List of oldest buildings in the Americas

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This article lists the oldest known surviving buildings constructed in the Americas, including on each of the regions and within each country. "Building" is defined as any human-made structure used or interface for supporting or sheltering any use or continuous occupancy. In order to qualify for this list a structure must:

Contents

Pre-Columbian era

NameImageNoteCountryHistorical regionFirst BuiltUseSource
Sechin Bajo Sechin casma valley.JPG A large archaeological site with ruins dating from 3500 BCE to 1300 BCE Department of Áncash, Peru 3500 BCAdministrative-Ceremonial center [1]
Pyramids of Caral Caral-Supe in Peru.jpg These pyramids predate the Egyptian pyramids by around 100 years Department of Lima, Peru Caral civilization 2600 BCTemples and residential buildings [2]
Kotosh Templo Blanco de Kotosh amb l'edifici del Templo de las Manos darrera06.jpg Archaeological site consisting of buildings with six periods of continuous occupation. Huánuco, Peru 1800 BCTemple [3]
Garagay PILASTRA FRENTE.jpg One of the largest centers of pre-Columbian culture on Peru's central coast Lima, Peru 1400 BCTemples [4]
Yucuita Yucuito.jpg Founded by the Mixtec civilization in the pre-Classic Period Oaxaca, Mexico Mixtec civilization 14th century BCCeremonial center and a square [5]
San José Mogote San Jose Mogote Pyramid.jpg San José Mogote was the largest and most important settlement in the Valley of Oaxaca during the Early and Middle Formative periods Oaxaca, Mexico Zapotec civilization 1300 BCTown [6]
Chavín de Huantar Chavin de Huantar-5.jpg Occupation at Chavín de Huántar has been carbon dated to at least 3000 BCE Department of Áncash, Peru Chavín culture 1200 BCReligious center [7]

Colonial era

NameImageNoteLocationHistorical regionBuiltSource
Basilica Cathedral of Santa María la Menor Basilica Menor de Santa Maria CCSD 07 2017 4676.jpg It was the first and oldest cathedral established in the Americas. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic Columbian Viceroyalty, Spanish Empire 1514-1541 [8] [9]
Monasterio de San Francisco CCSD RD 12 2017 7554.jpg It was the first and oldest monastery built in the Americas. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic Columbian Viceroyalty, Spanish Empire1509-1560 [9]
Hospital San Nicolás de Bari Ruinas San Nicolas de Bari CCSD 09 2018 1414.jpg It was the oldest hospital built in the Americas. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic Columbian Viceroyalty, Spanish Empire1503 [9] [10]
Ozama Fortress Fortaleza Ozama RD 11 2017 6495.jpg It is the oldest military construction of European origin in the Americas. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic Columbian Viceroyalty, Spanish Empire1502-1508 [9] [11]
Palace of Cortés Palacio de Cortes 2017.jpg It is the oldest conserved colonial-era civil structure in the continental Americas. Cuernavaca, Mexico Viceroyalty of New Spain, Spanish Empire1523-1528 [12] [13]
Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco Templo y Ex Convento, Santiago Tlatelolco.jpg It was the first European school of higher learning in the Americas and the first major school of interpreters and translators in the New World. Mexico City, Mexico Viceroyalty of New Spain, Spanish Empire1536 [14] [15]
Biblioteca Palafoxiana BIBLIOTECA PALAFOXIANA.tif It is the first and oldest public library in the Americas. Puebla City, Mexico Viceroyalty of New Spain, Spanish Empire1646-1773 [16] [17] [18]

See also

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Fortaleza Ozama Early sixteenth-century fortress built by the Spaniards

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Basilica Cathedral of Santa María la Menor

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Museo de las Casas Reales

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Hospital San Nicolás de Bari hospital in the Dominican Republic

Today a preserved ruin, it is recognized by the UNESCO for being the oldest hospital built in the Americas, the Hospital San Nicolás de Bari was constructed in 1503, in Santo Domingo, Dominican republic, at the behest of governor Nicolás de Ovando. This grand project was in keeping with the desire to emulate European princely courts, and looked to Renaissance Italy for inspiration. At the time of its completion, the wards could accommodate up to 70 patients, comparable to the most advanced churches of Rome. It is likely that the model for the Hospital de San Nicolás was the large Hospital of Sancto Spiritu in Rome. The complex forms part of the Colonial Zone of Santo Domingo World Heritage Site.

Biblioteca Palafoxiana Library in Puebla, Mexico

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Historic centre of Puebla old town in Mexico

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References

  1. "Oldest Urban Site in the Americas Found, Experts Claim". National Geographic News. 26 February 2008.
  2. "Sacred City of Caral-Supe". UNESCO World Heritage Centre.
  3. "Kotosh: las manos que se cruzan en el tiempo" (PDF). Arqueología del Perú (in Spanish).
  4. Lizardo Tavera (2000). "Garagay". Arqueología del Perú (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 10 March 2009.
  5. "Zona Arqueológica de San Juan Yucuita". Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia . 11 June 2015.
  6. "Current Research (Kent V. Flannery)". University of Michigan Museum of Anthropology. Archived from the original on 2007-12-29. Retrieved 2005-11-18.
  7. "Chavin (Archaeological Site)". UNESCO World Heritage Centre.
  8. "Basilica Cathedral of Santa María la Menor". 5albemarleway.co.uk. 15 August 2018.
  9. 1 2 3 4 "Colonial City of Santo Domingo. Outstanding Universal Value". UNESCO World Heritage Centre website.
  10. "Ruinas del Hospital San Nicolás de Barí". Lonely Planet .
  11. "The Fortress of Santo Domingo also known as Fortaleza Ozama". colonialzone-dr.com.
  12. John Jeffries Martin (2007). The Renaissance World. New York: Routledge. p. 123. ISBN   978-0-415-33259-0.
  13. Elizabeth Zach (6 April 2018). "Cuernavaca: A side trip into opulence, only an hour away from Mexico's capital". The Washington Post .
  14. Steck; Francis Borgia (1936). The first college in America: Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco. Achievement and influence of Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco. Washington DC.
  15. Lourdes Arencibia Rodriguez (2006). "The Imperial College of Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco: The First School of Translators and Interpreters in Sixteenth-Century Spanish America". Charting the Future of Translation History. Perspectives on Translation. University of Ottawa Press. pp. 263–275. ISBN   9780776626208 . Retrieved 2017-09-27.
  16. "Biblioteca Palafoxiana" (PDF). UNESCO. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  17. Brescia, Michael M. (July 2004). "Liturgical Expressions of Episcopal Power: Juan de Palafox y Mendoza and Tridentine Reform in Colonial Mexico". The Catholic Historical Review. 90 (3): 497–518. doi:10.1353/cat.2004.0116. JSTOR   25026636.
  18. Sherman, William H. (2010). "Palafoxiana, Biblioteca". In Suarez, Michael F.; Woudhuysen, H. R. (eds.). The Oxford Companion to the Book. Oxford University Press.