Mount Hebron Cemetery and Gatehouse

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Mount Hebron Cemetery and Gatehouse
Mount Hebron Cemetery.jpg
Mount Hebron Cemetery and Gatehouse, June 2010
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Location305 E. Boscawen St., Winchester, Virginia
Coordinates 39°11′10″N78°9′38″W / 39.18611°N 78.16056°W / 39.18611; -78.16056 Coordinates: 39°11′10″N78°9′38″W / 39.18611°N 78.16056°W / 39.18611; -78.16056
Area56.1 acres (22.7 ha)
Built1764 (1764), 1844, 1891, 1902
ArchitectBarney, James Stewart; et al.
Architectural styleChateauesque
NRHP reference # 09000163 [1]
VLR #138-0044
Significant dates
Added to NRHPMarch 20, 2009
Designated VLRDecember 18, 2008 [2]

Mount Hebron Cemetery and Gatehouse is a historic cemetery and gatehouse located at Winchester, Virginia. The cemetery was established in 1844 on two older churchyards, including that of Christ Episcopal Church in 1853. Many Civil War soldiers who died in Winchester's hospitals were interred in this cemetery, but after the war, the Union Burial Corps reinterred many Union dead into the Winchester National Cemetery established nearby, or to their home towns. The 1866 expansion included Stonewall Cemetery for 2,576 Confederate war dead. Iron fence added in 1891 and the Chateauesque style limestone gatehouse for superintendent added in 1902. [3] [4]

Cemetery Place of burial

A cemetery or graveyard is a place where the remains of dead people are buried or otherwise interred. The word cemetery implies that the land is specifically designated as a burial ground and originally applied to the Roman catacombs. The term graveyard is often used interchangeably with cemetery, but a graveyard primarily refers to a burial ground within a churchyard.

Gatehouse building enclosing or accompanying a gateway

A gatehouse is an entry control point building, enclosing or accompanying a gateway for a town, religious house, castle, manor house, or other fortification building of importance. Gatehouses are typically the most heavily armed section of a fortification, to compensate for being structurally the weakest and the most probable attack point by an enemy. There are numerous surviving examples in France, Austria, Germany, England and Japan.

Winchester, Virginia Independent city in Virginia, United States

Winchester is an independent city located in the northwestern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,203. As of 2015, its population is an estimated 27,284. It is the county seat of Frederick County, although the two are separate jurisdictions. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Winchester with surrounding Frederick County for statistical purposes.

Founding Father Daniel Roberdeau (1727–1795) and Revolutionary War hero Daniel Morgan (1736-1802) are buried at Mount Hebron. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2009. [1]

Founding Fathers of the United States Group of Americans who led the revolution against Great Britain

The Founding Fathers of the United States, were a group of leaders who united the Thirteen Colonies, led the war for independence from Great Britain and built a Frame of Government for the new United States of America upon republican principles during the latter decades of the 18th century. Most Founding Fathers at one point considered themselves British subjects; but they came to understand themselves more as patriotic Americans who possessed a spirit distinct from that of their motherland. The group was composed of businessmen, philosophers, politicians, plantation owners and writers from a variety of social, economic, and ethnic backgrounds.

Daniel Roberdeau was an American merchant residing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at the time of the American War of Independence. He represented Pennsylvania from 1777 to 1779 in the Continental Congress. Roberdeau served as a brigadier general in the Pennsylvania state militia during the war. He was a signer of the Articles of Confederation.

American Revolutionary War War between Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies, which won independence as the United States of America

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was an 18th-century war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America.

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References

  1. 1 2 National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service.
  2. "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
  3. "Mount Hebron Cemetery: History". Mount Hebron Cemetery. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  4. Anna Klemm_and DHR Staff (July 2008). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Mount Hebron Cemetery and Gatehouse" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources. and Accompanying four photos

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