List of Scotland national football team captains

Last updated
Kenny Miller, playing for Scotland in a friendly against Brazil in March 2011. The yellow armband signifies that Miller was team captain. Kenny Miller - Brazil vs Scotland Mar11 (cropped).jpg
Kenny Miller, playing for Scotland in a friendly against Brazil in March 2011. The yellow armband signifies that Miller was team captain.

This article lists all the captains of the Scotland national football team . As of March 2019, Scotland have played 770 officially recognised international matches and have had 151 different team captains. George Young captained Scotland most often, with 48. [1] Only three other players, Billy Bremner, Darren Fletcher and Gary McAllister, have captained the team more than 30 times. [1]

Captain (association football) team captain of an association football team

The team captain of an association football team, sometimes known as the skipper, is a team member chosen to be the on-pitch leader of the team: it is often one of the older/or more experienced members of the squad, or a player that can heavily influence a game or have good leadership qualities. The team captain is usually identified by the wearing of an armband.

Scotland national football team Mens association football team representing Scotland

The Scotland national football team represents Scotland in international football and is controlled by the Scottish Football Association. It competes in the three major professional tournaments, the FIFA World Cup, UEFA Nations League and the UEFA European Championship. Scotland, as a country of the United Kingdom, is not a member of the International Olympic Committee and therefore the national team does not compete in the Olympic Games. The majority of Scotland's home matches are played at the national stadium, Hampden Park.

George Lewis Young was a Scottish footballer, best remembered for his association with Rangers and for being the first player to receive more than 50 caps for the Scotland national team.

Contents

The first captain of the Scotland team was Robert Gardner, who led the team in the first ever international match, against England on 30 November 1872. He went on to captain Scotland on just one further occasion, the second international match, on 8 March 1873, against the same opposition.

Robert Gardner was an important figure in Scottish football history. He was a match arranger, goalkeeper and team captain for Queen's Park during the 1860s until 1874. A letter of his, dated 1868, is the oldest surviving letter pertaining to association football. He was also the first goalkeeper to captain an international side.

1872 Scotland v England football match

The 1872 match between Scotland and England was the first ever association football official international match to be played. It was contested by the national teams of Scotland and England. The match took place on 30 November 1872 at West of Scotland Cricket Club's ground at Hamilton Crescent in Partick, Scotland. The match finished in a 0–0 draw and was watched by 4,000 spectators.

England national football team Mens association football team representing England

The England national football team represents England in senior men's international football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England. It competes in the three major international tournaments; the FIFA World Cup, the UEFA European Championship and the UEFA Nations League. England, as a country of the United Kingdom, is not a member of the International Olympic Committee and therefore the national team does not compete at the Olympic Games.

List of captains

Key
*Still active for the national team
Caps as captain Appearances made while captain
Total capsTotal number of appearances made
As of Scotland v Belgium, 9 September 2019
Andrew Watson (top centre) captained Scotland twice in his three appearances for the national team. Andrew Watson Footballer.jpg
Andrew Watson (top centre) captained Scotland twice in his three appearances for the national team.
James Cowan captained Scotland just once, in April 1898. This was a common occurrence in his era, as Scotland only played three matches (in the British Home Championship) each season until 1928-29. JamesCowan.jpg
James Cowan captained Scotland just once, in April 1898. This was a common occurrence in his era, as Scotland only played three matches (in the British Home Championship) each season until 192829.
Scotland captain Billy Bremner (left) and Netherlands captain Johan Cruyff exchange pennants before an international match in 1971. Billy Bremner and Johan Cruyff.jpg
Scotland captain Billy Bremner (left) and Netherlands captain Johan Cruyff exchange pennants before an international match in 1971.
Roy Aitken captained Scotland 27 times, which included the 1990 FIFA World Cup campaign. Aitken.jpg
Roy Aitken captained Scotland 27 times, which included the 1990 FIFA World Cup campaign.
Christian Dailly captained Scotland in a match against the Hong Kong League XI on 20 May 2002. Although the match is included by the Scottish Football Association in its statistical totals, it was not recognised as a full international by FIFA. ChristianDailly.jpg
Christian Dailly captained Scotland in a match against the Hong Kong League XI on 20 May 2002. Although the match is included by the Scottish Football Association in its statistical totals, it was not recognised as a full international by FIFA.
Darren Fletcher became the youngest player to captain Scotland in over a century when he first led the team, in a friendly against Estonia in May 2004. Darren Fletcher vs Everton (cropped).jpg
Darren Fletcher became the youngest player to captain Scotland in over a century when he first led the team, in a friendly against Estonia in May 2004.
PlayerScotland careerCaps as captainTotal capsFirst captaincyLast captaincy
Robert Gardner 1872–18782530 November 18728 March 1873
James J. Thomson 1872–1874137 March 18747 March 1874
Joseph Taylor 1872–1876266 March 18754 March 1876
Charles Campbell 1874–188681325 March 187621 March 1885
Robert W. Neill 1876–18802523 March 187813 March 1880
John McDougall 1877–1879157 April 18797 April 1879
David Davidson 1878–18811527 March 188027 March 1880
Andrew Watson 1881–18822312 March 188114 March 1881
Archie Rowan 1880–18821225 March 188225 March 1882
Andrew Holm 1882–18832310 March 188312 March 1883
Walter Arnott 1883–189331426 January 18844 April 1891
Michael Paton 1883–18862529 March 188423 March 1885
John McPherson 1879–18851814 March 188514 March 1885
John Lambie 1886–18882320 March 188619 February 1887
William Semple 18861110 April 188610 April 1886
James McAulay 1882–18872919 March 188721 March 1887
Bob Smellie 1887–18932610 March 188813 April 1889
Donald Gow 18881117 March 188817 March 1888
Duncan Stewart 18881124 March 188824 March 1888
Thomas Robertson 1889–1892349 March 188919 March 1892
Andrew Thomson 18891115 April 188915 April 1889
George Gillespie 1880–18912722 March 189028 March 1891
John McLeod 1888–18931529 March 189029 March 1890
James McLaren 1888–1890135 April 18905 April 1890
John Hill 1891–18921226 March 189226 March 1892
William Sellar 1885–1893192 April 18922 April 1892
Donald Sillars 1891–18952518 March 189323 March 1895
James Kelly 1888–18964825 March 189328 March 1896
Robert Marshall 1892–18941231 March 189431 March 1894
Dan Doyle 1892–1898187 April 18947 April 1894
Jock Drummond 1892–190341430 March 189521 March 1903
Jimmy Oswald 1889–1897136 April 18956 April 1895
John Gillespie 18961121 March 189621 March 1896
John L. Ritchie 18971120 March 189720 March 1897
William Lambie 1892–1897193 April 18973 April 1897
Matthew Scott 18981119 March 189819 March 1898
Bob Kelso 1885–18981726 March 189826 March 1898
James Cowan 1896–1898132 April 18982 April 1898
Nicol Smith 1897–190221218 March 18998 April 1899
David Storrier 18991325 March 189925 March 1899
Robert Hamilton 1899–19112113 February 190023 February 1901
Henry Marshall 1899–1900123 March 19003 March 1900
John Tait Robertson 1898–19055167 April 19009 April 1904
Albert Buick 1902121 March 19021 March 1902
John Campbell 1893–190311215 March 190215 March 1902
Andy Aitken 1901–19112143 May 190218 March 1911
Alex Raisbeck 1900–1907489 March 19036 April 1907
Jimmy Sharp 1904–19091512 March 190412 March 1904
Tom Jackson 1904–1907166 March 19056 March 1905
Neilly Gibson 1895–190511418 March 190518 March 1905
Charles Bellany Thomson 1904–191413211 April 19055 April 1913
James Stark 19092215 March 19093 April 1909
Jimmy Hay 1905–19143115 March 19101 April 1911
Peter McWilliam 1905–1911186 March 19116 March 1911
Alec McNair 1906–192051516 March 191210 April 1920
Donald Colman 1911–19131415 March 191315 March 1913
Peter Nellies 1913–19141228 February 191428 February 1914
Jimmy Gordon 1912–19201104 April 19144 April 1914
William Cringan 1920–19233526 February 192014 April 1923
Kenny Campbell 1920–19221812 February 192112 February 1921
Andrew Wilson 1920–192311226 February 192126 February 1921
Jack Marshall [note 1] 1921–1924279 April 19214 February 1922
Andy Cunningham 1920–19271124 March 19224 March 1922
Jimmy Blair 1920–1924388 April 192216 February 1924
Jock Hutton 1923–19281101 March 19241 March 1924
Jimmy McMullan 1920–192961612 April 192413 April 1929
David Morris 1923–19253614 February 19254 April 1925
Tom Townsley 19251131 October 192531 October 1925
Willie McStay 1921–192851327 February 19262 April 1927
Tommy Muirhead 1922–19291825 February 192825 February 1928
Tully Craig 1927–19304826 May 192926 October 1929
David Meiklejohn 1922–193361522 February 193029 November 1933
Jimmy Crapnell 1929–19324918 May 193017 September 1932
Robert Gillespie 1926–19333425 October 19301 April 1933
Alan Morton 1920–193213121 February 193121 February 1931
Danny Blair 1928–19321816 May 193116 May 1931
Jimmy McDougall 19311220 May 193120 May 1931
John Johnstone 1929–19321326 October 193226 October 1932
Peter McGonagle 1933–19341616 September 193316 September 1933
Andrew Anderson 1933–19384234 October 19337 December 1938
Alex Massie 1931–193721814 April 193420 October 1934
Jimmy Simpson 1934–1937131421 November 193410 November 1937
George Brown 1930–19382199 April 193821 May 1938
Jimmy Carabine 1938–1939138 October 19388 October 1938
Jimmy Dougal 19391115 April 193915 April 1939
Jock Shaw 1946–19476623 January 19464 October 1947
Jimmy Stephen 1946–19471219 October 194619 October 1946
Davie Shaw 1946–19481927 November 194627 November 1946
Willie Woodburn 1947–195212412 November 194712 November 1947
George Young 1946–1957485410 April 194819 May 1957
Sammy Cox 1948–19541253 April 19543 April 1954
Tommy Docherty 1951–19598255 May 195419 April 1958
Willie Cunningham 1954–19555825 May 19542 April 1955
Gordon Smith 1946–195721919 May 195529 May 1955
Tommy Younger 1955–19584247 May 195811 June 1958
Bobby Evans 1948–1960124815 June 19588 June 1960
Dave Mackay 1957–196572218 October 195820 November 1963
Eric Caldow 1957–1963154022 October 19606 April 1963
Denis Law 1958–19745559 June 196326 April 1972
Billy McNeill 1961–197282911 April 196413 October 1965
Jim Baxter 1960–196743425 November 196410 May 1967
John Greig 1964–197515447 December 196529 October 1975
Billy Bremner 1965–1975395416 October 19683 September 1975
Frank McLintock 1963–19711918 April 197018 April 1970
Bobby Moncur 1968–197271611 November 19709 June 1971
Pat Stanton 1966–197431614 June 197116 May 1973
David Hay 1970–197422717 October 197327 March 1974
Sandy Jardine 1970–197993830 October 197419 December 1979
Gordon McQueen 1974–19811301 June 19751 June 1975
Martin Buchan 1971–197823417 December 197518 June 1977
Tom Forsyth 1971–19781227 April 19767 April 1976
Archie Gemmill 1971–198123436 May 197625 March 1981
Kenny Dalglish 1971–1986610227 April 197726 March 1986
Bruce Rioch 1975–1978102428 May 197711 June 1978
Don Masson 1976–19782177 September 197712 October 1977
Danny McGrain 1973–1982106228 May 198015 June 1982
Asa Hartford 1972–198235016 May 198118 November 1981
Graeme Souness 1974–1986275424 May 19828 June 1986
Paul Hegarty 1979–19831824 May 198324 May 1983
Willie Miller 1975–1989116512 June 198319 October 1988
Roy Aitken 1979–1991275715 October 198620 June 1990
Alex McLeish 1980–19938772 December 198717 February 1993
Jim Leighton 1982–199849130 May 19897 June 1995
Paul McStay 1983–199777612 September 199012 October 1994
Maurice Malpas 1984–199225514 November 19903 June 1992
Richard Gough 1983–19938616 February 199128 April 1993
Gordon Strachan 1980–19925501 May 199125 March 1992
Craig Levein 1990–199411624 March 199324 March 1993
Gary McAllister 1990–199932578 September 199331 March 1999
Ally McCoist 1986–199816127 March 199627 March 1996
Colin Hendry 1993–2001225126 May 199628 March 2001
Tom Boyd 1990–200167212 November 199725 April 2001
Paul Lambert 1995–200317409 October 199910 September 2003
Kevin Gallacher 1988–20011537 October 20007 October 2000
Craig Burley 1995–20031466 October 20016 October 2001
Christian Dailly 1997–2008126616 May 200212 November 2005
Barry Ferguson 1998–200928456 September 200328 March 2009
Darren Fletcher 2004–2017348027 May 20048 October 2017
Steven Pressley 2000–200613230 May 200430 May 2004
Jackie McNamara 1996–200513317 November 200417 November 2004
David Weir 1997–201046811 May 20066 September 2006
Stephen McManus 2006–201082626 March 200814 November 2009
Kenny Miller 2001–20135679 February 201110 August 2011
Gary Caldwell 2002–201375529 February 201226 March 2013
Scott Brown 2005–201725556 February 20134 September 2017
James Morrison 2008–20171467 June 20137 June 2013
Kieran Tierney *2016–1129 November 20179 November 2017
Charlie Mulgrew *2012–44323 March 201811 June 2019
Scott McKenna *2018–1122 June 20182 June 2018
Andrew Robertson *2014–10327 September 20189 September 2019
Callum McGregor *2017–11521 March 201921 March 2019

Statistics include official FIFA recognised matches, and a match against a Hong Kong League XI played on 23 May 2002 that the Scottish Football Association includes in its statistical totals. [2] [5]

FIFA International governing body of association football

The Fédération Internationale de Football Association is a non-profit organization which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, fútsal, beach soccer, and efootball. It is the highest governing body of football.

Hong Kong League XI

The Hong Kong League XI, also known as the Hong Kong XI or Hong Kong League Selection, is a football team which represents the Hong Kong First Division League in exhibition matches, mainly the Lunar New Year Cup.

Scottish Football Association governing body of association football in Scotland

The Scottish Football Association is the governing body of football in Scotland and has the ultimate responsibility for the control and development of football in Scotland. Members of the SFA include clubs in Scotland, affiliated national associations as well as local associations. It was formed in 1873, making it the second oldest national football association in the world. It is not to be confused with the Scottish Football Union, which is the name that the SRU was known by until the 1920s.

Unofficial games

The above list considers captains selected for games officially recognised by FIFA and the Scottish Football Association. In addition to these, there have been a number of games played by Scotland teams on an unofficial basis, for example the "wartime internationals" played during the Second World War. Some of the captains selected for these unofficial games are listed below.

Matt Busby Scottish footballer and manager

Sir Alexander Matthew Busby, CBE, KCSG was a Scottish football player and manager, who managed Manchester United between 1945 and 1969 and again for the second half of the 1970–71 season. He was the first manager of an English team to win the European Cup and is widely regarded as one of the greatest managers of all time.

Bill Shankly Scottish footballer and manager

William Shankly was a Scottish football player and manager, who is best known for his time as manager of Liverpool. Shankly brought success to Liverpool, gaining promotion to the First Division and winning three League Championships and the UEFA Cup. He laid foundations on which his successors Bob Paisley and Joe Fagan were able to build by winning seven league titles and four European Cups in the ten seasons after Shankly retired in 1974.

Jock "Tiger" Shaw was a Scottish professional footballer most famous for his time at Scottish club Rangers, whom he captained between 1938 and 1950.

Notes

  1. Jack Marshall also represented the United States.

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References

  1. 1 2 "Scotland Captains by Total Games as Captain". www.londonhearts.com. London Hearts Supporters' Club. Retrieved 19 September 2013.
  2. 1 2 3 "Hong Kong v Scotland". www.scottishfa.co.uk. Scottish Football Association. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  3. Morrison, Neil (2 February 2005). "2002 INTERNATIONAL MATCHES". www.rsssf.com. RSSSF. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  4. Roberts, Chris (14 December 2011). "Darren Fletcher has the courage and strength to beat illness, says ex-Man Utd mate Henning Berg". Daily Record. Trinity Mirror. Retrieved 20 September 2013.
  5. "Gordon Strachan". www.scottishfa.co.uk. Scottish Football Association. Retrieved 19 September 2013.
  6. Morrison, Neil (15 November 2012). "1921 TOUR OF CANADA AND USA BY "THIRD LANARK'S SCOTLAND XI"". www.rsssf.com. RSSSF. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  7. "Sat 18 Apr 1942 Scotland 5 England 4". www.londonhearts.com. London Hearts Supporters' Club. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  8. "Sat 10 Oct 1942 England 0 Scotland 0". www.londonhearts.com. London Hearts Supporters' Club. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  9. "Sat 17 Apr 1943 Scotland 0 England 4". www.londonhearts.com. London Hearts Supporters' Club. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  10. "Sat 16 Oct 1943 England 8 Scotland 0". www.londonhearts.com. London Hearts Supporters' Club. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  11. "Sat 02 Feb 1946 Northern Ireland 2 Scotland 3". www.londonhearts.com. London Hearts Supporters' Club. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  12. Morrison, Neil (15 November 2012). "1949 TOUR OF CANADA AND USA BY THE SCOTTISH FA". www.rsssf.com. RSSSF. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  13. Bell, Stephen; Zlotkowski, Andre (6 June 2008). "Scotland XI Tour of Asia and Oceania 1967". www.rsssf.com. RSSSF. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  14. 1 2 "Tour games in 1967 that the Aussies count and we don't". The Scotsman. Johnston Publishing. 14 August 2012. Retrieved 23 September 2013.