List of Scotland international footballers born outside Scotland

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This is a list of players who have played international football for the Scotland national football team and who were born outside Scotland. For the purposes of international football the football world governing body, FIFA, considers Scotland, England, Wales and Northern Ireland to be distinct and individual countries. [1] [2] This has happened since the early days of international football, as Arthur Kinnaird, 11th Lord Kinnaird (born in England) and Henry Renny-Tailyour represented Scotland in the 1870s. [3] The first black international football player, Andrew Watson, was born in British Guiana and represented Scotland during the 1880s. [4]

Scotland national football team Mens association football team representing Scotland

The Scotland national football team represents Scotland in international football and is controlled by the Scottish Football Association. It competes in the three major professional tournaments, the FIFA World Cup, UEFA Nations League and the UEFA European Championship. Scotland, as a constituent country of the United Kingdom, is not a member of the International Olympic Committee and therefore the national team does not compete in the Olympic Games. The majority of Scotland's home matches are played at the national stadium, Hampden Park.

FIFA International governing body of association football

The Fédération Internationale de Football Association is an organization which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, fútsal, beach soccer, and eFootball. FIFA is responsible for the organization of football's major international tournaments, notably the World Cup which commenced in 1930 and the Women's World Cup which commenced in 1991.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north-northwest. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.


The majority of these players were born in England. In a friendly match against Cyprus in November 2011, five of the sixteen players used by Scotland were born in England. [5] The rules of selection were quite strict until 1971, when national teams were allowed to pick players if one of their parents were born in that country. [5] This was later relaxed to allowing selection for one grandparent being born in Scotland, although it was temporarily tightened again, which prevented Nigel Spackman from playing for Scotland. [3] [5] The Home Nations have since made an agreement that also allows players who have been educated for at least five years in the relevant country to be selected by its national team. [6] Jordan Rhodes was selected on this basis. [6]

Cyprus national football team mens national association football team representing Cyprus

The Cyprus national football team represents Cyprus in association football and is controlled by the Cyprus Football Association, the governing body for football in Cyprus. Cyprus' home ground is the GSP Stadium in Nicosia and the current coach is Ran Ben Shimon.

The grandfather rule, in sports which usually only permit participants to play for the team of their country of birth, is an exception which gives participants the option to play for the country of any of their ancestors up to the grandparents. Despite common name for the rule, grandparents of either sex can be invoked equally and it is sometimes referred to as the grandparent rule or the granny rule.

Nigel James Spackman is an English football manager and former player who played as a midfielder from 1980 to 1998 notably for Liverpool, Chelsea and Rangers.


British Guiana



Graham Alexander association football player and manager

Graham Alexander is a former professional footballer who is the manager of National League club Salford City. In a lengthy playing career, Alexander represented Scunthorpe United, Luton Town, Preston North End and Burnley. He also made 40 international appearances for Scotland.

Phil Bardsley association football player

Phillip Anthony Bardsley is a professional footballer who plays for Premier League club Burnley and the Scotland national team. Although born in England, Bardsley qualifies for Scotland through his Glasgow-born father.

George Boyd (footballer) professional footballer

George Jan Boyd is a professional footballer who plays as a winger for Championship club Sheffield Wednesday.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Never played club football in Scotland.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Played club football in Scotland and England.
  3. 1 2 Played club football solely in Scotland.

Only played in England

A large number of Scottish internationals born in Scotland never played senior club football in that country, either due to the circumstances of their upbringing (for example Tommy Lawrence, Scot Gemmill, Dominic Matteo and Ikechi Anya – who also played in the Spanish leagues, [12] or being scouted by clubs in England at a young age and remaining in the English football league system throughout their career (this includes several who reached the landmark of 25 caps such as Billy Liddell, Denis Law, Billy Bremner, Willie Donachie, Asa Hartford, Frank Gray, John Robertson, John Wark, Darren Fletcher and Grant Hanley). [20]

Tommy Lawrence Scottish footballer

Thomas Johnstone Lawrence was a Scottish professional footballer, who played as a goalkeeper for Liverpool and Tranmere Rovers from the 1950s to the 1970s. Lawrence played in three full internationals for Scotland during the 1960s.

Scot Gemmill is a Scottish football player and coach, who is currently the manager of the Scotland under-21 team. He played as a midfielder for Nottingham Forest, Everton, Preston North End, Leicester City, Oxford United, New Zealand Knights and Scotland. He is the son of former Scottish international footballer Archie Gemmill.

Dominic Matteo is a Scottish former professional footballer. He played as a defender and midfielder in a 17-year professional career from 1992 to 2009. He made a total of 366 league and cup appearances, of which 276 were in the Premier League. He was capped six times by Scotland after originally representing England at under-21 and 'B' team level.

Conversely, Joe Baker had only played in the Scottish football league system when he was capped by his birthplace England in 1959 – he was the first player to be in that situation. His elder brother Gerry Baker was also raised in Scotland but had been born in the United States and later appeared for their national team. [21]

Joseph Henry Baker was an England international footballer. Born in Woolton in Liverpool, England, he spent virtually his entire childhood growing up in Motherwell, Scotland. He is notable for being the first professional player to have played for England without having previously played in the English football league system, and for scoring over 100 goals in both the English and Scottish leagues. His brother Gerry Baker was also a professional footballer, who played internationally for the United States.

The Scottish football league system is a series of generally unconnected leagues for Scottish football clubs. The Scottish system is more complicated than many other national league systems, consisting of several completely separate systems or 'grades' of leagues and clubs, with Senior football, Junior football, and beneath these Amateur and Welfare football.

Gerard Austin Baker was an American-born Scottish footballer. From 1955 until 1970, he played 16 seasons in either the Scottish or English first division. He earned seven caps with the US national team in 1968 and 1969, scoring two goals. His younger brother was the footballer Joe Baker.



Isle of Man

The Isle of Man does not have an internationally recognised national team; the Isle of Man Football Association is affiliated to the English Football Association as a County Football Association.

Isle of Man British Crown dependency

The Isle of Man, sometimes referred to simply as Mann, is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between Great Britain and Ireland. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who holds the title of Lord of Mann and is represented by a lieutenant governor. Defence is the responsibility of the United Kingdom.

Isle of Man Football Association association football governing body of the Isle of Man

The Isle of Man Football Association, also simply known as the Isle of Man FA or the IOMFA, is the body that co-ordinates and organises the sport of football on the Isle of Man. Although, as a Crown Dependency, the Isle of Man is not a part of the United Kingdom, the local FA is affiliated with the English FA, and acts as a County Football Association.

The Football Association governing body of association football in England

The Football Association (FA) is the governing body of association football in England, the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man. Formed in 1863, it is the oldest football association in the world and is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the amateur and professional game in its territory.


South Africa


United States

See also

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