Expo 2005

Last updated
2005 Aichi
Expo2005 Overview.jpg
A part of the Global Loop at Expo 2005
Overview
BIE-classUniversal exposition
CategoryInternational Registered Exhibition
NameAi-chikyūhaku (愛・地球博)
MottoNature's Wisdom
Area173 hectares (430 acres)
Invention(s) ASIMO
Visitors22,049,544
Mascot"Morisco" Forest Grandfather and "Kiccoro" Forest Child
Participant(s)
Countries121
Organizations4
Location
CountryJapan
City Aichi
VenueSeto and Nagakute
Coordinates 35°10′34.2″N137°5′26.5″E / 35.176167°N 137.090694°E / 35.176167; 137.090694
Timeline
Bidding1988
AwardedJune 12, 1997 (1997-06-12)
OpeningMarch 25, 2005 (2005-03-25)
ClosureSeptember 25, 2005 (2005-09-25)
Universal expositions
Previous Expo '98 in Lisbon
Next Expo 2008 in Zaragoza
Specialized expositions
Previous Expo 2000 in Hannover
Next Expo 2010 in Shanghai
Horticultural expositions
Previous Horticultural Expo 2003 in Rostock
Next Horticultural Expo 2006 in Chiang Mai

Expo 2005 was a World Expo [1] held for 185 days between Friday, March 25 and Sunday, September 25, 2005, in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, east of the city of Nagoya. Japan has also hosted Expo '70 Osaka (World Expo), Expo '75 Okinawa (Specialised Expo), Expo '85 Tsukuba (Specialised Expo), and Expo '90 Osaka (Horticultural Expo) [2] and will host Expo 2025 Osaka (World Expo). [3]

Contents

Theme

The theme of the Expo was "Nature's Wisdom", with national and corporate pavilions expressing themes of ecological co-existence, renewable technology, and the wonders of nature. In Japanese, this is rendered as Ai-chikyūhaku (愛・地球博), which means (roughly) "Love the Earth Expo," as well as being a play on the name of the host prefecture, 愛知 (Aichi). According to the official website:

We must come together and share our experience and wisdom, in order to create a new direction for humanity which is both sustainable and harmonious with nature.

Location

The main site of the Expo was a forested area in Nagakute, east of Nagoya, covering an area of about 1.73 square kilometres (430 acres). A smaller area of 0.15 square kilometres (37 acres) nearby, accessible by gondola from the main site near Seto was also part of the Expo. Great care was taken to build the pavilions out of recycled or recyclable materials, to minimize environmental impact on the site, and to provide environmentally friendly transportation to and within the Expo area.

The cost of the Expo has been estimated at 340 billion yen ($3.3 billion). However, the recorded 22,049,544 visitors greatly exceeded the target of 15,000,000 and the Expo made a profit of over 10 billion yen.

The nearby city of Toyota also held some related events, although there was no special area set aside.

The area in Nagakute can be reached from Nagoya by subway (Higashiyama line) to the last stop in Fujigaoka, followed by a ride on the newly built Linimo magnetic levitation train.

Participants

121 Participants of countries set date for their own Pavilions.

CountryReceipt of Announcement forLocationNational DayAichi Hospitality PartnerParticipation(common)
Angola2003/ 3/175September 6.Haruhi Town
Argentina2003/ 1/ 82July 11Okazaki City
Armenia2003/ 6/174June 7
Australia2003/ 7/166April 21Anjo City(Japanese only)Obu City
Austria2003/ 5/144April 27Kozakai Town
Azerbaijan2003/ 4/144May 17Shippo Town
Bangladesh2004/ 4/181June 9Nisshin City
Belgium2003/ 1/234June 14Nagakute Town
Belize2003/ 2/212August 19 (SICA)Miyoshi Town(Japanese only)
Benin2001/10/115September 21Ichinomiya Town
Bhutan2001/ 6/201June 2Handa City
Bolivia2001/ 5/112August 5Toei Town
Bosnia and Herzegovina2003/ 6/ 93Ichinomiya City
Brunei Darussalam2003/ 7/196May 18Takahama City(Japanese Only)
Bulgaria2002/10/284May 13Toyoake City
Burkina Faso2003/ 6/195June 16Konan City
Burundi2001/12/215September 12Isshiki Town(Japanese Only)
Cambodia2002/10/ 96May 10Kota Town(Japanese Only)
Cameroon2001/12/265June 21Tsushima City
Canada2001/ 5/ 22April 5Kasugai City(English) (Portuguese) (Chinese) (Filipino)Kariya City
Chad2001/ 8/295June 8Aisai City
China2002/ 8/281May 19Toyohashi City
Congo2003/ 4/ 75September 14Seto City
Costa Rica2003/ 3/312August 19 (SICA)Tsugu Village(Japanese only)
Côte d'Ivoire2002/ 7/ 55August 3Anjo City(Japanese only)
Croatia2003/ 5/273April 12Hekinan City
Cuba2002/ 5/ 92July 26Iwakura City
Czech Republic2002/ 1/ 44June 24Otowa Town
Democratic Republic of Congo2003/ 2/ 45May 31Obu City
Denmark2003/ 6/134April 20Anjo City(Japanese only)
Djibouti2002/12/265June 28Kariya City
Dominican Republic2003/ 2/ 62May 25Atsumi Town
Ecuador2003/ 6/302August 10Komaki City(Japanese only)
Egypt2003/ 1/145July 22Kira Town(Japanese only)
El Salvador2003/ 3/312August 19 (SICA)Nishiharu Town
Eritrea2004/ 1/305June 10 (W / Rwanda)Inuyama City
Ethiopia2003/ 3/ 35May 16Horai Town
Fiji2003/11/246June 22Taketoyo Town(Japanese only)
Finland2003/ 6/254May 12Toyota City(English) (Portugues) (Espanol)
France2002/ 3/273April 14Seto City

Jushiyama Village

Gabon2003/ 3/ 75July 12Aisai City
Georgia2002/ 4/234September 22Kasugai City(English) (Portuguese) (Chinese) (Filipino)
Germany2002/ 9/203April 13Inuyama City. Toyohashi City
Ghana2001/ 9/ 25June 30Ichinomiya Town
Greece2002/10/153May 20Inazawa City(Japanese only)
Guatemala2003/ 3/242August 19 (SICA)Handa City
Guinea2001/10/195August 26Inazawa City(Japanese only)
Honduras2003/ 6/132August 19 (SICA)Toyohashi City
Iceland2003/ 6/174July 15Chiryu City
India2001/12/101July 20Kariya City
Indonesia2002/ 8/ 66August 17Togo Town(Japanese only)
Iran2002/ 5/291April 1Jushiyama Village
Ireland2003/ 7/184March 31Kiyosu City(Japanese only)
Italy2003/ 5/213April 28Ichinomiya City
Jordan2002/11/273July 5Kasugai City(English) (Portuguese) (Chinese) (Filipino)
Kazakhstan2002/11/111June 15Toyota City(English) (Portugues) (Espanol)
Kenya2002/ 4/155August 18Higashiura Town(Japanese only)
Kiribati2002/ 3/196August 15 (W / Tuvalu)Ichinomiya Town Obu City
Kyrgyzstan2001/ 6/291August 4Tomiyama Village
Lao People's Democratic Republic2002/ 1/146June 13Tahara City
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya2003/ 3/243April 7Tahara City
Lithuania2002/ 4/104July 6Toyohashi City
Madagascar2003/ 4/ 15May 30Nukata Town
Malaysia2003/ 6/ 96August 31Tokoname City
Mali2003/ 5/ 55September 1Jimokuji Town
Marshall Islands2003/ 8/296Tobisihma Village(Japanese only)
Mauritania2001/ 8/225July 14Nishio City(Japanese only)
Mexico2002/11/ 62September 15Toyota City(English) (Portugues) (Espanol)
Micronesia2003/11/276August 22Konan City
Mongolia2002/ 4/181May 27Kanie Town(Japanese only)
Morocco2003/ 4/ 43July 1Toyoyama Town(Japanese only)
Nepal2001/12/ 61July 7Toyota City(English) (Portugues) (Espanol)
Netherlands2003/ 9/ 54April 19Yatomi City(Japanese only)
New Zealand2003/ 9/ 96June 3Ichinomiya City

Nishio City

(Japanese only)
Nicaragua2003/ 3/202August 19(SICA)Oguchi Town(Japanese only)
Nigeria2003/ 4/105August 23Oguchi Town(Japanese only)
Norway2003/ 7/ 34April 11Inazawa City(Japanese only)
Pakistan2003/ 4/251August 11Tsushima City
Palau2003/ 7/296July 8Nissin City
Panama2003/ 6/132August 19 (SICA)Aisai City
Papua New Guinea2003/ 3/286September 16Toyota City(English) (Portugues) (Espanol)
Peru2003/ 3/282July 28Toyokawa City
Philippines2003/ 3/ 76September 20Toyokawa City
Poland2002/ 8/234May 9Gamagori City(Japanese only)
Portugal2003/ 3/254May 24Oharu Town(Japanese only)
Qatar2003/ 3/231September 2Chita City
Republic of Korea2002/ 3/ 81May 11Toyota City(English) (Portugues) (Espanol)Shikatsu Town
Romania2002/ 4/234June 1Minamichita Town
Russian Federation2002/ 5/284June 17Toyota City(English) (Portugues) (Espanol)
Rwanda2002/10/235June 10 (W / Eritrea)Kiyosu City(Japanese only)
Samoa2003/ 6/136August 30Shitara Town(Japanese only)
São Tomé and Príncipe2003/ 6/115July 21Tokai City(Japanese only)
Saudi Arabia2001/ 8/ 81September 9Toyone Village(Japanese only)
Senegal2003/ 3/ 65April 8Fuso Town(Japanese only)
Singapore2001/10/136August 9Mihama Town(Japanese only)
Solomon Islands2003/ 9/156July 13Agui Town(Japanese only)
South Africa2003/ 8/135April 26Aisai City
Spain2001/ 5/243July 25Kiyosu City(Japanese only)
Sri Lanka2002/ 5/281July 27Toyota City(English) (Portugues) (Espanol)
Sudan2003/10/125August 16Kasugai City(English) (Portuguese) (Chinese) (Filipino)Kariya City
Sweden2003/ 6/264April 6Okazaki City
Switzerland2001/12/194April 15Shinshiro City(Japanese only)
Tajikistan2003/ 4/ 71September 13Shikatsu Town
Thailand2003/ 3/106August 12Inazawa City(Japanese only)
Tonga2003/ 1/156July 4Owariasahi City
Tunisia2002/12/193June 23Seto City
Turkey2002/12/193August 2Tokai City(Japanese only)
Tuvalu2003/12/296August 15 (W / Kiribati)Cita City
Uganda2001/ 5/245September 7Kiyosu City(Japanese only)
Ukraine2002/11/124August 24Hazu City(Japanese only)
UK2003/ 7/194April 22Toyota City(English) (Portugues) (Espanol)
United Republic of Tanzania2002/ 2/195May 26Komaki City(Japanese only)
USA2003/11/182June 20Toyohashi City Toyota City(English) (Portugues) (Espanol)Anjo City
Uzbekistan2001/ 6/ 11September 8Ichinomiya City
Vanuatu2003/11/106August 1Gamagori City(Japanese only)
Venezuela2003/ 4/112June 29Toyohashi City
Viet Nam2002/ 9/166September 5Miwa Town
Yemen2002/ 5/ 61May 23Nishio City(Japanese only)
Zambia2003/10/285July 19Okazaki City
Zimbabwe2003/ 7/145April 18Mito Town

Mascots

Morizo and Kiccoro on flower wall Morizo Kikkoro.JPG
Morizo and Kiccoro on flower wall

Morizo (モリゾー) and Kiccoro (キッコロ), collectively known as "Moricoro," (モリコロ) were created to be Aichi Banpaku's mascots. The popular fluffy green creatures are both from the forest of Seto.

Attractions

Theme songs

The official theme song of the Expo was "I'll Be Your Love," composed by Yoshiki, and performed by Dahlia, an Okinawan-American musician (then aged 24) from Honolulu, Hawaii. [7] On March 24, 2005, Yoshiki conducted an orchestra and performed the song for the opening ceremony of the Expo. [8] Pop singer Ayumi Hamasaki also performed a classical version of her single "A Song Is Born" on the event's opening day. [9]

New transportation system

Holder

The holder was Japan Association for the 2005 World Exposition whose president was Shoichiro Toyoda, the honorary president of Toyota Motor Corporation.

See also

Related Research Articles

Worlds fair Large international exhibition

A world's fair or world fair is a large international exhibition designed to showcase achievements of nations. These exhibitions vary in character and are held in different parts of the world at a specific site for a period of time, ranging usually from three to six months.

Nagoya Largest city in the Chūbu region of Japan

Nagoya is the largest city in the Chūbu region of Japan. It is Japan's fourth-largest incorporated city and the third most populous urban area. Located on the Pacific coast on central Honshu, it is the capital of Aichi Prefecture and is one of Japan's major ports along with those of Tokyo, Osaka, Kobe, Yokohama, and Chiba. It is also the center of Japan's third-largest metropolitan region, known as the Chūkyō metropolitan area. As of 1 October 2019, 2,327,557 people lived in the city, part of Chūkyō metropolitan Area's 10.11 million people, making it one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.

Seto, Aichi City in Chūbu, Japan

Seto is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 127,659 in 56,573 households, and a population density of 1,146 persons per km². The total area was 111.40 square kilometres (43.01 sq mi).

Toyota, Aichi Core city in Chūbu, Japan

Toyota is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 426,162 and a population density of 464 persons per km². The total area was 918.32 square kilometres (354.57 sq mi). It is located about 35 minutes from Nagoya by way of the Meitetsu Toyota Line.

Aichi Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Aichi Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshū. Aichi Prefecture has a population of 7,552,873 and a geographic area of 5,172.92 square kilometres (1,997.28 sq mi) with a population density of 1,460 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,800/sq mi). Aichi Prefecture borders Mie Prefecture to the west, Gifu Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture to the north, and Shizuoka Prefecture to the east.

Nagakute City in Chūbu, Japan

Nagakute is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 61,503 in 24,352 households, and a population density of 2,854 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 21.55 square kilometres (8.32 sq mi). Nagakute is a member of the World Health Organization’s Alliance for Healthy Cities (AFHC).

Aichi District

Aichi District is a rural district located just east of Nagoya in central eastern Aichi Prefecture, Japan.

Tōkai Television Broadcasting Japanese television station

Tokai Television Broadcasting Co., Ltd. is a TV station affiliated with Fuji News Network (FNN) and Fuji Network System (FNS), serving in Aichi Prefecture, Gifu Prefecture, and Mie Prefecture, Japan. It is also known as Tokai Hoso Kaikan.

Chubu Centrair International Airport Primary airport serving Nagoya, Japan

Chubu Centrair International Airport is an international airport on an artificial island in Ise Bay, Tokoname City in Aichi Prefecture, 35 km (22 mi) south of Nagoya in central Japan.

Chubu-Nippon Broadcasting Radio and television station in Nagoya, Japan

Chubu-Nippon Broadcasting Co., Ltd. is a regional radio and television service serving Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. It is majorly owned by the Chunichi Shimbun. Its radio service is affiliated with the Japan Radio Network (JRN) and its television service affiliated with the Japan News Network (JNN) and the TBS Network.

Moriyama-ku, Nagoya Ward in Japan

Moriyama is one of the wards of the city of Nagoya in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the ward has an estimated population of 176,298 and a population density of 5,184 persons per km². The total area is 34.01 km².

Chūkyō metropolitan area Place in Nagoya, Japan ----

Chūkyō, or the Chūkyō region, is a major metropolitan area in Japan that is centered on the city of Nagoya in Aichi Prefecture. The area makes up the most urbanized part of the Tōkai region. The population of 9,552,132 over an area of 7,072 square kilometers. [http://demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf] Nevertheless, like most of Japan's major metro areas, the core of it lies on a fertile alluvial plain, in this case the Nōbi Plain.

Linimo

Linimo, formally the Aichi High-Speed Transit Tobu Kyuryo Line is a magnetic levitation train line in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, near the city of Nagoya. While primarily built to serve the Expo 2005 fair site, the line now operates to serve the local community.

Aichi Loop Line

The Aichi Loop Line is a Japanese railway line connecting Okazaki Station in Okazaki and Kōzōji Station in Kasugai, operated by the Aichi Loop Railway. The company or the line is abbreviated as Aikan (愛環). This is the only line the company operates. Despite its name, the line is not a true loop, but a north-south line situated east of Nagoya, which can be considered as an unclosed loop.

Geidai-dōri Station Maglev station in Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Geidai-dōri Station is a railway station in city of Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan operated by the Aichi Rapid Transit Company.

Kōen-nishi Station Maglev station in Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Kōen-nishi Station is a railway station in city of Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan operated by the Aichi Rapid Transit Company.

Aichikyūhaku-kinen-kōen Station Maglev station in Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Aichikyūhaku-kinen-kōen Station is a railway station in city of Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan operated by the Aichi Rapid Transit Company.

Sakae, Nagoya

Sakae (栄) is an area in Naka-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan. It refers to the areas around Sakae intersection, Sakae Station on the Nagoya Municipal Subway and Sakae Station on the Meitetsu Seto Line. Sakae is in the heart of Nagoya and is, along with Nagoya Station, one of Nagoya's main commercial districts.

Urso Chappell was an American graphic designer, writer and world's fair historian born in 1967 in St Louis who died in December 2020.

Aichi Prefectural Ceramic Museum

The Aichi Prefectural Ceramic Museum is a prefectural art museum located in the city of Seto, north of the metropolis of Nagoya in central Japan. This museum was formally named "Aichi-ken Toji Shiryokan (愛知県陶磁資料館)", but the name in English has been the same as before.

References

  1. "List of World Expos". Bureau International des Expositions (BIE). Retrieved December 9, 2019.
  2. "Japan and Expos". Bureau International des Expositions (BIE). Retrieved December 9, 2019.
  3. "World Expo 2025 Osaka". Bureau International des Expositions (BIE). Retrieved December 9, 2019.
  4. "The Franklin Spirit". www.imdb.com.
  5. "Aichi World Expo 2005 U.S. Pavilion" (PDF). BRC Imagination Arts. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-19. Retrieved 2013-12-19.
  6. "Skyline Thrill for Sentosa Visitors". Today (Singapore). November 5, 2005.
  7. "公式イメージソング | EXPO 2005 AICHI,JAPAN". www.expo2005.or.jp. Retrieved 2020-05-26.
  8. "愛・地球博 イメージソングを元X JAPANのYOSHIKI氏に依頼". www.expo2005.or.jp. Retrieved 2020-05-26.
  9. "特集 | EXPO 2005 AICHI,JAPAN". www.expo2005.or.jp. Retrieved 2020-05-26.