Kings Langley

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Kings Langley
Kings Langley High Street.jpg
Kings Langley High Street, looking north.
Hertfordshire UK location map.svg
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Kings Langley
Location within Hertfordshire
Population5,072 (Census 2001)
5,214 (Census 2011) [1]
OS grid reference TL067030
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town KINGS LANGLEY
Postcode district WD4
Dialling code 01923
Police Hertfordshire
Fire Hertfordshire
Ambulance East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hertfordshire
51°42′56″N0°27′25″W / 51.71559°N 0.45692°W / 51.71559; -0.45692 Coordinates: 51°42′56″N0°27′25″W / 51.71559°N 0.45692°W / 51.71559; -0.45692

Kings Langley is a village, former manor and civil parish in Hertfordshire, England, 21 miles (34 kilometres) north-west of Westminster in the historic centre of London and to the south of the Chiltern Hills. It now forms part of the London commuter belt. The village is divided between two local government districts by the River Gade with the larger western portion in the Borough of Dacorum and smaller part, to the east of the river, in Three Rivers District. It was the location of Kings Langley Palace and the associated King's Langley Priory, of which few traces survive.

Contents

It is 2 mi (3 km) situated south of Hemel Hempstead and 2 mi (3 km) north of Watford.

The earliest mention in surviving documents of the manor of Langalega is in a Saxon charter dated circa 1050. It appears as Langelai in the Domesday Book of 1086, and is recorded as Langel' Regis ("Langley of the King") in 1254. The name means "long wood or clearing".

History

A Roman villa has been excavated just south of the village. [2]

The manor was probably a possession of the Abbey of St. Albans, the records of which have been lost. Following the Norman Conquest of 1066 the manor was one of hundreds given to Robert, Count of Mortain, uterine half-brother of King William the Conqueror. His tenant was a certain Ralf. The present village developed as a linear village along the old road from London to Berkhamsted and beyond to the Midlands. [3] In the Domesday Book of 1086, Langley was in the hundred of Danish. [4] By 1346 the place was known as Kyngeslangley and by 1428 as Lengele Regis. [5]

In about 1276 the manor was purchased by Queen Eleanor of Castile [6] (1241–1290), wife of King Edward I, and Kings Langley Palace was built on the hill to the west of the village with a deer park extending to the south. [7] King's Langley Priory, of the Dominican Order, of which remains survive, [3] was founded next to the palace. The palace and the grand priory church fell into disrepair at the Dissolution of the Monasteries and little remains above ground level. [7]

The Church of All Saints was built during the 14th century on the site of an earlier church.

It was the birth-place of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York (1341–1402), 4th surviving son of King Edward III (grandson of Edward I), whose tomb survives in All Saints Church. [3] [8] The body of King Richard II, eldest grandson and successor of King Edward III, was buried here after his probable murder at Pontefract Castle in 1400. It was later removed to Westminster Abbey, next to the Palace of Westminster.

All Saints' Church, Kings Langley Kings Langley Church.jpg
All Saints' Church, Kings Langley

The 18th century Sparrows Herne turnpike road (later the A41 trunk road) traversed the Chilterns via the valley of the River Gade and ran down the village high street. The 16th century Saracen's Head public house is a coaching inn which flourished in this period.

The Grand Union Canal dating from 1797, and the 1838, London and Birmingham Railway which later became the West Coast Main Line, (the main railway line from London to the north west) pass just east of the village at Kings Langley railway station. There are many businesses located near the station in Home Park Industrial Estate which is also the site of the Construction and Engineering Centre of West Herts College. [8]

20th century housing developments have led to the village spreading out on either side of the main road. The A41 has now been diverted west of the village leaving the high street to local traffic for the first time in centuries.

The surviving building of the former Dominican priory established in 1308 by Edward II, next to the Royal Palace of Kings Langley. The Priory and allotments, Kings Langley (geograph 2310899).jpg
The surviving building of the former Dominican priory established in 1308 by Edward II, next to the Royal Palace of Kings Langley.

During the Second World War, the village was home to the secret headquarters in Britain of the Polish Underground army based at Barnes Lodge just off the Hempstead Road near Rucklers Lane. [9]

Kings Langley was the site of the factory making Ovaltine chocolate drink; the listed factory facade, designed c.1923 by James Albert Bowden is now all that is left and still stands alongside the railway line among a new housing development. The Ovaltine factory itself has been converted into a series of flats and duplexes. [10]

The former Ovaltine Egg Farm was converted into energy-efficient offices which house Renewable Energy Systems. The complex incorporates a highly visible 225 kW Vestas V29 [11] wind turbine alongside the M25.

Kings Langley School is the local comprehensive school, situated on Love Lane to the west of the village.

Kings Langley was also the site of a Waldorf School, the Rudolf Steiner School Kings Langley which closed in 2019. This was built on the grounds of the old palace, of which only a small basement part of a pillar remains to be seen. There was a small display cabinet of finds from the palace period in the school entrance foyer. [8]

The village became twinned with Achiet-le-Grand in France in November 2009, in honour of Christopher Cox from the village who won a Victoria Cross in fighting near Achiet-le-Grand in the First World War. [12]

Roads

The M25, the London orbital motorway, passes just south of the village on an imposing viaduct across the River Gade valley. To the north of junction 20 with the A41, a dual-carriageway bypasses Kings Langley and continues to the south of Tring where it flows into the original motorway-standard by-pass. The old route through Kings Langley is now classified the A4251.

Rucklers Lane

The Rucklers Lane Community Hall was built for the workers of nearby Shendish Manor in 1909 as a memorial to Arthur Longman, the owner of the estate Rucklers Lane Community Hall 2017.jpg
The Rucklers Lane Community Hall was built for the workers of nearby Shendish Manor in 1909 as a memorial to Arthur Longman, the owner of the estate

Just to the north of Kings Langley is a small village called Rucklers Lane, named after the road it is built on. The origin of the settlement in the early 20th century was the construction of a number of mock tudor houses for the workers on the nearby Shendish Manor estate. A community hall was also built for the workers in 1909 as a memorial to Arthur Longman, the owner of the estate; it was originally intended as a chapel of ease to avoid the long walk to the parish church. [13] Further west along the lane is Phasels Wood Scout Camp and Activity Centre which opened in 1937. [14]

Mentions in literature

Former Ovaltine factory, Kings Langley. This is the listed art deco facade of the former Ovaltine factory. It was redeveloped into housing in 2002. Kings Langley, Former Ovaltine factory - geograph.org.uk - 272923.jpg
Former Ovaltine factory, Kings Langley. This is the listed art deco façade of the former Ovaltine factory. It was redeveloped into housing in 2002.
The wind turbine overlooking the former Ovaltine Model Dairy Farm, now the offices of Renewable Energy Systems Ltd. Kings Langley, Wind turbine - geograph.org.uk - 272851.jpg
The wind turbine overlooking the former Ovaltine Model Dairy Farm, now the offices of Renewable Energy Systems Ltd.

Sport

Football

Kings Langley FC, as of 2016, currently play in the Premier Division of the Southern Football League.

Watford LFC, Kings Langley FC is now the home of Watford Ladies who play in FA WSL2.

Cricket

Kings Langley CC currently play in Divisions Two, Six, Ten and 14 of the Saracens Hertfordshire Cricket League.

Bowls

Kings Langley Bowls Club is situated in Green Park at the end of the Nap car park. It is a popular lawn bowls club with club and district competitions for bowlers of all abilities. It includes a club house with licensed bar and good social programs.

Notable people

Notes

See full reference details below.

  1. "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  2. Site of Kings Langley Roman Villa at Online Archaeology – UK Archaeology Resource. accessed 5 April 2010
  3. 1 2 3 Lionel M, Munby, The History of Kings Langley
  4. Open Domesday: Kings Langley
  5. Victor Watts, ed. (2004). The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names. Cambridge University Press. p. 360. ISBN   978-0-521-16855-7.
  6. British History On-line
  7. 1 2 Hertfordshire Federation of Women's Institutes (1986). The Hertfordshire Village Book. Ann Roxburgh (Forward). Countryside Books. ISBN   0-905392-71-X.
  8. 1 2 3 Kings Langley Local History and Museum Society
  9. Kings Langley Local History & Museum Society "RISING '44" by Norman Davies, (1994) is published by Pan, ISBN   0330488635
  10. "The east facade of A Wander Limited's 'Ovaltine' factory in Kings Langley. The factory was much enlarged during the 1920s, adding sympathetically to this original block (BL26455/002) Archive Item - The Bedford Lemere Collection | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Historic England. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  11. "Power from the wind" (PDF). Renewable Energy Systems. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 May 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2008.
  12. "French twinning steams ahead". Hemel Hempstead Gazette. 9 April 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2009.
  13. Bower, Stanley. "The Fourth John Prime Memorial Lecture: Rucklers Lane Hall". www.kingslangley.org.uk. Kings Langley Local History and Museum Society. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  14. Brittain, Frank L (2008), Milestones of 100 Years of Hertfordshire Scouting, Hertfordshire County Scout Council (p. 62)
  15. "The Nation: Magnus Carter: Jimmy's Roots". Time. 22 August 1977. Retrieved 16 February 2010.
  16. "Christopher Cox VC". www.kingslangley.org.uk. Kings Langley Local History and Museum Society. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  17. "griff is the uk teen talking you out of negative body image with her pop music". i-D . 8 July 2019. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  18. Kings Langley Information page Archived 8 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine

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Kings Langley Palace

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References