Portland, Indiana

Last updated
Portland, Indiana
Jay County Indiana Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Portland Highlighted 1861236.svg
Location of Portland in Jay County, Indiana
Coordinates: 40°26′2″N84°58′48″W / 40.43389°N 84.98000°W / 40.43389; -84.98000 Coordinates: 40°26′2″N84°58′48″W / 40.43389°N 84.98000°W / 40.43389; -84.98000
Country United States
State Indiana
County Jay
Township Wayne
Government
   Mayor John Boggs (L)
Area
[1]
  Total4.88 sq mi (12.63 km2)
  Land4.87 sq mi (12.62 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)  0.24%%
Elevation
909 ft (277 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total6,223
  Estimate 
(2019) [3]
6,002
  Density1,231.68/sq mi (475.59/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
47371
Area code(s) 260
FIPS code 18-61236 [4]
GNIS feature ID0441471 [5]
Website www.thecityofportland.net

Portland is a city in and the county seat of Jay County, Indiana, United States. [6] The population was 6,223 at the 2010 census, [7] and in 2018 the estimated population was 6,085. [8]

Contents

History

Portland was platted in 1837. [9] It was named after Portland, Maine. [10]

The Jay County Courthouse, Portland Commercial Historic District, and Jonas Votaw House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [11]

Geography

Portland is located in central Jay County at 40°26′2″N84°58′48″W / 40.43389°N 84.98000°W / 40.43389; -84.98000 (40.433884, -84.979914), [12] along the Salamonie River. [13] U.S. Route 27 (Meridian Street) runs through the center of the city, leading north 49 miles (79 km) to Fort Wayne and south 43 miles (69 km) to Richmond. Indiana State Road 26 enters Portland from the west on Votaw Street and from the east on Water Street; SR-26 leads west 21 miles (34 km) to Hartford City and east 10 miles (16 km) to the Ohio border near Fort Recovery. Indiana State Road 67 follows SR-26 west out of Portland, then leads southwest 29 miles (47 km) to Muncie.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Portland has a total area of 4.97 square miles (12.88 km2), of which 1.6 acres (6,524 m2), or 0.05%, are water. [14] The Salamonie River runs through the city just south of its center. The Salamonie is a west-flowing tributary of the Wabash River.

Demographics

Jay County Courthouse Jay County Courthouse P4020129.jpg
Jay County Courthouse
Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 462
1880 1,694266.7%
1890 3,725119.9%
1900 4,79828.8%
1910 5,1306.9%
1920 5,95816.1%
1930 5,276−11.4%
1940 6,36220.6%
1950 7,06411.0%
1960 6,999−0.9%
1970 7,1151.7%
1980 7,074−0.6%
1990 6,483−8.4%
2000 6,437−0.7%
2010 6,223−3.3%
2019 (est.)6,002 [3] −3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [15]

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 6,223 people, 2,607 households, and 1,620 families living in the city. The population density was 1,338.3 inhabitants per square mile (516.7/km2). There were 3,005 housing units at an average density of 646.2 per square mile (249.5/km2). The racial makup of the city was 94.5% White, 0.4% African American, 0.5% Asian, 3.1% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.8%. [2]

Of the 2,607 households 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were married couples living together, 14.0% single female householder, 5.4% single male householder, and 37.9% were non-families. 32.1% of households were one person and 14.2% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.89.

The median age was 39.4 years. 23.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.1% were from 25 to 44; 24.7% were from 45 to 64; and 17.9% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.8% male and 53.2% female.

2000 census

At the 2000 census there were 6,437 people, 2,739 households, and 1,750 families living in the city. The population density was 1,566.8 people per square mile (604.7/km2). There were 2,928 housing units at an average density of 712.7 per square mile (275.1/km2). The racial makup of the city was 96.49% White, 0.37% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander 1.80% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.36%. [4]

Of the 2,739 households 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.1% were non-families. 32.3% of households were one person and 16.4% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.86.

The age distribution was 23.1% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.8% 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.

The median household income was $31,045 and the median income for a family was $41,329. Males had a median income of $29,728 versus $21,134 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,375. About 5.1% of families and 9.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The town has a lending library, the Jay County Public Library. [16]

Notable people

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References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2017-02-08.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Portland city, Indiana". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved May 16, 2018.
  8. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  9. "Incorporated Cities and Towns". Jay County Historical Society. Archived from the original on 29 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  10. Baker, Ronald L. (October 1995). From Needmore to Prosperity: Hoosier Place Names in Folklore and History. Indiana University Press. p. 269. ISBN   978-0-253-32866-3. ...named for his hometown, Portland, Maine.
  11. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  12. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. DeLorme (1998). Indiana Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN   0-89933-211-0
  14. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 28, 2017.
  15. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. "Indiana public library directory" (PDF). Indiana State Library. Retrieved 8 March 2018.