Plav, Montenegro

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Plav

Плав
Plavë
Plav.jpg
Panorama of Plav
Coat of arms of Plav.png
Coat of arms
Montenegro adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Plav
Location within Montenegro
Coordinates: 42°36′N19°56′E / 42.6°N 19.94°E / 42.6; 19.94 Coordinates: 42°36′N19°56′E / 42.6°N 19.94°E / 42.6; 19.94
Country Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro
Municipality Coat of arms of Plav.png Plav
Settlements14
Government
  MayorNihad Canović (SD)
  Ruling party SDDPSBSAA
Area
   Town and municipality 328 km2 (127 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
  Density28/km2 (70/sq mi)
   Urban
3,717
   Rural
5,364
  Municipality
9,081
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
84325
Area code +382 51
ISO 3166-2 code ME-13
Car plates PL
Climate Cfb

Plav (Cyrillic : Плав; Albanian : Plavë) is a town in north-eastern Montenegro. It has a population of 3,717 (2011 census). Plav is the centre of Plav Municipality (population of 9,081 following the formation of Gusinje Municipality).

Contents

Name

The name Plav (Плав) is derived from Slavic plav, "a flooded place" (poplava, "flood"). [1] [2]

Geography

Plav is located at the foot of the Accursed Mountains range, adjacent to the springs of the river Lim.

The area contains many lakes and the most known is Lake Plav, one of the largest in this region. The lakes Hrid and Visitor are mountain lakes, and Visitor is noted for its floating island.

Plav is also renowned for its karst wells, among which are Ali Pasha of Gucia Springs and Oko Skakavica. Villages in the municipality include Gusinje.

History

In the Middle Ages, there was a župa (district) named Plav at the source of the flow of the Lim river and around the Plav lake. [2] It is mentioned in several medieval Serbian documents. [2]

After the Serbian-Venetian nobleman Mariano Bolizza in Cattaro (Kotor), who wrote the Relazione e descrizione del sangiacato di Scutari ("Relations and Description of the Sanjak of Scutari") in 1614 most of Plav was inhabited by Albanians under the command of Sem Zaus (Cem Çaushi) of Podgorica. [3]

The settlement of Plav itself was founded by the Ottoman Empire.[ citation needed ] The Ottoman census organised in 1582-83 registered the Plav nahiyah within the Sanjak of Scutari with 18 villages; according to historian Milan Vasić all inhabitants had personal names with a Slavic character, and no Muslims were present. [4]

According to a 16th-century travel record by Antonio Bruni, the inhabitants of the Plav region are partly Albanian and partly Serbian, with a large proportion belonging to historical Albanian and Montenegrin tribes such as the Piperi, Kuči, Kelmendi, and Bjelopavlići. [5]

In 1878, following the Treaty of Berlin, the city of Plav was ceded to Montenegro by the Ottoman Empire despite having an Albanian Muslim-majority population and Bosniak Muslim-minority population. However, armed resistance of the League of Prizren and their victory against Montenegrin troops at Battle of Novšiće (1879) prevented the implementation. Ottomans had to cede Ulcinj to Montenegro after pressure from the Great Powers in 1881. Plav finally became part of Montenegro after the First Balkan War in 1912.

In 1939, the population of Plav was estimated to have been predominantly Bosniak, while that of Gusinje predominantly Albanian and bilingual. [6] The notable families of Plav at this time were the Medunjani, Šeović, Luković, and Šabović–Ferović. [6]

Sport

In the area of the Plav municipality there are 13 sports clubs and societies that are actively engaged in sports and competitions. Some are in the First Montenegrin league and some in the Second Montenegrin league.

Sport clubs:

Population

Plav is administrative centre of Plav Municipality, which in 2011 had a population of 9,081, mostly Bosniaks. The town of Plav itself has 3,717 citizens. Plav is almost entirely Muslim and either Slavic-speaking or Albanian-speaking. The Slavic dialect of Gusinje and Plav shows very high structural influence from Albanian. Its uniqueness in terms of language contact between Albanian and Slavic is explained by the fact that most Slavic-speakers in today's Plav are of Albanian origin. [7]

As of 2011:

Historical population:

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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Gusinje Town and municipality in Montenegro

Gusinje is a small town in north-eastern Montenegro. According to the 2011 census, the town has a population of 1,673 and is the administrative center of Gusinje Municipality.

Plav Municipality Municipality in Montenegro

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Kuči (tribe) Historical tribe and region in eastern Montenegro

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Ali Pasha of Gusinje

Ali Pasha Shabanagaj, was an Albanian military commander and one of the leaders of the League of Prizren. He governed, as an Ottoman kaymakam (sub-governor), an area in what is today eastern Montenegro around Plav and Gusinje. He was commonly known as Ali Pasha of Gusinje. He was the leader of the Albanian irregular troops of the League of Prizren against the Principality of Montenegro at the Battle of Novšiće.

Mrkojevići is a historical tribal region in southwestern Montenegro, located between the towns of Bar and Ulcinj. The region borders Krajina to the east. The Mrkojevići form a distinct ethno-geographical group with their own dialect of the Serbo-Croatian language. Their customs are distinct from their neighbouring Slavic and Albanian communities, but they also show influence and contacts with them. In the 400-year Ottoman period, the Mrkojevići converted to Islam, which forms an important aspect of their cultural identity.

Crmnica

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The Sanjak of Scutari or Sanjak of Shkodra was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire. It was established after the Ottoman Empire acquired Shkodra after the siege of Shkodra in 1478–9. It was part of Rumelia Eyalet until 1867, when it became a part, together with Sanjak of Skopje, of newly established Scutari Vilayet. In 1912 and the beginning of 1913 it was occupied by members of the Balkan League during the First Balkan War. In 1914 the territory of Sanjak of Scutari became a part of the Principality of Albania, established on the basis of the peace contract signed during the London Conference in 1913.

Battle of Novšiće

The Battle of Novšiće was a battle for control over Plav and Gusinje fought on 4 December 1879 between the forces of Principality of Montenegro led by Marko Miljanov and local pro-Ottoman forces which included irregulars of the League of Prizren, both commanded by Ali Pasha, the Kaymekam of Gusinje. The League of Prizren consisted mainly of Albanians and some Bosniaks from Plav and Gusinje in Scutari Vilayet and irregulars from Kosovo Vilayet. Some of them where Muslims of Montenegrin origin like Husein Bektešević.

Velika attacks (1879)

During the implementation of the Congress of Berlin, when the Principality of Montenegro had received Plav and Gusinje, the surrounding Albanian populace under the guise of the Ottomans attacked the Montenegrin forces in Velika at two occasions, on October 9 and November 22, 1879. The Ottomans were defeated.

Velika, Montenegro Village in Plav, Montenegro

Velika is a village in the municipality of Plav, Montenegro, close to the village of Murino.

The Vilayet of the Black Mountain was an Ottoman administrative unit within the Sanjak of Scutari, consisting of parts of modern-day Montenegro. It was established in the 16th century and existed until 1696. Although claimed by the Ottomans, the area was de facto independent with the Montenegrin tribes, with the support of the Eparchy of Cetinje, constantly waging wars against Turks.

Gusinje Municipality Municipality in Montenegro

Gusinje Municipality is a municipality in eastern Montenegro in the upper Lim valley at an elevation of about 1,000 m (3,000 ft). It was created in 2014, when it split from Plav Municipality. Its center is the small town of Gusinje, and its biggest village in terms of territory is Vusanje. Two of Montenegro's highest mountains overlook Gusinje: Zla Kolata and Visitor. Many of Gusinje's settlements are historically linked with the Albanian Kelmendi tribe (fis). The village of Gusinje developed into a town the 17th century around a fortress built by the Ottomans to contain the Kelmendi. In the 19th century, Gusinje was a developing regional market center. It was engulfed in 1879–1880 in a struggle between the Principality of Montenegro that wanted to annex it and the League of Prizren that opposed it. After the Balkan Wars, Gusinje became part of Montenegro and in 1919 part of Yugoslavia. Today, it is part of Montenegro since its declaration of independence in 2006.

Gruemiri Albanian tribe based in the region of Malësia

Gruemiri is a small historical Albanian tribe (fis) in the former municipality of Gruemirë in the region of Malësia.

Plav-Gusinje massacres (1912–1913)

The Plav-Gusinje massacres of 1912-1913 occurred between late 1912 and March 1913 in the areas of the modern Plav and Gusinje municipalities and adjacent areas. More than 1,800 locals, mostly Muslim Albanians from these two regions were killed and 12,000 were forced to convert to Orthodoxy by the military administration put in charge of these regions by the Kingdom of Montenegro which had annexed them during the First Balkan War.

References

  1. Contributions onomatologiques. 18. Akademija. 2005. p. 8.
  2. 1 2 3 ALEKSANDAR LOMA (2013). LA TOPONYMIE DE LA CHARTE DE FONDATION DE BANJSKA: Vers la conception d'un dictionnaire des noms de lieux de la Serbie medievale et une meilleure connaissance des structures onomastiques du slave commun. Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti. p. 170. ISBN   978-86-7025-621-7.
  3. Bolizza, Mariano (2003), Relations and Description of the Sanjak of Scutari, ISBN   9783447047838
  4. Vasić, Milan (1991), "Etnički odnosi u jugoslovensko-albanskom graničnom području prema popisnom defteru sandžaka Skadar iz 1582/83. godine", Stanovništvo slovenskog porijekla u Albaniji : zbornik radova sa međunarodnog naučnog skupa održanog u Cetinju 21, 22. i 23. juna 1990 (in Serbo-Croatian), OCLC   29549273
  5. Malcolm, Noel (2020-07-10). Rebels, Believers, Survivors: Studies in the History of the Albanians. Oxford University Press. p. 54. ISBN   978-0-19-259923-0.
  6. 1 2 Brastvo. 30. Društvo sv. Save. 1939. p. 121.
  7. Matthew C., Curtis (2012). Slavic-Albanian Language Contact, Convergence, and Coexistence. The Ohio State University. p. 140.
  8. Zvanični rezultati popisa na web stranici Zavoda za statistiku Crne Gore

Sources