Kenan Memorial Stadium

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Kenan Memorial Stadium
Kenan Memorial Stadium.jpg Stadium interior in 2013
USA North Carolina relief location map.jpg
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Kenan Memorial Stadium
Location in North Carolina
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Red pog.svg
Kenan Memorial Stadium
Location in the United States
Location78 Stadium Drive, Chapel Hill, NC 27514
Coordinates 35°54′25″N79°2′52″W / 35.90694°N 79.04778°W / 35.90694; -79.04778 Coordinates: 35°54′25″N79°2′52″W / 35.90694°N 79.04778°W / 35.90694; -79.04778
Owner University of North Carolina
Operator University of North Carolina
Capacity 24,000 (1927–1962, expandable to 40,000)
48,000 (1963–1978)
50,000 (1979–1987)
52,000 (1988–1995)
48,500 (1996)
57,500 (1997)
60,000 (1998–2010)
62,980 (2011–2016)
62,562 (2017)
50,500 (2018)
Field size360 x 160 ft
SurfaceGrass (1927-2018)
RootZone 3D Blend AstroTurf (2019-present)
Construction
Broke groundNovember 1926
Built1926–1927
OpenedNovember 12, 1927
Renovated1995–98, 2003, 2007, 2010–11, 2016, 2018
Expanded1963, 1979, 1987–88, 1995–98, 2010–11
Construction cost$303,000
($4.37 million in 2018 dollars [1] )
ArchitectAtwood & Nash [2]
Corley Redfoot Architects, Inc. (renovations 1987–present)
Structural engineerLHC Structural Engineers (renovations 1979–present)
General contractorTC Thompson & Co. [2]
Tenants
North Carolina Tar Heels (NCAA) (1927–present)

Kenan Memorial Stadium is located in Chapel Hill, North Carolina and is the home field of the North Carolina Tar Heels. It is primarily used for football. The stadium opened in 1927 and holds 50,500 people. It is located near the center of campus at the University of North Carolina.

Chapel Hill, North Carolina town in Orange County, North Carolina, United States

Chapel Hill is a town in Orange, Chatham, and Durham counties in the U.S. state of North Carolina. Its population was 57,233 in the 2010 census, making Chapel Hill the 15th-largest city in the state. Chapel Hill, Durham, and the state capital, Raleigh, make up the corners of the Research Triangle, with a total population of 1,998,808.

North Carolina Tar Heels intercollegiate sports teams of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

The North Carolina Tar Heels are the athletic teams representing the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The name Tar Heel is a nickname used to refer to individuals from the state of North Carolina, the Tar Heel State. The campus at Chapel Hill is referred to as the University of North Carolina for the purposes of the National Collegiate Athletic Association. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill was chartered in 1789, and in 1795 it became the first state-supported university in the United States. Since the school fostered the oldest collegiate team in the Carolinas, the school took on the nickname ""Carolina", especially in athletics. The Tar Heels are also referred to as North Carolina, UNC, or The Heels. The female athletic teams are sometimes referred to as Lady Tar Heels.

American football Team field sport

American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, the team with possession of the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with the ball or passing it, while the defense, the team without possession of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and to take control of the ball for themselves. The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs or plays; if they fail, they turn over the football to the defense, but if they succeed, they are given a new set of four downs to continue the drive. Points are scored primarily by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins.

Contents

History

The previous home of the Tar Heels had been Emerson Field, which had opened in 1916 on the current site of Davis Library. By 1925, it was obvious that that 2,400-seat facility was not adequate for the increasing crowds. Expansion was quickly ruled out since the baseball team also used it, and any new football seats would have been too far away for baseball.

Funding for the stadium was originally supposed to come from alumni donations. William R. Kenan, Jr., a UNC alumni, scientist, industrialist and dairy farmer from Lockport, New York who would later become a prominent businessman in Miami, [3] got word of the initial plans and donated a large gift to build the stadium and an adjoining field house. Kenan was an 1894 UNC graduate and grandson of one of UNC's original trustees. Kenan persuaded UNC to build the stadium as a memorial to his parents, William R. Kenan and Mary Hargrave Kenan.

Lockport (city), New York City in New York, United States

Lockport is a city and the county seat of Niagara County, New York, surrounded by the town of Lockport. The population was 21,165 at the 2010 census, with an estimated population of 20,480 as of 2016. It is named from a set of Erie Canal locks within the city. It is part of the Buffalo–Niagara Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Miami City in Florida, United States

Miami, officially the City of Miami, is an American city that is the seat of Miami-Dade County, and is the cultural, economic and financial center of South Florida. The city covers an area of about 56 square miles (150 km2) between the Everglades to the west and Biscayne Bay to the east. Miami is the sixth most densely populated major city in the United States with an estimated 2018 population of 470,914. The Miami metropolitan area is home to 6.1 million people, the second-most populous in the southeastern United States and the seventh-largest in the nation. The city has the third tallest skyline in the U.S. with over 300 high-rises, 55 of which exceed 490 ft (149 m).

Ground was broken in November 1926. It was completed in August 1927. At the time, it was located on the far southern portion of campus, but expansions over the years have resulted in the stadium now being near the center of campus. The stadium officially opened on November 24, 1927. The Tar Heels defeated Davidson College 27-0, [4] with the first touchdown in the new stadium by Edison Foard. The first game at Kenan Stadium brought in 9,000 spectators. It was officially dedicated to the Kenan family on Thanksgiving Day in 1927 in front of 28,000 fans, after the Tar Heels beat the Virginia Cavaliers 14-13.

Davidson College liberal arts college in Davidson, North Carolina

Davidson College is a private liberal arts college in Davidson, North Carolina.

Virginia Cavaliers football College Football Bowl Subdivision team; member of Atlantic Coast Conference

The Virginia Cavaliers football team represents the University of Virginia in the sport of American football. The Cavaliers compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the Coastal Division of the Atlantic Coast Conference. Established in 1888, playing local YMCA teams and other state teams without pads, the Virginia football program has evolved into a multimillion-dollar operation that plays in front of a crowd of 61,500 at Scott Stadium in Charlottesville, Virginia. Starting in the early 1900s, the program has played an outsized role in the shaping of the modern game's ethics and eligibility rules.

Kenan Memorial Stadium in 1959 Kenan Memorial Stadium 1959.jpg
Kenan Memorial Stadium in 1959

The original stadium—the lower level of the current stadium's sideline seats—seated 24,000 people. However, temporary bleachers were added to the end zones to accommodate overflow crowds, allowing Kenan to accommodate over 40,000 people at times. This happened fairly often over the years, especially during the Choo Choo Justice era of the late 1940s.

The largest crowd to see a game at Kenan—and the largest to see a game on-campus in the state of North Carolina—was a standing-room-only throng of 62,000 when the Tar Heels hosted the Florida State Seminoles in 1997. The largest paid crowd was a crowd of 62,000 that saw the Tar Heels face Duke in 2013.[ citation needed ] The 1991 season opener versus Cincinnati and the Clemson game, which was televised nationally by ESPN, were UNC's first true night home games in school history.[ citation needed ]

The Tar Heels football team sold out every game from 1992 to 1999, and also sold out all but one game of Butch Davis's tenure.[ citation needed ] Most of the west end zone and three sections of the south stands are reserved for students. The student section of the west end zone is popularly known as the "Tar Pit"—a name applied to the entire stadium during the late 1990s.

Butch Davis American college football player, college football coach, professional football coach

Paul Hilton "Butch" Davis Jr. is an American football coach. He is the head football coach at Florida International University. After graduating from the University of Arkansas, he became an assistant college football coach at Oklahoma State University and the University of Miami before becoming the defensive coordinator for the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League (NFL). He was head coach of the University of Miami's Hurricanes football team from 1995 to 2000 and the NFL's Cleveland Browns from 2001 to 2004. Davis served as the head coach of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) Tar Heels football team from 2007 until the summer of 2011, when a series of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) investigations resulted in his dismissal. He was hired by the NFL's Tampa Bay Buccaneers as an advisor in February 2012.

Student section

A student section or student cheering section is a group of student fans that supports its school's athletic teams at sporting events; they are known for being one of the most visible and vocal sections of a sports crowd as well as for their occasionally raucous behavior. They are most often associated with NCAA basketball and football games, but can be found in several sports in both college and high school. A student section is an important part of a school's fanbase and a significant contributor to home advantage.

From 2007 to 2010, fireworks were shot from atop Kenan Field House whenever the Tar Heels took the field, as well as after every score and win. They were removed in 2011, but reinstated in 2012 after Larry Fedora's arrival, and for the next three seasons were shot off behind the west end zone.[ citation needed ]

Dedication change

William R. Kenan, to whom the stadium was dedicated since its construction in 1927, "was the commander of a white supremacist paramilitary force, which massacred scores of black residents in Wilmington, on a single day in 1898." [5] [6] [7] In 2018 the University decided to remove the plaque on the stadium mentioning him, and to designate the stadium as named for his son William R. Kenan Jr. [8]

Renovations and expansions

The stadium in 1971 Kenan Memorial Stadium 1971.jpg
The stadium in 1971

The stadium was first expanded in 1963, when Kenan (who died in 1965) donated $1 million to double-deck the sideline seats and add permanent bleachers to the end zones, expanding capacity to 48,000. A seating adjustment in 1979 boosted capacity to 50,000. In 1988, the old press box and chancellor's box were replaced by 2,000 seats between the 40-yard lines, expanding capacity to 52,000.

Part of the 1987-88 project were a permanent lighting system, a chancellor's lounge on the north side of the field and a football lettermen's lounge on the south side. The lights are part of a General Electric low-mount system which minimizes the height of the lightpoles. Cost of the entire project was $7 million. It was funded by private gifts and bonds.[ citation needed ]

The stadium's biggest renovation project to date took place from 1995 to 1998. Head coach Mack Brown wanted a better facility to showcase a resurgent football program, which had gone from consecutive 1-10 seasons in 1988 and 1989 to a run of success not approached since the 1940s. For instance, Kenan was one of the few Division I stadiums not to have permanent seating in at least one end zone; the only end zone seats at the time were the portable bleachers added in 1963. Also, the locker rooms were somewhat cramped by 1990s standards.

Several generous gifts resulted in the addition of a new playing field and a brand-new facility for the football team, the Frank H. Kenan Football Center, named for the great-grandson of the stadium's original benefactor. The Kenan Center included a memorabilia section showcasing the football program's history. The most visible addition, however, was 8,000 new seats in the west end zone, which turned the stadium into a horseshoe. Also added was a "preferred seating box" atop the north stands. Due to state law, only 6,000 of the new end zone seats were available in 1997. Capacity dropped to 48,500 in 1996, but leaped to 57,800 in 1997. The other 2,200 seats were added in 1998, bringing the stadium to a capacity of 60,000, not eclipsed until the 2011 season. In 2003, a modern scoreboard with video capability was added in front of Kenan Field House. The next addition came before the 2007 season, when the old matrix boards on the sidelines were replaced with ribbon boards.

The West End Zone addition in 1998 created a horseshoe. Kenan1.jpg
The West End Zone addition in 1998 created a horseshoe.

In December 2006, the Chapel Hill Town Council approved changes to UNC's development plan that included at least 8,800 additional seats for Kenan Stadium. [9]

In October 2007, athletic director Dick Baddour announced plans for extensive renovations to Kenan Stadium. Plans call for a new academic support center in place of Kenan Field House, plus anywhere from 5,000 to 15,000 additional seats. The new seats will be added in the east end zone, turning the stadium into a bowl. Plans would have to be approved by the chancellor and the board of trustees, and will almost certainly require a fundraising effort by the Rams Club. No specific timetable had been set, but Baddour had said that he hoped to begin construction within 18 months. [10]

This "masterplan" would be divided into two phases; phase one covering the west end zone and two covering the east end zone. The first phase consisted of adding a fifth floor (for recruiting and media space) along with remodeling the existing offices and team spaces in the Kenan Football Center. Approved on July 23, 2008, by the Board of Trustees for $50 million, Phase I renovations were completed on August for the 2009 Football Season. [11]

A third and final phase of the project was also planned. This will include new club-level seats around the perimeter of the stadium, a new suite level above the club seats, a much larger press box, and a brick facade encircling the outside of the stadium. Construction of this phase has not been scheduled, however, due to budgetary constraints.

The Loudermilk Center in the east end zone, which turned the stadium into a bowl. Includes the Blue Zone. McCorkle Center.JPG
The Loudermilk Center in the east end zone, which turned the stadium into a bowl. Includes the Blue Zone.

On May 27, 2010, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Board of Trustees approved the immediate commencement on construction of the "Carolina Student-Athlete Center for Excellence", a $70 million expansion that would replace Kenan Field House, which was built in 1927. The entire project was funded by private donations and the selling of club seats and individual suites. This facility would be a combination of an academic center, "Carolina Leadership Academy", Olympic sports' strength and conditioning center, and visitor lockers within a span of two floors. [12] [13]

However, the most significantly visible portion of the renovation was the addition of 2,980 seats, turning the stadium into a bowl. The additional seats in the end zone, named the Blue Zone, would be "1,836 seats in the Concourse Club just a few feet from the field, 824 seats in the Upper Club/Loge on the fourth floor and 320 seats in 20 suites on the fifth floor". The individual suites, each of which has 16 seats, will sell for $50,000 per year. Each seat in the club levels range from $750 to $2,500 per season. [14] Furthermore, the construction of a new concourse in front of the Carolina Student-Athlete Center for Excellence would allow fans to move around the entire perimeter of Kenan Stadium for the first time. The exterior of the new section is similar in appearance to the Bell Tower.

The 2011 renovation and expansion fully enclosed the stadium for the first time in its history. This facility houses the Loudermilk Center for Student Excellence as well as 3,000 additional premium club, suite seating and lounge areas in the east end zone, bringing total stadium capacity to 63,000. As part of this addition, high-definition video boards were installed on each end of the stadium. In 2016, new ribbon boards and updated concessions were added. [15] In 2018, the metal bleachers that had been in place for almost half a century were replaced with individual seats, reducing capacity to 50,500. [16] The stadium switched the playing surface from natural grass to a RootZone synthetic grass surface manufactured by AstroTurf for the 2019 season. [17]

Kenan Memorial Stadium Panorama.jpg
A panoramic photograph of Kenan Memorial Stadium in 2014

See also

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The 2010 North Carolina Tar Heels football team represented the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the 2010 college football season. The team was led by fourth year coach Butch Davis and played their home games at Kenan Memorial Stadium, members of the Atlantic Coast Conference in the Coastal Division. They finished the season 8–5, 4–4 in ACC play and were invited to the Music City Bowl where they defeated Tennessee 30–27 in two overtimes.

The 2011 North Carolina Tar Heels football team represented the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the 2011 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The team was led by interim head coach Everett Withers and played their home games at Kenan Memorial Stadium, and members of the Atlantic Coast Conference in the Coastal Division. The Tar Heels finished the season 7–6, 3–5 in ACC play to finish tied for fourth in the Coastal Division, and were invited to the Independence Bowl where they were defeated by Missouri, 24–41.

The 2014 North Carolina Tar Heels football team represented the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the 2014 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The team was led by third-year head coach Larry Fedora and played their home games at Kenan Memorial Stadium. The Tar Heels competed as a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference in the Coastal Division. They finished the season 6–7, 4–4 in ACC play to finish in a tie for third place in the Coastal Division. They were invited to the Quick Lane Bowl where they lost to Rutgers.

The 2016 North Carolina Tar Heels football team represented the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the 2016 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The team was led by fifth-year head coach Larry Fedora and played their home games at Kenan Memorial Stadium. The Tar Heels competed as a member of the Coastal Division of the Atlantic Coast Conference. They finished the season 8–5, 5–3 in ACC play to finish in a three-way tie for second place in the Coastal Division. They were invited to the Sun Bowl where they lost to Stanford.

The 1988 North Carolina Tar Heels football team represented the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill during the 1988 NCAA Division I-A football season. The Tar Heels played their home games at Kenan Memorial Stadium in Chapel Hill, North Carolina and competed in the Atlantic Coast Conference. The team was led by head coach Mack Brown, in his first year at UNC.

The 1952 North Carolina Tar Heels football team represented the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill during the 1952 college football season. The Tar Heels were led by tenth-year head coach Carl Snavely, and played their home games at Kenan Memorial Stadium. The team competed as a member of the Southern Conference for the last time, before North Carolina and six other schools broke off from the SoCon to form the Atlantic Coast Conference.

The 1945 North Carolina Tar Heels football team represented the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill during the 1945 college football season. The Tar Heels were led by third-year head coach Carl Snavely, his first at UNC since 1935. North Carolina played their home games at Kenan Memorial Stadium and competed as a member of the Southern Conference.

The 1940 North Carolina Tar Heels football team represented the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill during the 1940 college football season. The Tar Heels were led by fifth-year head coach Raymond Wolf and played their home games at Kenan Memorial Stadium. They competed as a member of the Southern Conference.

The 1933 North Carolina Tar Heels football team represented the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill during the 1933 college football season. The Tar Heels were led by eighth-year head coach Chuck Collins and played their home games at Kenan Memorial Stadium. They competed as a member of the Southern Conference. Collins' coaching contract expired at the conclusion of the season, and UNC elected not to renew his contract, citing lack of success on the field. He was 38–31–9 in his eight seasons as head coach.

References

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  16. https://goheels.com/news/2018/1/7/football-individual-seats-coming-in-kenan-stadium.aspx
  17. https://goheels.com/news/2019/3/25/football-north-carolina-to-install-synthetic-grass-in-kenan-stadium.aspx