PRC-Liaodong.png
Capital Andong (present name: Dandong)

Andong / Antung (Wade-Giles) (traditional Chinese :安東省; simplified Chinese :安东省; pinyin :Āndōng Shěng), or Liaodong (simplified Chinese :辽东省; traditional Chinese :遼東省; pinyin :Liáodōng Shěng) was a former province in Northeast China, located in what is now part of Liaoning and Jilin provinces. It was bordered on the southeast by the Yalu River, which separated it from Korea.

Contents

History

The name of the province Antung in Chinese means "pacify the east" and was likely inspired by the Protectorate General to Pacify the East established during the Tang Dynasty.

Antung Province was first created in 1934 as an anto (province) of the Japanese-controlled Empire of Manchukuo, when the former Fengtian Province was divided into three parts: Antung Province, Fengtian Province and Jinzhou Province. Antung was further sub-divided in 1939 into Antung Province and Tonghua Province.

After the annexation of Manchukuo by the Republic of China after the end of World War II, the Kuomintang reunited Antung and Tonghua, and continued to recognize the area as Antung Province. However, under the administration of the People's Republic of China, Antung Province was renamed as Liaodong Province and it was abolished in 1954, and its area was divided between Liaoning Province and Jilin Province.

Administration division

The capital of Antung Province from 19341939 was Tonghua, in modern-day Jilin. However, after the 1939 administrative reorganization of the province, the capital moved to Antung, an important border town between Manchukuo and Korea, and a major center on the railroad from Korea to Mukden.

The area of the province (from 19341939 and 19451954) was 62,160 km2 (24,000 sq mi).

19491954

NameAdministrative SeatSimplified ChineseHanyu PinyinSubdivisions
AndongAndong安东市Āndōng Shì6 districts
YingkouYingkou营口市Yíngkǒu Shì5 districts
TonghuaTonghua通化市Tōnghuà Shìnone
LiaoyangLiaoyang辽阳市Liáoyáng Shìnone
Tongliao DivisionXi'an通辽专区Tōngliáo Zhuānqū1 city & 4 counties
Directly-controlled25 counties

See also

Related Research Articles

Liaoning Province of China

Liaoning is a coastal province in Northeast China, and is the smallest, southernmost, but the most populous province in the region. Located on the northern shore of the Yellow Sea, it is the northernmost coastal province of the People's Republic of China.

Provinces of China Peoples Republic of China province-level subdivision

Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions. There are 34 such divisions claimed by the People's Republic of China, classified as 23 provinces, four municipalities, five autonomous regions, and two Special Administrative Regions. The political status of Taiwan Province and a small fraction of Fujian Province are in dispute, which are under separate rule by the Republic of China.

Liaodong Peninsula Peninsula in Liaoning, China

The Liaodong Peninsula is a peninsula in southern Liaoning province in Northeast China, and makes up the southwestern/coastal half of the Liaodong region. It is located between the mouths of the Daliao River in the west and the Yalu River in the east, and encompasses the territories of the whole sub-provincial city of Dalian and parts of prefectural cities of Yingkou, Anshan and Dandong.

Dandong Prefecture-level city in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Dandong, formerly known as Andong, is a coastal prefecture-level city in southeastern Liaoning province, in the northeastern region of People's Republic of China.

Kwantung Leased Territory Japanese possession in Northeastern China until the end of World War II

The Kwantung Leased Territory was a leased territory of the Empire of Japan in the Liaodong Peninsula in 1895 and from 1905 to 1945.

The Protectorate-General to Pacify the East was a protectorate established by the Tang dynasty in the northeast after defeating the kingdom of Goguryeo. In the place of Baekje and Goguryeo, the Tang created the Protectorate General to Pacify the East, Ungjin Commandery and Gyerim Territory Area Command.

Xingan Province province of the Republic of China

Hsingan refers to a former province, which once occupied western Heilongjiang and part of northwest Jilin provinces of China. The name is related to that of the Greater Khingan Mountains. Another name used for this land was Barga, which is also the name used for the western part of the province, the Barga district.

Dongfeng County County in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Dongfeng County is located in southwestern Jilin province, China and is under the administration of Liaoyuan City.

Liaoyuan Prefecture-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Liaoyuan is a prefecture-level city in Jilin province, People's Republic of China. It is bounded on the west and south by Tieling of Liaoning province, west and north by Siping, and east by Tonghua and Jilin City. Liaoyuan lies some 100 km (62 mi) south of Changchun, the provincial capital. Covering an area of 5,125 km2 (1,979 sq mi), Liaoyuan is the smallest among the prefecture-level divisions of Jilin. Liaoyuan has a total population of 1,176,645 in the prefecture, while the urban area has a population of 462,233.

Tonghua Prefecture-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Tonghua is an industrial city in the south of Jilin province, People's Republic of China. It borders North Korea's Chagang Province to the south and southeast, Baishan to the east, Jilin City to the north, Liaoyuan to the northwest, and Liaoning province to the west and southwest. Administratively, it is a prefecture-level city with a total population of 2,325,242 living in an area of 15,195 square kilometres (5,867 sq mi). Urban population is 506,877. It is known as one of the five medicine production centres in China.

The politics of Liaoning Province in the People's Republic of China is structured in a single party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.

Jian, Jilin County-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Ji'an is a county-level city in the southwestern part of Jilin province, People's Republic of China. It is administered by the prefecture-level city of Tonghua and is the southernmost county-level division in the province. Ji'an has an area of 3,408 km2 (1,316 sq mi) and a population of approximately 230,000. The city was given its current status in 1988. Ji'an is separated from Manpo, Chagang Province, North Korea by the Yalu River; it has an international border running 203.5 km (126.4 mi).

Zang Shiyi Chinese collaborator with Japan

Zang Shiyi was a Chinese general and Governor of Liaoning Province at the time of the invasion of Manchuria in 1932.

Donggang, Liaoning County-level city in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Donggang is a city in the southeast of Liaoning Province in Northeast China. Situated on the coast of the Yellow Sea at the mouth of the Yalu River, it is located near the maritime border with North Korea. Administratively, it is a county-level city of Dandong, the downtown of which lies 35 kilometres (22 mi) to the northeast.

Viceroy of the Three Northeast Provinces

The Viceroy of the Three Northeast Provinces, fully referred to in Chinese as the Governor-General of the Three Northeast Provinces and Surrounding Areas Overseeing Military Generals of the Three Provinces, Director of Civil Affairs of Fengtian, sometimes referred to as the Viceroy of Manchuria, was a regional viceroy in China during the Qing dynasty. It was the only regional viceroy whose jurisdiction was outside China proper. The Viceroy had control over Fengtian, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces in Northeast China, which was also known as Manchuria.

Tonghua County County in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Tonghua County is a county in the southwest of Jilin province, China, bordering Liaoning province to the west. It has a total area of 3,729 square kilometres (1,440 sq mi) and population of 250,000.

Liaoxi Former province of China

Liaoxi was a former province in Northeast China, located in what is now part of Liaoning and Jilin provinces. It existed from 1949 to 1954, and its capital was Jinzhou.

The Shenyang–Dandong railway or Shendan Railway is a China Railway line connecting the Liaoning cities of Shenyang and Dandong, with an onward connection to Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station in Sinŭiju, North Korea, on the P'yŏngŭi Line of the Korean State Railway. The line is 277 km (172 mi) in length and is subordinate to the Shenyang Railway Bureau. It is the most important of the railway lines connecting China with the DPRK.

Jilin Provincial Museum Provincial museum in Jilin, China

The Jilin Provincial Museum is a first-grade museum in Changchun, Jilin province, China, dedicated to history and art. It is a subordinate unit of the Jilin Province Department of Culture and Tourism.