Tidmarsh

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Tidmarsh
The Tithe Barn, Tidmarsh - geograph.org.uk - 2285.jpg
The Tithe Barn
Berkshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tidmarsh
Location within Berkshire
Area7.02 km2 (2.71 sq mi)
Population501 (2011 census including Sulham) [1]
  Density 71/km2 (180/sq mi)
OS grid reference SU6374
Civil parish
  • Tidmarsh
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town READING
Postcode district RG8
Dialling code 0118
Police Thames Valley
Fire Royal Berkshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Berkshire
51°28′01″N1°05′13″W / 51.467°N 1.087°W / 51.467; -1.087 Coordinates: 51°28′01″N1°05′13″W / 51.467°N 1.087°W / 51.467; -1.087

Tidmarsh is a village and civil parish in West Berkshire England. Its development is mainly residential or agricultural and centred on the A340 road between Pangbourne and Theale. Its rural area is bounded by the M4 motorway to the south. It is centred 1.5 miles (2.4 km) south of Pangbourne, 5.5 miles (8.9 km) west of Reading and 40 miles (64 km) west of London. Though marsh is in its name, most of the parish is elevated more than 5 metres above the level of the Pang.

Civil parish Territorial designation and lowest tier of local government in England

In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which historically played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; civil and religious parishes were formally split into two types in the 19th century and are now entirely separate. The unit was devised and rolled out across England in the 1860s.

West Berkshire Local government district in England

West Berkshire is a local government district in Berkshire, England, administered from Newbury by West Berkshire Council.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Contents

Geography

Its civil parish council is unusually in this district shared and is Tidmarsh with Sulham. Further east, Sulham Woods separate the villages from Tilehurst, the western suburb of Reading.

A parish council is a civil local authority found in England and is the first tier of local government. They are elected corporate bodies, have variable tax raising powers, and are responsible for areas known as civil parishes, serving in total 16 million people. A parish council serving a town may be called a town council, and a parish council serving a city is styled a city council; these bodies have the same powers, duties and status as a parish council.

Tidmarsh with Sulham combined parish council area in the English county of Berkshire

Tidmarsh with Sulham is a combined parish council area in the English county of Berkshire. It covers the civil parishes of Tidmarsh and Sulham, including the hamlets of Maidenhatch and Nunhide.

Tilehurst suburb of Reading in Berkshire, England

Tilehurst is a suburb of the town of Reading in the English county of Berkshire. It lies to the west of the centre of Reading, and extends from the River Thames in the north to the A4 road in the south. The suburb is partly within the boundaries of the Borough of Reading and partly in the district of West Berkshire. The part within West Berkshire forms part of the civil parish of Tilehurst, which also includes the northern part of Calcot and a small rural area west of the suburb. The part within the Borough of Reading includes the Reading electoral ward of Tilehurst, together with parts of Kentwood and Norcot wards.

Its elevation ranges between 42m (north-east) and 85m (western projection) AOD. The vast majority of the parish (more than 90%) is at more than five metres above the Pang. Much of the main street is between 1 and 10 metres above the large stream's level.

Woodland covers less than a tenth of its total area but about a quarter of the western or south-western projection which has the highest parts. [2]

The River Pang flows north through the village on its way to join the River Thames at Pangbourne. The river flows through the Moor Copse Nature Reserve, in December 2006 doubled in size, to about 140 acres (0.57 km2). [3] The Tidmarsh and Sulham circular walk, of length about 2.5 miles, passes through the reserve and both villages.

River Pang river in the United Kingdom

The River Pang is a small chalk stream river in the west of the English county of Berkshire, and a tributary of the River Thames. It runs for approximately 23 kilometres (14 mi) from its source near the village of Compton to its confluence with the Thames in the village of Pangbourne.

River Thames river in southern England

The River Thames, known alternatively in parts as the Isis, is a river that flows through southern England including London. At 215 miles (346 km), it is the longest river entirely in England and the second-longest in the United Kingdom, after the River Severn.

Moor Copse Nature Reserve, in the civil parish of Tidmarsh in the English county of Berkshire, is a recently expanded nature reserve by the River Pang, owned by the Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire Wildlife Trust.

Its 21st century development has included housing at the north end of the village, Strachey Close.

History

The Tidmarsh section of the A340 is thought to follow the Roman road from the Roman Town of Calleva Atrebatum in Silchester parish (about 7 mi or 11 km south), either to Dorchester-on-Thames (about 10 mi or 16 km north) or a river-crossing at Pangbourne.

Calleva Atrebatum Romano-British settlement

Calleva Atrebatum was originally an Iron Age settlement, capital of the Atrebates tribe, and subsequently a town in the Roman province of Britannia. Its ruins lie to the west of, and partly beneath, the Church of St Mary the Virgin, Silchester, in the county of Hampshire. The church occupies a site just within the ancient walls of Calleva, although the village of Silchester itself now lies about a mile to the west.

Silchester farm village in the United Kingdom

Silchester is a village and civil parish about 5 miles (8 km) north of Basingstoke in Hampshire. It is adjacent to the county boundary with Berkshire and about 9 miles (14 km) south-west of Reading.

Tidmarsh has two main listed buildings by age. The most conspicuous is the 13th century half-timbered Greyhound Pub, now reopened following a serious fire in 2005. [4]

The other is the much-rebuilt 12th Century church is dedicated to St Laurence. The Norman doorway of the church of the date of its construction is particularly noted in its listing as is a "very rare 13th century polygonal apse". It includes 13th century lancet windows to left and right. [5] It has a listing entry in the highest category under the statutory grading, Grade I.

The old rectory dates from 1856.

Notable residents

These include author Lytton Strachey (1880-1932) and the painter Dora Carrington (1893-1932). Carrington painted the Greyhound Pub sign in the village. Rex Partridge, renamed Ralph by the Bloomsbury set, also settled at Tidmarsh and formed a very "Bloomsbury" trio with Lytton and Dora. [6]

The Round House The Round House Tidmarsh.jpg
The Round House

Demography

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005 [1]
Output areaHomes owned outrightOwned with a loanSocially rentedPrivately rentedOtherkm² roadskm² waterkm² domestic gardensUsual residentskm²
Civil parish838123550.1300.0710.1715017.02

Footnotes

  1. 1 2 Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005
  2. Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1289074)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  3. Natural World Spring 2007 p10: "Ratty's Paradise joins eight new reserves"
  4. [former 16th century watermill "The Greyhound, Tidmarsh"] Check |url= value (help). Fullers.
  5. Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1287940)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  6. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/property/period-property/7827396/The-Mill-at-Tidmarsh-bohemian-days-leave-a-rich-legacy.html


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