|Coordinates: 44°38′52.0″N63°34′27.4″W / 44.647778°N 63.574278°W Coordinates: 44°38′52.0″N63°34′27.4″W / 44.647778°N 63.574278°W|
|Municipal Districts||District 7 (Halifax South Downtown), District 8 (Halifax Peninsula North), District 9 (Halifax West Armdale)|
|Neighborhoods||Downtown, Hydrostone, North End, Quinpool, South End, Spring Garden, West End|
|• Type||Municipal Council|
|• Total||18.949 km2 (7.316 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,808/km2 (9,860/sq mi)|
|• Change 2016-2021||14.1|
|Time zone||UTC−4 (AST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−3 (ADT)|
|Postal code span|
B3H, B3J, B3K, B3L
|Area code(s)||782, 902|
Part of a series about Places in Nova Scotia
The Halifax Peninsula is peninsula within the urban area of the Municipality of Halifax, Nova Scotia.
The town of Halifax was founded by the British government under the direction of the Board of Trade and Plantations under the command of Governor Edward Cornwallis in 1749.  The founding of the town sparked Father Le Loutre's War. The original settlement was clustered in the southeastern part of the peninsula along The Narrows, between a series of forts (Fort Needham to the north, Fort George (Citadel Hill) in the middle, and Fort Massey to the south) and the harbour. With time, the settlement expanded beyond its walls and gradually encroached over the entire peninsula, creating residential neighbourhoods defined by the peninsula's geography.
From 1749 until 1841, Halifax was a town. After a protracted struggle between residents and the Executive Council, the town was incorporated into a city in 1841. From 1841 until 1969, the entire Peninsula was home to the former City of Halifax.
In 1789, the University of King's College was founded. Roughly thirteen years later, Saint Mary's University was founded in 1802. Subsequently, Dalhousie University was founded 1818. NSCAD University was founded in 1867.
In 1867, the Halifax Public Gardens and Victoria Park, Halifax were created, with many Victorian Era monuments. Builders such as George Lang created many landmark buildings.
During 1916–1919 a mega construction project was undertaken by Canadian Government Railways (later Canadian National Railway) along the peninsula's Northwest Arm shoreline which saw a 4 km (2.5 mi) long rock cut blasted up to 30 m (98 ft) deep for a railway line running from Fairview Cove to serve the new Halifax Ocean Terminals which were built at the southeastern end; the rock from blasting work in the cut being used as infill for a portion of The Narrows.
Rudyard Kipling paid homage to Halifax in his poem The Song of Cities:
Into the mist my guardian prows put forth,
Behind the mist my virgin ramparts lie,
The Warden of the Honour of the North,
Sleepless and veiled am I!
In 1969, adjacent rural areas within the former County of Halifax (that at this time were beginning to urbanize) west of the isthmus were annexed into the city. The city annexed Armdale, Clayton Park, Fairview, Rockingham and Spryfield.
On 1 April 1996, Halifax County was dissolved and all of its places (cities, suburbs, towns, and villages) were turned into communities of a single-tier municipality named Halifax Regional Municipality. Subsequently, the Halifax Peninsula was included in the new community of Halifax, within the new Municipality of Halifax.
Today, the Peninsula is the bustling region of the community of Halifax.
The bedrock of this peninsula is Precambrian slate. Glaciers during the Pleistocene era converted the rock surface to an olive-colored loamy till. Glaciation also removed reddish till from sedimentary rock to the north and redeposited it as a drumlin to form Citadel Hill. The stony loam to sandy loam soils are mapped as Bridgewater series on olive till and Wolfville series on the Citadel Hill drumlin. 
According to the 2021 Census, the Halifax Peninsula covers approximately 1,894.9 hectares (18.949 km2). 
Peninsular Halifax extends from the western shore of Halifax Harbour, and is connected to the much larger Chebucto Peninsula by an isthmus measuring 2.6 km (1.6 mi), defined by Fairview Cove and the Bedford Basin to the north and the Northwest Arm to the southwest. Down the length of this isthmus is Joseph Howe Drive, generally considered to be the boundary between mainland Halifax and peninsular Halifax. The Halifax Peninsula creates The Narrows, a constriction of Halifax Harbour to its east.
The peninsula measures approximately 3.3 km (2.1 mi) at its widest and approximately 7.5 km (4.7 mi) at its longest, the peninsula's topography is relatively flat near the isthmus where Chebucto Field, an aerodrome that preceded Halifax Stanfield International Airport was located. The northern part of the peninsula rises to approximately 60 m (200 ft) above sea level as a glacial drumlin at Fort Needham, with the central area of the peninsula being a plateau roughly 40–50 m (130–160 ft). in elevation. Another drumlin approximately 60 m (200 ft) above sea level is located at Citadel Hill and immediately offshore to the east at Georges Island.
The Peninsula's population grew to a high of 92,511 in 1961--and decreased thereafter. However, in recent years, the population has increased. In 2016, the population was 63,210 people. By 2021, the population increased to 72,169 people--an increase of 14.1% from 2016.
|Census Tract||Land area (km2)||Population (2021) ||Population (2016) ||Population Density (people per km2) (2021)||Population Change (%)|
Being a very populated area, the peninsula hosts many businesses, government services, hospitals, post-secondary institutions, and more.
The Halifax Station is operated by Via Rail, and is the easternmost station for the Ocean. The Ocean travels from Halifax to Montreal once per week.
There are many kilometres of avenues, lanes, roads, and streets that criss-cross throughout the Peninsula. The main thoroughfare is Robie Street. Robie Street runs approximately 4 km (2.5 mi), then continues on as Massachusetts Avenue.
Halifax Transit provides many transit routes that traverse the peninsula. There are two terminals located within the area; the Scotia Square Terminal in the South End; and the Mumford Terminal in the West End.
Wheelchair – Uses Accessible Low Floor (ALF) buses only.
Rush Hour Service Only
Designated Bike Route
|Route number||Route name||Features||Inner terminal||Outer terminal||Notes|
|3||Crosstown||Mumford||Bridge; Highfield; Lacewood|
|4||Universities||Dalhousie University, Saint Mary's University||Lacewood|
|5||Portland||Scotia Square||Bridge; Penhorn; Portland Hills|
|7 (7ᴀ/7ʙ)||Peninsula||Scotia Square||7ᴀ runs in a clockwise direction, and 7ʙ runs in a counter-clockwise direction.|
|8||Sackville||Scotia Square||Bayers Road Centre; Cobequid; Sackville|
|9 (9ᴀ/9ʙ)||Greystone (9ᴀ); Herring Cove (9ʙ)||Scotia Square||Mumford|
|10||Dalhousie||Scotia Square||Bridge; M District|
|28||Bayers Lake||Mumford||Bayers Road; Lacewood|
|29||Barrington||Scotia Square; Water Street||Bayers Road; Mumford|
|84||Glendale||Scotia Square||Cobequid; Sackville|
|90||Larry Uteck||Water Street|
|91||Hemlock Ravine||Mumford||Bayers Road Centre|
|93||Bedford Highway||Scotia Square||Cobequid|
|123||Timberlea Express||Scotia Square|
|127||Cowie Hill Express||Scotia Square|
|135||Flamingo Express||Scotia Square||Lacewood|
|136||Farnham Gate Express||Scotia Square||Lacewood|
|137||Clayton Park Express||Scotia Square||Lacewood|
|138||Parkland Express||Scotia Square||Lacewood|
|158||Woodlawn Express||Scotia Square||Alderney; Bridge; Penhorn; Portland Hills|
|159||Colby Express||Scotia Square||Alderney; Bridge; Penhorn; Portland Hills|
|161||North Preston Express||Scotia Square||Alderney; Bridge; Penhorn; Portland Hills|
|165||Caldwell Express||Scotia Square||Alderney; Bridge; Penhorn; Portland Hills|
|168 (168ᴀ/168ʙ)||Cherry Brook Express: Auburn (168ᴀ); Cherry Brook (168ʙ)||Scotia Square||Alderney; Bridge; Penhorn; Portland Hills||168ᴀ starts/ends on Hillsboro Drive near Barbara Drive.|
|183||Springfield Express||Scotia Square|
|185||Millwood Express||Scotia Square|
|186||Beaver Bank Express||Scotia Square|
|194||West Bedford Express||Scotia Square|
|196||Basinview Express||Scotia Square|
|330||Tantallon Regional Express|
|370||Porters Lake Regional Express||Scotia Square||Bridge|
There is a ferry service that runs from Downtown Halifax.  It is located at the Halifax Ferry Terminal in Downtown. It connects to either the Alderney Terminal in Downtown Dartmouth, or the Woodside Terminal in Woodside.
|Route number||Route name||Features||Inner terminal||Outer terminal||Notes|
|Alderney||Halifax||Alderney||The Alderney travels from the Halifax terminal in Downtown Halifax to the Alderney terminal in Downtown Dartmouth, and conversely.|
|Woodside||Halifax||Woodside||The Woodside travels from the Halifax terminal in Downtown Halifax to the Woodside terminal in Woodside, and conversely.|
There are many colleges, private-and-public schools, and universities on the peninsula.
The Halifax School for the Blind is administered by the Atlantic Provinces Special Education Authority (APSEA). 
All public schools on the peninsula are administered by the Halifax Regional Centre for Education.
Halifax is the capital and largest municipality of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, and the largest municipality in Atlantic Canada. Halifax is one of Canada's fastest growing municipalities, and as of 2022, it is estimated that the CMA population of Halifax was 480,582, with 348,634 people in its urban area. The regional municipality consists of four former municipalities that were amalgamated in 1996: Halifax, Dartmouth, Bedford, and Halifax County.
Hammonds Plains is a community within the urban area of Municipality of Halifax, in Nova Scotia, Canada.
Spryfield is community within the urban area of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
The North End of Halifax is a neighbourhood of Halifax, Nova Scotia occupying the northern part of Halifax Peninsula immediately north of Downtown Halifax.
Eastern Passage is an unincorporated suburban community in Halifax Regional Municipality Nova Scotia, Canada.
The South End is a neighbourhood within Halifax's urban area, in the Municipality of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Lower Sackville is a community within the urban area of Halifax Regional Municipality, in Nova Scotia, Canada.
Armdale is a neighbourhood of the community of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Clayton Park is a community within Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
The Chebucto Peninsula is a peninsula located in central Nova Scotia, Canada, entirely within the Halifax Regional Municipality on the Atlantic coast.
The Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM) in Nova Scotia, Canada has a widely varied geography.
The community of Halifax, Nova Scotia was created on 1 April 1996, when the City of Dartmouth, the City of Halifax, the Town of Bedford, and the County of Halifax amalgamated and formed the Halifax Regional Municipality. The former City of Halifax was dissolved, and transformed into the Community of Halifax within the municipality.
Timberlea is a community located within the Municipality of Halifax in Nova Scotia, Canada.
Fairview is a community within the urban area of Halifax in Nova Scotia, Canada.
Barrington Street is a major street in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, running from the MacKay Bridge in the North End approximately 7 km south, through Downtown Halifax to Inglis Street in the South End. Its civic numbers range from 950 to 4756 on the Halifax Peninsula street grid numbering system.
Terence Bay is a rural fishing community on the Chebucto Peninsula in the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia. It is located on the shore of the Atlantic Ocean, 10 km off the Prospect Road, off Route 333, 21.2 kilometers from Halifax.
Transport in Halifax, Nova Scotia consists of a variety of modes.
This timeline of the History of the Halifax Regional Municipality documents all events that had happened in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, including historical events in the former city of Dartmouth, the Town of Bedford and Halifax County. Events date back to the early-18th century and continue until the present in chronological order.
Herring Cove is a Canadian suburban and former fishing community in Nova Scotia's Halifax Regional Municipality. It is situated on the eastern shore of the Chebucto Peninsula, 15 km (9.3 mi) south of Downtown Halifax. It is near the western approaches to Halifax Harbour, and can be reached both via Purcell's Cove along the coastal road and from inland via the Herring Cove Road through Spryfield. There are two schools in Herring Cove, William King Elementary and Herring Cove Junior High. The community is also home to a small variety of small businesses and programs.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Nova Scotia: