Denham, Buckinghamshire

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Denham
Denham Church.jpg
St. Mary's parish church
Denham, Village Road - geograph.org.uk - 232173.jpg
Village road Denham is part of the architectural conservation area of Denham's nucleus.
Buckinghamshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Denham
Location within Buckinghamshire
Area16.02 km2 (6.19 sq mi)
Population7,139 (2011 census) [1]
  Density 446/km2 (1,160/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ0486
Civil parish
  • Denham
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Uxbridge
Postcode district UB9
Dialling code 01895
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°33′47″N0°29′56″W / 51.563°N 0.499°W / 51.563; -0.499 Coordinates: 51°33′47″N0°29′56″W / 51.563°N 0.499°W / 51.563; -0.499

Denham is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Buckinghamshire, England, approximately 17 miles (27 km) from central London, 2 miles (3 km) northwest of Uxbridge and just north of junction 1 of the M40 motorway. The name is derived from the Old English for "homestead in a valley". It was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Deneham. [2] Denham contains the Buckinghamshire Golf Club.

Contents

Buildings

The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary has a flint and stone Norman tower and Tudor monuments. The tree-lined Village Road includes several old red brick houses with mature Wisteria on them, and has been used as a location in British films and television.

Southlands Manor is a Grade II listed building. Its entry on the English Heritage website states that it was built in the 16th century, with a variety of later changes including the addition of four chimney stacks in the early 17th-century. [3] Analysis of a sample of timbers from the main building and its associated barn have found that they were felled in the winters of 1472/3 and 1473/4, indicating that the relevant parts of the building were erected in 1474 or soon after. [4]

The Old Bakery, built in about C14, it is one of the earliest surviving buildings along the village High Street. It is located along, what would have been medieval burgage plots. The plots were for laying out a town. Built for the Abbot of Westminster, probably on instructions by Nicholas de Littlington, for his reeve. One survey suggests a very precise date of building of 1367 - 68, although no dendrochronology has been undertaken. The building phases and outlay are complex, with much alteration. Prior to the 1950s demolition of the former E wing the building formed three cottages/shops.

Denham Film Studios were near the village and where famous films, including Brief Encounter and In Which We Serve were produced. The buildings were demolished in 1980 and the site re-landscaped as a business park and later as a site for luxury homes. [5]

InterContinental Hotels Group has its corporate headquarters and European head office in Denham. [6] Bosch has its UK head office in Denham.

Development

Transport

Denham railway station has direct services to London Marylebone and High Wycombe and limited services to Princes Risborough, Aylesbury and Banbury. Connecting services link to Birmingham Snow Hill, Stratford-on-Avon and Kidderminster.

The 724 Green Line bus service links Harlow and Heathrow Airport passing through St Albans, Watford, Rickmansworth, Denham and Uxbridgeand terminating at Heathrow Central bus station.

The 331 bus service between Uxbridge and Ruislip stations (operated by Metroline West for London Buses) calls at the Station Parade shops in Denham Green. The 581 circular bus service provides a link between the various areas of Denham and Uxbridge bus station. The Saturdays-only 582 service links the various Denhams with Iver, Slough and Windsor. The 101, 102, 105 and 580 run through the outskirts of Denham.

Denham Aerodrome ( ICAO : EGLD) is an operational general aviation aerodrome established in the early 1900s. [7] Sited on higher land to the north of the village, it is the base of many private and executive aircraft and helicopters with several hangars and a hard runway. During the First World War in 1915, RAF Denham was established as a flying training school for Flight Cadets.

Schools

Denham Village School (formerly Denham Village Infant School, and originally had classes for Reception and Years 1 and 2), in Cheapside Lane, is the original school for Denham, and now has classes for Reception and Years 1, 2, 4 and 5. The school building dates from 1832 and is listed. [8]

Denham Green E-ACT Primary Academy is located on Nightingale Way and opened in September 2013. Replacing the former Tilehouse Combined School, it is for children ages 4–11, and offers pre-school services. The school's current leadership team completed an Ofsted inspection shortly before converting to an Academy. Ofsted noted that the school was a Good school with Outstanding features. The academy accepts all children from the Denham area (including Denham Village, Denham Green, Maple Cross, Harefield and North Uxbridge) who wish to attend the school. [9]

Sports

Demography

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005 [1]
Output areaHomes owned outrightOwned with a loanSocially rentedPrivately rentedOtherkm2 roadskm2 waterkm2 domestic gardenskm2 domestic buildingskm2 non-domestic buildingsUsual residentskm2
Civil parish11251039463357370.7610.3911.4160.2500.175713916.02

Notable residents

Twinning

Twinned with Denham, Shark Bay, Western Australia

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References

  1. 1 2 "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk.
  2. (Mawer & Stenton, 1925).
  3. Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1332678)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  4. Muir, Andy (2012). Dendrochronological analysis of oak timbers from Southlands Manor and Barn, Denham, Buckinghamshire, England. Hungerford, Berkshire: Tree-Ring Services.
  5. First homes go on sale at Denham Film Studios:£120m conversion of iconic site brings hundreds of new homes within a 20-minute commute of central London
  6. "Contact us Archived 8 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine ." InterContinental Hotels Group. Retrieved on 5 March 2010.
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