Thomas R. McGuire House

Last updated

Coordinates: 34°45′1.01″N92°17′59.32″W / 34.7502806°N 92.2998111°W / 34.7502806; -92.2998111

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.


Thomas R. McGuire House
TR McGuire House.jpg
The Thomas R. McGuire House
Location Capitol View Historic District, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA
Built1905–1915 [1]
ArchitectThomas R. McGuire [2]
Architectural style Colonial Revival [3]
Part of Capitol View Historic District (#00000813)
NRHP reference # 91001858 [2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPDecember 19, 1991
Designated CPMarch 13, 2001

The Thomas R. McGuire House, located at 114 Rice Street in the Capitol View Historic District of Little Rock, Arkansas, [3] is a unique interpretation of the Colonial Revival style of architecture. Built by Thomas R. McGuire, a master machinist with the Iron Mountain and Southern Railroad, it is the finest example of the architectural style in the turn-of-the-century neighborhood. [1] It is rendered from hand-crafted or locally manufactured materials and serves as a triumph in concrete block construction. [3] Significant for both its architecture and engineering, [2] the property was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on December 19, 1991. [1]

Arkansas U.S. state in the United States

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Architecture The product and the process of planning, designing and constructing buildings and other structures.

Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures. Architectural works, in the material form of buildings, are often perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art. Historical civilizations are often identified with their surviving architectural achievements.

Engineering applied science

Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipline of engineering encompasses a broad range of more specialized fields of engineering, each with a more specific emphasis on particular areas of applied mathematics, applied science, and types of application. See glossary of engineering.


McGuire, then in his mid-20s, started building the property in 1904 at lot 4, block 4 of the newly platted Capitol View addition to the City of Little Rock. [1] Using his own plans, he almost singlehandedly erected the entire structure with only minimal help, most notably with installing the massive stone lintel above the front door and erecting the A-frames for the roof. [1] Beyond that, McGuire poured the concrete for the bricks from an immense vat in the front yard. He used clay and molds to form the capitols for the front and side porches, and he installed the oak woodwork inside the structure. He also cut the slate for the roof and the facade. [1]

Lintel structural horizontal block that spans the space or opening between two vertical supports

A lintel or lintol is a structural horizontal block that spans the space or opening between two vertical supports. It can be a decorative architectural element, or a combined ornamented structural item. It is often found over portals, doors, windows and fireplaces. In the case of windows, the bottom span is instead referred to as a sill, but, unlike a lintel, does not serve to bear a load to ensure the integrity of the wall. Modern day lintels are made using prestressed concrete and are also referred to as beams in beam and block slabs or ribs in rib and block slabs. These prestressed concrete lintels and blocks are components that are packed together and propped to form a suspended floor concrete slab.

A-frame carpentry part used in roof construction

An A-frame is a basic structure designed to bear a load in a lightweight economical manner. The simplest form of an A-frame is two similarly sized beams, arranged in an angle of 45 degrees or less, attached at the top. These materials are often wooden or steel beams attached at the top by rope, welding, gluing, or riveting.

Porch a room or gallery at the front entrance of a building forming a low front

A porch is a term used in architecture to describe a room or gallery located in front of the entrance of a building forming a low front, and placed in front of the facade of the building it commands. It can be defined more simply as a "projecting building that houses the entrance door of a building or as a vestibule,

McGuire's skill with metal-working equipment is evident throughout the house which features handmade metal columns on the front and side porches and two handmade brass light fixtures suspended from the ceiling in the entry foyer and the dining room. [1] The kitchen walls are lined with metal to protect them from kitchen appliance heat. Before city water became available to the area, McGuire had worked out a system to catch rain running off the roof and channel it through a sand-and-charcoal filter system to a holding tank on the back porch. [1]

Dining room room for consuming food

A dining room is a room for consuming food. In modern times it is usually adjacent to the kitchen for convenience in serving, although in medieval times it was often on an entirely different floor level. Historically the dining room is furnished with a rather large dining table and a number of dining chairs; the most common shape is generally rectangular with two armed end chairs and an even number of un-armed side chairs along the long sides.

By 1906, the shell of the building was complete and the McGuires moved in, first living in the back bedroom and kitchen areas as the rest of the house was slowly finished. [1] Two children were born in that bedroom: Thomas Jr. on July 13, 1907, and R.W. on December 23, 1910. The building was substantially finished by 1915 with the completion of the front living room and the entry foyer. [1]

Bedroom private room where people usually sleep for the night or relax during the day

A bedroom is a room of a house, mansion, castle, palace, hotel, dormitory, apartment, condominium, duplex or townhouse where people sleep. A typical western bedroom contains as bedroom furniture one or two beds (ranging from a crib for an infant, a single or twin bed for a toddler, child, teenager, or single adult to bigger sizes like a full, double, queen, king or California king, a clothes closet, and bedside table and dressing table, both of which usually contain drawers. Except in bungalows, ranch style homes, or one-storey motels, bedrooms are usually on one of the floors of a dwelling that is above ground level.

A kitchen is a room or part of a room used for cooking and food preparation in a dwelling or in a commercial establishment. A modern middle-class residential kitchen is typically equipped with a stove, a sink with hot and cold running water, a refrigerator, and worktops and kitchen cabinets arranged according to a modular design. Many households have a microwave oven, a dishwasher, and other electric appliances. The main functions of a kitchen are to store, prepare and cook food. The room or area may also be used for dining, entertaining and laundry. The design and construction of kitchens is a huge market all over the world.

Living room room in a residential house for relaxing and socializing

In Western architecture, a living room, also called a lounge room, lounge, or sitting room, is a room in a residential house or apartment for relaxing and socializing. Such a room is sometimes called a front room when it is near the main entrance at the front of the house. In large formal homes, a sitting room is often a small private living area adjacent to a bedroom, such as the Queen's Sitting Room and the Lincoln Sitting Room of the White House. The term living room was coined in the late 19th or early 20th century.

Architectural details

The McGuire house is a 1 12-story, cast-concrete block residence on a continuous poured concrete foundation built on a rectangular plan in a vernacular design with Colonial Revival details. [4] The hipped roof and ridge of each gable are topped by metal cresting. A dentil course runs below the cornice all the way around the structure. [4]

Foundation (engineering) Lowest and supporting layer of a structure

In engineering, a foundation is the element of a structure which connects it to the ground, and transfers loads from the structure to the ground. Foundations are generally considered either shallow or deep. Foundation engineering is the application of soil mechanics and rock mechanics in the design of foundation elements of structures.

Vernacular architecture Category of architecture based on local needs, construction materials and reflecting local traditions

Vernacular architecture is architecture characterised by the use of local materials and knowledge, usually without the supervision of professional architects. Vernacular buildings are typically simple and practical, whether residential houses or built for other purposes.

Gable Architectural feature

A gable is the generally triangular portion of a wall between the edges of intersecting roof pitches. The shape of the gable and how it is detailed depends on the structural system used, which reflects climate, material availability, and aesthetic concerns. A gable wall or gable end more commonly refers to the entire wall, including the gable and the wall below it.

The eastern or front facade consists of a gabled roof segment on the north end, a flat-roofed wrap-around porch extending around the south elevation, a dormer with pediment, a projecting porch pediment, and a brick chimney turned 45 degrees to serve fireboxes in four interior rooms. The porch is supported by three cast-iron and metal Greek Ionic columns with molded clay doric capitals. [4] Poured concrete steps lead to a concrete sidewalk; an iron boot scrape is set in the bottom step. The north gable/pediment and adjacent dormer feature two windows, each in slate, as is the entire roof. The dormer is capped with a pediment and a dentil course runs below the cornice. [4] A single window, also with a leaded glass window atop a stationary pane, is set in the north end of the east elevation; another stationary leaded glass window is set on the south wall facing the porch. Two tall sidelights are set adjacent to the front door, which has a large glass pane set into it; a leaded glass transom sits atop the door surrounds. [4] All of the casing is oak. [4] A large stone lintel tops the arrangement. [4] The porch has a pressed tin ceiling and its floor is covered in unglazed tile. [4]

The southern elevation includes the rest of the wrap-around porch and a protruding three-sided gable-roof topped bay. [4] There is one double-hung window on the porch facing south; it features a leaded glass pane over a single pane. A door with two large frames of glass is set in the bay opening onto the porch. [4] A double-hung, one-over-one window is set in the southern and southeastern sides of the bay; two more double-hung, one-over-one windows, featuring single leaded-glass panes, are set in the wall west of the bay. [4]

The western elevation features a gable with twin two-over two windows inset in a wooden casing. [4] The gable/pediment is covered in slate. An almost-full, flat-roofed poured concrete rear porch is supported by four square metal posts with plain metal capitals. [4] A one-over-one, double-hung window is set in the southern end of the elevation, just off the porch. Two doors open onto the back porch; the northern-most door has leaded glass, the other a single pane. [4] Another one-over-one, double-hung window at the northern end of the porch finishes the rear elevation. [4] There is a concrete cistern under the north end of the porch that was used to hold rainwater when the home was first built. [4]

The northern facade features a half porch supported by two smaller columns identical to those on the front porch. [4] It has a flat roof, a pressed-tin ceiling, and a mosaic tile floor. There also is a storage area beneath the porch. The wall projects slightly west of the porch. This gabled bay features two leaded-glass windows atop two single panes of glass within the pediment and at the first-floor level. [4] The central window of the three is slightly wider and has leaded glass in its top pane. Just west of the arrangement is another pair of double-hung, one-over-one windows separated by a similar half column. [4]

The interior walls are constructed of beaverboard; the kitchen walls, now covered by paneling, are encased in sheet metal. [4] Several rooms have pressed tin ceilings. [4] All of the interior trim is oak, as is much of the tongue-and-groove flooring. One striking feature is a beveled glass door to the closet opposite the bathroom door. There are pocket doors between the dining room and the front bedroom. [4]

See also

Related Research Articles

Window transparent or translucent opening

A window is an opening in a wall, door, roof or vehicle that allows the passage of light, sound, and sometimes air. Modern windows are usually glazed or covered in some other transparent or translucent material, a sash set in a frame in the opening; the sash and frame are also referred to as a window. Many glazed windows may be opened, to allow ventilation, or closed, to exclude inclement weather. Windows often have a latch or similar mechanism to lock the window shut or to hold it open by various amounts.

Brisbane Central Technical College

Brisbane Central Technical College is a heritage-listed technical college at 2 George Street, Brisbane City, City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It was built from 1911 to 1956. It is also known as Queensland Institute of Technology (1965-1987), Queensland University of Technology, and University of Queensland. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 27 August 1999.

Rio Grande Ranch Headquarters Historic District United States historic place

The Rio Grande Ranch Headquarters Historic District is a historic one-story residence located 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Okay in Wagoner County, Oklahoma. The site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places September 9, 1992. The site's Period of Significance is 1910 to 1935, and it qualified for listing under NRHP criteria A and C.

Scales Mound Historic District United States historic place

The Scales Mound Historic District is a historic district in the small Illinois village of Scales Mound. The district encompasses the entire corporate limit of the village and has more than 200 properties within its boundaries. The district was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1990.

J. Leonard Lackman House United States historic place

The J. Leonard Lackman House is located on Imperial Avenue in Cohoes, New York, United States. Lackman was a local gunsmith and locksmith. His descendants still own and reside in the house as of 2009.

Clackamas Lake Ranger Station Historic District United States historic place

The Clackamas Lake Ranger Station Historic District is a Forest Service compound consisting of eleven historic buildings located in the Mount Hood National Forest in the Cascade Mountains of northern Oregon. It was originally built as a district ranger station for the Clackamas Lake Ranger District. It was later converted to a summer guard station. Today, the Forest Service rents the historic ranger's residence to recreational visitors. The Clackamas Lake Ranger Station is listed as a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places.

William V. N. Barlow House United States historic place

The William V. N. Barlow House is on South Clinton Street in Albion, New York, United States. It is a brick building erected in the 1870s in an eclectic mix of contemporary architectural styles, including Second Empire, Italianate, and Queen Anne. Its interior features highly intricate Eastlake style woodwork.

Building at 426 South Main Street United States historic place

The building at 426 South Main Street is located in Canandaigua, New York, United States. It is a two-story brick dwelling in the Italianate architectural style built around 1880. In 1984 it and its neighboring barn were listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Terwilliger–Smith Farm United States historic place

The Terwilliger–Smith Farm is located on Cherrytown Road near the hamlet of Kerhonkson in the Town of Rochester in Ulster County, New York, United States. It was established in the mid-19th century.

Unity Ranger Station United States historic place

The Unity Ranger Station is a United States Forest Service compound consisting of five buildings and a lookout tower in the Wallowa-Whitman National Forest of northeastern Oregon. It was previously the administrative headquarters for the Unity Ranger District. It is located in the small unincorporated community of Unity, Oregon. The historic structures were built in the rustic style by the Civilian Conservation Corps between 1936 and 1938. Today, the ranger station is only used during the summer months to house Forest Service fire crews. The ranger station is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Lake of the Woods Ranger Station United States historic place

The Lake of the Woods Ranger Station is a United States Forest Service compound consisting of eight buildings overlooking Lake of the Woods in the Fremont-Winema National Forests of southern Oregon. All of the ranger station structures were built by the Civilian Conservation Corps between 1937 and 1939. Today, the compound serves as a Forest Service work center, and the old ranger station office is a visitor center. The ranger station is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Jackson Park Town Site Addition Brick Row United States historic place

Jackson Park Town Site Addition Brick Row is a group of three historic houses and two frame garages located on the west side of the 300 block of South Third Street in Lander, Wyoming. Two of the homes were built in 1917, and the third in 1919. The properties were added to the National Register of Historic Places on February 27, 2003.

Garvin Cavaness House United States historic place

The Garvin Cavaness House is a historic house at 404 South Main Street in Monticello, Arkansas. The house was built over a ten-year period, 1906-1916, by Garvin Cavaness, descendant of early settlers of Drew County. The 2.5 story building is built of concrete blocks that were custom-molded on site by Cavaness, reputedly using cement he recovered when hired to clean up spilled cement from derailed railroad cars.

House at 712 N. Mill Street United States historic place

The House at 712 N. Mill Street in Fayetteville, Arkansas, is a particularly fine local example of Craftsman/Bungalow style architecture. Built c. 1914, it is a 1-1/2 story wood frame structure, set on a foundation of rusticated concrete blocks. The walls are finished in novelty siding, and there is a shed-roof porch extending across most of its front, supported by slightly-tapered box columns mounted on concrete piers. The area under the porch includes exposed rafter ends. A gable-roof dormer with three sash windows pierces the roof above the porch.

Nappanee Eastside Historic District United States historic place

Nappanee Eastside Historic District is a national historic district located at Nappanee, Elkhart County, Indiana. The district encompasses 138 contributing buildings in a predominantly residential section of Nappanee. It was developed between about 1880 and 1940, and includes notable examples of Italianate, Queen Anne, Colonial Revival, and Prairie School style architecture. Located in the district are the separately listed Frank and Katharine Coppes House and Arthur Miller House.

Goodwillie–Allen House United States historic place

The Goodwillie–Allen House is a small American Craftsman-style bungalow located in Bend, Oregon. The house was constructed in 1904 by Arthur Goodwillie, the first mayor of Bend. Today, the building is owned by the City of Bend. It is the oldest structure inside the city limits of Bend, the oldest American craftsman style house in Deschutes County, Oregon, and the second oldest craftsman-style bungalow in Oregon. The Goodwillie–Allen House was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2007.

Twin City Historic District United States historic place

The Twin City Historic District in Twin City in Emanuel County, Georgia is a historic district which was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014.

Thomas W. and Margaret Taliaferro House United States historic place

The Thomas W. and Margaret Taliaferro House is a single-family home located at 1115 Eton Cross in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2011.

Temora Post Office historic commonwealth heritage site in Temora NSW

Temora Post Office is a heritage-listed post office at 173 Hoskins Street, Temora, New South Wales, Australia. It was added to the Australian Commonwealth Heritage List on 8 November 2011.

Roethke Houses United States historic place

The Roethke Houses are two side-by-side single family homes located at 1759 and 1805 Gratiot Avenue in Saginaw, Michigan. THey were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2001.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "The Thomas R. McGuire House" . Retrieved 2008-05-20.
  2. 1 2 3 "National Register of Historic Places: Pulaski County, Arkansas" . Retrieved 2008-05-20.
  3. 1 2 3 Sandra Taylor Smith and Anne Wagner Speed (2004-06-30). "Little Rock's Capitol View Neighborhood Historic District" (PDF). Arkansas Historic Preservation Program. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-10-28. Retrieved 2008-04-22.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - McGuire House Nomination Form". National Park Service. 1991: 8.1–2.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)