Pontebba

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Pontebba

Pontebe, Pontafel
Comune di Pontebba
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Coat of arms
Location of Pontebba
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Pontebba
Location of Pontebba in Italy
Italy Friuli-Venezia Giulia location map.svg
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Pontebba
Pontebba (Friuli-Venezia Giulia)
Coordinates: 46°30′N13°19′E / 46.500°N 13.317°E / 46.500; 13.317 Coordinates: 46°30′N13°19′E / 46.500°N 13.317°E / 46.500; 13.317
Country Italy
Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Province Province of Udine (UD)
Frazioni Aupa, Frattis, Lagleise San Leopoldo, Studena Alta, Studena Bassa, Pietratagliata
Government
  MayorIsabella De Monte
Area
[1]
  Total99.66 km2 (38.48 sq mi)
Population
 (2018-01-01) [2]
  Total1,397
  Density14/km2 (36/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Pontebbani
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
33016
Dialing code 0428
Patron saintNatività di Maria
Saint daySeptember 8
Website Official website

Pontebba (Friulian : Ponteibe, German : Pontafel, Slovene : Tablja) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Udine in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

Friulian or Friulan is a Romance language belonging to the Rhaeto-Romance family, spoken in the Friuli region of northeastern Italy. Friulian has around 600,000 speakers, the vast majority of whom also speak Italian. It is sometimes called Eastern Ladin since it shares the same roots as Ladin, but, over the centuries, it has diverged under the influence of surrounding languages, including German, Italian, Venetian, and Slovene. Documents in Friulian are attested from the 11th century and poetry and literature date as far back as 1300. By the 20th century, there was a revival of interest in the language.

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol in Italy, the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

Slovene language South Slavic language spoken primarily in Slovenia

Slovene or Slovenian is a South Slavic language spoken by the Slovenes. It is spoken by about 2.5 million speakers worldwide, the majority of whom live in Slovenia, where it is the sole official language. As Slovenia is part of the European Union, Slovene is also one of its 24 official and working languages.

Contents

Geography

Pontebba, named after Italian : ponte meaning "bridge", is situated at the confluence of the Pontebbana creek and the Fella River, itself a tributary of the Tagliamento. It is located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northwest of Trieste and about 50 kilometres (31 mi) north of Udine, near the border with Austria. As of 31 December 2004, Pontebba had a population of 1,683 and an area of 97.7 square kilometres (37.7 sq mi). [3]

Italian language Romance language

Italian is a Romance language of the Indo-European language family. Italian descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire and, together with Sardinian, is by most measures the closest language to it of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy, Switzerland, San Marino and Vatican City. It has an official minority status in western Istria. It formerly had official status in Albania, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro (Kotor) and Greece, and is generally understood in Corsica and Savoie. It also used to be an official language in the former Italian East Africa and Italian North Africa, where it still plays a significant role in various sectors. Italian is also spoken by large expatriate communities in the Americas and Australia. Italian is included under the languages covered by the European Charter for Regional or Minority languages in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Romania, although Italian is neither a co-official nor a protected language in these countries. Many speakers of Italian are native bilinguals of both Italian and other regional languages.

Tagliamento river in Italy

The Tagliamento is a braided river in north-east Italy, flowing from the Alps to the Adriatic Sea at a point between Trieste and Venice.

Trieste Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Trieste is a city and a seaport in northeastern Italy. It is situated towards the end of a narrow strip of Italian territory lying between the Adriatic Sea and Slovenia, which lies approximately 10–15 km (6.2–9.3 mi) south and east of the city. Croatia is some 30 km (19 mi) to the south.

The municipality contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Aupa, Frattis, Laglesie San Leopoldo, Studena Alta, Studena Bassa and Pietratagliata.

Frazione is the Italian name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other administrative divisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. It is cognate to the English word fraction, but in practice is roughly equivalent to "parishes" or "wards" in other countries.

Pontebba borders the following municipalities: Dogna in the south, Hermagor-Pressegger See (Austria) in the north, Malborghetto Valbruna in the east and Moggio Udinese in the west.

Dogna Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Dogna is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Udine in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northwest of Trieste and about 45 kilometres (28 mi) north of Udine. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 235 and an area of 70.0 square kilometres (27.0 sq mi).

Hermagor-Pressegger See Place in Carinthia, Austria

Hermagor-Pressegger See is a town in the Austrian state of Carinthia. It is the administrative centre of Hermagor District. The town is named after Saint Hermagoras, the first bishop of Aquileia.

Malborghetto Valbruna Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Malborghetto Valbruna is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Udine in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

History

Historical border stone Alter Grenzstein Pontebba 02.JPG
Historical border stone
the Flugelaltar in Pieve of Santa Maria Maggiore Pontebba Flugelaltar.jpg
the Flügelaltar in Pieve of Santa Maria Maggiore

From the early 10th century onward, Pontebbana Creek formed the border between the March of Verona, the former Lombard Duchy of Friuli to the south, and the Bavarian March of Carinthia to the north. After the 1420 conquest of the Patriarchate of Aquileia, the settlement of Pontebba south of the creek belonged to the Domini di Terraferma of Venice. The corresponding settlement of Pontafel north of the bridge belonged to the Carinthian Canal Valley, an exclave held by the Imperial Prince-Bishopric of Bamberg, which was incorporated into the Inner Austrian territories of the Habsburg dynasty in 1759.

March of Verona

The March of Verona and Aquileia was a vast march of the Holy Roman Empire in northeastern Italy during the Middle Ages, centered on the cities of Verona and Aquileia. Seized by King Otto I of Germany in 952, it was held by the Dukes of Bavaria; from 976 in personal union with the Duchy of Carinthia. The margravial regime ended with the advent of the Lombard League in 1167.

Kingdom of the Lombards former country

The Kingdom of the Lombards also known as the Lombard Kingdom; later the Kingdom of (all) Italy, was an early medieval state established by the Lombards, a Germanic people, on the Italian Peninsula in the latter part of the 6th century. The king was traditionally elected by the highest-ranking aristocrats, the dukes, as several attempts to establish a hereditary dynasty failed. The kingdom was subdivided into a varying number of duchies, ruled by semi-autonomous dukes, which were in turn subdivided into gastaldates at the municipal level. The capital of the kingdom and the center of its political life was Pavia in the modern northern Italian region of Lombardy.

Duchy of Friuli

The Duchy of Friuli was a Lombard duchy in present-day Friuli, the first to be established after the conquest of the Italian peninsula in 568. It was one of the largest domains in Langobardia Major and an important buffer between the Lombard kingdom and the Slavs, Avars, and the Byzantine Empire. The original chief city in the province was Roman Aquileia, but the Lombard capital of Friuli was Forum Julii, modern Cividale.

It was only in 1874 that the Telegraph came to Pontafel. The opening of a k.k. State telegraph station with "limited daily services" took place at the same time as in other smaller places of the monarchy. [4]

Telegraphy long distance transmission of textual/symbolic messages without the physical exchange of an object

Telegraphy is the long-distance transmission of textual messages where the sender uses symbolic codes, known to the recipient, rather than a physical exchange of an object bearing the message. Thus flag semaphore is a method of telegraphy, whereas pigeon post is not. Ancient signalling systems, although sometimes quite extensive and sophisticated as in China, were generally not capable of transmitting arbitrary text messages. Possible messages were fixed and predetermined and such systems are thus not true telegraphs.

After World War I according to the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the border of the Kingdom of Italy with the Republic of Austria was shifted up the Canal Valley north to the town of Tarvisio. The two settlements of Pontebba and Pontafel finally merged on 15 August 1924. During World War II, the rail line through the town was the target of heavy aerial bombardment by the United States Army Air Forces because it was used by Germany to transport supplies to Italy. However, the aerial bombardment did not succeed in damaging the rail line, which is still in use today.

Sports

Aquile Friuli-Venezia Giulia, the region's flagship ice hockey team, plays its home games at the PalaVuerich arena in Pontebba and is affiliated with the local ice sports society Sport Ghiaccio Pontebba. The team is a member of the Serie A and won the 2008 Italian Cup.

Transport

Road to Pontebba from the east Pontebba Ortseinfahrt Osten 08092007 01.jpg
Road to Pontebba from the east

Pontebba can be reached via the A23 autostrada, European route E55, running from Palmanova and the A4 to Tarvisio and the Austrian A2 Süd Autobahn, as well as by the parallel Strada Statale 13 Pontebbana. Here the Strade Provinciale 110 to the Naßfeld Pass (Italian : Passo di Pramollo) branches off.

The Pontebba train station is at the new Pontebbana railway line from Udine to Tarvisio and the Austrian border. Opened in 2000 it replaces the old k.k. Staatsbahn Tarvis-Pontafel built in 1879.

Demographic evolution

Pontebba

Notable residents

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References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  4. "Kundmachungen". Klagenfurter Zeitung (in German). Klagenfurt: ANNO. 1874-12-10. p. 6. Retrieved 2019-09-07.