Tidmarsh

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Tidmarsh
The Tithe Barn, Tidmarsh - geograph.org.uk - 2285.jpg
The Tithe Barn
Berkshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tidmarsh
Location within Berkshire
Area7.02 km2 (2.71 sq mi)
Population501 (2011 census including Sulham) [1]
  Density 71/km2 (180/sq mi)
OS grid reference SU6374
Civil parish
  • Tidmarsh
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town READING
Postcode district RG8
Dialling code 0118
Police Thames Valley
Fire Royal Berkshire
Ambulance South Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Berkshire
51°28′01″N1°05′13″W / 51.467°N 1.087°W / 51.467; -1.087 Coordinates: 51°28′01″N1°05′13″W / 51.467°N 1.087°W / 51.467; -1.087

Tidmarsh is a village and civil parish in West Berkshire England. Its development is mainly residential or agricultural and centred on the A340 road between Pangbourne and Theale. Its rural area is bounded by the M4 motorway to the south. It is centred 1.5 miles (2.4 km) south of Pangbourne, 5.5 miles (8.9 km) west of Reading and 40 miles (64 km) west of London. Though marsh is in its name, most of the parish is elevated more than 5 metres above the level of the Pang.

Contents

Geography

Its civil parish council is unusually in this district shared and is Tidmarsh with Sulham. Further east, Sulham Woods separate the villages from Tilehurst, the western suburb of Reading.

Its elevation ranges between 42m (north-east) and 85m (western projection) AOD. The vast majority of the parish (more than 90%) is at more than five metres above the Pang. Much of the main street is between 1 and 10 metres above the large stream's level.

Woodland covers less than a tenth of its total area but about a quarter of the western or south-western projection which has the highest parts. [2]

The River Pang flows north through the village on its way to join the River Thames at Pangbourne. The river flows through the Moor Copse Nature Reserve, in December 2006 doubled in size, to about 140 acres (0.57 km2). [3] The Tidmarsh and Sulham circular walk, of length about 2.5 miles, passes through the reserve and both villages.

History

The earliest mention of the manor at Tidmarsh was in 1239, relating to a land-ownership dispute. There are records of a "water corn-mill" and a fishery in Tidmarsh in 1305. [4]

There are multiple World War II military defence installations surrounding Tidmarsh, which make up part of the GHQ Line. [5]

21st century development in Tidmarsh has included housing at the north end of the village, Strachey Close.

The Tidmarsh section of the A340 is thought to follow the Roman road from the Roman Town of Calleva Atrebatum in Silchester parish (about 7 mi or 11 km south), either to Dorchester-on-Thames (about 10 mi or 16 km north) or a river-crossing at Pangbourne.

Notable buildings

The Greyhound Pub Greyhound over the road - geograph.org.uk - 1715868.jpg
The Greyhound Pub

The most conspicuous listed building in Tidmarsh is the 13th century half-timbered Greyhound Pub, [6] [7] which was reopened following a serious fire in 2005. [8]

St Laurence's Church St Laurence Tidmarsh.jpg
St Laurence’s Church

Another historic building is the Grade I listed, 12th century church, which is dedicated to St Laurence. The church is particularly notable for its Norman south doorway, "very rare 13th century polygonal apse" and 13th century lancet windows. The church was restored and modified in the 19th century. [9]

The old rectory dates from 1856.

Notable residents

These include author Lytton Strachey (1880-1932) and the painter Dora Carrington (1893-1932). Carrington painted the Greyhound Pub sign in the village. Rex Partridge, renamed Ralph by the Bloomsbury set, also settled at Tidmarsh and formed a very "Bloomsbury" trio with Lytton and Dora. [10]

The Round House The Round House Tidmarsh.jpg
The Round House

Demography

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005 [1]
Output areaHomes owned outrightOwned with a loanSocially rentedPrivately rentedOtherkm² roadskm² waterkm² domestic gardensUsual residentskm²
Civil parish838123550.1300.0710.1715017.02

Footnotes

  1. 1 2 Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005
  2. Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1289074)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  3. Natural World Spring 2007 p10: "Ratty's Paradise joins eight new reserves"
  4. "Tidmarsh History". British-history.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  5. "Tod marsh Pillboxes". pillbox-study-group.org.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  6. "Greyhound pub". historic england.org.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  7. Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1215634)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  8. "Blaze destroys 13th Century pub". bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020.
  9. Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1287940)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  10. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/property/period-property/7827396/The-Mill-at-Tidmarsh-bohemian-days-leave-a-rich-legacy.html


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