Mount Hebron Cemetery and Gatehouse
Mount Hebron Cemetery and Gatehouse, June 2010
|Location||305 E. Boscawen St., Winchester, Virginia|
|Area||56.1 acres (22.7 ha)|
|Built||1764, 1844, 1891, 1902|
|Architect||Barney, James Stewart; et al.|
|NRHP reference #||09000163|
|Added to NRHP||March 20, 2009|
|Designated VLR||December 18, 2008|
Mount Hebron Cemetery and Gatehouse is a historic cemetery and gatehouse located at Winchester, Virginia. The cemetery was established in 1844 on two older churchyards, including that of Christ Episcopal Church in 1853. Many Civil War soldiers who died in Winchester's hospitals were interred in this cemetery, but after the war, the Union Burial Corps reinterred many Union dead into the Winchester National Cemetery established nearby, or to their home towns. The 1866 expansion included Stonewall Cemetery for 2,576 Confederate war dead. Iron fence added in 1891 and the Chateauesque style limestone gatehouse for superintendent added in 1902.
A cemetery or graveyard is a place where the remains of dead people are buried or otherwise interred. The word cemetery implies that the land is specifically designated as a burial ground and originally applied to the Roman catacombs. The term graveyard is often used interchangeably with cemetery, but a graveyard primarily refers to a burial ground within a churchyard.
A gatehouse is an entry control point building, enclosing or accompanying a gateway for a town, religious house, castle, manor house, or other fortification building of importance. Gatehouses are typically the most heavily armed section of a fortification, to compensate for being structurally the weakest and the most probable attack point by an enemy. There are numerous surviving examples in France, Austria, Germany, England and Japan.
Winchester is an independent city located in the northwestern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,203. As of 2015, its population is an estimated 27,284. It is the county seat of Frederick County, although the two are separate jurisdictions. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Winchester with surrounding Frederick County for statistical purposes.
Founding Father Daniel Roberdeau (1727–1795) and Revolutionary War hero Daniel Morgan (1736-1802) are buried at Mount Hebron. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2009.
The Founding Fathers of the United States, were a group of leaders who united the Thirteen Colonies, led the war for independence from Great Britain and built a Frame of Government for the new United States of America upon republican principles during the latter decades of the 18th century. Most Founding Fathers at one point considered themselves British subjects; but they came to understand themselves more as patriotic Americans who possessed a spirit distinct from that of their motherland. The group was composed of businessmen, philosophers, politicians, plantation owners and writers from a variety of social, economic, and ethnic backgrounds.
Daniel Roberdeau was an American merchant residing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at the time of the American War of Independence. He represented Pennsylvania from 1777 to 1779 in the Continental Congress. Roberdeau served as a brigadier general in the Pennsylvania state militia during the war. He was a signer of the Articles of Confederation.
The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was an 18th-century war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America.
Seven Pines and the Seven Pines National Cemetery are located in the unincorporated town of Sandston in Henrico County, Virginia. Cemetery records state the name is derived from for a group of seven pine trees planted within the national cemetery in 1869 near the intersection of the old Williamsburg-Richmond Stage Road and the Nine Mile Road, however, the name "Seven Pines" pre-dates the establishment of the cemetery. Earlier maps and records, especially those from the American Civil War, commonly refer to the location as "Seven Pines." Today, the surrounding area is still referred to as "Seven Pines" although the local township is Sandston.
Alexandria National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery, of approximately 5.5 acres (2.2 ha), located in the city of Alexandria, Virginia. Administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, it is one of the original national cemeteries that were established in 1862. As of 2014, it was site to over 4,500 interments. The cemetery can accommodate the cremated remains of eligible individuals.
City Point National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery in the community of City Point within the city of Hopewell, Virginia. Administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, it encompasses 6.7 acres (2.7 ha), and as of the end of 2005, had 6,909 interments. It is managed by Hampton National Cemetery.
Cold Harbor National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery in Mechanicsville, Hanover County, Virginia. It encompasses 1.4 acres (5,700 m2), and as of the end of 2005, had 2,110 interments. Administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, it is managed by the Hampton National Cemetery.
Fort Harrison National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery located seven miles (11 km) south of the city of Richmond, in Henrico County, Virginia. Administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, It encompasses 1.5 acres (0.61 ha), and as of the end of 2005, had 1,570 interments.
Winchester National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery located in the city of Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia. Administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, it encompasses 4.9 acres (2.0 ha), and as of the end of 2005, it had 5,561 interments. It is closed to new interments.
Staunton National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery located in the Shenandoah Valley, in Staunton, Virginia. Administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, it encompasses just over a single acre, and as of the end of 2005 had 994 interments. It is closed to new interments, and is maintained by the Culpeper National Cemetery.
Glendale National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery located near the city of Richmond, in Henrico County, Virginia. Administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, it encompasses 2.1 acres (0.85 ha), and as of the end of 2005 had 2,064 interments. It is closed to new interments.
Danville National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery located in the city of Danville, Virginia. Administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, it encompasses 3.5 acres (1.4 ha) and, as of the end of 2005, it had 2,282 interments. It is managed by Salisbury National Cemetery.
Magnolia Cemetery is a historic city cemetery located in Mobile, Alabama. Filled with many elaborate Victorian-era monuments, it spans more than 100 acres (40 ha). It served as Mobile's primary, and almost exclusive, burial place during the 19th century. It is the final resting place for many of Mobile's 19th and early 20th century citizens. The cemetery is roughly bounded by Frye Street to the north, Gayle Street to the east, and Ann Street to the west. Virginia Street originally formed the southern border before the cemetery was expanded and now cuts east–west through the center of the cemetery. Magnolia contains more than 80,000 burials and remains an active, though very limited, burial site today.
The Paris Cemetery in Bourbon County, Kentucky was founded in 1847. When opened, many families re-interred their dead in the new cemetery. The cemetery includes the Bourbon County Confederate Monument and a gatehouse that are each listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places. Aside from the Confederate Monument, other war memorials in the cemetery honor those who fought in the Mexican–American War, World War II, Korean War, and the Vietnam War. The most notable person buried here is John Fox, Jr., whose novel The Trail of the Lonesome Pine was the first work of American literature to sell over a million copies. A walking tour has been designed for those wishing to tour the cemetery.
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Winchester, Virginia.
Mount Sinai Baptist Church, also known as Mount Sinai Baptist Church and Cemetery, is a historic African-American Baptist church and cemetery located at 6100 Holy Neck Road in Suffolk, Virginia. It was built in 1921 by members of the church who were brick masons in the Victorian Gothic Revival style. It features a two towered façade, pointed Gothic-arched windows of stained glass imported from Germany, and prominent Classical porch. The church replaced a frame church erected in 1881. Associated with the church is a cemetery established about 1920.
New Dublin Presbyterian Church is a historic Presbyterian church complex located at Dublin, Pulaski County, Virginia. It was built in 1875, and incorporates part of a church built in 1840. It is a one-story, gable-roofed stuccoed brick church building. It primarily exhibits Greek Revival style character, with Gothic Revival style influences. It features a front entry with fanlight, a rose window, two-bay side elevations, a metal sheathed gable roof, and a limestone foundation. Also on the property are a contributing 1874 manse, a cemetery established on the eve of the American Civil War, and an outbuilding.
Mount Walla is a historic home located near Scottsville, Albemarle County, Virginia. It was built about 1820 and 1840, and is a 1 1/2-story, hall and parlor plan frame Federal-style dwelling. The house received a series of additions during the second half of the 20th century, more than doubling its size. Also on the property is a contributing smokehouse. The property also includes a family cemetery with Victorian iron fence. In 1836, the property was purchased by Peter Field Jefferson, grandnephew of the president.
The Cedar Hill Church and Cemeteries are located in historic Rockbridge County, Virginia. The small log church, which also served as a schoolhouse, was built in 1874 evoking the history of Rockbridge County's African American community. The land was given by a white farmer named John Replogle and transferred to” Trustees for the Colored Baptist Congregation” A cemetery was established behind the church, marked today by a scattering of field stone memorials. Because of the rocky ground, a new cemetery was laid out at a separate location around 1890 and is still in use. The Cedar Hill congregation was formed shortly after the Civil War. It consisted of African Americans that basically worked and lived on white-owned farms. The meetings were held in a log dwelling southwest of the present church. Later, the congregation met under a large oak tree that stood approximately one and a half miles west of the present church. Cedar Hill's oak tree meeting-place was similar to the brush arbor churches that many freedman congregations established in Virginia following the Civil war as temporary shelter. It is said that many members were buried near that oak tree that was called as the "Gospel Tree". The tree was destroyed by lightning around 1890, but the stump is still visible and a limb from it is kept at the present church as a historic memento.
Mount Jackson Historic District is a national historic district located at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia.
Cedar Grove Cemetery is a historic public cemetery located at Portsmouth, Virginia. It was established by an act of the Virginia General Assembly in 1832. The cemetery contains more than 400 graves with monuments dating from the late 1700s to the present. Its memorial markers include small tablets, ledger stones, obelisks, columnar monuments and mausoleums. They include notable examples of Greek Revival, Late Victorian, and Exotic Revival funerary art.
Mount Moriah Baptist Church and Cemetery is a historic African-American Baptist church and cemetery located at Roanoke, Virginia. It was built about 1908, and is a small, one-story, rectangular frame church sheathed in weatherboard. It consists of a main sanctuary, a front vestibule, and a rear chancel bay. The frame building sits on a raised foundation of uncoursed fieldstones. The associated burial ground contains over 100 interments from the 1870s through the present.
Fair Mount is a historic home located at Winchester, Virginia. It was built about 1809 by Lewis Barnett for local merchant Joseph Tidball. It is a two-story, five bay, stuccoed stone dwelling, with 1 1/2-story flanking wings. The house exhibits elements of the Late Georgian style in its massing and elements of the Federal style in its detailing. It was remodeled in 1929 in the Colonial Revival Style and the formal gardens and garage constructed.
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