Thundridge

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Thundridge
Ermines village cafe and store, Thundridge 2020-08-26.jpg
Thundridge Village Stores
Hertfordshire UK location map.svg
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Thundridge
Location within Hertfordshire
Population1,406 (2011 Census including Wadesmill) [1]
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WARE
Postcode district SG12
Dialling code 01920
Police Hertfordshire
Fire Hertfordshire
Ambulance East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hertfordshire
51°50′10″N0°01′48″W / 51.836°N 0.030°W / 51.836; -0.030 Coordinates: 51°50′10″N0°01′48″W / 51.836°N 0.030°W / 51.836; -0.030

Thundridge is a village and civil parish in the East Hertfordshire District, in the county of Hertfordshire.

Contents

Location

It is about two miles away from the town of Ware and about seven miles away from the large town of Hertford, the county town of Hertfordshire.

Nearby settlements

Nearby villages include Wadesmill and Tonwell, and the hamlets of Cold Christmas and High Cross.

Transport

For transport there is the A10 road and Ware railway station nearby. Thundridge is on Ermine Street, which is a Roman road, and it was on the A10 road until it was by-passed in 2005, restoring it to a quiet village.

Amenities

Thundridge has a primary school, along with 3 good pubs in the shape of The Anchor, The Maltons (Previously The Sow & Pigs), and The Feathers. The village also has a cricket team, along with Thundridge United Football Club, who play in the Hertford and District League 2. The 2015/2016 season saw them win the Division 2 Cup. Edging out top of the table Mangrove, by 1 goal to nil.[ according to whom? ]

History

The village of Thundridge was originally located about half a mile to the east of the current Thundridge location, also adjacent to the River Rib. Thundridge derives from the Old English Þunres hrycg = "ridge belonging to the god Thunor or Thor". [2] There are references to "Tonrich" in the Domesday Book with land being held by the Bishop of Bayeux and tenanted by Hugh de Grentmesnil, with the record indicating that there was a drop in the value of the land from 100 shillings to 40 shillings. [3] [4] There had however been civilised habitation in the area earlier than that, with both Roman and Saxon remains being found in the adjacent estate known as "Youngsbury" just a few hundred yards away from the old Thundridge location.

Thundridge "Back Street", now "Ermine Street" - geograph.org.uk - 951781 Wadesmill, Ermine Street - geograph.org.uk - 951781.jpg
Thundridge "Back Street", now "Ermine Street" - geograph.org.uk - 951781

With the 1826 improvement of the London to Cambridge road that runs on the west side of the current Thundridge village location – formerly it had run a more crooked path through "Ermine" or "Back Street" in the village – there was an increased populous migration to the "new" location of Thundridge, adjacent to the main road. All that now remain of the old Thundridge location are the 15th-century church tower of the "Thundridge Old Church" [5] of All Hallows and Little Saint Mary, and a few bricks from the chimney-stack of the Manorial home of Thundridgebury. In recent years, the Old Church has come under threat from vandalism, decay and an ecclesiastical desire to divest itself of the cost and liability of maintenance. The "Thundridge Old Church Action Group" (abbr. "TOCAG") is working to achieve some form of permanent protection. [6]

Thundridgebury was built during the reign of Henry VIII, possibly by Henry Gardiner – the Gardiners being a family that became prominent in later years, and giving name to the nearby wood "Gardiner's Spring". The last inhabitants of Thundridgebury were the Hollingsworth family, they having bought it from Daniel Giles, who had in turn purchased it from the Gardiners. The house was dismantled in the early 19th century, as was subsequently the church in 1853, with only the chimney-stack and tower remaining respectively. According to local legend, the chimney stack was left standing in order to allow the owners to continue to collect rent, but a later local legend (which was correct) was that its presence allowed the owners to maintain a pew in the new Thundridge church – built in the "new" Thundridge location in 1851 and consecrated in 1853 [7] – as technically the manorial land which had been absorbed into the Youngsbury estate when purchased by the Giles, now fell under the parish of Standon, the church for which was some 5 miles distant. So long as the chimney-stack remained however, the pew in the Thundridge church was kept available for the owners of the (now combined) property of Youngsbury. [3]

See also

The Hundred Parishes

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References

  1. "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  2. P. H. Reaney (1969). The Origin of English Place Names. Routledge and Kegan Paul. p. 119. ISBN   0-7100-2010-4.
  3. 1 2 Archaeological studies on the two manors of Ponsbourne & Newgate Street in the parish of Bishop's Hatfield, co. Herts; James William Carlile; Simson and Co (1907)
  4. Around Cold Christmas - A Personal History; Compiled by Emma Blowers (2nd Edition, 2010)
  5. Local terminology
  6. TOCAG (5 April 2020). "Old Church Website".
  7. "Illustrated London News, Nov. 19, 1853". 5 April 2020.