Scotland national football team home stadium

Last updated

Hampden Park in Glasgow is the primary home stadium for the Scotland national football team. This has been the case since 1906, soon after it opened. The present site of Hampden Park is the third location to bear that name and both the previous locations also hosted Scotland games. Scotland have also played many of their home games in other stadiums throughout their history, both in friendly matches and for competitive tournaments.

Hampden Park football stadium

Hampden Park is a football stadium in the Mount Florida area of Glasgow, Scotland. The 51,866-capacity venue serves as the national stadium of football in Scotland. It is the normal home venue of the Scotland national football team and amateur Scottish league club Queen's Park F.C. and regularly hosts the latter stages of the Scottish Cup and Scottish League Cup competitions. It is also used for music concerts and other sporting events, such as when it was reconfigured as an athletics stadium for the 2014 Commonwealth Games.

Glasgow City and council area in Scotland

Glasgow is the most populous city in Scotland, and the third most populous city in the United Kingdom, as of the 2017 estimated city population of 621,020. Historically part of Lanarkshire, the city now forms the Glasgow City council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland; the local authority is Glasgow City Council. Glasgow is situated on the River Clyde in the country's West Central Lowlands. Inhabitants of the city are referred to as "Glaswegians" or "Weegies". It is the fourth most visited city in the UK. Glasgow is also known for the Glasgow patter, a distinct dialect of the Scots language that is noted for being difficult to understand by those from outside the city.

Scotland national football team mens association football team representing Scotland

The Scotland national football team represents Scotland in international football and is controlled by the Scottish Football Association. It competes in the three major professional tournaments, the FIFA World Cup, UEFA Nations League and the UEFA European Championship. Scotland, as a constituent country of the United Kingdom, is not a member of the International Olympic Committee and therefore the national team does not compete in the Olympic Games. The majority of Scotland's home matches are played at the national stadium, Hampden Park.

Contents

History

Early history

Scotland hosted the first official international match, a goalless draw against England on 30 November 1872, at the Hamilton Crescent cricket ground in Glasgow. [1] This venue was used for four Scotland matches between then and 1876. The next venue to be used was the first Hampden Park, home of Queen's Park. It hosted the first ever Scottish Cup Final in 1874 and a Scotland v England match in 1878. [2] Queen's Park left this site in 1883 because of a proposal to extend the Cathcart District Railway line through the site. [2]

1872 Scotland vs England football match

The 1872 match between Scotland and England was the first ever association football official international match to be played. It was contested by the national teams of Scotland and England. The match took place on 30 November 1872 at West of Scotland Cricket Club's ground at Hamilton Crescent in Partick, Scotland. The match finished in a 0–0 draw and was watched by 4,000 spectators.

England national football team Mens association football team representing England

The England national football team represents England in senior men's international football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England.

Hamilton Crescent cricket ground

Hamilton Crescent is a cricket ground located in the Partick area of Glasgow, Scotland. It is the home of the West of Scotland Cricket Club.

Queen's Park then moved to a second Hampden Park, which hosted internationals between 1885 and 1890. [3] The first match hosted outside Glasgow was at Hibernian Park in Edinburgh on 10 March 1888. This started a trend of smaller venues outside Glasgow being used for some of the less attractive fixtures, particularly against Wales. The more attractive match against rivals England was always played in Glasgow, which had the largest stadiums. During the 1890s and early 1900s most of the Scotland fixtures were played either at Celtic Park or Ibrox Park, as Rangers and Celtic competed to host the lucrative match against England. [4] The present site of Ibrox Park was opened in 1899 and it hosted a Scotland match for the first time in 1902, but a collapse in the wooden terracing resulted in the first Ibrox disaster, during which 25 fatalities and nearly 600 injuries were suffered. [4] [5]

Hibernian Park was the home ground of the Scottish football club Hibernian from 1880 until the club's dissolution in 1891. When the club was reformed in 1892, the club took out on a lease on a site which became known as Easter Road. Hibernian Park was also located in the Easter Road area; in fact, it was closer to Easter Road itself than the present stadium because it was on the site of what is now Bothwell Street.

Edinburgh City and council area in Scotland

Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas. Historically part of the county of Midlothian, it is located in Lothian on the Firth of Forth's southern shore.

Wales national football team mens association football team representing Wales

The Wales national football team represents Wales in international football. It is controlled by the Football Association of Wales (FAW), the governing body for football in Wales and the third-oldest national football association in the world.

The loss of Scotland games to the other venues in Glasgow forced Queen's Park to consider increasing the capacity of the second Hampden. [3] In the late 1890s, Queen's Park requested more land for development, but this was refused by the landlords. The club acquired a new site, the present site of Hampden Park, from Henry Erskine Gordon in 1899. The third Hampden opened in October 1903, while the second Hampden was taken over by Third Lanark and renamed Cathkin Park. [2] The third Hampden hosted its first international in 1906. It expanded to the point where it set world record attendances between the 1900s and 1930s. [3] Even as late as 1970, Hampden set a record attendance for a UEFA competition match, the 1969–70 European Cup semi-final second leg between Celtic and Leeds United. [3]

Third Lanark Athletic Club were a professional Scottish football club based in Glasgow. Founded in 1872 as an offshoot of the 3rd Lanarkshire Rifle Volunteers, they were founder members of the Scottish Football Association (SFA) in 1872 and the Scottish Football League (SFL) in 1890. They played in the top division of the SFL for the majority of their existence, and were league champions in 1903-04. They also won the Scottish Cup twice, in 1889 and 1905. Third Lanark went out of business in 1967 as a result of mismanagement, six years after having finished in third place in the SFL. Their former ground, Cathkin Park in Crosshill, is still partially standing and used for minor football.

Cathkin Park (1903-)

Cathkin Park is a municipal park in Glasgow, Scotland. The park is maintained by the city's parks department, and it is a public place where football is still played. The park contains the site of the second Hampden Park, previously home to the football clubs Queen's Park and Third Lanark. The original Hampden Park is just to the west, as the course of the original Cathcart Road is now in Queen's Park Rec.

UEFA international sport governing body

The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members.

Modern redevelopments

Hampden continued to be the main home stadium for the Scotland national team until the early 1990s. It then required significant redevelopment to become an all-seater stadium, meeting the requirements of the Taylor Report. Ibrox Park and Pittodrie Stadium in Aberdeen had both been largely redeveloped before then and hosted some of the 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification matches.

An all-seater stadium is a sports stadium in which every spectator has a seat. This is commonplace in professional association football stadiums in nations such as the United Kingdom, Spain, and the Netherlands. Most association football and American football stadiums in the United States and Canadian Football League stadiums in Canada are all-seaters, as are most baseball and track and field stadiums in those countries. A stadium that is not an all-seater has areas for attendees holding standing-room only tickets to stand and view the proceedings. Such standing areas were known as terraces in Britain. Stands with only terraces used to dominate the football attendance in the UK. For instance, the South Bank Stand behind the southern goal at Molineux Stadium, Wolverhampton, home of Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C., had a maximum of 32,000 standing attenders, while the rest of the stadium hosted a little bit less than that.

The Hillsborough Stadium Disaster Inquiry report is the report of an inquiry which was overseen by Lord Justice Taylor, into the causes of the Hillsborough disaster on 15 April 1989, as a result of which, at the time of the report, 95 Liverpool F.C. fans had died. An interim report was published in August 1989, and the final report was published in January 1990. It sought to establish the causes of the tragedy, and make recommendations regarding the provision of safety at sporting events in future.

Pittodrie Stadium football stadium

Pittodrie Stadium, commonly referred to as Pittodrie, is an all-seater stadium in Aberdeen, Scotland. Used primarily for football, it has been the home ground of Scottish Professional Football League (SPFL) club Aberdeen F.C. since they were formed in 1903. Prior to then, the ground hosted the original Aberdeen F.C. from 1899 until the merger that created the present club.

Hampden re-opened in 1994 and was used for the UEFA Euro 1996 qualifying matches. It then had to be closed again as the main (south) stand was replaced and a variety of venues were used for 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification and UEFA Euro 2000 qualifying matches, including Ibrox, Pittodrie, Celtic Park, Rugby Park in Kilmarnock and Tynecastle Stadium in Edinburgh. [6] The fully redeveloped Hampden was re-opened in 1999 and hosted the later Euro 2000 qualifiers, including the first leg of the play-off against England. [6] Hampden has hosted the clear majority of Scotland matches since 1999 and almost all competitive games. Some friendlies have been moved to smaller venues outside Glasgow, usually either Pittodrie or Easter Road in Edinburgh. Hampden was closed for a year due to its use as an athletics stadium in the 2014 Commonwealth Games. [7] [8]

Qualifying for UEFA Euro 1996 took place throughout 1994 and 1995. Forty-seven teams were divided into eight groups, with each team playing the others in their group both home and away. The winners of each group, as well as the six best runners-up, qualified automatically, while the two worst runners-up were involved in a play-off at a neutral venue. England qualified automatically as hosts of the event.

The 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification competition was a series of tournaments organised by the six FIFA confederations. Each confederation — the AFC (Asia), CAF (Africa), CONCACAF, CONMEBOL, OFC (Oceania), and UEFA (Europe) — was allocated a certain number of the 32 places at the tournament. A total of 174 teams entered the 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification rounds, competing for a total of 32 spots in the final tournament. The 1998 FIFA World Cup featured 32 teams, with two places reserved for France and Brazil as host nation and defending champions, respectively. The remaining 30 places were determined by a qualification process, in which the other 174 teams, from the six FIFA confederations, competed.

Qualifying for the UEFA Euro 2000 final tournament, took place throughout 1998 and 1999. Forty-nine teams were divided into nine groups. All teams played against each other, within their groups, in a home-and-away basis. The winner of each group and the best runner-up qualified automatically for the final tournament. The rest of the runners-up played an additional set of playoff matches amongst each other.

The lease that the SFA holds on Hampden is due to expire after UEFA Euro 2020. [9] During the 201718 season, Celtic (Celtic Park), Rangers (Ibrox) and the Scottish Rugby Union (Murrayfield) made offers to become the regular home of the Scotland team. [9] In September 2018, the SFA announced an agreement to purchase the ground from Queen's Park in 2020. [10]

List of home stadiums

Number of
matches
StadiumTown/CityFirst internationalLast international
249 Hampden Park [note 1] Glasgow 7 April 190620 November 2018
25 Celtic Park [note 2] Glasgow 25 March 189318 November 2014
18 Ibrox Stadium [note 3] Glasgow 15 March 190911 October 2014
15 Pittodrie Stadium Aberdeen 3 February 19009 November 2017
9 Tynecastle Park Edinburgh 26 March 18929 May 2003
7 Easter Road [note 4] Edinburgh 22 April 199822 March 2017
6 First Hampden Park [note 1] Glasgow 2 March 187825 March 1882
6 Second Hampden Park [note 1] Glasgow 14 March 18855 April 1890
4 Hamilton Crescent Glasgow 30 November 187225 March 1876
4 Rugby Park Kilmarnock 24 March 189427 May 1997
3 Dens Park Dundee 12 March 19042 December 1936
3 First Ibrox Park [note 3] Glasgow 9 March 188927 March 1897
2 First Cathkin Park Glasgow 15 March 188429 March 1884
1 Cappielow Greenock 15 March 190215 March 1902
1 Carolina Port Dundee 21 March 189621 March 1896
1 Fir Park Motherwell 19 March 189819 March 1898
1 Firhill Stadium Glasgow 25 February 192825 February 1928
1 First Celtic Park [note 2] Glasgow 28 March 189128 March 1891
1 Hibernian Park [note 4] Edinburgh 10 March 188810 March 1888
1 Love Street Paisley 17 March 192317 March 1923
1 Underwood Park Paisley 22 March 189022 March 1890

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 There have been three sites called 'Hampden Park'. The first is now the site of the Hampden Bowling Club. The second Hampden Park was renamed New Cathkin Park when Queen's Park FC moved to the current site of Hampden Park and Third Lanark AC moved in, bringing the 'Cathkin Park' name from their old home.
  2. 1 2 There have been two sites called 'Celtic Park'. Celtic FC first established a Celtic Park in 1888, but moved to a different site in 1892 when their rent was increased.
  3. 1 2 There have been two sites called 'Ibrox Park'. Rangers FC first established an Ibrox Park in 1889, but moved to a different site (adjacent to the previous) in 1899. The total for the current Ibrox Park does not include the match abandoned in 1902 due to the first Ibrox disaster, as it was later declared void and replayed at Villa Park.
  4. 1 2 The match played against Wales on 10 March 1888 at the Hibernian FC ground was played at Hibernian Park. This is not the present site of Easter Road stadium, which opened in 1892.

Related Research Articles

Rangers F.C. professional association football club based in Glasgow, Scotland

Rangers Football Club are a football club in Glasgow, Scotland, who play in the Scottish Premiership, the first tier of the Scottish Professional Football League. Although it is not part of the official name, they are occasionally referred to as Glasgow Rangers; their home ground, Ibrox Stadium, is in the south-west of the city in the Govan district.

Celtic Park football stadium

Celtic Park is a football stadium in the Parkhead area of Glasgow, and is the home ground of Celtic Football Club. With a capacity of 60,411, it is the largest football stadium in Scotland and the fifth-largest football stadium in the United Kingdom. It is commonly known by Celtic fans as either Parkhead or Paradise.

Ibrox Stadium football stadium

Ibrox Stadium is a football stadium on the south side of the River Clyde in the Ibrox district of Glasgow. The home of Rangers F.C., Ibrox is the third largest football stadium in Scotland, with an all-seated capacity of 50,817.

Scottish Cup

The Scottish Football Association Challenge Cup, commonly known as the Scottish Cup, is an annual association football knock-out cup competition for men's football clubs in Scotland. The competition was first held in 1873–74. Entry is open to all 90 clubs with full membership of the Scottish Football Association (SFA), along with up to eight other clubs who are associate members. The competition is called the William Hill Scottish Cup for sponsorship reasons.

Sport plays an important role in the culture of Glasgow, the largest city in Scotland. Association football is particularly popular: Glasgow is known for the fierce Old Firm rivalry between Scotland's most successful clubs, Celtic and Rangers. The national stadium, Hampden Park, is located in the city and stages most home matches of the Scotland national team, as well as the finals of the Scottish Cup and Scottish League Cup. The Scottish Football Association (SFA) and Scottish Professional Football League (SPFL) are both also based at Hampden. The world's first official international match took place in Glasgow in 1872.

History of football in Scotland

This article details the history of football in Scotland.

Scottish football attendance records

This article lists Scottish football attendance records under the categories listed below. The highest ever attendance for a UEFA competition match was in the 1969–70 European Cup semi-final at Hampden Park, Scotland's national stadium. A record 136,505 people attended the match between Celtic and Leeds United. The attendance of 149,415 for the Scotland vs. England international match of 1937 at Hampden Park is also a European record. The attendance of 147,365 for the 1937 Scottish Cup Final between Celtic and Aberdeen at Hampden Park is a European record for a club match. Rangers' record attendance of 118,567 at Ibrox is a British record for a league match.

The British League Cup was a competition that was set up in 1902 to raise money for the disaster at Ibrox Stadium, in which 25 people were killed and 517 injured. Teams that participated in this competition were the winners and runners-up of the Scottish and English football leagues. It was a predecessor to the Empire Exhibition Trophy, Coronation Cup and Anglo-Scottish Cup. It succeeded the old World Championship matches between English and Scottish top clubs, as football became more widespread in the world and England-Scotland club matches could no longer be billed as World Championships.

The 1902 Scottish Cup Final was played on 26 April 1902 at Celtic Park in Glasgow and was the deciding match of the 29th season of the Scottish Cup. The Final was to be played at Ibrox Stadium on 12 April, but the first Ibrox disaster occurred the week earlier during the annual Scotland v England game. This meant that the final was delayed by two weeks and moved to Celtic Park, although Celtic were one of the finalists. Hibernian and Celtic contested the match. Hibernian won the match 1–0, by the 75th-minute goal from Andy McGeachan. This was Hibernian's last Scottish Cup triumph for 114 years until they finally won it again in 2016 after beating Rangers 3-2.

The 1990–91 Scottish League Cup was the 45th staging of the Scotland's second most prestigious football knockout competition.

The bidding process for UEFA Euro 2008 ended on 12 December 2002, when a joint bid from Austria and Switzerland was selected as the host.

Rangers F.C. supporters

Rangers Football Club is a Scottish football club based in the city of Glasgow. The club's fans are often known as 'Bears', derived from the team's nickname, the Teddy Bears and also Bluenoses, referring to the teams colours.

James McCluskey was a football referee from Scotland, who officiated in the 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup and the final of UEFA Women's Euro 1991.

Cathkin Park was a football ground in the Crosshill area of Glasgow, Scotland. It was the home ground of Third Lanark from their foundation in 1872 until they moved to New Cathkin Park in 1903. It also hosted Scottish Cup final matches and the Scotland national team.

Meadowside was a football ground in the Partick area of Glasgow, Scotland. It was the home ground of Partick Thistle from 1891 until 1908.

New Logie Green was a football ground in the Powderhall area of Edinburgh, Scotland. It was the home ground of St Bernard's from 1889 until 1899, and was also used to host the 1896 Scottish Cup final, the only time the Scottish Cup final has been played outside Glasgow. The ground was named after a nearby mansion.

Ibrox Park was a football ground in Glasgow, Scotland. It was the home ground of Rangers from 1887 until they moved to the adjacent second Ibrox in 1899. The ground staged the Scottish Cup Final four times and also three Scotland international matches.

2016 Scottish Cup Final

The 2016 Scottish Cup Final was the 131st final of the Scottish Cup and the final of the 2015–16 Scottish Cup, the most prestigious knockout football competition in Scotland. The match took place at Hampden Park on 21 May 2016 and was contested by Scottish Championship teams Rangers and Hibernian. It was the first final to be contested by two teams from outside the top tier of the Scottish football league system. Hibernian ended a run of 114 years from last winning the competition, beating Rangers 3-2 with a stoppage time goal from club captain David Gray.

References

  1. Forsyth, Roddy (30 November 2012). "Roddy Forsyth: the first ever football international was indeed the start of something big". Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  2. 1 2 3 "The Hampden Story". www.hampdenroar.org.uk. Scottish Football Museum. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Hampden". www.scottishfa.co.uk. Scottish Football Association. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  4. 1 2 Grahame, Ewing (30 December 2010). "More than 600 people were killed or injured in the first Ibrox Disaster in 1902 when Scotland played England". Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  5. Gillon, Doug (7 April 2008). "A national tragedy: Ibrox disaster, 1902". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  6. 1 2 Brown, Alan; Tossani, Gabriele (25 June 2015). "Scotland - International Matches 1996-2001". www.rsssf.com. RSSSF. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  7. Barnes, John (4 October 2012). "Hampden will be closed to football for Glasgow 2014 preparations". BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  8. "Scotland v USA: November Hampden friendly confirmed". BBC Sport. 13 September 2013. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  9. 1 2 Currie, David (25 January 2018). "Hampden: Rangers and Celtic make bid for Scotland games and cup finals". BBC Sport. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  10. McLaughlin, Chris (11 September 2018). "Hampden v Murrayfield: Scottish FA opts to keep games in Glasgow". BBC Sport. Retrieved 11 September 2018.