Thunderbolt Ross

Last updated

Thunderbolt Ross
ThunderboltRoss.jpg
Publication information
Publisher Marvel Comics
First appearance As Thunderbolt Ross:
The Incredible Hulk #1 (May 1962)

As Red Hulk:
Hulk #1 (January 2008)
Created by Thunderbolt Ross:
Stan Lee
Jack Kirby

Red Hulk:
Jeph Loeb
Ed McGuinness
In-story information
Alter egoThaddeus E. "Thunderbolt" Ross
Team affiliations Hulkbusters
United States Air Force
Offenders
Avengers
Thunderbolts
Notable aliasesGeneral Ross, Red Hulk, Rulk, The Thing (Future Imperfect)
AbilitiesAs Thunderbolt Ross:
Expert military strategist
Access to advanced technology and weapons
Commanding officer with access to many soldiers and armies
As Red Hulk:
Immense superhuman strength, stamina and durability
Healing factor
Energy absorption
Heat generation

General Thaddeus E. "Thunderbolt" Ross (also known as Red Hulk ) is a fictional character who appears in comic books published by Marvel Comics featuring the Hulk. Ross is a United States military officer, the father of Betty Ross, ex-father-in-law of Glenn Talbot, father-in-law of Bruce Banner, and the head of the gamma bomb project that turned Banner into the Hulk. After the creation of the Hulk, Ross pursues the creature with a growing obsession, and, after learning that Banner and the Hulk are one and the same, Ross hunts Banner as well. In 2008, Ross was transformed into the Red Hulk to better combat his nemesis.

Contents

The character has been merchandized in various products, such as toys and statues, and appeared in numerous media adaptations, including animated television series, video games, and live-action feature films. He was portrayed by Sam Elliott in the 2003 film Hulk and by William Hurt in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. [1]

Publication history

Thunderbolt Ross first appeared in The Incredible Hulk #1 (May 1962) and was created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby as a nemesis for the Hulk. [2] He was a recurring character throughout this series. His character origin was revealed in The Incredible Hulk #291. The Red Hulk first appeared in Hulk vol. 3 #1 (January 2008), created by Jeph Loeb and Ed McGuiness, but his identity as Ross was not revealed until later. The origin of Red Hulk was revealed in Hulk #23.

Red Hulk began appearing as a regular character in Avengers vol. 4, from issue #7 (January 2011) through its final issue #34 (January 2013). His popularity resulted in him being used as a main character in the 2012 Thunderbolts series by Daniel Way and Steve Dillon. [3] He also appeared in the issues #1–3 of the 2011 series The Avenging Spider-Man (November 2008) by Zeb Wells and Joe Madureira as a team-up character for Spider-Man.

Fictional character biography

Ross grew up in a military environment with both his father and paternal grandfather in the military. [4]

Ross is the Air Force general in charge of Bruce Banner's gamma bomb project. His daughter, Betty, takes a liking to the young scientist, deepening Ross' dislike for the "weakling". After Banner's transformation into the Hulk, Ross spends years chasing the monster, becoming obsessed enough to commit treason by allying himself with the Leader, MODOK, and the Abomination [5] to destroy the Hulk. Dismissed from the military, he shows up at Betty and Bruce's wedding with a gun and shoots Rick Jones. He is recruited by S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Clay Quartermain to merge with the electric creature Zzzax, a process that gives Ross superpowers but also makes him mentally unstable. He is later restored to human form but retains some residual energy-generating powers. [6]

Finally, the Nevermind, a mutant who drains people of their life energy, attacks Gamma Base in search of a strong host, in this case the Hulk. After witnessing Banner and Rick Jones (who was the Hulk at that time) heroically engaging the mutant, Ross realizes that he has been wrong about the Hulk being a mindless monster. He saves his daughter by allowing the mutant to latch on him and discharging the energy resources he retained from Zzzax. Giving his blessing to Bruce and Betty, he dies in his daughter's arms. [7]

Ross' body is later stolen by the Leader, who uses the powers of one of his followers to resurrect Ross. He turns him into a mindless replacement for his fallen soldier Redeemer. Ross is eventually recovered and revived by agents of the alien Troyjan and returns to the Air Force. He later comes up with a more cost-effective method of confronting the Hulk when he is in his childlike stage: active non-resistance. He and his men simply do not fire on or engage the Hulk in any way. The Hulk, confused, does not smash and leaps away.[ volume & issue needed ]

Ross would make friends with Banner, but when Betty is seemingly killed due to what both Ross and Banner believed to have been Banner's gamma-irradiated DNA interacting with hers, he once more pursues the Hulk with a vendetta.[ volume & issue needed ]

Around this time, General Ryker takes over the pursuit of the Hulk. Ross is indirectly involved, observing when Ryker mentally tortures Banner to try to figure out how the Hulk works. The Hulk escapes from Ryker's control and, after several adventures, is lost in space.[ volume & issue needed ]

After the Hulk returns from exile and initiates "World War Hulk", General Ross, now a full general, makes his own return, electing to bring the fight to his nemesis once more after the Hulk beats Iron Man. After a failed assault on the Hulk, Ross and his men are captured and placed in chains under the watch of Hulk's Warbound, the army he has brought back from space. The Hulk is eventually defeated via satellite weapons that revert him to human form. [8]

Military branch

Ross' military affiliation has been inconsistently portrayed in the comics. Many early Hulk stories depicted Ross as an Army general trying to capture or destroy the Hulk with a U.S. Army battalion called the "Hulkbusters". However, he is also frequently seen in an Air Force uniform, as in his first appearance in Incredible Hulk #1. Stories about his service during World War II portray him as an Army officer in the U.S. Army Air Corps, as the Air Force was not a separate branch of the Armed Forces until September 18, 1947. In a November 2010 Q&A column, then-Marvel editor-in-chief Joe Quesada clarified that Ross is a member of the U.S. Air Force and that inconsistencies in his uniform can be explained via the artistic license with which artists attempt to present a more dramatic-looking uniform, and that Ross may be a part of a special unit of the U.S. Air Force, or the Marvel Universe's version of it, which has its own unique dress code. [9]

The Army continuity is also followed in various Hulk adaptations, such as in the 1966 and 1996–1998 cartoon versions of the Hulk, the 2003 Ang Lee movie Hulk in which he is portrayed by Sam Elliott, and in the 2008 movie The Incredible Hulk , in which he is portrayed by William Hurt. The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Hulk 2004 issue officially indicates Ross to be a three-star lieutenant general in the U.S. Air Force.

Red Hulk

Red Hulk as seen on the cover of Hulk vol. 2 #1 (January 2008). Art by Ed McGuinness. Redhulk.png
Red Hulk as seen on the cover of Hulk vol. 2 #1 (January 2008). Art by Ed McGuinness.

Red Hulk (also known as Rulk [10] or The IncREDible Hulk) was introduced in 2008 in Hulk #1. [11] The Red Hulk was created to be an uninhibited, tactically intelligent adversary to the Hulk. [12] [13] Although Kenneth Johnson, the creator of the 1970s TV series The Incredible Hulk , had suggested a red Hulk for that adaptation decades earlier, [14] Marvel editor-in-chief Joe Quesada proposed the idea for the comics to debut a red version of the character whose human identity was a secret. [15] Initially, Red Hulk's identity was unknown both to the characters in the story [16] and to the reading audience. [17]

The opening story arc of the Hulk series that premiered in 2008 established that the Red Hulk is very aggressive, as he murders the Hulk adversaries Wendigo and Abomination; destroys the Helicarrier of the spy organization S.H.I.E.L.D.; defeats several Marvel heroes; and, after causing an earthquake in San Francisco, is finally defeated by the combined efforts of the Hulk and Thor. In a subsequent storyline, the Collector places the character with other villains on a team called the Offenders, an evil version of the Defenders, in a bid to prevent the original Hulk from reuniting with Jarella. [18] In that story Red Hulk siphons the Power Cosmic from the Silver Surfer, seemingly killing him, steals his board along with Terrax' cosmic axe, and uses the power to go on a killing spree, killing Namor, Tiger Shark, Dr. Strange, Baron Mordo, the Grandmaster, Terrax, a time-displaced Hulk, and Psycho Man. However, when Red Hulk reveals this to Galactus, Galactus swiftly takes back the Power Cosmic from him. Subsequently, almost everyone he killed is brought back to life with no memory of the event. [19]

The Red Hulk was created as part of a Super Soldier program by persons including Doc Samson, [20] and the criminal think tank Intelligencia, [21] headed by MODOK. [22] The 2009 "Code Red" story arc [16] also made allusions to Red Hulk's real identity, and introduced a Red She-Hulk character, when Domino identifies Red Hulk before his transformation. [23]

In the 2010 storyline "Fall of the Hulks: Gamma", Red Hulk is related in flashback to have killed General Ross at the behest of Bruce Banner, with whom he has formed an alliance. [24] However, the 2010 "World War Hulks" storyline reveals that Red Hulk is Thunderbolt Ross himself, the Red She-Hulk his daughter Betty, and that the Ross who was "killed" was a Life Model Decoy used to convince the world that he had died. Red Hulk then thwarts the Intelligencia's plan to take over the United States with a Life Model Decoy of Glenn Talbot by destroying the Talbot LMD and attempts to take over the country himself. [8] He is thwarted by a restored Hulk, who beats Red Hulk mostly due to Red Hulk's exhaustion from overheating. Hulk tells Red Hulk that it was his idea to fake Ross' death and that he can never again resume that identity. After imprisoning Red Hulk in the Gamma Base, Banner makes arrangements with Steve Rogers for Red Hulk to join the Avengers. [25] [26]

After Steve Rogers recruits Red Hulk, Red Hulk manages to stop Intelligencia's failsafe plan "Scorched Earth". Although Banner had claimed that he removed Red Hulk's energy-draining ability from him because it was killing Red Hulk, Red Hulk is shown to still possess this ability. [27] After the events of the Scorched Earth program, Red Hulk is paired up with a Life Model Decoy named Annie. Red Hulk is occasionally assaulted by Ross' former protégé General Reginald Fortean, a scientist given superhuman mutations by MODOK named Zero/One, and the Indian serial killer Black Fog . [28]

Red Hulk plays a vital role in the Infinity Gem crisis of the "Heroic Age" storyline. [29] During the 2011 "Fear Itself" storyline, Red Hulk attempts unsuccessfully to stop the Thing (in the form of Angrir, Breaker of Souls) from destroying the Avengers Tower, [30] as MODOK Superior and Black Fog converge on both combatants during the fight. Angrir dispatches Red Hulk by knocking him out of the city and into Vermont. [31]

As part of the 2012 Marvel NOW! relaunch, Red Hulk leads a non-government sponsored version of the Thunderbolts. [3] This incarnation is a strike team that cleans up the messes left by Ross' military career, but the team later decides on a new arrangement in which the team will do one mission for Ross, then a mission for a random member.[ citation needed ]

After Hulk takes away the powers of Rick Jones, Skaar and Betty Ross, Ross starts monitoring Hulk's movements. This leads to a battle in which Doc Green subdues Red Hulk and injects him with a formula that reverts him to Ross. The Army is alerted to the confrontation. When they arrive, the Army arrests Ross for deserting his country. [32]

The 2016 "Civil War II" storyline reveals that Thunderbolt Ross is incarcerated in a classified military prison. [33]

In 2018's Free Comic Book Day Captain America issue indicates that Ross is no longer incarcerated. [34] Subsequently, in that year's Captain America #1, it is revealed that Ross was paroled for helping a resistance cell during the "Secret Empire" storyline and appointed head of the investigation into the attack. [35] However, he was later killed, and Captain America was framed for his murder. [36]

Powers and abilities

Marvel editor Mark Paniccia described the Red Hulk as "absolutely uninhibited, tactically intelligent", [12] while writer Jeph Loeb said "The Red Hulk is the kind of Hulk we haven't seen before—a thinking, calculating, brutal weapon-toting kind of Hulk." To further distance the character away from the original: "Everything the Green Hulk isn't, the Red Hulk is. Except, of course, for his powers which are identical. And he looks the same, except he's red. And he's the same size. But other than that, they're complete opposites." [13] The character has abilities almost identical to those of the Hulk. The character can also emit heat at will from his eyes during non-enraged periods and can augment power levels by absorbing various types of energy, such as gamma radiation (in one instance causing the Hulk to revert to alter ego Bruce Banner) [22] and the Power Cosmic. [37] When infected with Cable's techno-organic virus during the "X-Sanction" storyline, he was able to control this heat to burn the virus out of his system. [38] Red Hulk was created through a combination of gamma radiation and cosmic rays. [21] The satellites used to revert the Hulk to human form at the end of World War Hulk were used to power the device used to turn Ross into the Red Hulk. [39] Unlike the green Hulk, the Red Hulk does not revert to human form when rendered unconscious, and his blood is a fluorescent yellow instead of green, [40] remaining that color even in human form. [8] [39] Unlike the green Hulk, who gets stronger as his rage increases, Red Hulk's body temperature rises with his anger. Though the heat is intense enough to melt desert sand into glass, it causes him to weaken when it becomes too intense, [40] as his physiology lacks a cooling mechanism to deal with the excess heat. [39] Red Hulk has also been shown to have a weakness to Negative Zone energy, which caused him burning pain and drained him when he attempted to absorb it. [41]

Red Hulk reception

Comics featuring the Red Hulk have sold well but received mixed reviews. The first five issues of the Hulk title sold out, and second printings featured new covers. [42] Issue #6 was the second-best-selling title of September 2008, [43] and issue #10 was sixth in February 2009. [44]

Augie De Blieck Jr. of Comic Book Resources gave the first six issues a positive review, describing it as a "silly fun action romp" and a "popcorn comic". De Blieck liked Loeb's lack of subtlety when giving out clues, saying "this is a book where anytime someone is about reveal the solution to the big mystery, they get knocked out by a slap in the face from the Red Hulk or a machine gun to the gut." His one criticism was that, although he liked the artwork, he would have preferred Dale Keown as the artist. [45]

Red Hulk was listed as #41 on IGN's "Top 50 Avengers". [46] IGN reviewer Jesse Schedeen was generally critical of the series, citing a lack of character development and the emphasis on continuous action sequences over the ongoing question of Red Hulk's identity. [47] Schedeen also derided the treatment of other mainstream Marvel characters within the pages of Hulk, saying about issue #5 "The series has already treated She-Hulk and Iron Man like ragdolls who crumple under the awesome might of Red Hulk. Now it's Thor's turn". [48] Claiming bad dialogue, poor pacing and maltreated characters, Schedeen stated that Ed McGuinness' artwork was the only saving grace for the title. [47] [48]

Other versions

In other media

Television

Film

Video games

Merchandise

Red Hulk has been merchandised in the form of action figures [76] [77] and miniature statues. [78]

Reception

In 2009, Thunderbolt Ross was ranked as IGN's 71st Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time. [79]

Collected editions

TitleMaterial collectedPublication dateISBN
Hulk Vol. 1: Red HulkHulk vol. 2 #1–6February 2009 0-7851-2882-4
Hulk Vol. 2: Red & GreenHulk vol. 2 #7–9; King-Size Hulk #1July 2009 0-7851-2884-0
Hulk Vol. 3: Hulk No MoreHulk vol. 2 #10–13; Incredible Hulk #600February 2010 0-7851-4052-2
Hulk: Fall of the Hulks PreludeHulk vol. 2 #2, 16; Skaar: Son of Hulk #1; Hulk: Raging Thunder; Planet Skaar Prologue; All-New Savage She-Hulk #4;February 2010 0-7851-4315-7
Hulk Vol. 4: Hulk vs. X-ForceHulk vol. 2 #14–18June 2010 0-7851-4053-0
Hulk: Fall of the Hulks – Red HulkFall of the Hulks: Red Hulk #1–4August 2010 0-7851-4795-0
Hulk Vol. 5: Fall of the HulksHulk vol. 2 #19–21; Fall of the Hulks: GammaNovember 2010 0-7851-4054-9
Hulk Vol. 6: World War HulksHulk vol. 2 #22–24March 2011 0-7851-4267-3
Red Hulk: Scorched EarthHulk vol. 2 #25–30May 2011 0-7851-4896-5
Planet Red HulkHulk vol. 2 #30.1, 31–36October 2011 0-7851-5578-3
Fear Itself: HulkHulk vol. 2 #37–41February 2012 0-7851-5579-1
Hulk: Hulk of ArabiaHulk vol. 2 #42–46April 2012 0-7851-6095-7
Hulk: Haunted HulkHulk vol. 2 #47–52August 2012 978-0-7851-6099-1
Red Hulk: Mayan RuleHulk vol. 2 #53–57November 2012 0-7851-6097-3

Related Research Articles

Hulk Superhero appearing in Marvel Comics publications and related media

The Hulk is a fictional superhero appearing in publications by the American publisher Marvel Comics. Created by writer Stan Lee and artist Jack Kirby, the character first appeared in the debut issue of The Incredible Hulk. In his comic book appearances, the character is both the Hulk, a green-skinned, hulking and muscular humanoid possessing a vast degree of physical strength, and his alter ego Dr. Robert Bruce Banner, a physically weak, socially withdrawn, and emotionally reserved physicist. The two exist as independent dissociative personalities, and resent each other.

Glenn Talbot Fictional character appearing in Marvel Comics

Major Glenn Talbot is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by writer Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko, he first appeared in Tales to Astonish #61.

Rick Jones (character) Fictional Marvel Comics character

Richard Milhouse Jones is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Rick has been a sidekick and friend to Bruce Banner / Hulk, Steve Rogers / Captain America, Mar-Vell / Captain Marvel, Rom the Spaceknight, and Genis-Vell / Captain Marvel. He has been an active participant in many significant Marvel Universe story lines including the Kree-Skrull War and the Destiny War. He later acquired powers, causing his learning capabilities to be greatly increased. He decided to direct his new ability towards communications technology, and ended up becoming a hacktivist known as the Whisperer.

Abomination (comics)

The Abomination is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The original and most known iteration is Emil Blonsky, who first appeared in Tales to Astonish #90 and was created by writer Stan Lee and artist Gil Kane. He is one of the main enemies of the superhero Hulk.

Betty Ross

Elizabeth Ross is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character was created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby, and made her first appearance in Incredible Hulk #1 (1962) as a romantic interest of the Hulk, and is the daughter of General Thaddeus E. "Thunderbolt" Ross. Over the years, the character has undergone multiple transformations, including the antiheroine Red She-Hulk.

Jeph Loeb American writer

Joseph "Jeph" Loeb III is an American film and television writer, producer and comic book writer. Loeb was a producer/writer on the TV series Smallville and Lost, writer for the films Commando and Teen Wolf, and a writer and co-executive producer on the NBC TV show Heroes from its premiere in 2006 to November 2008. In 2010, Loeb became Executive Vice President of Marvel Television.

Leader (comics)

The Leader is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The Leader first appeared in Tales to Astonish #62, created by writer Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko as an enemy of the Hulk. He has mainly appeared in Hulk-related comic books over the years and was one of the featured characters in the Marvel NOW! Thunderbolts relaunch.

A Life Model Decoy is a fictional android appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. LMDs duplicate all outward aspects of a real living person, with such authenticity that they can easily impersonate a specific person without casual detection. LMDs first appeared in "The Man For the Job!", a short story by writer Stan Lee and artist Jack Kirby that ran the anthology book Strange Tales #135 in which the spy agency S.H.I.E.L.D. created LMDs of agent Nick Fury to use as decoys for an attack by the terrorist organization Hydra.

Doc Samson

Doc Samson is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character is usually depicted as a superhero and psychiatrist in the Marvel Universe, known as a supporting character in stories featuring the Hulk.

<i>World War Hulk</i>

"World War Hulk" is a comic book crossover storyline that ran through a self-titled limited series and various titles published by Marvel Comics in 2007, featuring the Hulk.

Hulkbusters is the name of three fictional organizations appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. All three groups exist within Marvel's shared universe known as the Marvel Universe and are so-named for their attempts to battle the Hulk.

<i>The Incredible Hulk</i> (1982 TV series)

The Incredible Hulk is an animated television series based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name. The series ran for 13 episodes on NBC in 1982, part of a combined hour with Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends. Compared to the live-action The Incredible Hulk television series from Universal, this series followed the Hulk comic books much more closely, particularly with regard to the Hulk's origin, the supporting cast, and the heavy use of fantastical elements. This was the second Hulk animated series: in 1966, the Hulk appeared in 13 seven-minute segments as part of TV's The Marvel Super Heroes.

Hulk in other media

The Marvel Comics character called the Hulk has appeared in many types of media other than comics, such as animated and live action TV series, films, books, video games, comic strips, and stage shows.

Skaar (comics)

Skaar is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character is usually depicted as a supporting character to Hulk. He is the son of the Hulk and the extraterrestrial Caiera, who conceived him during the "Planet Hulk" storyline. Created by writer Greg Pak and artist John Romita Jr., he first appeared in What If? Planet Hulk #1.

Red Hulk is an alias that is used by two different fictional characters in comic books published by Marvel Comics, U.S. Generals Thaddeus "Thunderbolt" Ross and Robert Maverick.

Maestro (character)

The Maestro is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by writer Peter David and artist George Pérez, the character first appeared in The Incredible Hulk: Future Imperfect #1. Depicted as a version of the Hulk from an alternate future, the Maestro possesses Bruce Banner's intelligence and the Hulk's more malevolent personality traits.

<i>The Incredible Hulk</i> (comic book)

The Incredible Hulk is an ongoing comic book series featuring the Marvel Comics superhero the Hulk and his alter ego Dr. Bruce Banner. First published in May 1962, the series ran for six issues before it was cancelled in March 1963, and the Hulk character began appearing in Tales to Astonish. With issue #102, Tales to Astonish was renamed to The Incredible Hulk in April 1968, becoming its second volume. The series continued to run until issue #474 in March 1999 when it was replaced with the series Hulk which ran until February 2000 and was retitled to The Incredible Hulk's third volume, running until March 2007 when it became The Incredible Hercules with a new title character. The Incredible Hulk returned in September 2009 beginning at issue #600, which became The Incredible Hulks in November 2010 and focused on the Hulk and the modern incarnation of his expanded family. The series returned to The Incredible Hulk in December 2011 and ran until January 2013, when it was replaced with The Indestructible Hulk as part of Marvel's Marvel NOW! relaunch.

<i>The Avengers: Earths Mightiest Heroes</i>

The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes is an American superhero animated television series by Marvel Animation in cooperation with Film Roman, based on the Marvel Comics superhero team the Avengers. The show debuted on Disney XD and online in the fall of 2010, starting with a 20-part micro-series that were later broadcast as five television episodes. In the second season, it was one of the inaugural shows of the Marvel Universe programming block alongside Ultimate Spider-Man.

Ed McGuinness American artist

Edward McGuinness is an American comic book artist and penciller, best known for his work on books such as Superman, Superman/Batman, Deadpool, and Hulk. His pencil work is frequently inked by Dexter Vines, and as such, their cover work is known to carry the stylized signature "EdEx". McGuinness frequent collaborator, writer Jeph Loeb, had characterized McGuinness' art style as incorporating elements of artists Jack Kirby and Arthur Adams.

<i>Hulk: Gray</i>

Hulk: Gray is a 2003-2004 comic book limited series written by Jeph Loeb and illustrated by Tim Sale.

References

  1. 1 2 Barnhardt, Adam (October 1, 2019). "New Black Widow Set Photos Confirm William Hurt on Set". ComicBook.com. Archived from the original on January 25, 2020. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
  2. DeFalco, Tom; Sanderson, Peter; Brevoort, Tom; Teitelbaum, Michael; Wallace, Daniel; Darling, Andrew; Forbeck, Matt; Cowsill, Alan; Bray, Adam (2019). The Marvel Encyclopedia. DK Publishing. p. 300. ISBN   978-1-4654-7890-0.
  3. 1 2 James, Adam (September 12, 2012). "Way and Dillon Confirmed For Marvel NOW! "Thunderbolts"". CBR.com. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  4. Defenders: Strange Heroes #1
  5. Steve Englehart  (w),  Herb Trimpe  (p), Sal Trapani (i). "Two Years Before the Abomination!"The Incredible Hulk 159(January 1973), Marvel Comics
  6. Hulk #325–327 (November 1985 February 1986)
  7. Incredible Hulk #330
  8. 1 2 3 Jeph Loeb  (w), Ed McGuinness (p),  Mark Farmer  (i). "Who Is the Red Hulk?"Hulkv2, 23(August 2010),Marvel Comics
  9. Quesada, Joe. "CUP O' Q&A: Spider-Man & The Hulk!", Comic Book Resources, August 14, 2009
  10. "'Hulk' #5 is red hot – second printing announced". Comic Book Resources. August 12, 2008
  11. Jeph Loeb (w), Ed McGuinness (p),  Dexter Vines  (i). "Who is the Hulk?"Hulkv2, 1(February 2008),Marvel Comics
  12. 1 2 George, Richard; Schedeen, Jesse (May 30, 2008). "The Future of the Hulk: Marvel reveals new details about the current and future status of the Hulk line". IGN.
  13. 1 2 Colton, David (February 17, 2008). "The reliably green Incredible Hulk gets pulled into a crimson tide for '#2'". USA Today . Retrieved June 12, 2008.
  14. Cronin, Brian. "Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed #62". Comic Book Resources. August 3, 2006.
  15. Cavna, Michael (September 3, 2008). "The Interview: 'Hulk' Writer Jeph Loeb". Washington Post . Retrieved March 4, 2009.
  16. 1 2 Phegley, Kiel (July 24, 2009). "CCI: Introducing... Red She-Hulk". Comic Book Resources.
  17. Strom, Marc. "Who is the Red Hulk?" Marvel.com. June 17, 2009
  18. Jeph Loeb (w), Ed McGuinness (p), Dexter Vines, Mark Farmer (i). "Hulk No More"Hulkv3, 10–12(April – June 2009),Marvel Comics
  19. Jeph Loeb (w), Ed McGuinness (p). Hulkv3, 12(June 2009),Marvel Comics
  20. Jeph Loeb (w), Ed McGuinness (p), Mark Farmer, Dexter Vines (i). "Red Hulk"Hulkv3, 1–6(February 2008),Marvel Comics
  21. 1 2 Jeff Parker  (w),  Paul Pelletier  (p), Vicente Cifuentes (i). "Meeting of the Minds"Fall of the Hulks: Alpha(February 2010),Marvel Comics
  22. 1 2 Jeph Loeb (w), Ed McGuinness (p), Mark Farmer (i). "Seeing Red"The Incredible Hulkv2, 600(September 2009),Marvel Comics
  23. Jeph Loeb (w),  Ian Churchill  (p), Mark Farmer (i). "Code Red"Hulkv2, 14–17(October – December 2009),Marvel Comics
  24. Jeph Loeb (w),  John Romita, Jr.  (p). Fall of the Hulks: Gamma(February 2010),Marvel Comics
  25. Jeph Loeb (w), Ed McGuinness (p), Mark Farmer (i). "The Strongest There Is"Hulkv2, 24(September 2010),Marvel Comics
  26. Jeff Parker  (w),Gabriel Hardman (a). "Scorched Earth"Hulkv2, 25(November 2010),Marvel Comics
  27. Hulk vol. 2 #25–26 Marvel Comics.
  28. Hulk vol. 2 #30.1 – 33. Marvel Comics.
  29. Bendis, Brian Michael (w), John Romita, Jr. (p) Klaus Janson (i). Avengers vol. 4 #12 (June 2011). Marvel Comics.
  30. Bendis, Brian Michael. Avengers vol. 4 #14 (July 2011) Marvel Comics.
  31. Hulk vol. 2 #37 Marvel Comics.
  32. Hulk Vol. 3 #10 - 15. Marvel Comics.
  33. Civil War II: The Fallen #1. Marvel Comics.
  34. Free Comic Book Day 2018: Avengers / Captain America.
  35. Coates, Ta-Nehisi (w), Yu, Leinil Francis (p), Alanguilan, Gerry (i). "Winter in America: Part I", Captain America (Vol. 9) #1 (September 2018). Marvel Comics.
  36. Captain America Vol 9 #6. Marvel Comics
  37. Jeph Loeb (w), Ed McGuinness (p), Mark Farmer & Dexter Vines (i). "Winner Takes All"Hulkv2, 12(July 2009),Marvel Comics
  38. Loeb, Jeph (w). McGuinness, Ed (p). Vines, Dexter (i). Avengers: X-Sanction #3–4 (April – May 2012). Marvel Comics.
  39. 1 2 3 Jeph Loeb (w), Ed McGuinness (p),  Mark Farmer  (i). "Dogs of War"Hulkv2, 23(July 2010),Marvel Comics
  40. 1 2 Jeph Loeb (w), Ed McGuinness (p), Dexter Vines (i). "Blood Red"Hulkv2, 6(November 2008),Marvel Comics
  41. Jeph Loeb (w),  Whilce Portacio  (p), Danny Miki (i). "Delilah"Hulkv2, 19(March 2010),Marvel Comics
  42. "'Hulk' #5 is – second printing announced". Comic Book Resources. August 12, 2008. Retrieved August 28, 2008.
  43. "Top 300 Comics Actual—September 2008". ICv2.com.
  44. "Top 300 Comics Actual—February 2009". ICv2. March 17, 2009. Retrieved March 19, 2009.
  45. De Blieck, Augie, Jr. (January 6, 2009). "Pipeline". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved March 4, 2009.
  46. "The Top 50 Avengers". IGN. April 30, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2015.
  47. 1 2 Schedeen, Jesse (May 25, 2008). "Hulk #4 Review, Who is the hulkiest Hulk of them all?". IGN. Retrieved August 28, 2008. Each issue provides about 30 seconds of plot development, which usually centers around heaping more layers of mystery atop the Red Hulk's identity. The rest involves smashing, being smashed, or a bit of both.
  48. 1 2 Schedeen, Jesse (August 6, 2008). "Hulk #5 Review, It's hammer time for Red Hulk". IGN. Retrieved August 28, 2008.
  49. Marvel 1602 #3. Marvel Comics.
  50. X-Universe #2
  51. Spider-Boy #1 (April 1996)
  52. Warren Ellis  (w), Salvador Larroca  (a). "Mystery" newuniversal  5(2007),Marvel Comics
  53. Warren Ellis (w),Salvador Larroca (a). "Tumble"newuniversal 6(2007),Marvel Comics
  54. Ultimate Fantastic Four #3–4
  55. Hulk and Power Pack #4 (August 2007)
  56. Iron Man Noir #1
  57. Iron Man vol. 2 #1–3
  58. Iron Man vol. 2 #4
  59. Goldman, Eric (April 17, 2012). "Eliza Dushku Will S.M.A.S.H. as She-Hulk". IGN.; Sands, Rich (July 2, 2012). "First Look". TV Guide . Page 8.
  60. Feily, Karl (October 19, 2011). "NYCC: Marvel Television Has Big Plans". Comic Book Resources . Retrieved November 13, 2011.
  61. Han, Angie (August 25, 2016). "'Captain America: Civil War' Directors Considered Including Red Hulk and Iron Spider". /Film.
  62. Bonomolo, Cameron (August 3, 2019). "Red Hulk Was Considered for Avengers: Endgame". ComicBook.com. Archived from the original on August 4, 2019. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
  63. Sobon, Nicole (July 1, 2017). "James Gunn Wanted to Helm a Hulk/Red Hulk Film". Comic Book Resources . Archived from the original on May 18, 2019. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
  64. "William Hurt Joins The Incredible Hulk!". SuperHeroHype.com. June 13, 2007. Retrieved October 13, 2007.
  65. "Marvel Studios Begins Production on Marvel's 'Captain America: Civil War'". Marvel.com. Retrieved March 27, 2018.; Fowler, Matt (June 24, 2015). "William Hurt Teases A "Much" Different General Ross For Captain America: Civil War". IGN.; Farley, Christopher John (June 25, 2015). "WSJ Café: William Hurt On AMC's 'Humans', Robots and The Red Hulk". The Wall Street Journal.
  66. Pearson, Ben (2015). "Paul Rudd's Ant-Man and William Hurt's General Ross Confirmed For CAPTAIN AMERICA: CIVIL WAR". Geek Tyrant.; Romano, Nick (November 25, 2015). "‘Captain America: Civil War’ Directors Reveal Hidden Details in Trailer". Collider.; Keyes, Rob (November 26, 2015). "Captain America: Civil War's Superhero Registration Act Explained". Screen Rant.
  67. Downey, Meg (January 24, 2018). "Prelude Comic Explains Every Avenger’s Pre-Infinity War Status". CBR.com.
  68. Bacon, Thomas (March 13, 2018). "Jessica Jones May Explain Why Ant-Man And Hawkeye Aren't In The Raft". Screen Rant.
  69. "Avengers: Infinity War Production Notes" (PDF). Retrieved April 23, 2018.
  70. Harrington, Delia (May 1, 2019). "Avengers: Endgame - Who Was in That Important Spoiler Scene". Den of Geek! Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  71. "The Red Hulk Comes To GameStop". Game News International. May 8, 2008. Archived from the original on May 12, 2008. Retrieved May 8, 2008.
  72. Raub, Matt "‘Marvel Ultimate Alliance 2′ Alternate Costumes Revealed!" The Flick Cast, September 15, 2009
  73. "Galactus Lands in New LEGO Marvel Super Heroes Trailer". Marvel.com. August 21, 2013.
  74. Kollar, Philip (October 1, 2015). "Marvel Puzzle Quest celebrates second birthday with an epic Galactus boss fight". Polygon. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  75. "Characters". IGN Database. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
  76. Marvel Universe 3 3/4" Series 4 Action Figure Red Hulk at Amazon.com, Accessed January 20, 2010
  77. Marx, Julius. "Hulk Has Big Bad Toy Store Seeing Red" Action Figure Insider, June 17, 2008; "Marvel Legends Exclusive Red Hulk Build-A-Figure Action Figure: BAF Red Hulk Loose" CmdStore.com, Accessed January 2010
  78. Marvel Statues & Busts, StarStore.com, Accessed January 20, 2010
  79. "71. Thunderbolt Ross". IGN. Archived from the original on May 9, 2009. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
Hulk family tree
Robert Bruce Banner I
Karen Lee Ross Gen. Thaddeus E. "Thunderbolt" Ross
The Red Hulk
Rebecca Banner Brian Banner
Guilt Hulk
Susan Banner-DrakeElaine Banner-WaltersMorris Walters
Brian Talbot Maj. Glenn Talbot Elizabeth "Betty" Ross
Harpy / Red She-Hulk
Dr. Robert Bruce Banner
Incredible Hulk

Joe Fixit
Maestro
Immortal Hulk
Caiera the Oldstrong Jarella Jennifer Susan "Jen" Walters
Savage She-Hulk
[n 1]
Matt TalbotHelen ChoPhil Cho Hiro-Kala
World-Breaker
[n 2]
Skaar [n 2] Thundra
Monica Rappaccini
Scientist Supreme
Madame Curie "Maddy" Cho Amadeus Cho
Totally Awesome Hulk
World-Breaker / Brawn
Timothy "Tim" BlackJulia Black Lyra Walters
Savage She-Hulk
Lorcan Rappaccini Carmilla Black (née Thasanee Rappaccini)
The Scorpion
She-Clone [n 3] Amazon [n 3]
Notes:
  1. Previously married to John Jonah Jameson III before the pair divorced.
  2. 1 2 Posthumously born after a breached Illuminati warp core killed Caiera the Oldstrong in a nuclear explosion.
  3. 1 2 Clones of She-Hulk created by the Headmen and the Master of the World.